Lucchese crime family

Lucchese crime family
Founded by Gaetano Reina
Founding location New York City, New York
Years active c. 1920s-present
Territory Various neighborhoods in New York City, New York. Territory in New Jersey, South Florida and Las Vegas.
Ethnicity Made men (full members) are men of Italian descent. Other ethnicities are employed as "associates."
Membership 110-140 made members,[1] 1,000+ associates (2004 estimate)
Criminal activities Racketeering, robbery, gambling, contract killing, drug trafficking, aircraft hijacking, prostitution, smuggling, bribery, loan sharking, bookmaking, fraud, assault, fencing, money laundering, labor racketeering, Extortion, murder, arms trafficking, and theft
Allies Gambino, Colombo, Bonanno, Genovese, DeCavalcante, Trafficante, Patriarca, Chicago, Detroit, and Velentzas crime families
Rivals Various gangs in New York City including their allies

The Lucchese crime family (pronounced [lukˈkeːze]) is one of the "Five Families" that dominates organized crime activities in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra).

The family originated in the early 1920s with Gaetano Reina serving as boss up until his murder in 1930.[2] It was taken over by Tommy Gagliano during the Castellammarese War, and led by him until his death in 1951. The family under Gagliano was peaceful and low key, concentrating their criminal activities in the Bronx, Manhattan and New Jersey. The next boss was Tommy Lucchese, who turned the family around to become one of the most powerful families to sit on the Commission. Lucchese teamed up with Gambino crime family boss Carlo Gambino to control organized crime in New York City. When Lucchese died of natural causes in 1967, Carmine Tramunti controlled the family for a brief time; he was arrested in 1973. Anthony Corallo then gained control of the family. Corallo was very secretive and soon became one of the most powerful members of the Commission. He was arrested and convicted in the famous Commission case of 1986.

For most of its history, the Lucchese family was reckoned as one of the most peaceful crime families in the nation. However, that changed when Corallo named Victor Amuso his successor shortly before going to prison. Amuso later promoted one of his longtime partners, Anthony Casso to underboss. They instituted one of the bloodiest reigns in Mafia history, ordering virtually anyone who crossed them to be murdered. Amuso was arrested in 1991 and sentenced to life in prison. Several Lucchese wiseguys, fearing for their lives, turned informant. The highest-profile of these was acting boss Alphonse D'Arco, who became the first boss of a New York crime family to testify against the mob. This led to the arrest of the entire Lucchese family hierarchy, with Casso also becoming an informant. Testimony from these informants nearly destroyed the family, with as many as half of its members incarcerated. Amuso has continued to rule the family from prison.


Early history

The early history of the Lucchese crime family can be traced to members of the Morello gang based in East Harlem and the Bronx. Gaetano "Tommy" Reina would leave the Morellos around the time of World War I and created his own family based in East Harlem and the Bronx. As the family's leader, Reina avoided the Mafia-Cammora War for control over New York City. He instead focused on controlling the home ice distribution business throughout New York City.[2] During the early 1920s, Reina became a powerful prohibition era boss and aligned himself with Joseph Masseria, the most powerful Italian-American crime boss in New York. Masseria soon became involved in the Castellammarese War, a vicious gang war with rival Sicilian boss Salvatore Maranzano. At this point, Masseria started demanding a share of Reina's criminal profits, prompting Reina to consider changing allegiance to Maranzano. When Masseria learned of Reina's possible betrayal, he plotted with Reina lieutenant Tommy Gagliano to kill him. On February 26, 1930, gunman Vito Genovese murdered Reina outside his aunt's apartment.[2] With Reina dead, Masseria bypassed Gagliano, who expected to take control of the Reina gang, and installed his underling Joseph "Fat Joe" Pinzolo as boss. Furious with this betrayal, Gagliano and Tommy Lucchese secretly defected to Maranzano. In September 1930, Lucchese lured Pinzolo to a Manhattan office building, where Pinzolo was murdered.

The Two Tommies

With Masseria's murder on April 15, 1931, Salvatore Maranzano held a meeting at the intersection of 187th and Washington Ave. in the Bronx proclaiming himself the new Capo di tutti capi (boss of all bosses) of the American Mafia.[3] Maranzano outlined a peace plan to all the Sicilian and Italian Mafia leaders in the United States.[4] There would be 24 organizations (to be known as "families") throughout the country who would elect their own bosses. Maranzano also reorganized all the Italian-American gangs in New York City into five families to be headed by Maranzano, Lucky Luciano, Vincent Mangano, Tommy Gagliano and Joseph Profaci. Gagliano was awarded the old Reina organization, with Lucchese as his underboss.

However, Luciano and other mob members did not want another top leader. When Maranzano learned about Luciano's disaffection, he hired a gunman to kill him. However, in September 1931 Luciano struck first. Several Jewish assassins provided by Luciano associate Meyer Lansky murdered Maranzano in his office. Luciano now became the most powerful mobster in New York.

Luciano kept the family structure as created by Maranzano, but removed the boss of bosses in favor of a ruling body, The Commission. The Commission's responsibility was to regulate the families' affairs and resolve all differences between the families.[4] The first Commission members included Luciano, Gagliano, Bonanno, Profaci, Mangano, Chicago Outfit boss Al "Scarface" Capone and Buffalo family boss Stefano Magaddino, with Luciano as chairman.[4] Although the Commission was technically a democratic institution, it was actually controlled by Luciano and his allies.

During the 1930s and 1940s, Gagliano and Lucchese led their family into profitable areas of the trucking and clothing industries.[2] When Luciano was sent to prison for pandering in 1936, a rival alliance took control of the Commission. The alliance of Mangano, Bonanno, Buffalo crime family boss Stefano Magaddino, and Profaci used their power to control organized crime in America.[4] Understanding his vulnerability, Gagliano was careful to avoid opposing this new alliance. Gagliano was a quiet man who avoided the media and stayed off the streets. He preferred to pass his orders to the family though Lucchese and a few other close allies. In contrast, Lucchese was the public face of the family who carried out Gagliano's orders. In 1946, Lucchese attended the Cosa Nostra Havana Conference in Cuba on behalf of Gagliano.[5] Gagliano kept such a low profile that virtually nothing is known about his activities from 1932 until he retired or died between 1951 and 1953.

Lucchese era

After Gagliano's retirement or death, Lucchese became boss and appointed Vincenzo Rao as his consigliere and Stefano LaSalle as his underboss. Lucchese continued with Gagliano's policies, making the now Lucchese family one of the most profitable in New York. Lucchese established control over Teamsters union locals, workers' co-operatives and trade associations, and rackets at the new Idlewild Airport.[4] Lucchese also expanded family rackets in Manhattan's Garment District and in related trucking industry around New York City. Lucchese built close relations with many powerful New York politicians, including Mayors William O'Dwyer and Vincent Impellitteri and members of the judiciary, who aided the family on numerous occasions. Throughout his regime, Lucchese kept a low profile and saw to it that his men were well taken care of.[2]

When Lucchese became boss, he helped Vito Genovese and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their families.[4] The three plotted to take over the Mafia Commission by murdering family bosses Frank Costello and Albert Anastasia. On May 2, 1957 Costello survived an assassination attempt and immediately decided to retire as boss in favor of Genovese. Then on October 25, 1957, the Gallo brothers (from the Colombo family) murdered Anastasia, allowing Gambino to become boss. Lucchese and Gambino started conspiring to remove their former ally Genovese. After the disastrous 1957 Apalachin meeting of mob leaders in Upstate New York, Genovese lost a great deal of respect in the Commission. In 1959, with the assistance of Luciano, Costello, and Meyer Lansky, Genovese was arrested.

Gambino and Lucchese assumed full control of the Mafia Commission. In 1960, they backed the Gallo brothers in their rebellion against Profaci family boss Joe Profaci. Gambino and Lucchese saw the war as a way to take over rackets from the distracted Profaci's. After uncovering a plot by Joseph Bonanno to assassinate them, Lucchese and Gambino used the Commission to strip Bonanno of his role as boss. This power play started a war within the Bonanno family and served to strengthen both the Lucchese and Gambino families.

In 1962, Gambino's oldest son Thomas married Lucchese's daughter Frances, strengthening the Gambino-Lucchese alliance.[6] Lucchese led a quiet, stable life until his death from a brain tumor on July 13, 1967. At the time of his death, he had not spent a day in jail in 44 years.[2] Lucchese left his family in a very powerful position in New York City. The Lucchese family had a stronghold in East Harlem, the Bronx and consisted of about 200 made members.[7] Lucchese intended for longtime capo Anthony Corallo to succeed him. However, since he was imprisoned at the time, he named another longtime capo, Carmine Tramunti, as acting boss until Corallo's release.[4]

Tramunti and the French Connection

At the time of his appointment as temporary boss, Carmine "Mr. Gribbs" Tramunti was in ill health. With boss-in-waiting Anthony "Tony Ducks" Corallo in prison, Tramunti was expected to hold power until Corallo's release. Tramunti faced a number of criminal charges during his time as acting boss and was eventually convicted of financing a large heroin smuggling operation, the infamous French Connection. This scheme was responsible for distributing millions of dollars in heroin along the East Coast during the early seventies.

Before the French Connection trial, the seized heroin was stored in the NYPD property/evidence storage room pending trial. In a brazen scheme, criminals stole hundreds of kilograms of heroin worth $70 million from the room and replaced them with bags of flour. Officers discovered the theft when they noticed insects eating the so-called heroin. The scope and depth of this scheme is still unknown, but officials suspect the thieves had assistance from corrupt NYPD officers. Certain plotters received jail sentences, including Vincent Papa (he was later assassinated in the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia), Virgil Alessi and Anthony Loria. In 1974, after Tramunti's incarceration, Corallo finally took charge of the family.[2]

Corallo and the Jaguar

FBI mugshot of Anthony Corallo

After Tramunti's incarceration in 1974, Anthony Corallo finally took control of the Lucchese family. Corallo came from the Queens faction of the family. Known as "Tony Ducks" from his ease at 'ducking' criminal convictions, Corallo was a boss squarely in Lucchese's mold. Corallo had been heavily involved in labor racketeering and worked closely with Jimmy Hoffa, the Teamsters president, during the 1940s and 1950s. Corallo also enjoyed close ties to the Painters and Decorators Union', the Conduit Workers Union, and the United Textile Workers Union. Corrallo appointed Salvatore "Tom Mix" Santoro as the underboss and supervisor of all labor and construction racketeering operations in New York, and Christopher "Christie Tick" Furnari as the reputed consigliere. The family prospered under Corallo's leadership, particularly in narcotics trafficking, labor racketeering, and major illegal gambling.

Corallo never discussed business during sit-downs, fearing that the FBI was monitoring the conversations. Instead, he used the car phone in the Jaguar owned by his bodyguard and chauffeur's. Corallo was driven around New York while on the phone discussing business. Salvatore "Sal" Avellino and Aniello "Neil" Migliore shifted as Corallo's chauffeurs during the 1970s and 1980s.[8]

Corallo, a huge fan of the New Jersey faction of the family, reputedly inducted and promoted Anthony "Tumac" Accetturo and Michael "Mad Dog" Taccetta into the organization and put them in charge of the Jersey Crew, which reportedly controlled most of the loansharking and illegal gambling operations in Newark, New Jersey at the time.[8]

In the early 1980s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) finally managed to plant a bug in the Jaguar. The FBI recorded Corallo speaking at great length about mob affairs, including illegal gambling, labor racketeering, drug trafficking, and murder. Corallo was arrested and put on trial along with all the heads of the Five Families at the time. This trial became legendary as the Mafia Commission Trial.

On December 16, 1985, Gambino crime family boss Paul Castellano was murdered without Commission approval.[9] The Genovese and Lucchese family teamed up and plotted John Gotti's murder. The alliance had Gambino underboss Frank DeCicco murdered but failed its attempts to kill Gotti.

Corallo, Santoro and Furnari were indicted in the Mafia Commission Trial in 1986. As the trial wore on, Corallo realized that the entire Lucchese hierarchy was about to be decimated. Not only was it all but certain that he, Santoro and Furnari would be convicted, but they faced sentences that, at their ages, would all but assure they would die in prison. In the fall of 1986, Corallo chose Anthony "Buddy" Luongo as acting boss. However, Luongo disappeared in 1986. Corallo's ultimate choice was Vittorio "Vic" Amuso.[8] Allegedly both Amuso and Anthony "Gaspipe " Casso were candidates for the job. Evidence suggests that Corallo wanted Casso, but Casso convinced him to select Amuso instead. Amuso officially became boss in January 1987, when Corallo, Santoro and Furnari were sentenced to 100 years in prison. Amuso made Casso his underboss in 1989, allowing him to exert great influence over family decisions. Corallo and Santoro died in prison in 2000, while Furnari was released in 2014.

The iron fists of Amuso and Casso

FBI surveillance photo of Casso (right) with Lucchese family boss, Vittorio Amuso.

During the late 1980s, the Lucchese family underwent a period of great turmoil. Vittorio "Vic" Amuso and his fierce underboss, Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso, the first members of the family's Brooklyn wing to head the family, instituted one of the most violent reigns in American Mafia history. Both men were heavily involved in labor racketeering, extortion, drug trafficking and committed many murders. Amuso and Casso were strong rivals of Gambino crime family boss John Gotti and strong allies of Genovese crime family boss Vincent "Chin" Gigante. They made their reputations earlier in 1986. Angry over the murder of Gambino boss Paul Castellano, Corallo and Gigante conspired to murder Gotti. Corallo gave the contract to Amuso and Casso. On April 13, 1986 a car-bombing killed Gambino underboss Frank DeCicco, but missed Gotti. This assassination attempt sparked a long and confusing 'tension' between these three crime families with many deaths reported on all sides.[10][11]

During the late 1980s, Amuso began demanding 50% of the profits generated by the Jersey Crew. New Jersey leaders Anthony Accetturo and Michael Taccetta refused Amuso's demand. In retaliation, Amuso and Casso ordered the entire Jersey Crew killed—the now-infamous "whack Jersey" order. He summoned them to a meeting in Brooklyn. Fearful for their lives, all the Jersey crew members skipped the meeting and went into hiding.

Taccetta and Accetturo were later put on trial in 1990, as both Amuso and Casso were implicated in a case involving the fitting of thousands of windows in New York at over-inflated prices, and the pair went into hiding of that same year, naming Alphonse "Little Al" D'Arco as acting boss. For the next few years, Amuso and Casso ruled the family from afar and ordered the execution of anyone they deemed troublesome, either they were considered rivals or potential informants. All of this convinced many Lucchese wiseguys that Amuso and Casso were no longer acting or thinking rationally.[10][11]

Alphonse D'Arco in a 1970s FBI surveillance photo

What followed next was a series of botched hits on family members suspected of being informants. Ironically, these hits caused several family members to actually turn informer. Amuso ordered the slaying of capo Peter "Fat Pete" Chiodo, who along with Casso was in charge of the Windows Case operation. He was shot 12 times, but still survived. After Amuso ordered hits on Chiodo's wife and sister in violation of longstanding rules against women being harmed, Chiodo turned state's evidence and provided the entire windows operation that eventually controlled $150 million in window replacements, sold in New York City. As Amuso also sanctioned the hit on Anthony Accetturo, who was on trial in 1990, he also cooperated with the government.[10][11]

The planned executions went as high as acting boss D'Arco. Furious over the failed hit on Chiodo, Amuso set up D'Arco to be killed at a Manhattan hotel. However, this hit also came undone after D'Arco saw a man hide a gun in his shirt, then slip it into the bathroom. Recognizing this as a classic setup for a hit, D'Arco fled for his life and turned himself over to the authorities to spare him and his family from Amuso and Casso and their increasingly erratic demands. He was the first boss of a New York crime family, acting or otherwise, to become an informant.[11]

Casso had reportedly conspired with reputed consigliere Frank Lastorino and Brooklyn faction leaders George Zappola, George Conte, Frank "Bones" Papagni and Frank Gioia, Jr. into murdering Steven "Wonderboy" Crea, Amuso's acting underboss of the Bronx, as well as Gambino crime family acting boss John "Junior" Gotti, son of the imprisoned John Gotti, along with members of the Genovese crime family once again. But due to massive indictments, none of the plots were committed.[11]

Law enforcement eventually caught up with the two fugitives. On July 29, 1991, the FBI captured Amuso in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and on January 19, 1993 the FBI captured Casso in Mount Olive, New Jersey.[11][12] Amuso steadfastly refused all offers from the government to make a deal and become a government witness. He was convicted on all charges in 1992 and sentenced to life in prison.[13] In contrast, Casso quickly agreed to a deal on March 1, 1994 and started revealing family secrets.[14][15][16] One of the biggest secrets was that Casso had been paying two New York Police Department detectives, Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa, to provide Casso with sensitive police information and even perform to contract murders. Casso related how Eppolito and Caracappa, on Christmas Day 1986, murdered an innocent Brooklyn man who had the same name as a suspected government informant.[17] Casso told the government that in 1992 Lucchese hit men tried to kill the sister of another suspected informant, violating the alleged Mafia "rule" barring violence against family members.[18] However, in 1998, prosecutors tore up the deal after accusing Casso of lying about other mob turncoats and bribing guards, among other things.[15] As a result, the court ordered no leniency for Casso at his sentencing, and he was sentenced to 13 consecutive terms of life in prison.

Acting bosses

FBI mugshot of Steven Crea

When Amuso went to prison, he chose Joseph "Little Joe" DeFede to be his acting boss. Throughout the mid-1990s Amuso continued to control the family from prison. DeFede, who supervised the powerful Garment District racket, reportedly earned more than $40,000 to $60,000 a month. DeFede placed Steven Crea in charge of the family's labor and construction racketeering operations. Crea increased the Lucchese family earnings from these rackets between $300,000 and $500,000 every year. But as US law enforcement kept pressuring the organized crime activities in New York, DeFede was arrested and indicted on nine counts of racketeering in 1998. DeFede pleaded guilty to the charges and was sentenced to five years in prison. Angry at DeFede's guilty plea, Amuso promoted Crea as the new acting boss.[19]

Steven "Wonderboy" Crea's success with the labor and construction rackets convinced Amuso that DeFede had been previously skimming off these profits. In late 1999, Amuso placed a contract on DeFede's life. On September 6, 2000, Crea and seven other Lucchese members were arrested and jailed on extortion charges, mostly to the supervising of the construction sites with various capos Dominic Truscello and Joseph Civitello.[19][20]

After Crea's imprisonment, the consigliere Louis "Lou Bagels" Daidone, took control of the family. However, Daidone's tenure was short lived. After his release from the prison, the scared DeFede became a government witness and helped the government convict Daidone of murder and conspiracy.[1] Daidone's conviction was also helped by the testimony from Alphonse D'Arco in September 2004.[19]

Mafia cops

In 1994, Casso revealed that two respected New York City police detectives worked as hitmen and informants for Casso during the 1980s and early 1990s before their retirement. They were Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa, who spent much of their combined 44 years with the NYPD committing murders and leaking confidential information to the Lucchese family. Between 1986 and 1990, Eppolito and Caracappa participated in eight murders and received $375,000 from Casso in bribes and payments for murder 'contracts'. Casso used Caracappa and Eppolito to pressure the Gambino crime family by murdering several of their members. This is because Casso, along with the imprisoned Amuso and Genovese crime family boss Vincent Gigante, wanted their rival John Gotti out of the way. Caracappa and Eppolito are now seen as the main source of 'tension' between these three families during the late 1980s and early 1990s.[21][22]

For one contract, Eppolito and Caracappa kidnapped mobster James Hydell, forced him into their car trunk, and delivered him to Casso for torture and murder. Hydell's body was never found. The two detectives also shot Bruno Facciolo, who was found in Brooklyn in the trunk of a car with a canary in his mouth. After pulling Gambino crime family captain Edward "Eddie" Lino for a routine traffic check, the detectives murdered him on the expressway in his Mercedes-Benz. In April 2006, Eppolito and Caracappa were convicted of murdering Hydell, Nicholas Guido, John "Otto" Heidel, John Doe, Anthony DiLapi, Facciolo, Lino, and Bartholomew Boriello on the orders of Casso and the Lucchese family. They were sentenced to life imprisonment.[22][23]

Ruling panel

With the arrest of acting boss Louis Daidone in 2003, imprisoned boss Vic Amuso put a three-man ruling panel to run the family.[24] The panel consisted of capos Aniello Migliore, Joseph DiNapoli and Matthew Madonna who brought the family's power back into the Bronx.[25]

On December 18, 2007, two members of the panel Joseph DiNapoli and Matthew Madonna were arrested along with New Jersey faction capo Ralph V. Perna, soldier Nicodemo Scarfo, Jr. and others.[26] The arrested came after New Jersey law enforcement agencies revealed that through investigation Operation Heat the New Jersey faction controlled a $2.2 billion illegal gambling, money laundering and racketeering ring from New Jersey to Costa Rica.[27][28]

On October 1, 2009, the Lucchese family was hit with two separate indictments charging 49 members and associates with bribery and racketeering.[29] In the first indictment 29, members and associates of the Lucchese family were arrested.[29] The indicted charged Joseph DiNapoli, Matthew Madonna and acting capo Anthony Croce with running operations that nearly grossed $400 million from illegal gambling, loansharking, gun trafficking, bribery and extortion.[30] In the second indictment obtained from investigation "Operation Open House" 12 more Lucchese mobsters were charged with bribery. Acting capo Andrew Disimone and other mobsters were charged with bribing New York Police Department (NYPD) detective and sergeant posing as crooked cops to protect illegal poker parlors.[29][31]

Current position

Although in prison for life, Victor Amuso remains the official boss of the Lucchese crime family,[32] with Steven Crea serving as the current acting boss. Amuso has been boss for almost a quarter-century but it is unclear how much influence he had over the crime family's day-to-day affairs in later years. From 2003-2009, a three-man ruling panel consisting of Aniello "Neil" Migliore, Joseph DiNapoli and Matthew Madonna had been running the family. Arguably, Migliore, DiNapoli and Madonna brought stability to the Lucchese family during the 2000s. The family's presence remains strong in the Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Long Island, Yonkers and New Jersey.

A February 2004, New York Post article stated that, the Lucchese family consisted of about 9 capos and 82 soldiers.[33] In March 2009, an article in the New York Post stated that the Lucchese family consisted of approximately 100 "made" members.[25]

In late 2009, the Lucchese family was handed three federal indictments showing that the family continues to be very active in organized crime, especially in labor racketeering, illegal gambling, and extortion.[29][30][34] In one of the indicitments ruling panel members Joseph DiNapoli and Matthew Madonna were charged with controlling a ring that extorted and bribed businesses and construction sites in Manhattan and the Bronx.[29][30] Also in 2009, Steven Crea's parole expired[35] and consigliere Joseph Caridi was released from prison after serving almost six years.

On January 16, 2013, the FBI arrested 29 members and associates of the Genovese, Lucchese and Gambino crime families on racketeering charges related to their involvement in carting companies in Westchester County, Rockland County and Nassau County in New York, and Bergen County and Passaic County in New Jersey.[36] Members and associates of the Genovese, Lucchese and Gambino crime families controlled waste disposal businesses by dictating which companies could pick up trash at certain locations and extorting protection payments preventing further extortion from other mobsters.[37]

In June 2013, the New York FBI office reduced the number of agents, focused on investigating the five crime families to thirty-six agents, divided into two squads.[38] In the past the FBI had a separate squad of 10 to 20 agents investigating each crime family.[38] Currently, the FBI has "squad C5", which at one time solely investigated the Genovese family, but will now also be investigating the Bonanno and Colombo families, and "squad C16", which previously investigated just the Gambino family, but will now be investigating the Lucchese family as well.[38]

Historical leadership

Boss (official and acting)

Street boss

The street boss is considered the go-to-guy for the boss and is responsible to pass on orders to lower ranking members.[46] In some instances a Ruling panel (of capos) substituted the Street boss role.

Underboss (official and acting)

Consigliere (official and acting)

Current family members



The Bronx faction

Manhattan & Long Island

Brooklyn faction

New Jersey faction

Controlled unions

The Lucchese family has taken over unions across United States. The crime family has extorted money from the unions in blackmail, strong-arming, violence and other matters to keep their control over the market. Similar to the other four crime families of New York City they worked on controlling entire unions. With the mob having control over the union they control the entire market. Bid-rigging allows the mob to get a percentage of the income on the construction deal only allowing certain companies to bid on jobs who pay them first. The mob also allows companies to use non-union workers to work on jobs the companies must give a kickback to the mob. Unions give mob members jobs on the books to show a legitimate source of income. The Mafia members get into high union position and begin embezzling money from the job and workers.

French Connection


This organization, closely aligned with the Lucchese Family were responsible for the theft of approximately $70 million in heroin taken from the NYPD property room. (*NY Newsday "THE HEROIN TRAIL" Investigative journalism Series)[94]

Government informants and witnesses

Name Rank and Year
Eugenio Giannini soldier (1950s)
Henry Hill associate (1980)
Peter Chiodo Captain (1991)
Alphonse D'Arco acting boss (1991)
Joseph D'Arco soldier (1991)
Anthony Accetturo Captain (1993)
Thomas Ricciardi soldier (1993)
Frank Suppa soldier (1993)
Anthony Casso underboss (1994)
Frank Gioia Jr. soldier (1994)
Frank Gioia Sr. soldier (1994)
Joseph DeFede acting boss (2002)
Vincent Salanardi soldier (2004)
Burton Kaplan associate (2006)

In popular culture


  1. 1 2 The Changing Face of ORGANIZED CRIME IN NEW JERSEY - A Status Report(May 2004) State of New Jersey Commission of Investigation
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "The Lucchese Family: Blood and Gravy" by Anthony Bruno TruTV Crime Library
  3. DeStefano, Anthony M. Gangland New York: The Places and Faces of Mob History pp.128
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Raab, Selwyn. The Five Families: The Rise, Decline & Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empire. New York: St. Martins Press, 2005.
  5. Gaetano Gagliano A Mafia Short Story by Allan May (June 19, 2000) Rick Porello's
  6. 1 2 "Police Say Their Chinatown Sting Ties Mob to the Garment Industry" By Selwyn Raab New York Times March 20, 1990
  7. McPhee, Michele (July 7, 2002). "FUHGEDDABOUD THE OLD MOB After Gotti, Mafia ordered to clean house". New York Daily News. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  8. 1 2 3 "The Lucchese Family; Tony Ducks and the Jaguar" by Anthony Bruno TruTV Crime Library
  9. "NEW YORK DAY BY DAY; Seeking Castellano's Killers" By Susan Heller Anderson and David W. Dunlap New York Times December 30, 1985
  10. 1 2 3 4 "The Lucchese Family: Off With Everyone's Head" By Anthony Bruno TruTV Crime Library
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "The Lucchese family: The Gaspipe Backfires" By Anthony Bruno TruTV Crime Library
  12. Raab, p. 511
  13. 1 2 Carlo, Philip Gaspipe: Confessions of a Mafia Boss p. 246
  14. "U.S. v. Casso - June 29, 1998". Retrieved 2012-11-16.
  15. 1 2 Plea Deal Rescinded, Informer May Face Life by Selwyn Raab (July 01, 1998) New York Times
  16. Peterson, Helen (July 1, 1998). "WISEGUY WON'T GET FED AID ON SENTENCE". New York Daily News. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  17. "Of Murder, Mob Witnesses And Shouting in the Court" By ALAN FEUER New York Times March 14, 2006
  18. "'Most Ruthless Mafia Leader Left; Leader on the Lam Runs the Lucchese Family, Agents Say" By SELWYN RAAB New York Times November 28, 1992
  19. 1 2 3 "The Lucchese family: A Revolving Door" by Anthony Bruno TruTV Crime Library
  20. 1 2 3 4 "Construction Indictments" District Attorney New York County Press release September 6, 2000
  21. Drury, Bob. Mafia Cop: The Story of an Honest Cop Whose Family Was the Mob. ISBN 1-4165-2399-5
  22. 1 2 Lawson, Guy. The Brotherhoods: The True Story of Two Cops Who Murdered for the Mafia. 2007. ISBN 978-0-7432-8944-3
  23. "Dispatches from mob trial" By Dan Ackman Slate Magazine
  24. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "What’s Left of the Mob" By Jerry Capeci (May 21, 2005) New York Magazine
  25. 1 2 3 "It's a Mob Family Circus" By Stefanie Cohen. New York Post March 8, 2009
  26. "N.J. mob indictments handed to Lucchese crime family" Newsroom New Jersey May 14 May 2010 14
  27. "State of New Jersey". 2006-07-19. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  28. 1 2 3 4 Claire Heininger (December 18, 2007). "Names of those charged in $2.2B gambling ring". Statehouse Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Martinez, Jose (October 2, 2009). "49 indicted for bribery, racketeering schemes on a crazy Lucchese mob day". New York Daily News. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
  30. 1 2 3 "Lucchese crime family members busted in mob raid" By LAURA ITALIANO and MURRAY WEISS New York Post October 1, 2009
  31. "Dozens Arrested in Raids Against Luchese Crime Family" By A. G. SULZBERGER New York Times October 1, 2009
  32. 1 2 Capeci, Jerry (July 24, 2014). "Vic Amuso Begins 24th Year In Federal Custody As Luchese Family Boss". Gangland. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  33. Al Guart."Mob Wants You; Recruiting drive sends Wiseguys tally to 651" (February 8, 2004) New York Post
  34. Attorney General Cuomo and Police Commissioner Kelly Net 22 in Massive Takedown of Organized Crime in Staten Island "Operations "Pure Luck" and "Night Gallery" Reveal Loan Sharking, Gambling, and Bribery" (November 18, 2009) Office of the New York Attorney General
  35. 1 2 "Steven Crea" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
  36. McShane, Larry; Gearty, Robert (January 16, 2013). "Mob sweep! Feds clean up the garbage with arrest of 30 suspected wise-guys in solid waste industry probe; two more expected to surrender". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  37. Rashbaum, William; Goldstein, Joseph (January 16, 2013). "Extortion Charges for 29 Tied to Trash-Hauling Industry". New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  38. 1 2 3 Rashbaum, William (June 28, 2013). "F.B.I. Will Fight the Mafia With Fewer Investigators". New York Times. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DeVico, Peter J. The Mafia Made Easy: The Anatomy and Culture of La Cosa Nostra. (pg. 175) Tate Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-60247-254-8
  40. "White-Collar Mafioso: Tommy Lucchese (1899–1967)" By Thomas Hunt
  41. "Tommy Lucchese Biography" Bio website
  42. Harrell, G.T. For Members Only: The Story of the Mob's Secret Judge. Arthur House Publishing, 2009 (pg 99-101)
  43. 1 2 3 4 Philip Carlo. Gaspipe: Confessions of a Mafia Boss (pg.296)
  44. 1 2 3 "Declaration of Alphonse D'Arco by Allan N. Taffet
  45. 1 2 "Lucchese crime family officially has new boss". Mafia Information. 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
  46. Raab "Five Families" pg.494-495
  47. 1 2 3 Organized crime: 25 years after Valachi. (1988). Issue 1806. (pg. 897)
  48. Gaspipe: Confessions of a Mafia Boss by Philip Carlo (pg. 240)
  49. 1 2 Gage, Nicholas. "Part II The Mafia at War". New York Magazine. July 17, 1972. (pg. 27-36)
  50. 1 2 "McClellan Chart 1963"
  51. American federal tax reports: Second series, Volume 83 (1991) Prentice-Hall (view)
  52. 1 2 3 Capeci, Jerry (May 4, 1998). "DUMB FELLAS GRADS' DREAM OF MOB GLORY DIED BEHIND PRISON BARS". New York Daily News. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  53. 1 2 Luchese Underboss and Captain Plead Guilty to Extortion Charges in Federal Court District Attorney of New York (October 1, 2003)
  54. 1 2 "Who's the boss today?" Mafia News Today
  55. 1 2 "Feds Charge Seven In Mob Terror Spree" by Mike Claffey (November 29, 2000) New York Daily News
  56. "Suspect's Styled as Old-Time Gangster" by Mike Claffey and Michele McPhee (November 29, 2000) New York Daily News
  57. Joseph Bonanno. A Man of Honor: The Autobiography of Joseph Bonanno. (pg. 84, 106, 116)
  58. Nixon vs. the City's Top Crime fighter by Peter Maas (June 30, 1969) New York Magazine (pg.24-27)
  59. Critchley, David. "The origins of organized crime in America: the New York City mafia, 1891-1931". 2009. Routlege Publishing. (pg.45)
  60. Gangbusters: The Destruction of America's Last Great Mafia Dynasty by Ernest Volkman (pg.125-132)
  61. Wiseguy: life in a Mafia family By Nicholas Pileggi pg.163
  62. "Vario Convicted of Tax Evasion; Reputed Mafioso Could Get 11-Year Prison Term". February 10, 1973. New York Times
  63. "Vario is Sentenced to 6 Years in Jail". April 7, 1973. New York Times
  64. Wise Guy by Nicholas Pileggi January 27, 1986 New York Magazine (pg. 32-33)
  65. In the Matter of Joseph Truncale. Laborers' International Union of North America: Independent Hearing Officer (Docket No. 00-54D) Decided April 24, 2001
  66. Convictions: A Prosecutor's Battles Against Mafia Killers, Drug Kingpins, and Enron Thieves by John Kroger (pg. 74)
  67. 1 2 "Joseph Caridi" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
  68. Claffey, Mike (December 11, 2002). "FEDS BUST L.I. 'SOPRANOS' Say mobsters put bite on restaurant". New York Daily News. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
  69. "Atlas shrugged: Judge Hands Labor Racketeering Kingpin a Soft Sentence, Over Prosecutors' Complaints" by Tom Robbins Village Voice - The (March 9, 2004)
  70. NY Crime Boss Sentenced for Extortion of Cash for Labor Peace by Carl Horowitz (January 19, 2004) National Legal and Policy Center
  71. Milhorn, H. Thomas Crime: Computer Viruses to Twin Towers p.221
  72. Gray, Geoffrey (March 10, 2005). "Massive Indictment Rocks Gambino Family". New York Sun. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  73. "Federal Bureau of Prisons: Inmate Locator "John Capra"". Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  74. McAlary, Mike (March 13, 1998). "A Case of Dumb and Dumpster". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  75. "THE WRONG GUY GOT JAIL IN 1994 ATTACK". Mike Mcalry. The New York Daily Times. May 22, 1998. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  76. "FBI New York Wanted Fugitive Joseph Lubrano Arrested". FBI. FBI. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  77. "Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator: "Aniello Migliore"". May 14, 1997. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  78. "38 Are Charged In Mob Control Of Construction In the City" William K. Rashbaum (September 7, 2000) New York Times
  79. "Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator "Dominic Truscello"". Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  80. "Notorious gangster charged with using mob goons to collect money from 70-year-old deadbeat". John Marzulli. The New York Daily News. May 13, 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  81. Marzulli, John (October 23, 2009). "No sympathy for sick mobster Domenico Cutaia suffering from MS - judge throws the book at him". New York Daily News. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  82. "Federal Bureau of Prison Inmate Locator: Domenico Cutaia". Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  83. "Big John Heads Bklyn Crew" by Jerry Capeci (February 23, 2012) Gang Land News
  84. "Federal Bureau of Prisons: Inmate Locator "John Castellucci"". Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  85. "Six Are Found Guilty Of Mob-Related Crimes". New York Times. August 8, 1995. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  86. "Federal Bureau of Prisons: Inmate Locator "Joseph Giampa"". Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  87. "Top Official Has Close Ties to NYC Garment Industry Mobsters" by Carl Horowitz National Legal and Policy Center October 24, 2005
  88. "U.S. Court Rejects Appeal by Brooklyn Garment Workers" By DIANA B. HENRIQUES New York Times May 25, 2000
  89. "Feds Finger Labor Boss Apparel Union Tied to Mafia Shakedown" By William Bastone Village Voice Oct 20 1998
  90. 1 2 Bruce Shapiro. Shaking the foundations: 200 years of investigative journalism in America. pg.433-436
  92. "Mafia, Unions, and NYC Newspapers" Mafia Today November 23, 2009
  93. "Raid Circulation Offices of NYC Newspapers; Seek Evidence in Union Probe" by Carl Horowitz National Legal and Policy Center November 17, 2009
  94. The Editors of Newsday (1975). The Heroin Trail. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0-03-013841-8.
  95. "Gangster Wars" IMDb website
  96. "Mobsters" IMDb webssite
  97. Bruno, Anthony. "Real Life Sopranos". TrueTV Crime Library. Retrieved October 28, 2012.


Further reading

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/9/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.