Living Eyes (Bee Gees album)
|Studio album by Bee Gees|
February – June 1981 |
Criteria Studios, Miami Beach, Florida, United States (strings arrangement)
Media Sound, New York City, United States (horns arrangement)
|Genre||Rock, pop rock, acoustic rock|
|Producer||Barry Gibb, Robin Gibb, Maurice Gibb, Albhy Galuten, Karl Richardson|
|Bee Gees studio albums chronology|
Living Eyes is the Bee Gees' sixteenth original album (fourteenth internationally), released in 1981. The Bee Gees turned away from the disco sound that was prominent on their work in the middle-to-late 1970s with this album. However, the album was not a commercial success, perhaps due to them being so strongly associated with disco. It sold 750,000 copies worldwide, compared to 16 million copies of their previous studio album, Spirits Having Flown, in 1979. While it did not sell well in either the UK or the US, the album itself was a Top 40 hit in the majority of territories in which it saw wide release.
Following the massive success from the Bee Gees production of Barbra Streisand's album Guilty, the Bee Gees regrouped at Middle Ear studios in October 1980 to record their next album. They began work on some of the songs that would go onto Living Eyes. As they had been on all their recordings since 1975, they were backed by Blue Weaver (keyboards, synthesisers, programming), Alan Kendall (lead guitar), and Dennis Bryon (drums, percussion), but the sessions broke down and the three backing musicians went their separate ways. Alan Kendall would return to working with the Bee Gees in 1989, and he remained with them for the rest of their recording and touring career.
Recording began early in 1981 without the Bee Gees band that recorded and toured with the group in the late 70's. Barry felt that he could create the sound he wanted with sessions musicians instead of a band, and the album featured musicians including Don Felder, Jeff Porcaro, Richard Tee, George Terry and Steve Gadd. Also, the Bee Gees stated that they were trying to avoid being pigeonholed as a disco act, which was why the album also featured minimal falsetto vocals (which had become a Bee Gees trademark by that time), with one notable exception being the song "Soldiers."
Barry, along with producers Albhy Galuten and Karl Richardson had developed their own production style, with Spirits Having Flown and Barbra Streisand's album Guilty. But Robin and Maurice had become active in the studio again, contributing more to vocals and production, which created some tension between them and the Gibb-Galuten-Richardson production team. Galuten later commented on why Living Eyes failed to impact both US and UK charts:
"There was a tremendous fear, that we had fallen into a rut, and I felt strongly on Living Eyes that it was time to change. When we started working on [it] and it was not being fun, I remember sitting around with my friends at the time, and saying, 'It's just not working and I think that I'm going to leave.'"
Living Eyes also features the return of Robin and Maurice Gibb as a lead vocalist since 1975 in a whole song. As Barry says that his falsetto was the reason why Robin (or Maurice) had not taken lead vocals (in a whole track) on any song by the group between 1976 and 1979: "'God, every falsetto record we're putting out is a monster, we shouldn't change yet.' That's what stopped us from saying, 'Well it's time Robin had a lead.' But now it's no longer a sales point, it's important that Robin's voice get heard. It's equally important that Maurice's voice gets heard. And it's becoming less important that I get heard. And that's the way we work. There's no ego within the three of us, whoever's singing most or whoever has the most hits is irrelevant."
Sales of Living Eyes were far lower than those of their previous album, Spirits Having Flown. In the US, the disco backlash was still strong, and many radio stations were not even playing The Bee Gees by 1981. Also, RSO Records had fallen out of the position to promote and sell records it had once held. Promotional staff had been cut to the bone mid-year because they had simply had no product to sell. There was also a Bee Gees lawsuit going on against Robert Stigwood and RSO Records, which did not help matters.
The Bee Gees themselves subsequently dismissed this album as weak, and having been recorded under pressure from their record company and management at a time when they needed to rethink their direction. Despite this, Barry commented about Living Eyes following its release, "It's our finest album in terms of depth, performance and quality of the production. It's been about 11 months working on this album, and we do tend to work an awful long time on our albums because we want to be sure." But in 1984, Barry admitted: "Obviously, we had a scare with Living Eyes. It wasn't the kind of album we should have brought out at that point. It was a little too downbeat, as opposed to having energy. But we were trying to go for a change, to draw ourselves away from the falsetto vocals and do something that might be a little different. We knew the risks when we did that."
Barry claimed, in 1990, "Living Eyes was just what was needed for us. We needed to stop being what we were. It was driving us all round the twist. We needed at that point to step back and look at our lives as individuals."
Compact Disc release
Living Eyes was chosen to be the first ever album to be manufactured on CD for demonstration purposes, as seen on the BBC TV program Tomorrow's World in 1981, and was featured on the inaugural issue of the Compact Disc trade magazine. It was the first Bee Gees album to be released on CD, in early 1983 when compact discs were first commercially available, though few were manufactured. After RSO Records was absorbed by PolyGram Records, Living Eyes, ever so ironically, was the only Bee Gees album in their catalogue not to be released on CD in the late 1980s, and ultimately became quite rare. To date, there is no word on whether Rhino Records or Reprise Records (who have reissued much of the Bee Gees back catalogue in recent years) will re-release it on CD. The album is, however, available as a download from iTunes and other online services as well as on mini-LP CD from Japan.
|2.||"He's a Liar"||Barry||4:00|
|3.||"Paradise"||Barry and Robin||4:18|
|4.||"Don't Fall in Love with Me"||Robin||4:18|
|6.||"I Still Love You"||Robin||4:24|
|7.||"Wildflower"||Maurice and Barry||4:23|
|8.||"Nothing Could Be Good" (B. Gibb, R. Gibb, M. Gibb, Albhy Galuten)||Barry||4:09|
|9.||"Cryin' Every Day"||Robin and Barry||4:01|
|10.||"Be Who You Are" (Barry Gibb)||Barry||6:38|
- "Heart (Stop Beating in Time)" (later recorded by Leo Sayer and released as a single)
- "Hold Her in Your Hand" (Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb) (later recorded by Maurice Gibb in 1984 for the soundtrack to A Breed Apart)
- "Heat of the Night" – 4:02
- "Loving You Is Killing Me"
- "Mind over Matter" – 4:30
- "The Promise You Made" – 3:14
- Bee Gees
- Barry Gibb – vocals, guitar, strings and horns arrangement
- Robin Gibb – vocals
- Maurice Gibb – vocals, guitar, strings and horns arrangement
- Guest and additional musicians
- Don Felder – guitar on "He's A Liar," "Paradise," "Don't Fall In Love With Me," "Soldiers," and "Wildflower"
- Richard Tee – piano on "Living Eyes," "He's A Liar," "Paradise," "Don't Fall In Love With Me," "Soldiers," "I Still Love You," and "Nothing Could Be Good"
- Albhy Galuten – synthesizer on "Living Eyes," "He's A Liar," "Paradise," "Soldiers," "I Still Love You," "Cryin' Everyday," and "Be Who You Are"
- George Bitzer – piano on "Living Eyes," "Paradise," "Wildflower," and "Nothing Could Be Good," and synthesizer on "He's A Liar"
- Harold Cowart – bass except "Cryin' Everyday" and "Be Who You Are"
- Steve Gadd – drums on "He's A Liar," "Paradise," "Don't Fall In Love With Me," "Soldiers," "I Still Love You," and "Nothing Could Be Good"
- Chuck Kirkpatrick – guitar on "Living Eyes," "Nothing Could Be Good," and "I Still Love You"
- George Terry – guitar on "Living Eyes" and "Be Who You Are"
- David Wolinski – keyboards on "Be Who You Are"
- Bob Glaub – bass on "Be Who You Are"
- Jeff Porcaro – drums on "Living Eyes," "Soldiers," and "Cryin' Everyday"
- Russ Kunkel – drums on "Wildflower," "Cryin' Everyday," and "Be Who You Are"
- Ralph MacDonald – percussion on "Living Eyes," "He's A Liar," and "Don't Fall in Love With Me"
- Joe Galdo – drums on "Be Who You Are"
- The Boneroo Horns and Brass Sextet
- Peter Graves on "He's a Liar", "Don't Fall in Love With Me", "Be Who You Are"
- Ken Faulk on "He's a Liar", "Don't Fall in Love With Me", "Be Who You Are"
- Brett Murphey on "He's a Liar", "Don't Fall in Love With Me", "Be Who You Are"
- Neil Bonsanti on "He's a Liar"
- Don Bonsanti on "He's a Liar"
- Whit Sidener on "He's a Liar"
- Jerry Peel on "Don't Fall in Love With Me", "Be Who You Are"
- Greg Lonnman on "Don't Fall in Love With Me", "Be Who You Are"
- Ken Waldenpfhul on "Don't Fall in Love With Me", "Be Who You Are"
- Gene Orloff – concertmaster
- Karl Richardson – sound engineer
- Don Gehman – sound engineer
- Gibb Songs 1981
- Hughes, Andrew. The Bee Gees - Tales of the Brothers Gibb. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Allmusic review
- Bilyeu, Melinda; Hector Cook, Andrew Môn Hughes (2004). The Bee Gees:tales of the brothers Gibb. Omnibus Press. p. 519. ISBN 978-1-84449-057-8.
- Kent, David. Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 35, No. 19". RPM. 5 December 1981. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
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- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
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- "Bee Gees > Artists > Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
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- "Album Search: Bee Gees – Living Eyes" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1979–1990". Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano.