List of military equipment used by Syrian opposition forces
List of military equipment used by Syrian opposition forces in the Syrian Civil War. This list does not include equipment used by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Large equipment like tanks and vehicles are generally captured from Syrian Army supplies, but small arms are likely a mixture of captured Syrian Army weapons, weapons imported by foreign combatants joining the opposition forces, or other sources. These include funding by private donors (notably from the Gulf region) and equipment supplied by friendly nations.
The U.S. supplied a considerable amount of weapons and ammunition, generally of Soviet-type from Easter Europe, to Syrian rebel groups under operation Timber Sycamore. For example Jane's Defence Weekly reported that in December 2015 the U.S. shipped 994 tonnes of weapons and ammunition (including packaging and container weight).
|TT-33||7.62×25mm Tokarev||Pistol||Soviet Union|
|Makarov PM||9×18mm Makarov||Pistol||Soviet Union|
|M1911||.45 ACP||Pistol||United States|
|TİSAŞ Zigana C45||.45 ACP||Pistol||Turkey|
|Glock 17||9×19mm Parabellum||Pistol||Austria|
|Browning Hi-Power||9×19mm Parabellum||Pistol||Belgium|
|Kral Arms Canas||9 mm||Blank pistol||Turkey||Blank pistol, possibly converted to fire live rounds.|
|Mosin–Nagant||7.62×54mmR||Bolt-action rifle||Soviet Union||Limited usage.|
|MAS-36||7.5×54mm French||Bolt-action rifle||France||Limited usage.|
Type 56 carbine
|7.62×39mm||Semi-automatic rifle|| Soviet Union|
People's Republic of China
Chinese copy of SKS. Limited usage.
|Heckler & Koch G3||7.62×51mm NATO||Battle rifle||Germany|
|FN FAL||7.62×51mm NATO||Battle rifle||Belgium|
|M14 rifle||7.62×51mm NATO||Battle rifle||United States||Rare.|
|StG 44||7.92×33mm Kurz||Assault rifle||Nazi Germany||Around 5,000 captured from the Syrian Army. Very limited usage.|
|AK-47||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Soviet Union|
|AKM||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Soviet Union|
|Type 56||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||People's Republic of China||Chinese variant of the Russian AK-47 and AKM.|
|Zastava M70||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Yugoslavia||Yugoslavian variant of the Russian AK-47 and AKM.|
|PM md. 63||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Socialist Republic of Romania|
|AMD 65||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Hungarian People's Republic|
|vz. 58||7.62×39mm||Assault Rifle||Czechoslovakia|
|AK-74||5.45×39mm||Assault rifle||Soviet Union|
|M16||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||United States||Used by Division 30, the New Syrian Army,Al-Moutasem Brigade and Euphrates Shield rebels|
|M4||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||United States|
|Norinco CQ||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||People's Republic of China|
|FAMAS||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||France||Limited usage.|
|Steyr AUG||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||Austria||Origin unclear; serial numbers removed.|
|Steyr SSG 69||7.62×51mm NATO||Sniper rifle||Austria|
|Dragunov SVD||7.62×54mmR||Sniper rifle||Soviet Union|
|Zastava M91||7.62×54mmR||Sniper rifle||Yugoslavia|
|Designated marksman rifle||Socialist Republic of Romania|
|M99||12.7×108mm||Anti-materiel rifle||People's Republic of China||Supplied by Qatar.|
|Sayad-2||.50 BMG||Anti-materiel rifle||Iran|| Unlicensed Iranian produced copy of the Steyr HS .50.|
Captured from the Syrian Army.
|PTRS-41||14.5×114mm||Anti-tank rifle||Soviet Union|
|Sa vz. 23||7.62×25mm Tokarev||Submachine gun||Czechoslovakia|
|Uzi||9×19mm Parabellum||Submachine Gun||Israel||Rare.|
|RPD||7.62×39mm||Light machine gun||Soviet Union|
|RPK||5.45×39mm||Light machine gun||Soviet Union|
|PK||7.62×54mmR||General-purpose machine gun||Soviet Union|
|Zastava M84||7.62×54mmR||General-purpose machine gun||Yugoslavia||Yugoslavian copy of the PK.|
|MG-34||7.92×57mm Mauser||General-purpose machine gun||Nazi Germany||Rare.|
|M240B||7.62×51mm NATO||General-purpose machine gun||Belgium||Used by the NSA and al-Moutasem Brigade and Euphrates Shield forces|
Type 54 HMG
|12.7×108mm||Heavy machine gun|| Soviet Union|
People's Republic of China
| Often mounted on technicals.|
Chinese copy of DShK.
|NSV||12.7×108mm||Heavy machine gun||Soviet Union|
|W85||12.7×108mm||Heavy machine gun||People's Republic of China|
|KPV||14.5×114mm||Heavy machine gun||Soviet Union||Often mounted on technicals.|
|M2 Browning||12.7 x 99mm NATO||United States||Used by al-Moutasem Brigade and Euphrates Shield rebels|
Grenades and explosives
|F1||55 mm||Hand grenade||Soviet Union|
|Mk 2 grenade||59 mm||Hand grenade||United States|
|RGD-5||58 mm||Hand grenade||Soviet Union|
|OHG-92||65mm||Hand grenade||Switzerland||Grenades originally delivered to the United Arab Emirates in 2003–2004 and then given to Jordan in 2004. Unclear how the hand grenades reached the Syrian rebels.|
|AGS-17||30×29mm grenade||Automatic grenade launcher||Soviet Union|
|Type 87||35×32mm grenade||Automatic grenade launcher||People's Republic of China|
|RBG-6||40×46mm grenade||Automatic grenade launcher||Croatia||Croatian-produced copy of South African Milkor MGL. Supplied by Saudi Arabia.|
|IED||Improvised explosive device||/ Syria|
|Molotov cocktail||Incendiary device||/ Syria|
|RPG-2||82 mm||Recoilless rifle||Soviet Union|
|RPG-7||40 mm (launcher only, warhead diameter varies)||Rocket-propelled grenade||Soviet Union|
|RPG-18||64 mm||Rocket-propelled grenade||Soviet Union|
|RPG-22||72.5 mm||Rocket-propelled grenade||Soviet Union||Supplied by Saudi Arabia.|
|RPG-26||72.5 mm||Rocket-propelled grenade||Soviet Union|
|RPG-29||105 mm||Rocket-propelled grenade||Soviet Union|
|RPG-75||68 mm||Rocket-propelled grenade||Czechoslovakia|
|M72 LAW||66 mm||Anti-tank rocket launcher||United States||Turkish HAR-66 (LAW copy) supllied by turkey|
|M79 Osa||90 mm||Anti-tank rocket launcher||Yugoslavia||Supplied by Saudi Arabia.|
|RBR-120 mm M90||120 mm||Anti-tank rocket launcher||Serbia|
|Anti-tank guided weapons|
|9M14 Malyutka||125 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||Soviet Union||Designated AT-3 Sagger by NATO.|
|9K111 Fagot||120 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||Soviet Union||Designated AT-4 Spigot by NATO.|
|9M113 Konkurs||135 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army and supplied by Saudi Arabia. Designated AT-5 Spandrel by NATO.|
|9K115-2 Metis-M||130 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||Russia||Designated AT-13 Saxhorn-2 by NATO.|
|9M133 Kornet||152 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||Russia||Designated AT-14 Spriggan by NATO.|
|HJ-8||120 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||People's Republic of China||Supplied by Qatar.|
|MILAN||115 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile|| France|
|Captured from the Syrian Army. Some supplied by Qatar or Libya.|
|BGM-71 TOW||152 mm||Wire-guided anti-tank missile||United States||Allegedly supplied by the U.S., but origin remains unclear; serial numbers removed.|
|Towed anti-aircraft guns|
|ZU-23-2||23 mm||Autocannon||Soviet Union||Often mounted on technicals.|
|37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K)||37 mm||Autocannon||Soviet Union||Mounted on technicals.|
|57 mm AZP S-60||57 mm||Autocannon||Soviet Union|
|ZPU||14.5×114mm||Anti-aircraft gun||Soviet Union||Based on the Soviet 14.5 mm KPV heavy machine gun.|
|Self-propelled air defense|
|ZSU-23-4 "Shilka"||23 mm||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||Soviet Union||Often used against ground targets in urban environments.|
|9K33 Osa||209.6 mm 9M33 missile||Amphibious SAM system||Soviet Union||Two captured from the Syrian Armed Forces and used by Jaysh al-Islam.|
|Man-portable air-defense systems|
|FN-6||72 mm||People's Republic of China||Supplied by Qatar.|
|9K32 Strela-2||72 mm||Man-portable air-defense system||Soviet Union||Designated SA-7 Grail by NATO.|
|9K310 Igla-1||72 mm||Man-portable air-defense system||Soviet Union||Designated SA-16 Gimlet by NATO.|
|9K338 Igla-S||72 mm||Man-portable air-defense system||Soviet Union||Designated SA-24 Grinch by NATO.|
|82-BM-37||82 mm||Infantry mortar||Soviet Union|
|2B9M Vasilek||82 mm||Gun-mortar||Soviet Union||Possible Chinese copy (W99).|
At least one in use by Ansar al-Sham. Unclear origin.
|Improvised mortars||Various||Improvised mortar||/ Syria|
|10.5 cm leFH 18M||105 mm||Howitzer||Nazi Germany|
|122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30)||122mm||Howitzer||Soviet Union||Captured during Ramouseh Artillery Base assault by Jaish al Fateh|
|D-30||122 mm||Howitzer||Soviet Union|
|"Hell Cannon"||Various||Improvised howitzer||Syria|| Improvised howitzer that fires propane gas cylinders.|
Originated with the Ahrar al-Shamal Brigades, now used widely.
|M-46||130 mm||Field gun||Soviet Union|
|180 mm gun S-23||180mm||Heavy Gun||Soviet Union||Captured during Ramouseh Artillery Base assault by Jaish al Fateh|
|2S1 Gvozdika||122 mm||Self propelled howitzer||Soviet Union||Armed with D-30 howitzer.|
|2S3 Akatsiya||152.4 mm||Self propelled howitzer||Soviet Union||Armed with D-22 howitzer.|
|82 mm||Recoilless rifle|| Soviet Union|
People's Republic of China
Chinese copy of B-10.
|M60||Recoilless rifle||Yugoslavia||Supplied by Saudi Arabia.|
|M40||105 mm||Recoilless rifle||United States||Possible Iranian copy.|
|Carl Gustav 84mm||84 mm||Recoilless rifle||Sweden|
|SPG-9||73 mm||Recoilless rifle||Soviet Union|
|Type 63||106.7 mm||Multiple rocket launcher||People's Republic of China||Possible Iranian copy.|
|RAK-12||128 mm||Multiple rocket launcher||Croatia|| Croatian built version of Yugoslavian M-63 Plamen with 12|
rocket tubes instead of the original 32. Supplied by Saudi Arabia.
|BM-21 Grad||122 mm||Multiple rocket launcher||Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army.Supllied by gulf states|
|Grad-P||122 mm||Light portable rocket system||Soviet Union|
|Improvised rocket launchers||Various||Rocket launcher||/ Syria|
Tanks and armoured vehicles
|T-55|| Medium tank|
Main battle tank
|Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army.|
|T-62||Main battle tank||Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army.|
|T-72||Main battle tank||Soviet Union|| Captured from the Syrian Army. At least 8 operated by Jaysh al-Islam.|
Liwa Dawood had another 6, now owned by ISIL.
|T-90||Main battle tank||Russia||1 operated by Harakat Nour al-Din al-Zenki, captured from the Syrian Army.|
|BMP-1||Infantry fighting vehicle||Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army.|
|BVP-1 AMB-S||Field ambulance||Czechoslovakia||Captured from the Syrian Army.|
|BMP-2||Infantry fighting vehicle||Soviet Union||Two BMP-2s were captured from Syrian Army when FSA overran Aleppo's Infantry School and another was destroyed in the fight for Aleppo's Central Prison.|
|BTR-60||Wheeled amphibious armoured personnel carrier||Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army.|
|BRDM-2||Amphibious armoured scout car||Soviet Union||Captured from the Syrian Army.|
|Improvised fighting vehicles||Improvised fighting vehicle||Syria|| Examples are the Sham 1 armored pickup truck and the Sham 2 armored car|
used by the Al-Ansar Brigade.
- Jeremy Binnie, Neil Gibson (8 April 2016). "US arms shipment to Syrian rebels detailed". Jane's Defence Weekly. IHS. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- Malone, Paul (10 July 2016). "Save us from the Dr Strangeloves". Canberra Times. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Video of Tisas Zigana C45 at 1:34". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Photo of Syrian rebel with Kral Av Canas". Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "Video of Mosin-Nagant used by Syrian rebels". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2015/06/26/wwii-weapons-in-the-syrian-civil-war/. Missing or empty
- "Syrian Uprising - Photos & Videos - no discussion, no conversation - Page 356". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Photo of Type 56 carbine in al-Qsair". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Arming the Free Syrian Army". The American Spectator. 6 December 2012.
- "Is Syria's balance of firepower close to a tipping point?". The Guardian. 9 August 2012.
- "Insight - Syria rebels get light arms, heavy weapons elusive". Reuters. 13 July 2012.
- MG-34 & M14 at 1:39. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Free Syrian Army captures 5000 Stg 44s". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Sturmgewehr 44 used by Syrian Rebels – The Firearm Blog, August 22, 2012
- "Video showing an FSA training camp with FSA soldiers training with vz. 58s". YouTube. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Video showing a FSA member carrying a FAMAS F1 rifle in Syria.". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Spleeters, Damien (17 March 2013). "Austrian Steyr AUG A1. No serial numbers could be documented.". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Picture showing an FSA member using a Steyr SSG 69.
- Brown Moses. "Video footage of rebels using OSV-96". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "More Chinese M99 12.7mm Anti-Material Rifles In Syria". State Of Tactical. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Timothy Yan. "The Chinese M99 50-caliber Anti-material Rifle". The Bangswitch. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Syria's HS.50s". Oryx Blog. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Uzi seen in the hands of Syrian rebel fighters". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video of rebel shooting RPD". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video of rebel shooting RPK". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Mutassim Brigade witnessing violent clashes while in the village of al-Tat Homs against Daesh". Youtube. 3 April 2016.
- Brown Moses. "Brown Moses Blog". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Mk 2 grenade in safehouse". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Swiss Hand Grenades in Syria.". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "OHG-92 Specifications". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Wezeman, Pieter D. (2013). SIPRI Yearbook 2013: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 269–273. ISBN 978-0-19-967843-3.
- Brown Moses. "The FSA Captures An Unusual Weapon". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "LiveLeak.com - Syria - Rebels shoot grenade launcher. (comments)". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "Evidence Of Multiple Foreign Weapon Systems Smuggled To The Syrian Opposition In Daraa". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Richard Spencer. "US and Europe in 'major airlift of arms to Syrian rebels through Zagreb'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- DIY weapons of the Syrian rebels. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "RPG-26 used by Syrian rebels". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video footage of RPG-29 used by Syrian rebels". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "RPG-75 in Syria". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "Video footage of Jabhat al-Nusra with M79 Osa". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video of captured RBR-120 mm at 2:55". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "9K11 Malyutka/AT-3 Sagger sighted with Syrian rebels". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Hundreds of anti-tank guided missiles captured in Damascus Governorate". Oryx Blog. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "9M113 Konkurs/AT-5 Spandrel sighted with Syrian rebels". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "New Saudi-supplied missiles boost rebels in south Syria". Reuters. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Brown Moses. "The Syrian Opposition's Latest Missiles and Rockets". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Syrian FSA firing a Kornet". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Oryx. "Footage of HJ-8 in the hands of Syrian rebels". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "The HJ-8, a new weapon on the Syrian battlefield". Oryx Blog. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Syrian rebels captured ammunition depot with Milan / Konkurs anti-tank missiles and rockets - Armyrecognition.com, 5 August 2013
- "Syrian MILANs". Oryx Blog. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Syrian MILANs (2), MILANs coming from abroad?". Oryx Blog. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Syrian rebels who received first U.S. missiles of war see shipment as 'an important first step'". The Washington Post. 28 April 2014.
- "Syrian rebels who received first U.S. missiles of war see shipment as 'an important first step'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Video footage of a truck-mounted ZU-23-2". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video showing 57 mm AZP S-60 used by Syrian rebels". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video of rebels using ZSU-23-4 Shilka". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Liwa al-Islam and her 9K33 Osa 31 July 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- "Chinese missiles steal spotlight after downing Syria army helicopters". Global Times. 13 March 2013.
- C. J. Chivers and Eric Schmitt. "Arms Shipments Seen From Sudan to Syria Rebels". New York Times. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Brown Moses. "Videos Show Complete SA-7 MANPADS Reportedly Looted From The 46th Regiment Base". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "Video Shows A SA-16 Surface-To-Air Missile Fired By The Syrian Opposition". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video footage of Syrian rebels with SA-24". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "2B9M Vasilek automatic mortar in service with Ansar al-Sham in Syria". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Video footage showing Syrian rebels using D-30 howitzer". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "DIY Weapons in Syria". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "Video footage of rebels using 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzer". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Syrian 2S3 M-1973 152 mm Akatsiya.". Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Picture of a Free Syrian Army Soldier with a B-10 recoilles rifle
- "Video footage of M40 recoilless gun in Syria". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Syria Rebel with Carl Gustav 84mm". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video of SPG-9 used by Syrian rebels". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "The Syrian Opposition's Latest Missiles and Rockets". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Video footage of RAK 12 Multiple Rocket Launchers in Syria". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Croatian RAK-12 in Syria". Military In the Middle East. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Syrian rebels seize anti-tank missiles in raid on army base". Reuters. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Video footage of rebel T-55 tank". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Brown Moses. "Video footage of Free Syrian Army using T-62 tank". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Picture of a captured T-72 tank used by rebels
- Oryx. "Syria's Steel Beasts: The T-72". Bellingcat. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- QalaatAlMudiq (10 June 2016). "Huge. Among the spoils Zinki made in Mallah: a T-90 seized from pro-Regime forces. N. #Alepp" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Thiqa Agency. "وكالة ثقة - كلمة لقائد جيش المجاهدين المقدم أبوبكر في الخطوط الأولى بجبهة الملاح". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Oryx. "Onwards to the front, Syria's BMPs". Oryx. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "بعض من الغنائم داخل الكتائب التي تم السيطرة عليها في مدينة نوى بمحافظة درعا - YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Video of BRDM-2 captured by rebels". Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- More Syrian rebel DIY weapons. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.