List of contributors to Marxist theory

This is a list of those who contributed to Marxist theory, principally as authors; it is not intended to list politicians who happen(ed) to be a member of a nominally communist political party or other organisation.

Name Place of birth Place of death Nationality Life
Theodor W. Adorno[1] Frankfurt am Main, Hesse-Nassau Province, Prussia, Germany Visp, Visp, Valais, Switzerland Germany German 1903-1969
Louis Althusser Birmendreïs, French Algeria Paris, France France French 1918-1990
Walter Benjamin Berlin, German Empire Portbou, Catalonia, Spain Germany German 1892-1940
Eduard Bernstein Schöneberg, German Confederation Berlin, Germany Germany German 1850-1932
Caio Prado Júnior São Paulo, Brazil São Paulo, Brazil Brazil Brazilian 1907-1990
Ernst Bloch[2] Ludwigshafen, Germany Tübingen, West Germany Germany German 1885-1977
Bertolt Brecht[3] Augsburg, German Empire East Berlin, East Germany Germany German 1898-1956
Cornelius Castoriadis[4] Constantinople, Ottoman Empire Paris, France Greece Greek and France French 1922-1997
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya[5] Calcutta, British Raj Calcutta, India India Indian 1918-1993
James Connolly Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin, Ireland Republic of Ireland Irish and Scotland Scottish 1868-1916
Guy Debord Paris, France Bellevue-la-Montagne, Haute-Loire, France France French 1931-1994
Daniel De Leon Curaçao New York, State of New York, United States United States American 1852-1914
Joseph Dietzgen[6] Blankenberg (now Hennef, German Confederation Chicago, Illinois, United States Germany German 1828-1888
Raya Dunayevskaya Yaryshev, Russian Empire (today, Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine) Chicago, Illinois, United States United States American 1910-1987
Terry Eagleton Salford, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom Still living United Kingdom British 1942-
Friedrich Engels Barmen, Kingdom of Prussia (today Wuppertal, Germany) London, United Kingdom Germany German 1820-1895
John Bellamy Foster Seattle, Washington, United States Still living United States American 1953-
Antonio Gramsci Ales, Sardinia, Italy Rome, Lazio, Italy Italy Italian 1891-1937
Ernesto "Che" Guevara[7][8][9] Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina La Higuera, Vallegrande, Bolivia Argentina Argentine 1928-1967
Ted Grant Germiston, South Africa London, United Kingdom South Africa South African and United Kingdom British 1913-2006
David Harvey Gillingham, Kent, England, United Kingdom Still living United Kingdom British 1935-
Harry Haywood South Omaha, Nebraska, United States Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States United States American 1898-1985
Max Horkheimer Zuffenhausen (now Stuttgart), Württemberg, German Empire Nuremberg, Bavaria, West Germany Germany German 1895-1973
Ho Chi Minh Nghệ An Province, French Indochina Hanoi, North Vietnam Vietnam Vietnamese 1890-1969
Enver Hoxha Ergiri (today Gjirokastër), Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire Tirana, People's Socialist Republic of Albania Albania Albanian 1908-1985
C.L.R. James Trinidad London, United Kingdom Trinidad and Tobago Trinidadian and United Kingdom British 1901-1989
Fredric Jameson Cleveland, Ohio, United States Still living United States American 1934-
Kojin Karatani Amagasaki, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan Still living Japan Japanese 1941-
Edvard Kardelj Ljubljana, Duchy of Carniola, Austria-Hungary Ljubljana, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavian 1910-1979
Karl Kautsky Prague, Austria-Hungary Amsterdam, Netherlands Czech Republic Czech and Germany German 1854-1938
Jim Kemmy Limerick, Ireland Limerick, Ireland Republic of Ireland Irish 1936-1997
Alexandra Kollontai[10] St Petersburg, Russian Empire Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Soviet Union Soviet 1872-1952
Karl Korsch Tostedt, German Empire Belmont, Massachusetts, United States Germany German 1886-1961
Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi Kosben, (now Goa) British Raj Pune, Maharashtra, India India Indian 1907-1966
Yalçın Küçük İskenderun, Hatay, Turkey Still living Turkey Turkish 1938-
Antonio Labriola Cassino, Papal States Rome, Kingdom of Italy Italy Italian 1843-1904
Paul Lafargue Santiago de Cuba Draveil, France France French 1842-1911
Henri Lefebvre[11] Hagetmau, France Navarrenx, France France French 1901-1991
Vladimir Lenin Simbirsk, Russian Empire Gorki Leninskiye, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Soviet Union Soviet 1870-1924
Georg Lukács Budapest, Austria-Hungary Budapest, People's Republic of Hungary Hungary Hungarian 1885-1971
Rosa Luxemburg Zamość, Vistula Land, Russian Empire Berlin, Germany Poland Polish and Germany German 1871-1919
Herbert Marcuse Berlin, German Empire Starnberg, West Germany Germany German 1898-1979
José Carlos Mariátegui[12][13] Moquegua, Peru Lima, Peru Peru Peruvian 1894-1930
Karl Marx Trier, Kingdom of Prussia London, United Kingdom Kingdom of Prussia Prussian and Germany German 1818-1883
Paul Mattick Stolp, Pomerania, German Empire (now Poland) Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States Germany German 1904-1981
Andy Merrifield Liverpool, Merseyside, England, United Kingdom Still living United Kingdom British 1960-
István Mészáros Still living Hungary Hungary 1930–
Antonio Negri Padua, Italy Still living Italy Italian 1933-
Abdullah Öcalan Ömerli, Şanlıurfa, Turkey Still living Turkey Turkish Kurdish 1948-
Sylvia Pankhurst Manchester, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom Addis Ababa, Ethiopia United Kingdom British and Ethiopia Ethiopian 1882-1960
Anton Pannekoek Vaassen, Netherlands Wageningen, Netherlands Netherlands Dutch 1873-1960
Georgi Plekhanov Gudalovka (now Gryazinsky District), Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire Terijoki, Finland Russia Russian 1856-1918
Nicos Poulantzas Athens, Greece Paris, France Greece Greek 1936-1979
Alfred Sohn-Rethel Neuilly-sur-Seine, France Bremen, West Germany Germany German 1899-1990
Joseph Stalin[14][15] Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire Kuntsevo Dacha near Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union Soviet Union Soviet 1878-1953
Paul Sweezy New York City, New York, United States United States American 1910-2004
Josip Broz Tito Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary Ljubljana, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavian 1892-1980
Leon Trotsky Yelizavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, Mexico Soviet Union Soviet 1879-1940
Alberto Toscano Italy Still living Italy Italy 1977-
Raymond Williams Llanfihangel Crucorney, Wales, United Kingdom Saffron Walden, England, United Kingdom United Kingdom British (Wales Welsh) 1921-1988
Karl August Wittfogel Woltersdorf, Lower Saxony, Province of Hanover, German Empire New York, State of New York, United States Germany German and United States American 1896-1988
Mao Zedong Shaoshan, Hunan, Qing Dynasty Beijing, People's Republic of China China Chinese 1893-1976
Slavoj Žižek Ljubljana, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia Still living Slovenia Slovene (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavian before Dissolution of Yugoslavia) 1949-


  1. Peter Uwe Hohendahl "Approaches to Adorno: a tentative typology" in Prismatic Thought: Theodor W. Adorno, authors: Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno, Peter Uwe Hohendahl, U of Nebraska Press, 1997 ISBN 0-8032-7305-3, ISBN 978-0-8032-7305-4, (3-20): 3.
  2. Douglas Kellner and Harry O'Hara, "Utopia and Marxism in Ernst Bloch" New German Critique 9 (Autumn, 1976) 11-34: 11-13.
  3. Louis Althusser The ‘Piccolo Teatro’: Bertolazzi and Brecht Notes on a Materialist Theatre 1961
  4. Sven Papke, Georg W. Oesterdiekhoff, Schlüsselwerke der Soziologie (in German), VS 2001, page 79
  5. E.M.S. Namboodiripad, "Dialectical" Materialism and Dialectical "Materialism", Social Scientist, Vol 10 No 4 (Apr, 1982), pp.52-59
  6. Anton Pannekoek: "The Standpoint and Significance of Josef Dietzgen's Philosophical Works" - Introduction to Joseph Dietzgen, The Positive Outcome of Philosophy, Chicago, 1928
  7. "Che Guevara and Contemporary Revolutionary Movements", James Petras, Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 25, No. 4, Che Guevara and His Legacy (Jul., 1998), pp. 9-18
  8. "Most theories of revolution seem to agree that certain preconditions must be met if a revolutionary situation is to arise. The peculiar contribution of Ernesto Che Guevara to understanding revolutions is that according to him such preconditions can be created." from "Che Guevara on Guerrilla Warfare Doctrine, Practice and Evaluation", Jose A. Moreno, Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Apr., 1970), pp. 114-133
  9. "...guerrilla warfare is essentially political, and that for this reason the political cannot be counterposed to the military." Regis Debray on Guevara's theory of the "Foco", Revolution in the Revolution, Penguin Books, 1967 link
  10. Ebert, Teresa L. "Left of Desire" in Cultural Logic: An Electronic Journal of Marxist Theory and Practice, 3:1-2 (1999): at §5¶52-53, Online: last accessed: 20090704.
  11. Friedmann, John (1987). Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action. Princeton.
  12. John Kraniauskas "From the Archive: Introduction to Maria´tegui" Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2001 303-304. doi:10.1080/1356932012009006 3
  13. Thomas Angotti "The Contributions of Jose Carlos Mariategui to Revolutionary Theory" Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 13, No. 2, Perspectives on Left Politics (Spring, 1986), (33-57): 34-36; 38-42.
  14. Ben Agger "Critical Theory, Poststructuralism, Postmodernism: Their Sociological Relevance" Annual Review of Sociology Vol. 17: 105-131 doi:10.1146/
  15. M.B. Mitin, M.D. Kammari, G.F. Aleksandrovis "The Contribution of J.V. Stalin to Marxism-Leninism" trans 'Inter'[pseud.] in 'The Seventieth Anniversary of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin', published in Izvestia Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seria Istorii i Filosofii, Tom VII, Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1950, pp. 3-30.
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