List of characters in the Metal Gear series

The Metal Gear franchise features a large number of characters created by Hideo Kojima and designed by Yoji Shinkawa. Its setting features several soldiers with supernatural powers provided by the new advancements of science.

The series follows mercenary Solid Snake given government missions of finding the Metal Gear weapon, resulting in encounters with Gray Fox and Big Boss in Outer Heaven (Metal Gear) and Zanzibar Land (Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake). Later, Solid Snake meets Otacon and opposes Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND in Metal Gear Solid then assists Raiden in fighting both Solidus Snake and the Patriots in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Additionally, there are several prequel games that follows Big Boss's past and legend development as well as the origins of FOXHOUND, Outer Heaven and the Patriots.

While the original Metal Gear games had their characters designs modeled after Hollywood actors, the Metal Gear Solid games established a series of consistent designs based on Shinkawa's ideas of what would appeal to gamers. Additionally, several of the characters he designs follow Kojima and the other staff's ideas. Critical reception of the game's cast has been positive as publications praised their personalities and roles within the series.

Creation and designs

Much as Metal Gear began as a pastiche of action movies of the time, characters were pastiches of contemporary action movie heroes.[1][2] Once Yoji Shinkawa started designing the characters in PlayStation's Metal Gear Solid, they were given their respective established visual appearances. As a result of the console's limitations, Shinkawa designed them an idea that would appeal to gamers.[3] Because of the timeskip between titles, a few of the characters have been redesigned to fit in the game's year. With the improvements from new video game consoles like the PlayStation and PlayStation 2, the staff gave the characters a more realistic look starting with Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty although they initially had doubts about it.[4] This brought difficulties to the staff as they had to make the faces more realistic.[3] When illustrating characters, Shinkawa does not focus on their minor details,[3] such as the eyes which sometimes does not try to draw, instead illustrating something more symbolic.[5] While Solid Snake remained easy to illustrate as a result of him having a consistent design to the point Big Boss' younger self, Naked Snake, was conceived making minor changes to the original version of Solid Snake, other characters were more time-consuming owing.[6]

During their debuts, player-characters Solid Snake and Raiden are meant to represent the player while in the following titles they acquire more defined personalities.[7][8] As a result of the Snake's increasing experience in combat across the series, Kojima attempted creating more challenging antagonists for the boss battles. This resulted in Big Boss' clones from Metal Gear Solid and Metal Gear Solid 2 that had the same abilities as Solid Snake, the legendary Cobra Unit from Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater who participated in World War II and the Beauty and the Beast Corps from Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots that had few human traits.[9] While villains during the first games were given detailed backstories, the Cobra Unit members were intended to have little information known about them, resulting in a significant impact in the gamers upon their deaths following their boss battles. This gave Shinkawa difficulties in conceptualizing their visual appearances as a result of having little to no background details.[6] By Metal Gear Solid 2, Kojima was inspired by the Sherlock Holmes novels to introduce a sidekick character in order to view Snake from a different perspective.[10]

Metal Gear Solid also marks the first time that character were given voice actors with Solid Snake and Big Boss's younger self being voiced by Akio Ōtsuka. Ōtsuka remembers being surprised during his debut as a result of the large amount of dialogue Snake was given.[11] In the English adaptations, the casting was directed by Kris Zimmerman and supervised by a member from Konami.[12] Solid Snake's voice actor was David Hayter who, despite having issues with some of the dialogue in Metal Gear Solid, became attached to the series.[13]

Various Metal Gear Solid games have remade/expanded upon by titles, such as Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes, Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel, Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel, and Metal Gear Online.

Introduced in Metal Gear

Solid Snake

Main article: Solid Snake

Solid Snake (ソリッド・スネーク Soriddo Sunēku) is the primary character of the series. In the original Metal Gear games, he's a rookie member from FOXHOUND given the mission to find and destroy the Metal Gear located within Outer Heaven and Zanzibar Land,[14] leading to confrontations with comrade Gray Fox and his own superior/mentor Big Boss both times.[15] In Metal Gear Solid, Solid Snake becomes friends with Otacon and fights his terrorist twin Liquid Snake while his real name David (デイビッド Deibiddo) is revealed.[16] In Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Solid Snake assists Raiden against Solidus Snake under the false name Iroquois Pliskin (イロコィ・プリスキン Irokoi Purisukin).[17] By Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, he gives himself the nickname Old Snake (オールド・スネーク Ōrudo Sunēku) due to his accelerated aging process and is the playable character once more.[18] Solid Snake / Iroquois Pliskin / Old Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and by David Hayter in the English version.[11][13]

Big Boss

Main article: Big Boss (Metal Gear)

Big Boss (ビッグ・ボス Biggu Bosu) is known as the greatest soldier that ever lived. In the original Metal Gear games, Big Boss is Solid Snake's commanding officer and first major nemesis.[19] The character's past is explored in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater as a member of FOX special forces under the codename Naked Snake (ネイキッド・スネーク Neikiddo Sunēku).[20] After defeating his legendary war hero mentor, he gains his Big Boss title.[21] After being a government's tool, he establishes his own mercenary groups (FOXHOUND in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops and Militaires Sans Frontières in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker) and serves as Venom Snake's mental template in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.[22] Big Boss is voiced by Chikao Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and by Richard Doyle in the English version. Naked Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version. In the English version, Naked Snake is voiced by David Hayter (for the Metal Gear Solid prequels) and by Kiefer Sutherland (in Metal Gear Solid V).[23]

Gray Fox

Main article: Gray Fox (Metal Gear)

Gray Fox (グレイ・フォックス Gurei Fokkusu, spelled "Grey Fox" in the MSX2 versions), also known as Frank Jaeger (フランク・イェーガー Furanku Yēgā, spelled "Frank Yeager" in the MSX2 version), the Cyborg Ninja (サイボーグ忍者 Saibōgu Ninja) and Null (ヌル Nuru), was a high-ranking agent of FOXHOUND. First appearing in the original Metal Gear games, he goes missing during a mission prior to the game's events with his last transmission being a cryptic message simply saying "Metal Gear",[24] before returning as an enemy of Solid Snake in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake. In Metal Gear Solid, he is revived from death as the Cyborg Ninja to confront and aid Snake several times before finally being killed by Liquid Snake. The Cyborg Ninja is voiced by Kaneto Shiozawa in the Japanese version. In the English version, the Cyborg Ninja is voiced by Greg Eagles (in Metal Gear Solid) and by Rob Paulsen (for following games). Null is voiced by Jun Fukuyama in the Japanese version and by Larc Spies in the English version.

Dr. Madnar

Dr. Drago Pettrovich Madnar (ドラゴ・ペトロヴィッチ・マッドナー Dorago Petorovitchi Maddonā) (known simply as Dr. Petrovich in the original Metal Gear and Dr. Pettrovich Madnar in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2) is an Eastern engineer responsible for creating the TX-55 Metal Gear mecha in the original Metal Gear, as well the TX-11 Arnold (Bloody Brad) androids.[25] Dr. Madnar is one of the hostages Snake must rescue along with his daughter Ellen (エレン Eren). In Metal Gear 2, Dr. Madnar bitterly defects to Zanzibar Land and develops Metal Gear D after being rejected by the scientific community. He comes in contact with Snake in the game while posing as a hostage, but attacks him after the truth is revealed.[26] His name is mentioned in Metal Gear Solid 4 as the scientist who saved Raiden's life after being turned into a cyborg by The Patriots.[27]

Kyle Schneider

Kyle Schneider (カイル・シュナイダー Kairu Shunaidā) (known simply as Schneider in the original Metal Gear) is the leader of a resistance movement against Outer Heaven in Metal Gear, who helps Solid Snake as a radio contact alongside fellow resistance members Diane (ダイアン Daian) and Jennifer (ジェニファー Jenifā).[28] He discovers the identity of Outer Heaven's leader, but is silenced before he can mention his name.[29] In Metal Gear 2, Schneider appears under the guise of Black Ninja (ブラック・ニンジャ Burakku Ninja) (Black Color (ブラック・カラー Burakku Karā) in the original MSX2 version), a high-tech ninja under the service of Zanzibar Land and the first boss in the game.[30] Solid Snake defeats him during a battle but does not learn his true identity until he collapses.[31] He then reveals to Snake that NATO led a bombing raid against Outer Heaven, not caring about the war orphans or war refugees.[32] Before dying, he also tells Snake that Big Boss had forgiven the resistance for being against him and rescued as many of them from the bombings, both Outer Heaven personnel and Resistance members.[33]

Introduced in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake

Roy Campbell

Col. Roy Campbell (ロイ・キャンベル大佐 Roi Kyanberu Taisa, Roy Kyanbel in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2), is the second commanding officer of FOXHOUND.[24] Introduced in Metal Gear 2, he serves as Solid Snake's primary radio contact in the game and gives information about the mission objective and general gameplay tips for Zanzibar Land.[34]

In Metal Gear Solid, Campbell has more of a personal stake in the mission on Shadow Moses, as his niece Meryl Silverburgh is held captive by Liquid Snake's revolutionary FOXHOUND which Solid Snake has to battle.[35] In Metal Gear Solid 2, he is impersonated by the "Colonel", Raiden's commanding officer that provides support via codec that's later revealed to be an elaborate AI constructed by supercomputer GW within Arsenal Gear for the Patriots.[36]

Although he is not involved in the main story, the character makes a voice only cameo in Metal Gear Solid 3 during the game over screen scolding the player for causing a time paradox if the player kills certain characters. He also appears in the Ape Escape crossover minigame "Snake vs. Monkey". In Portable Ops, a young version of the character is imprisoned by the FOX unit in South America with Naked Snake. The two escape to recruit Gene's disenfranchised enemy soldiers and other allies into an early version of FOXHOUND.[37]

In Metal Gear Solid 4, Campbell works for a UN Security Council advisory body that monitors PMC activities.[38] He sends Old Snake on an unofficial mission to assassinate Liquid Ocelot in order to put a stop to Ocelot's plans, providing Snake's means of transportation to complete the mission.[39] He is married to Rosemary which causes a rift between him and Meryl (now aware that Campbell is her father). However, the marriage is a sham used to fool the Patriots and protect Rose (and Raiden's) son John.[40]

Outside the main canon, the character reprises his role as the reluctant commanding officer in the Game Boy Color game Metal Gear: Ghost Babel, a side-story which serves as an alternate sequel to the events of the original Metal Gear. He, Otacon and Mei Ling serve as Solid Snake's codec contacts in Super Smash Bros. Brawl. He also makes a brief codec appearance in a minigame in Ape Escape 3.

Roy Campbell's original iteration (for most games) is voiced by Takeshi Aono in the Japanese version and by Paul Eiding in the English version. Roy Campbell's young version (in Portable Ops) is voiced by Toshio Furukawa in Japanese and by David Agranov in English. However, Takeshi Aono's death has caused the character's retirement in future Metal Gear Solid games out of respect.[41]

Master Miller

Master Miller (マスター・ミラー Masutā Mirā) is a drill instructor and survival coach.

The character, originally named McDonnell Benedict Miller (マクドネル・ベネディクト・ミラー Makudoneru Benedikuto Mirā, known simply as "McDonnell Miller" in Metal Gear 2), was an Asian-looking man with black hair in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2. Later releases of Metal Gear 2 redesigned Miller's portrait to make him resemble his later incarnation from the Metal Gear Solid games, in which he is depicted with blond hair and aviator sunglasses. Various materials stated also that he was originally a third-generation Japanese-American who has served in the SAS, Green Berets and USMC.[42] Introduced in Metal Gear 2, Master is a member of FOXHOUND and one of Solid Snake's radio contacts. In Metal Gear Solid, he was murdered three days prior to the events of the game, and his identity is assumed by Liquid Snake to manipulate Solid Snake.[43]

A younger iteration of the character named Kazuhira Miller (カズヒラ・ミラー Kazuhira Mirā), commonly known by his nickname Kaz, is introduced in the prequel Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, where he serves as second-in-command in Big Boss's Militaires Sans Frontières mercenary group within Mother Base.[44] The game also changed his backstory established from the previous games, revealing his upbringing as the son of a US officer and a Japanese woman, and also notes his brief service in the JSDF.[45] Miller is initially characterized as idealistic, believing in MSF's idea of a nation for soldiers free of political ideology, but is also naïve, underestimating Cipher and assuming that he can maintain control over the organization. This would come into full effect with Miller in Metal Gear Solid V. Following the destruction of MSF, Miller becomes increasingly embittered, seeing the concept of a nation for soldiers appropriated by other groups and reduced to becoming mercenary bands. He is rescued by Venom Snake from Soviet forces, enabling him to help in the expansion of the new Diamond Dogs mercenary group, wearing a large trenchcoat and beret while walking with a limp having lost his left leg and right arm. He is deeply distrusting of anyone affiliated with Cipher, accusing the likes of Huey and Quiet of betraying them and calling for their deaths. He takes little satisfaction in being proven right. Miller nevertheless believes in Snake's cause. However, his faith is ultimately shaken with the revelation that Snake is actually Big Boss's body double as part of Big Boss's plan to wage a covert war. This prompts Miller to reject Big Boss, vowing to maintain the ruse only until one of Big Boss's sons is ready to challenge Big Boss.

Kazuhira Miller is voiced by Tomokazu Sugita in the Japanese version and by Robin Atkin Downes in the English version.[46] McDonnell Miller is voiced by Banjō Ginga in the Japanese version and by Cam Clarke in the English version.

Kio Marv

Dr. Kio Marv (キオ・マルフ Kio Marufu) is a Czechoslovak biotechnologist and erstwhile video game designer. In the backstory of Solid Snake, Marv successfully creates a new algae species called OILIX that could produce petroleum-grade hydrocarbons with little expense and effort. Marv presented the algae to the World Energy Conference in Prague, and was on his way to a demonstration in the United States when he was kidnapped by soldiers from Zanzibar Land. Solid Snake is brought out of retirement by FOXHOUND's new commander, Roy Campbell, and is sent to Zanzibar Land to rescue Dr. Marv. However, he dies of torture in his cell and left behind the OILIX plans for Snake to find.[47]

Holly White

Holly White (ホーリー・ホワイト Hōrī Howaito) (Horry White in the original MSX2 version) is an American freelance journalist. Born from a French mother and an English father, she became interested in literature at an early age and was later awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her coverage in Afghanistan plus an Emmy Award (mistakenly referred to in the original manual as a Grammy Award) for her documentary, Unknown Bloodstream. Her newfound fame eventually gets her the attention of the CIA. She infiltrates Zanzibar Land as a journalist and assists Solid Snake over the course of the mission.[47]

Gustava Heffner

Gustava Heffner (グスタヴァ・ヘフナー Gusutava Hefunā), originally named Natasha Marcova (ナターシャ・マルコバァ Natāsha Marukobaa) in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2, is a former professional figure skater. Once known as one of the world's best figure skaters (with stints in the world championships and the Olympics under her belt), Heffner was stripped of her competition rights after being caught in an attempt to seek political asylum in Canada with Frank Jaeger. She sought to redeem herself by joining the StB. She is escorting Dr. Marv to America when Zanzibar Land agents hijack their plane.[47] Later in the game, she joins Snake in rescuing Dr Marv, but dies when Jaeger (as Gray Fox in Metal Gear D) destroys the bridge she is on.

George Kasler

George Kasler (ジョージ・ケスラー Jōji Kesurā) (George Kesler in the MSX2 version) is FOXHOUND's resident strategist and advisor whose military career includes service with mercenaries from South Africa and the French Foreign Legion, plus a short stint in negotiation and combat intelligence-gathering. He is also a veteran of the 1997 Mercenary War of Independence in Zanzibar Land, fighting the CIS Army. Kasler's service earns him a lasting reputation in the mercenary community; only mercenaries who have worked with him can be truly recognized as the best in the world.[47]

Johan Jacobsen

Johan Jacobsen (ヨハン・ヤコブセン Yohan Yakobusen), named Yozev Norden (ヨゼフ・ノルデン Yozefu Noruden) in the MSX2 version, is a zoologist specializing in the preservation of all endangered species. He is the vice-president of the fictional Worldwide Animal Rights Federation and works for the science magazine Maxwell. He is revealed to have been acquainted with Dr Madnar since their days in college and is in Zanzibar Land to study indigenous animals.[47]

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid

Naomi Hunter

Naomi Hunter (ナオミ・ハンター Naomi Hantā), nicknamed Dr. Naomi (ドクター・ナオミ Dokutā Naomi) by her staff (as opposed to the formal Dr. Hunter), is a geneticist by practice,[24] and specializes in nanotechnology-based gene therapy.

In Metal Gear Solid, she is the chief of FOXHOUND's medical staff and part of the support crew assembled to assist Solid Snake, providing the player with information on the FOXHOUND members Snake faces.[48] Being Gray Fox's adopted sister, she attempted to get revenge on Snake[49] for nearly killing her brother during the original Metal Gear games.[50] When instructed to inject Snake with the FOXDIE virus, she secretly modifies it so that it will kill Snake at a random moment in addition to its original programming.[39] As the game progresses, Naomi realizes that some of her original perceptions of Snake were wrong and is later remorseful for modifying the virus. Uncertain of when exactly the FOXDIE would kill, Naomi tells Snake to live life to the fullest in whatever time there was left.[51] Afterwards, Nastasha Romanenko's account reveals that Naomi was briefly arrested following the Shadow Moses incident until her escape.[52]

In Metal Gear Solid 4, Naomi is working with Liquid Ocelot in order to hijack the SOP battlefield control system,[39] but joins Snake's group once again. She becomes romantically involved with Otacon and forms a friendship with Sunny. When they return to Shadow Moses, Naomi reveals that she has been diagnosed with terminal cancer that has been kept in check by nanomachines and, guilt-ridden over her past mistakes, commits suicide by disabling them.[53]

Naomi Hunter is voiced by Hiromi Tsuru in the Japanese version and by Jennifer Hale in the English version.

Revolver Ocelot

Main article: Revolver Ocelot

Ocelot (オセロット Oserotto), otherwise known as Revolver Ocelot (リボルバー・オセロット Riborubā Oserotto), Shalashaska (シャラシャーシカ Sharashāshika) and Major Ocelot (オセロット少佐 Oserotto Shōsa), is a recurring gunslinger antagonist; a major nemesis of Solid Snake during the original Metal Gear Solid games, Liquid Snake's henchman within FOXHOUND during Metal Gear Solid, both Solidus Snake's right-hand man and the Patriots' agent during Metal Gear Solid 2, and a friendly rival/ally of Big Boss during the Metal Gear Solid prequels. Playing a major role in the overall story, Ocelot's intentions during the games he appears in are shrouded in mystery, and are all to accomplish his own undisclosed intentions. Revolver Ocelot / Shalashaska is voiced by Kōji Totani in the Japanese version and by Patric Zimmerman in the English version. Major Ocelot is voiced by Takumi Yamazaki in the Japanese version and by Joshua Keaton in the English version. Ocelot is voiced by Satoshi Mikami in the Japanese version and by Troy Baker in the English version.


Main article: Otacon

Hal Emmerich (ハル・エメリッヒ Haru Emerihhi), nicknamed Otacon (オタコン Otakon), is a recurring character in the Metal Gear Solid series and Solid Snake's close friend. He is introduced in Metal Gear Solid as ArmsTech's employee and Metal Gear REX's engineer that becomes Snake's close ally upon learning of REX's nuclear strike capabilities. Afterwards, he helped Solid Snake with the non-profit Philanthropy organization while dealing with more emotional problems in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Hal Emmerich / Otacon is voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka in the Japanese version and by Christopher Randolph in the English version.

Meryl Silverburgh

Main article: Meryl Silverburgh

Meryl Silverburgh (メリル・シルバーバーグ Meriru Shirubābāgu) is a character based on the character of the same name from Policenauts that was redesigned and reintroduced. She is introduced in Metal Gear Solid as Solid Snake's sidekick/love interest and Roy Campbell's legal niece/biological daughter. Meryl returns in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots as Rat Patrol Team One's commander. Meryl Silverburgh is voiced by Kyoko Terase in the Japanese version and by Debi Mae West in the English version.

Mei Ling

Mei Ling (美玲(メイ・リン) Mei Rin) is a Chinese-American data analyst in charge of saving the player's progress in Metal Gear Solid. She invents Solid Snake's wireless communication system, the codec radio, as well as the Soliton Radar, which detects the positions and field of vision of nearby enemy soldiers.[54] Every time Snake saves his data, Mei Ling provides him with advice through Chinese proverbs, as well as quotations from Western authors. In the Japanese version, Mei Ling only quoted Chinese proverbs: she would cite the original proverb in Chinese and then explain its meaning to Snake in Japanese. According to Kojima, this made some of the proverbs redundant after translating them to English, since Mei Ling would be saying the same thing twice.[55] In Metal Gear Solid 2, Mei Ling is part of Philanthropy, an anti-Metal Gear organization, but assists off-screen, attempting to steal equipment from the SSCEN. She makes a voice-only cameo in the game as an easter egg during the Tanker chapter, after the player has saved their progress 13 times.[56] In Metal Gear Solid 4, Mei Ling commands the museum-turned-training vessel USS Missouri and provides Snake and Otacon with backup, courtesy of her connections from the SSCEN.[39][57]

Mei Ling has made a few appearances outside the main series of Metal Gear games. She is a central character in the radio drama version of Metal Gear Solid (set after the events of the original game) and appears in the Game Boy Color version of Metal Gear Solid (a side story not clearly related to the main series). Mei Ling is also one of Snake's support crew in Super Smash Bros. Brawl.[58] Mei Ling is voiced by Houko Kuwashima in the Japanese version and by Kim Mai Guest in the English version.

Johnny Sasaki

Johnny Sasaki (ジョニー佐々木 Jonī Sasaki) is a recurring character.

First appearing in Metal Gear Solid, he is an enemy guard whose uniform is stolen by Meryl Silverburgh and again later in the game whilst Solid Snake is being held between torture sessions with Revolver Ocelot while suffering from a cold and diarrhea. Johnny's character is never named in the game and is listed only in the ending credits as Johnny Sasaki. The surname Sasaki comes from the game's character model designer Hideki Sasaki. According to the developers' commentary in Metal Gear Solid: Integral, Hideki was known among the staff for his slackoff behavior and the character was included in the game as a running gag.[59]

Johnny later returns for a pair of voice-over only cameos in Metal Gear Solid 2.[56] In an early version of the game's story, his full name was to be Johnny Sasaki Slater (ジョニー・佐々木・スレイター Jonī Sasaki Sureitā) and originally had a minor role in the story in which his character (a spy for the Patriots) would die from a pacemaker malfunction after coming in contact with Raiden.[60] During the game, Raiden can hear Johnny talking using a directional mic in Big Shell.[56]

In the game of Metal Gear Solid 4, Johnny now has the nickname Akiba (アキバ) and is a member of Meryl's Rat Patrol Team 01. Also, his face is revealed for the first time in the series. He and Meryl assist Snake in Outer Haven by allowing him time to reach the server room. It is revealed that he had been in love with Meryl since he first saw her at Shadow Moses, and they get married in the epilogue. Unlike all of the other soldiers in the Army and the PMCs, Johnny does not have nanomachines since he always avoided the injections due to his trypanophobia; the lack of these explains his frequent spells of colds and diarrhea. While this gives him poor combat performance in comparison to his squad mates, he is completely immune to Liquid Ocelot's ability to directly attack soldiers' nanomachines. He also appears in the first Metal Gear Online expansion as a playable character.[61]

Johnny Sasaki is voiced by Naoki Imamura in the Japanese version and by Dean Scofield in the English version. Akiba is voiced by Jun Fukuyama in the Japanese version and by Beng Spies in the English version.

Psycho Mantis

Psycho Mantis (サイコ・マンティス) is a psychic expert for the FOXHOUND unit. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he came to America looking for a job. Prior to joining FOXHOUND, he worked with the KGB and the FBI. His special abilities include the psychic powers of psychokinesis and telepathy, which in a Fourth Wall-breaking scene allows him to read the player's memory card and "move" the controller by making it vibrate. As a result of being disgusted with his father's inner thoughts, he burned his own village and started despising people.[62] He also claims to be able to read the future, but this is implied to be a use of telepathy to find out what his opponents will do next as opposed to true clairvoyance. His predictions also seem to be susceptible to change, stating that Snake has a large place in Meryl's heart, but cannot see if their futures lie together. In Metal Gear Solid, Mantis encounters Snake twice, the first time he takes control of Meryl's mind, the second encounter he and Snake do battle, with Mantis being killed.[63]

After defeating Screaming Mantis in Metal Gear Solid 4, the original Mantis makes an appearance, attempting to "read your mind" as before, but cannot due to the advanced systems. He then tries to manipulate the controller, which (depending on whether controller vibration is available) either fails and infuriates him or succeeds and makes him scream in delight before he vanishes into the air. Drebin later reveals that the Beauty and the Beast Corps had been under the control of Mantis all along.[64]

The character's first chronological appearance is in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, where he is known as Tretij Rebenok (トリーチェゴ・レビョンカ Torīchego Rebyonka, Russian for "The Third Child"). The Phantom Pain builds upon his origin story, explaining that he was identified by Soviet researchers and taken to a facility in Moscow where he was housed with the comatose Volgin. Responding to Volgin's innate, overriding desire for revenge against Big Boss, the two broke out, with Volgin as the Man on Fire. The boy and the Man on Fire pursue Venom Snake throughout the story, working alongside Skull Face, the game's antagonist. Ocelot explains that the boy is able to detect the subtle electromagnetic currents running between the brain's synapses, and is particularly sensitive to feelings of anger, hatred and the desire for revenge. These feelings manifest in the physical world as a representation of those emotions. However, since he is still a child, he is overwhelmed by these emotions and becomes a slave to the will of whoever is expressing them. Over the course of the story, he identifies these feelings as being strongest in Eli (Liquid Snake) and their relationship becomes symbiotic, magnifying the boy's power even further and allowing Eli to take control of Metal Gear Sahelanthropus. Once Snake disables Sahelanthropus, the boy steals a sample of a weaponized parasite designed to target English language speakers and passes it on to Eli, and the two disappear.

Psycho Mantis was polled as the 8th "Greatest Video Game Villain of All Time" by IGN, and his boss battle being the 2nd Greatest Moment in Gaming.[65][66] In the Japanese version, Psycho Mantis has been voiced by Kazuyuki Sogabe (in Metal Gear Solid) as well as Hiroshi Yanaka (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel) and Shōzō Iizuka (in Metal Gear Solid 4). Psycho Mantis is voiced by Doug Stone in the English version.

Sniper Wolf

Main article: Sniper Wolf

Sniper Wolf (スナイパー・ウルフ Sunaipā Urufu) is the Iraqi-Kurd sharpshooter of the FOXHOUND unit. She uses a Heckler & Koch PSG1.[67][68] Though snipers usually work in pairs, Sniper Wolf works alone.[69] She is also another "disciple" of Big Boss whom she sees as a modern-day version of the Kurdish sultan Saladin.[70] During the takeover, she allows Otacon to feed the wolves and gives a handkerchief; Otacon becomes infatuated with her because of this. During Metal Gear Solid, she fights Solid Snake twice, the first time results in Meryl being captured, Wolf with mild blood loss, and Snake being tortured,[71] the second battle results in her being killed.[72] Sniper Wolf is voiced by Naoko Nakamura in the Japanese version and by Tasia Valenza in the English version.

Vulcan Raven

Vulcan Raven (バルカン・レイブン) is an Inuit member of FOXHOUND who wields a giant Vulcan cannon and has shamanic powers of intuition. He is able to discern Solid Snake's heritage and was present in Outer Heaven prior to his involvement at FOXHOUND.[73][74] In Metal Gear Solid, he does battle with Snake twice, the first battle with Raven in an M1 Abrams tank,[75] the second in a freezer with Raven being killed. During his death scene, he gives info on the real identity of the DARPA Chief. He also leaves Snake with a cryptic message of his violent future before his body is completely devoured by ravens.[76] Vulcan Raven is voiced by Yukitoshi Hori in the Japanese version and by Peter Lurie in the English version.

Decoy Octopus

Decoy Octopus (デコイ・オクトパス) is a member of FOXHOUND that specializes in impersonation; he even injects the blood of those he impersonates into his own body for a more "perfect" disguise. Along with the rest of his unit, he went rogue during the Shadow Moses island incident. In Metal Gear Solid, he impersonates Donald Anderson after Ocelot killed the DARPA Chief during Ocelot's interrogation.[76][77] As Anderson, he lies to Solid Snake about having his detonation code found out by Psycho Mantis and also informs Snake of the PAL override system before being killed by the FoxDie virus.[78] Decoy Octopus (as Donald Anderson) is voiced by Masaharu Sato in the Japanese version. In the English version, Decoy Octopus (as Donald Anderson) is voiced by Greg Eagles (in Metal Gear Solid) and by James C. Mathis III (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel).

Nastasha Romanenko

Nastasha Romanenko (ナスターシャ・ロマネンコ) is an agent of the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency and an expert on nuclear topics. She was born in Ukrainian SSR and was just ten years old when the Chernobyl disaster took place.[79] In both Metal Gear Solid and its GameCube remake Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes, she is Solid Snake's contact on matters related to nuclear weapons.[80] After the game's events, her character writes an autobiography titled In the Darkness of Shadow Moses: The Unofficial Truth and then forms the anti-proliferation group "Philanthropy" with the profits she made.[60] This fictional publication serves as a plot summary of Metal Gear Solid (and reveals previously undisclosed plot details about the events of the games), and is included as a bonus feature in Metal Gear Solid 2.[79] Nastasha Romanenko is voiced by Eiko Yamada in the Japanese version and by Renee Raudman in the English version.

Kenneth Baker

Kenneth Baker (ケネス・ベイカー) is the president of the arms industry company ArmsTech that takes part in Metal Gear REX's project with the DARPA chief Donald Anderson as part of the United States' black budget. In Metal Gear Solid, he is taken prisoner by FOXHOUND,[81] and tortured by Revolver Ocelot then rescued by Solid Snake. After he gives away his detonation code to Ocelot, Snake is unable to rescue him before as he is killed by the FoxDie virus.[78] He is the first person to realize that FoxDie exists and nearly tells the truth about Snake's mission, but succumbs to the virus before he can finish his sentence. Kenneth Baker is voiced by Yuzuru Fujimoto in the Japanese version. In the English version, Kenneth Baker is voiced by Allan Lurie (in Metal Gear Solid) and by Peter Renaday (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel).

Jim Houseman

Jim Houseman (ジム・ハウスマン) is the United States Secretary of Defense who observes the situation on Shadow Moses Island aboard an AWACS command plane.[81] He makes only one appearance at the end of Metal Gear Solid via CODEC where he orders the Shadow Moses base to be bombed.[82] According to In the Darkness of Shadow Moses, he commits suicide following the events of the game but Nastasha Romanenko suggests he was murdered.[83] Jim Houseman is voiced by Tomohisa Asō in the Japanese version and William Bassett in the English version.

Liquid Snake

Main article: Liquid Snake

Liquid Snake (リキッド・スネーク Rikiddo Sunēku), real name Eli (イーライ), is Solid Snake's twin brother, Big Boss's second clone, and the main antagonist of Metal Gear Solid.[84] One of Liquid's motivations in Metal Gear Solid is his jealousy and hatred towards Snake and his desire to surpass his "genetic destiny" from Big Boss.[85] Liquid Snake is voiced by Banjō Ginga in the Japanese version and by Cam Clarke in the English version. Eli is voiced by Yutaro Honjo in the Japanese version and by Piers Stubbs in the English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty


Main article: Raiden (Metal Gear)

Raiden (雷電), real name Jack (ジャック Jakku), is a child soldier in the Liberian Civil War, and Solidus Snake's adoptive son.[86] He is the main character of Metal Gear Solid 2 that substitutes Solid Snake as the player's character in the main portion of the game fighting against the titular terrorists to save the hostages from Big Shell.[87] Raiden reappears in Metal Gear Solid 4 as the new Cyborg Ninja who supports Solid Snake.[88] He returns as the protagonist of Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance.[89] Raiden is voiced by Kenyu Horiuchi in the Japanese version and by Quinton Flynn in the English version.[12]

Olga Gurlukovich

Olga Gurlukovich (オルガ・ゴルルコビッチ Oruga Gorurukobitchi, Ольга Гурлукович) is a member of her father's mercenary unit during Metal Gear Solid 2.[24] Her character was somewhat based on Meryl Silverburgh yet Kojima wanted to make her look like a professional rather than a rookie.[90] She first appears in the Tanker chapter as a member of the Gurlukovich mercenary unit and is the sole boss character in this portion of the game. She takes over her father's unit after her father's death in the Tanker chapter, lending her team to the Sons of Liberty terrorist faction.[91] She is actually an unwilling agent for the Patriots, who are holding her child hostage, and assists Raiden as the second Cyborg Ninja calling herself Mr. X,[92] simulating Gray Fox during Metal Gear Solid.[93] By doing so, she betray her comrades to ensure her child's safety, a realization that makes her feel guilty. She is shot and killed by Solidus.[94] Olga Gurlukovich is voiced by Kyoko Terase in the Japanese version and by Vanessa Marshall in the English version.

Sergei Gurlukovich

Colonel Sergei Gurlukovich (セルゲイ・ゴルルコビッチ Serugei Gorurukobitchi, Сергей Гурлукович) is Olga Gurlukovich's father and Revolver Ocelot's former commanding officer. Gurlukovich was also the one who provided a Hind-D helicopter to Liquid Snake in Metal Gear Solid. An officer in Russia's Spetsnaz and GRU, he leads his personal team of mercenaries who seizes the Discovery during the Tanker chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2 for the purpose of hijacking Metal Gear RAY.[95] In the course of the operation, Gurlukovich is betrayed and killed by Ocelot due to the Patriots wanting RAY for their cause.[96] Sergei Gurlukovich is voiced by Osamu Saka in the Japanese version and by Earl Boen in the English version.

Scott Dolph

General Scott Dolph (スコット・ドルフ Sukotto Dorufu) is the commandant of the Marine Corps and Fortune's father. In the Tanker chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2, he is in charge of transporting Metal Gear RAY to its testing site and gives a speech to his troops in the cargo holds, unaware that the ship is being hijacked. He is killed by Revolver Ocelot before hijacking RAY, and his death serves as the root of Fortune's sorrow. Scott Dolph is voiced by Daisuke Gori in the Japanese version. In the English version, Scott Dolph is voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson (Metal Gear Solid 2) and by Phil LaMarr (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).


Rosemary (ローズマリー Rōzumarī), or simply Rose (ローズ) for short, is Raiden's girlfriend.

Introduced during the Plant chapter portion of Metal Gear Solid 2, she is employed by the army as a data analyst, and saves the player's progress over Codec.[97] Rosemary also supports Raiden by providing information about the Big Shell facilities and the other characters Raiden encounters in the game. Raiden and Rose spend most of their conversations talking about their relationship, something based on Kojima's real life.[90] By the end of the game, Rosemary reveals herself to be a spy for the Patriots.[98] She is then taken off the mission and replaced by an A.I. duplicate of her who openly mocks Raiden. After the final battle, Raiden is reunited with the real Rose, pregnant with his child, in front of Federal Hall National Memorial.[99]

In Metal Gear Solid 4,[57] Rosemary appears as a psychological counselor in a combat stress platoon, offering Solid Snake tips on dealing with stress.[100] Though she became engaged to Raiden, their relationship ended after Rosemary supposedly had a miscarriage.[39] Rosemary later marries Roy Campbell. In reality, Rosemary did give birth to Raiden's child John and her marriage is a ploy to protect the boy from the Patriots by having Campbell pose as John's father. After she reveals the truth to Raiden, the couple reconciles.[40]

Rosemary is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in the Japanese version. In the English version, Rosemary is voiced by Lara Cody (in Metal Gear Solid 2 and Metal Gear Solid 4) and by Kari Wahlgren (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).[9]

Dead Cell

Dead Cell is a black-ops unit introduced in Metal Gear Solid 2 as the game's bosses. Formed by then-President George Sears (Solidus Snake), Dead Cell's original purpose was to prepare military bases for surprise attacks by holding unannounced training sessions.


Vamp (ヴァンプ Vanpu) is a member of Dead Cell from Romania. He is a knife-throwing specialist endowed with numerous vampire-like abilities and attributes, such as a taste for blood, superhuman strength, speed, agility, the ability to walk on vertical walls and run across water (although this was based on a character that was scrapped).[3] His moniker has dual meanings, being a short form of the English word vampire as well as referring to his bisexual orientation.[101] Vamp was originally designed as a woman, but when the character of Fortune was introduced, the design was changed to that of a man, although the long black hair was retained,[102] with the finished model being based on dancer Joaquín Cortés.[90] First appearing in Metal Gear Solid 2, he was part of the "Sons of Liberty" terrorist group during the Plant chapter. Vamp confronts Raiden several times throughout the course of the game being seemingly killed, but still manages to survive.[56] In Metal Gear Solid 4, Vamp appears as a member of Liquid Ocelot's private army and as Raiden's rival.[39] His "immortality" is revealed to be caused by nanomachines in his body that heal all of his wounds at an extraordinarily fast rate (augmenting his natural healing abilities).[103] Using a syringe designed by Naomi Hunter to destabilize the functionality of nanomachines, Old Snake disables Vamp's nanomachines, while Raiden kills him at Shadow Moses Island.[104] Vamp was also added to the second expansion of Metal Gear Online as a playable character.[105] In the Japanese version, Vamp has been voiced by Ryotaro Okiayu (for Metal Gear Solid 2 and Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel) and by Shinya Tsukamoto (for Metal Gear Solid 4). Vamp is voiced by Phil LaMarr in the English version.


Fortune (フォーチュン), real name Helena Dolph Jackson (ヘレナ・ドルフ・ジャクソン), is the leading member of Dead Cell and a member of the "Sons of Liberty". She is an African-American woman with blond hair, something requested by Shinkawa as he thought she would be appealing.[93] Her weapon is a railgun. Her codename comes from her nearly-miraculous ability to have bullets pass by her without hitting her.[106] Fortune confronts Raiden as the first boss character in the Plant chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2, though she cannot actually be defeated due to her powers. The fight ends when Vamp arrives and is seemingly killed by Raiden, which makes her temporarily loses her will to fight until he revives.[107] Her true motive is to seek revenge against Solid Snake whom she believes was responsible for her father's death.[108] Near the end of the game, she learns it was actually Revolver Ocelot who killed her father, and Ocelot reveals that her immunity to bullets was simply the result of an electromagnetic force field surrounding her body, which he deactivates before shooting her.[109] However, Fortune manages to psychically deflect Ocelot's attacks from Metal Gear RAY before dying, hinting that her power as "Lady Luck" was not completely fake. Fortune is voiced by Yumi Tôma in the Japanese version and by Maula Gale in the English version.


Fatman (ファットマン Fattoman) is a member of Dead Cell that specializes in explosives. He is a psychopathic, overweight bald man in an EOD suit who moves around on rollerblades and is armed with a Glock 18 in addition to his bombs. Shinkawa had troubles designing him as he had been requested to make him obese and goodlooking at the same time.[93] In Metal Gear Solid 2, he is the second boss character in the Plant chapter. One of Raiden's early objectives in the Plant chapter is to deactivate a series of C4 bombs planted within each of the struts surrounding the Shell 1 core. The explosives are revealed to be nothing more than dummy bombs serving to activate the real bomb in the basement of Strut A. A similar bomb planted in the basement of the Shell 2 Core detonates, killing Fatman's former mentor Peter Stillman in the process. As Raiden meets with him, Fatman reveals that he wishes to become the world's most famous bomber by surpassing Stillman.[110] Fatman then challenges Raiden to a duel at the heliport atop Strut E, which results in his death. Revolver Ocelot later reveals that Fatman was actually an agent of The Patriots and that Stillman's presence in the facility was arranged to motivate Fatman into participating. Fatman is voiced by Kôzô Shioya in the Japanese version and by Barry Dennen in the English version.

Peter Stillman

Peter Stillman (ピーター・スティルマン Pītā Sutiruman) is a former NYPD bomb disposal expert working for the Bund Patrol and the former mentor of Fatman. In Metal Gear Solid 2, he infiltrates the Big Shell facility with SEAL Team 10. After Fatman planted bombs within each of the struts in the entire Big Shell facility, Stillman provides Raiden and Iroquois Pliskin with the tools needed to track down and deactivate each of the explosives, while providing support to the player via the codec. He eventually learns that the explosives Fatman planted were decoys used to activate the real bombs set to destroy the foundation of Shell 1 and Shell 2. Stillman races to the basement of Strut H, only to be caught in Fatman's trap: the bomb being equipped with a proximity sensor, detonates, killing Stillman. Stillman was most likely named after a character in Paul Auster's New York Trilogy. Peter Stillman is voiced by Shôzô Îzuka in the Japanese version. In the English version, Peter Stillman has been voiced by Greg Eagles (in Metal Gear Solid 2) and by James C. Mathis III (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).

Richard Ames

Colonel Richard Ames (リチャード・エイムズ Richādo Eimuzu) is a Secret Service agent and an operative for the Patriots. He previously served the Defense Intelligence Agency where he met Nastasha Romanenko. He was married to Nastasha for a while, but the two ended up divorcing. He was taken hostage during the Big Shell incident. In Metal Gear Solid 2, he met Raiden and then threatened by Revolver Ocelot (a fellow Patriot operative). He suddenly dies from an apparent heart attack. It is later revealed that he died from his nanomachines turning off his pacemaker thanks to a virus imitating FOXDIE put in place by the Patriots. Richard Ames is voiced by Masaharu Sato in the Japanese version and by Peter Renaday in the English version.

James Johnson

James Johnson (ジェームズ・ジョンソン Jēmuzu Jonson) is the President of the United States during the events of Sons of Liberty. He is the primary hostage Raiden is sent to rescue in the Plant chapter. After a series of ordeals, Raiden finally meets the President in the Shell 2 Core. The President reveals that he was actually a willing accomplice in the terrorist act, his vital signs being the input codes to activate Arsenal Gear (the new version of Metal Gear housed in the Big Shell), but was imprisoned after a conflict of interest with Solidus Snake as Johnson wanted power whereas his predecessor preferred rebelling altogether. After he reveals the truth about Arsenal Gear to Raiden, he learns that he was manipulated to revolt by the Patriots as part of the S3 Plan. He is then killed by Revolver Ocelot while arguing with Raiden to kill him to prevent the terrorists from launching a nuclear strike. James Johnson is voiced by Yuzuru Fujimoto in the Japanese version. In the English version, James Johnson is voiced by Paul Lukather (in Metal Gear Solid 2) and by H. Richard Greene (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).

Emma Emmerich

Emma Emmerich Danziger (エマ・エメリッヒ・ダンジガー Ema Emerihhi Danjigā), nicknamed E.E., is an AI programmer and the stepsister of Hal Emmerich". When Emma was a child, her mother Julie Danziger married Hal's father, "Huey Emmerich. Emma and Hal became very close as children and often swam together. When Hal was an adolescent, he was seduced by Emma's mother. Upon learning this, Huey committed suicide by drowning in the family's swimming pool and accidentally dragged Emma into the water in the process. She survived, but not without injury. Emma expected Hal to save her, but Hal was not aware that this was happening. After this, Emma developed a fear of water and became estranged from her stepbrother, blaming Hal for leaving the family afterwards.[111] During the Plant chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, she is in charge of developing the AI that controls Arsenal Gear. She is escorted to the Shell 1 Core computer room by Raiden to download a virus into AI GW so that it will not be used by the terrorists, but is ambushed by Vamp on the oil fence. Raiden snipes Vamp, but before falling into the sea, Vamp fatally stabs Emma in the stomach.[112] She later dies in the computer room confessing how she wanted to be closer to her stepbrother.[113] Emma Emmerich / E.E. is voiced by Maria Yamamoto in the Japanese version and by Jennifer Hale in the English version.

Solidus Snake

Solidus Snake (ソリダス・スネーク Soridasu Sunēku), also known as George Sears (ジョージ・シアーズ),[114] is the third clone of Big Boss. The character's existence was first alluded as the President of the United States during the original Metal Gear Solid. He makes his official first appearance as the antagonist in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, where his full codename and public identity are established. His design was based on Yoji Shinkawa's thoughts regarding how Solid Snake would look when older.[90] During the events of Sons of Liberty, Solidus leads a terrorist takeover of the Big Shell (with Olga Gurlukovich and Revolver Ocelot) while posing as his brother Solid Snake.[115][116] For combat, Solidus wears a powered suit.[93] After the Patriots removed his President status, Solidus turned against the organization and wished to form his own nation to leave his impact on the world.[117] Revealed as Raiden's adoptive father,[86] Solidus tries to kill Raiden to use his foster son's nanomachines to lead him to the Patriots.[118] However, Raiden defeats Solidus in their duel atop Federal Hall National Memorial, slicing into the spine of Solidus's powered exoskeleton with a high frequency blade. In Metal Gear Solid 4, Solidus's body is used when Liquid Ocelot hacks into the Patriots' AI.[119]

In 2012, GamesRadar featured both him and Liquid Snake at the second place on the list of most evil clones in gaming, commenting that "as evil clones go, the ones that threaten the world with thermonuclear war and eradication rank as some of the worst."[120] Solidus Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and by John Cygan in the English version.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater


Zero (ゼロ), also known as Major Zero, Major Tom,[121] and David Oh (デイビッド・オウ Deibiddo Ou), is the founder of the FOX unit and the true main antagonist of the entire Metal Gear series. Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 3, he serves as the commanding officer of the FOX unit that communicates with Naked Snake via radio. In Portable Ops, Zero is arrested by the Pentagon after being convicted for the FOX unit's revolt but is exonerated afterwards.[122]

Metal Gear Solid 4 revealed that Zero was the founder of the Patriots to control the United States.[123] However, a fallout causes Big Boss's demise during both Outer Heaven and Zanzibar Land then continuing controlling the world through artificial intelligences.[123][124] He appears in the game's ending as a 105-year-old vegetable in a wheelchair and dies after Big Boss cuts off his oxygen supply and strangles him to facilitate his death.[125] Metal Gear Solid V reveals that Skull Face infects Zero with a parasite that put him into a coma, leaving the Patriots' AIs to take over the organization unopposed.

Zero is voiced by Banjō Ginga in the Japanese version. In the English version, Zero is voiced by Jim Piddock (in Metal Gear Solid 3) and by Time Winters (in Metal Gear Solid V).


Dr. Nikolai Stepanovich Sokolov (ニコライ・ステパノヴィッチ・ソコロフ, Николай Степанович Соколов) is a rocket scientist. Despite being cowardly and timid, he was able to defect to the United States two years before the events of the game, but was sent back to the USSR as a secret addition to the negotiations for ending the Cuban Missile Crisis. In Metal Gear Solid 3, Sokolov develops the Shagohod.[126] In the midsts of Naked Snake's retrieval of Sokolov, Colonel Volgin captures him and forces him to complete the weapon, and later seemingly dies of torture off-screen for trying to escape. Despite his apparent death, Sokolov returns in Portable Ops as the informant Ghost (ゴースト). After he survived and escaped to the US with the help of FOX's new commander Gene, he builds the first Metal Gear model, a quadrupedal model, but still assists Snake as a result of the danger the RAXA can make.[127] He can also be recruited into Naked Snake's team.[122]

Nikolai Sokolov is voiced by Naoki Tatsuta in the Japanese version and by Brian Cummings in the English version.

The Boss

Main article: The Boss (Metal Gear)


Yevgeny Borisovitch Volgin (エヴゲニー・ボリソヴィッチ・ヴォルギン, Евгений Борисович Волгин), known as "Thunderbolt" in the West, is a Stalinist GRU colonel with a penchant for wanton brutality who attempts to seize control of the Soviet Union during Metal Gear Solid 3 by overthrowing Nikita Khrushchev and installing Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin in his place. Furthermore, he was a mastermind behind the Katyn Forest Massacre.[128] His body carries an electric charge of ten million volts, which was speculated by Soviet scientists to be the result of Electrokinesis. He uses it chiefly for fighting and for torture.[129] After he battles Naked Snake and EVA, both in and atop the Shagohod, it begins to rain. He is at first unafraid but is rapidly struck by a bolt of lightning and left comatose and near death.[130]

After his body is retrieved and experimented on by Russian scientists, he returns as "the Man on Fire" (燃える男 Moeru Otoko) in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, where he desires revenge for his defeat; this desire is so great that it is the only thing keeping him alive, and his appearance as a man made up entirely of fire is the physical manifestation of his desire. His newfound appearance enables him to convert the energy from firearms and explosive rounds into powerful attacks. However, he eventually dies in peace in a final confrontation, where it is implied that he deduced Venom Snake was not Big Boss, the target of his vendetta.

In Metal Gear Solid 3, Volgin is voiced by Kenji Utsumi in Japanese and by Neil Ross in English, with Dave Fouquette portraying the character in Metal Gear Solid V.


Para-Medic (パラメディック) is a FOX support team member that provides medical information.[131] Although it is set before the modern use of the word "paramedic", her codename instead comes from a portmanteau of "parachute" and "medic".[132] In Metal Gear Solid 3, she provides Naked Snake with surgical information as well as general information on the local flora and fauna. She is also an avid movie-watcher, and enjoys discussing her favorite films with Naked Snake despite his disinterest. In Portable Ops, Para-Medic can be recruited into Big Boss's team.[122] Metal Gear Solid 4 revealed that Para-Medic became one of the Patriots' founders and the head of the "Les Enfants Terribles" project.[133] In addition, she is actually Dr. Clark (クラーク博士 Kurāku Hakase), a character mentioned in the original Metal Gear Solid that's responsible for Gray Fox's revival and was in-turn murdered by the original Cyborg Ninja which EVA wanted.[134] Dr. Clark was referred to as a male by Naomi Hunter in Metal Gear Solid;[135] this is later explained in The Phantom Pain by Emmerich when he tells Venom Snake that Dr. Clark is so secretive that nobody knows anything about her, including her gender. Para-Medic is voiced by Houko Kuwashima in the Japanese version and by Heather Halley in the English version.


Main article: EVA (Metal Gear)

EVA (エヴァ), also known as Big Mama (ビッグ・ママ Biggu Mama), is a triple agent that assists Naked Snake in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, and later serves as the mother of Solid Snake and Liquid Snake. EVA is voiced by Misa Watanabe in the Japanese version. In the English version, EVA is voiced by Suzetta Miñet (in Metal Gear Solid 3 and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker) and by Vanessa Marshall (in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops). Big Mama is voiced by Mari Natsuki in the Japanese version and by Lee Meriwether in the English version.


Sigint (シギント) is a technical advisor later associated with DARPA. In Metal Gear Solid 3, he is a member of FOX that provides technical support for Naked Snake. In Portable Ops, Sigint can be recruited into Big Boss's team.[122] In Peace Walker, Sigint is implied to have contributed to Hot Coldman's various Peace Walker AIs for Cipher. Metal Gear Solid 4 revealed that Sigint was one of the Patriots' founding members and oversaw Zero's AI proxies that would control governments and military. He was also revealed to be Donald Anderson (ドナルド・アンダーソン), the DARPA Chief from the original Metal Gear Solid that was killed by Revolver Ocelot and made to look like an "accident";[77] Sigint's death was part of EVA's and Ocelot's plan to weaken Zero's hand for Big Boss.[136] Sigint is voiced by Keiji Fujiwara for the Japanese version and James C. Mathis III for the English version. Donald Anderson is voiced by Masaharu Sato in the Japanese version and by Greg Eagles in the English version.

Cobra Unit

The Cobra Unit is The Boss's personal team of military specialists and the bosses of Metal Gear Solid 3. Each member is named after the emotion that they bring into battle.

The Pain

The Pain (ザ・ペイン) has the ability to control hornets at his will, through the buzzing of a queen hornet that he keeps in his backpack. Apart from his hornets, The Pain is also equipped with a Tommy gun and grenades, using his hornets in conjunction with these weapons. He also uses his hornets to shield himself and create the form of a body double to confuse and draw his opponents into the open.[137] In Metal Gear Solid 3, he fought and was defeated by Naked Snake. The Pain is voiced by Hisao Egawa in Japanese and by Gregg Berger in English.

The Fear

The Fear (ザ・フィアー) is a member of the Cobra unit known for his superhuman speed and agility, as well as his freakish, fearsome appearance. Capable of dislocating his joints at will, he is able to crawl, walk on water, flip, leap extremely quickly in the manner of a spider, and also climb and jump around in trees with ease. He mainly uses a crossbow in battle, coating his bolts in the venom of the Brazilian wandering spider,[138] setting them on fire or even outfitting them with explosives. He uses a variety of wires and ropes to enhance his mobility. On top of his incredible agility, he also uses Stealth camouflage to make himself nearly invisible.[139] At the beginning of the battle in Metal Gear Solid 3, he shoots Naked Snake in the leg with a poisoned crossbow bolt, but wants to kill Snake himself rather than let the venom do the job for him. The poison begins to make Snake hallucinate, giving The Fear a distinct advantage, though Snake still manages to defeat him. The Fear is voiced by Kazumi Tanaka in Japanese and by Michael Bell in English.

The End

The End (ジ・エンド) is a member of the Cobra unit with exceptional sniping skills, born in the early 1860s, and the only member of the unit without an emotion-based codename, though it is explained in the game that it signifies "true oblivion".[140] The End is a venerable expert sniper, but is visibly vulnerable as a result of his age.[141] However, he is capable of photosynthesizing sunlight to sustain his life and go for days without food or water, later explained in The Phantom Pain as the effect of a species of parasite that lives in his body. He has a pet parrot (an Alexandrine parakeet) who can alert him to Snake's presence. The End is the only member of the Cobras who will not kill the player under any circumstances; he only uses tranquilizing rounds and will throw Snake in a jailcell when he is defeated. The strategic sniper fight between Naked Snake and The End in Metal Gear Solid 3 was developed by Kojima who wanted to bring a completely new style of boss battle to the series. However, the fight can be avoided if Snake kills a defenseless The End shortly before,[142] or if the player saves during the fight and waits a week (or sets the system clock a week ahead), in which case The End dies of old age. In Peace Walker, The End's voice can sometimes be heard over the Codec during ghost missions, and Snake comments numerous times during mission briefings asking Kaz Miller if he saw any parrots with the enemy snipers and scouts. The End is voiced by Osamu Saka in Japanese and by J. Grant Albrecht in English.

The Fury

The Fury (ザ・フューリー) is a pyromaniac and former Soviet cosmonaut. He utilizes a flame-resistant Soviet space suit in conjunction with a jet pack and a powerful flamethrower, both of which are powered by liquid rocket fuel UDMH. His codename reflects the unmitigated fury he feels towards the world while he is fighting.[143] In Metal Gear Solid 3, he fought and is defeated by Naked Snake. The Fury is voiced by Masato Hirano in Japanese and by Richard Doyle in English.

The Sorrow

The Sorrow (ザ・ソロー) was a powerful spirit medium and a former member of the Cobra unit, who used his psychic powers to aid his fellow soldiers on the battlefield.[144] After being romantically involved with The Boss, he was the father of her child.[145] After the ideological rift created by the Cold War, loyalties changed with him and The Boss each taking their respective sides. The Boss kills him in 1962 for making a double agent out of a sleeper agent she sent to OKB-1 to gather data on the USSR's space program.[146] He makes many hidden appearances in ghost form throughout the game's cut scenes.[147] In Metal Gear Solid 3, after escaping from Groznyj Grad and suffering a near-death experience, Naked Snake encounters The Sorrow while being forced to wade through an endless river swarming with all of the enemies that Snake has killed up to that point.[148] The Sorrow is voiced by Yukitoshi Hori in Japanese and by David Thomas in English.


Ivan Raidenovitch Raikov (イワン・ライデノヴィッチ・ライコフ, Иван Райденович Райков) is a high-ranking officer within Groznyj Grad. He is implied to be Colonel Volgin's secret lover, and consequently has colonel-class authority despite only having a rank of major. The character is a parody of Raiden from Metal Gear Solid 2. The player is also able to wear a mask to impersonate him as Kojima noted that there were fans who wanted to play as Raiden in Metal Gear Solid 3.[149] Besides impersonating Raikov, Naked Snake also has to knock him out to take his uniform and go to Groznyj Grad with the player also being given the choice of killing him. According to Kojima, the reason why he left Raikov's fate up to the player was largely because of Raiden's controversial popularity, where he'd allow the player, depending on whether their views of Raiden were positive or negative, to spare or kill Raikov, respectively.[150] Raikov appears as a secret character in Portable Ops as being exiled to Colombia by the Soviet military after the fallout of Operation Snake Eater runs him afoul of the Kremlin.[122] Major Raikov is voiced by Ken'yû Horiuchi in Japanese and by Charlie Schlatter in English.


Aleksandr Leonovitch Granin (アレクサンドル・レオノヴィッチ・グラーニン, Александр Леонович Гранин) is the director of OKB-812 (also known as the Granin Design Bureau). He is the man who originally came up with the concept of bipedal walking tanks (the blueprints for Metal Gear REX and Metal Gear D). He supplies Naked Snake with the key to the door near the warehouse, but dies under Volgin's torture. Aleksandr Granin is voiced by Takeshi Aono in Japanese and by Jim Ward in English.


Johnny is a GRU soldier assigned to watch over Naked Snake's jail cell in Groznyj Grad after Snake is captured by Volgin in Metal Gear Solid 3. He wears the standard uniform all the GRU soldiers wear in the game, except his balaclava is adorned with a large letter "J" on its forehead. Due to having an estranged son with the same name in America and claiming that all the first-born sons in his family are given that name, he is implied to be the grandfather of the Johnny who appeared in the previous games. Johnny is voiced by Naoki Imamura in Japanese and by Michael Gough in English.

CIA Director

The Director of Central Intelligence is a minor character who appears at the end of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. The DCI resembles John McCone (the actual DCI in 1964), but is written as an unnamed fictionalized counterpart. He was the one who planned out the Operation Snake Eater, and as a result Big Boss refuses to shake his hand during the award ceremony after returning from the mission. He was also the one who employed Adam (aka Ocelot) as a triple agent within the CIA, KGB and GRU. In the end of Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Ocelot ends up betraying the DCI under orders from his new employer and kills him in order to obtain the location of the Philosopher's Legacy. In Metal Gear Solid 3 the DCI is voiced by an uncredited actor in Japanese and by Paul Collins in English, while in Portable Ops he is voiced by Masaharu Sato in Japanese and by Jesse Corti in English.

DOD Official

The DOD Official appears at the end of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, where he briefly talks to the DCI during Big Boss' award ceremony. He bears the likeness of Robert McNamara (the actual Secretary of Defense in 1964), although the character was later rewritten to be the Army Chief of Staff in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. He makes an unvoiced appearance in the end of Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, where he can be seen standing next to Major Zero during FOXHOUND's inauguration ceremony. In Peace Walker, the character, who is now the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, gets in touch with Big Boss when Peace Walker launches false nuclear launch data. He is the only member at the DEFCON meeting who believes Big Boss when told that the nuclear launch data is false after the latter provides proof, but is held at gunpoint by the other executive members when he orders them to stand down from retaliating. Big Boss ultimately succeeds, however, in stopping the false data from being sent.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops


Jonathan (ジョナサン Jonasan) is one of the Red Army soldiers stationed at the San Hieronymo base. He is the first of the enemy soldiers to be recruited by Naked Snake. After meeting Snake and Roy Campbell, Jonathan says the Red Army personnel were assigned to build the base as an alternate strategic missile site after the Cuban Missile Crisis; detente and the USSR's commitment to the SALT negotiations resulted in the abandonment of the base, triggering the soldiers' decision to join Gene. Jonathan is left impressed with Snake's idealism and also helps in treating Campbell's bout with malaria. As Gene manipulates the Soviet soldiers into killing each other later in the game, Jonathan takes a few rounds meant for Snake and dies in Snake's arms, leading Snake to scream out in sorrow and rage. Jonathan's death comes to traumatize Snake deeply, further shaping the ideals and principles that he comes to uphold as Big Boss. Jonathan is voiced by Takahiro Fujimoto in Japanese and by Robin Atkin Downes in English.

Colonel Skowronski

Skowronski is a commander of the Red Army base in San Hieronymo. A World War II veteran and former fighter pilot, Naked Snake finds him hiding aboard a ship in the harbor that housed his fighter plane collection. It is revealed that the colonel had been drinking after Gene's men took over the base and even turned the Red Army troops against him. Skowronski dies in an attempt to kill Gene using RAXA. When it shuts down, Ursula telekinetically picks him off the cockpit and drops him to his death. Colonel Skowronski is voiced by Tetsu Inada in Japanese and by Nick Jameson in English.


Python is one of FOX's original members revealed to have worked alongside Naked Snake during the early stages of the US advisory effort in Vietnam. However, he was severely injured during a mission with the Civilian Irregular Defense Group that he lost the ability to regulate his body temperature. The US government operated on him to stabilize his body temperature, eventually putting him in a Sneaking Suit filled with liquid nitrogen and several needles on his head to vent the excess heat. The CIA uses him as a counterpart to Snake in case he rebelled. Python joins the player's pool if his defeated by nonlethal means, but will burn to death if he is killed. Python is voiced by Yûsaku Yara in Japanese and by Dwight Schultz in English.

Elisa and Ursula

Elisa (エルザ Eruza) and Ursula are split personalities of a teenage girl raised in East Germany to nuclear physicists who worked in the USSR. She is revealed to be a survivor of the 1957 Kyshtym disaster; the radioactive fallout triggered her psychic abilities. The girl went back to East Germany and underwent numerous ESP and psychic tests. The testing enabled the girl to create split personalities that people can mistake them as twins due to their different hair colors (Elisa has gold hair, where Ursula's hair is silver). Gene rescued her during a mission in 1966 and later trained her personas – Elisa in medicine and Ursula in combat abilities. Over the course of the game, Elisa helps Naked Snake. However, the Ursula personality kicks in during Snake's showdown with Metal Gear RAXA. The combined personalities attempt to stop Gene, 'she' is killed. Her last words to Snake cryptically point to important developments in later games. Elisa/Ursula is voiced by Saori Gotô in Japanese and by Tara Strong in English.


Lt. Cunningham is an African-American soldier and FOX's resident interrogation specialist that goes by the codename Boa. After losing his leg due to unspecified reasons and getting demoted to desk work by the CIA, the Department of Defense taps him to besmirch the CIA's reputation, a job he accepted due to desiring revenge for his demotion. This enables him to join Gene's revolt and later to interrogate Naked Snake about the Philosophers' Legacy. Snake defeats him upon learning of the DOD's plans, with his flying platform exploding shortly thereafter, although not before he attempts to destroy the base with a Davy Crockett round in an attempt to ensure Snake died with him. Cunningham is voiced by Daisuke Gori in Japanese and by Noah Nelson in English.


Gene is the commander of FOX during Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops. Having joined the unit under the codename Viper, he proves his worth by rescuing Sokolov and Elisa during missions to Eastern Europe. A doctor by trade with a moderate degree of political science knowledge, he gradually undermines Major Zero's authority and prepares his own rebellion. Gene participates in the Successor Project, a special program designed to create a military officer modeled after The Boss and highly educated in military strategy and tactics. The program results in Gene developing enhanced CQC abilities and powers of persuasion/mild telepathic powers. Naked Snake kills him after Gene reveals his plans behind the takeover of the San Hieronymo base. Recognizing Snake's combat skills, Gene bequeaths to Snake all the resources he had amassed for the military force Army's Heaven. Gene is voiced by Norio Wakamoto in Japanese and by Steven Blum in English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots


Sunny Emmerich (サニー・エメリッヒ) is Olga Gurlukovich's daughter that was kidnapped by the Patriots to manipulate her mother during the Plant Chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2.[151] Afterwards, Raiden rescued her from the Patriots, leaving her in Otacon's care.[152] By the time of Metal Gear Solid 4, she is a gifted computer programmer where it is heavily implied that her status as prodigy is the result of genetic engineering experiments done to her at Area 51 while she was in possession of the Patriots. She along with Naomi Hunter designs the FOXALIVE virus which Old Snake uses to disable the Patriots' AIs. Sunny returns in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, having been adopted by Otacon. She did attend school after becoming free of the Patriots' AIs, but was considered too "advanced"; after earning multiple degrees, she was hired by Solis.[153] Sunny is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in the Japanese version and by Cristina Pucelli in the English version.[9]


Drebin (ドレビン) is a weapons launderer that's usually accompanied by his pet monkey Little Gray. In Metal Gear Solid 4, he assists Old Snake by disabling ID-tagged weapons taken from PMC troops. He also provides exposition on the origins of each of the Beauty and the Beast members.[154] Drebin is actually a spy for the Patriots assigned to help Snake defeat Liquid Ocelot.[155] He injects Snake with a syringe with nanomachines that allow Snake to use Drebin's weapons; in addition to secretly containing a new strain of FOXDIE programmed to kill EVA, Ocelot and Big Boss. Drebin is voiced by Keiji Fujiwara in the Japanese version and by Khary Payton in the English version.


Jonathan (ジョナサン Jonasan) is a hulking Korean-American who serves as the Rat Patrol team's heavy weapons specialist and has a mohawk in the shape of an exclamation mark. Jonathan is voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka in the Japanese version and by James Sie in the English version.


Ed (エド Edo) is an African-American who serves as the Rat Patrol team's sniper and Meryl Sliverburgh's second-in-command. He is a tribute to the Policenauts character of the same name.[9] Ed is voiced by Shōzō Iizuka in the Japanese version and by Dave Fennoy in the English version.

The Beauty and the Beast Corps

The Beauty and the Beast Corps (ビューティー&ビースト部隊 Byūtī & Bīsuto Butai) are a team of female PMC operatives in mechanized suits designed according to their animal designations. Each member of the BB Corps featured the likeness of a different real-life supermodel.

Laughing Octopus

Laughing Octopus (ラフィング・オクトパス Rafingu Okutopasu) wears a special cybernetic suit that can imitate the appearance of her surroundings or other people, allowing her to blend in before attacking with powerful mechanical tentacles. She was born and raised in a small Scandinavian hamlet known as the Devil's Village, where the residents habitually eat octopus. A nearby cult took offense to the village's diet and attacked, sparing few, including the young girl. On pain of death, they tortured her into killing her entire family while laughing. This has utterly numbed her to bloodshed and has spawned an obsession with laughter, particularly during battle. Laughing Octopus is voiced by Haruna Aimoto in Japanese and by Paula Tiso in English. Her likeness was provided by Lyndall Jarvis.

Raging Raven

Raging Raven (レイジング・レイヴン Reijingu Reivun) is the only member of the Corps with true flying capabilities that utilizes UCAVs and a grenade launcher to attack her enemies. Born in Aceh, Indonesia, she was taken as a prisoner of war as a child. After enduring months of torture and starvation, her captors abruptly abandoned the prison, leaving her and the other child prisoners to be eaten alive by ravens. She was the last living child; though instead of eating her, the ravens peck away her bonds. She finds her captors' base camp and kills all soldiers and civilians present. Raging Raven is voiced by Yumi Kikuchi in Japanese (who also provided the character's likeness) and by Nika Futterman in English.

Crying Wolf

Crying Wolf (ウルフクライング) is the Corps' strongest member as she can attack with a railgun or sheer brute force. She is also endowed with a strong sense of smell, enough to identify. She was born in an unnamed country ripped by civil war. After her family was killed in an attack, she fled the village with her baby brother and became a refugee. When hiding from an enemy unit in a shack, her brother began to cry; she covered his mouth to silence him and accidentally killed him. Upon reaching a refugee camp, she was driven insane by her grief and by the cries of children. She experienced visions of a wolf killing the children of the camp; in reality, it was she who did so. In Metal Gear Solid 4, she does not accept that she killed the children until her fight with Old Snake. After their fight, she is taken away by one of Sniper Wolf's wolves, with Otacon implying the wolf carrying her was Sniper Wolf's spirit. Crying Wolf is voiced by Eriko Hirata in Japanese and by Debra Wilson in English. Her likeness was provided by Mieko Rye.

Screaming Mantis

Screaming Mantis (スクリーミング・マンティス) is the Corps' leader. Able to float by using unknown abilities, she has the power to crush people at will and manipulate soldiers to do her bidding, including killing their former allies. She has two puppets shaped like previous Metal Gear Solid bosses Psycho Mantis and The Sorrow. It is revealed that the Psycho Mantis puppet is used to control and manipulate living people while The Sorrow puppet can be used to manipulate dead bodies. However, her powers are only applicable on people implanted with nanomachines and cannot affect people who can suppress nanomachine activity. After her fight with Solid Snake, it is revealed that Psycho Mantis was controlling her mind as a result of her insanity. Screaming Mantis is voiced by Mao Yuki in Japanese and by Andrea Zafra in English. Her likeness was provided by Scarlett Chorvat.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker


Amanda Valenciano Libre (アマンダ・バレンシアノ・リブレ) assumes command of the FSLN after her father (their leader) is killed. After many of her members were forced out of Nicaragua by government forces months before the events of the game, the KGB comes to the Sandinistas' aid by having them operate a banana plantation that is actually a front for drug-trafficking operations to generate funds for their rebel activities. Amanda also shows a romantic interest in Big Boss when Big Boss frees the Sandinista survivors from the Peace Sentinels. Towards the end of the game, Amanda leads the Sandinistas into fighting the KGB. In the game, the player can use Amanda to motivate former guerrillas recruited into the MSF. Amanda does not appear in Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes, having left Mother Base to work on MSF's Cuban operations. Amanda Libre is voiced by Romi Park in Japanese and by Grey DeLisle in English.


Ricardo Valenciano Libre (リカルド・バレンシアノ・リブレ),[156] nicknamed Chico (チコ), is Amanda's younger brother. During Peace Walker, he tries to prove himself to his sister and the FSLN rebels despite his age. An argument results in Chico wandering around the forest and his capture by the Peace Sentinels. He also talks to Big Boss about sightings of the Peace Walker AI weapon (which he calls "El Basilisco"). Chico has an interest in cryptozoology, is the one who briefs Big Boss on Monster Hunter missions and is in love with Paz. In Ground Zeroes, Chico is imprisoned and tortured in the military camp Camp Omega after trying to rescue Paz. It is also implied by tapes that he was forced to have sexual intercourse with Paz. He is aboard Big Boss's helicopter when it crashes into the Caribbean Sea. In The Phantom Pain, it is mentioned that Chico did not survived the helicopter crash. The character was planned to appear as an adult in The Phantom Pain during development, but only concept art was produced.[157] Chico is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in Japanese and by Antony Del Rio in English.


Dr. Emmerich (エメリッヒ博士), nicknamed Huey (ヒューイ), is a wheelchair-bound scientist who was born paraplegic due to having an abnormal spine. In addition to being the son of a Manhattan Project scientist, he is the father of Hal Emmerich. Previous games alluded his character; Metal Gear Solid revealed he was born on the same day as the Hiroshima attack,[158] Metal Gear Solid 2 revealed that he committed suicide by drowning after finding out that his son was having an affair with his second wife, and Metal Gear Solid 3 alluded to the character as Granin's friend in the United States. In Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, he and Strangelove are responsible for building the Peace Sentinels' AI weapons and later MSF's own Metal Gear ZEKE. In a personal letter he wrote to Strangelove, which he asks Big Boss to give to, it is revealed that they have worked together while in NASA and Huey was expressing much interest in Strangelove.[159] Huey remains with Big Boss and MSF during the events of Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes, continuing work on Metal Gear ZEKE and working to hide both it and its nuclear capabilities from the United Nations. He is present at Mother Base when it is attacked by the XOF forces, though Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain confirms that Emmerich managed to escape the chaos, eventually developing a cybernetic leg-harness to gain the ability to walk. Emmerich maintains that he was misled by Cipher and abducted to work on the new model Metal Gear Sahelanthropus in Afghanistan, where he is rescued and detained by Diamond Dogs. He resumes his work for Diamond Dogs, but faced with constant interrogation and lingering doubts about his allegiances, he ultimately comes to view Diamond Dogs as being no different to Coldman or Cipher. Emmerich is accused by Diamond Dogs of murdering Strangelove and facilitating the attack on Mother Base for Cipher in exchange for his own safety, and is later found guilty of triggering a deadly new mutation in the vocal cord parasites that results in Venom Snake being forced to execute his own infected men and prevent them from escaping into the world. As punishment, Snake chooses to exile Emmerich from Diamond Dogs and sends him away in a single small lifeboat. Emmerich is forced to dump his leg-harness into the water to prevent the lifeboat from sinking, leaving him wheelchair-bound once more. Huey is voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka in Japanese and by Christopher Randolph in English.


Hot Coldman (ホット・コールドマン) is depicted as a former director of the CIA sent to manage the CIA's Latin America operations, and is one of the main antagonists in Peace Walker. Because of bitterness over the demotion, Coldman plans to use the Peace Sentinels and the Peace Walker Project to regain his status as a power player in Washington. The true reason behind his exile was because he planned Operation Snake Eater.[160] Late in the game, Coldman dies of Zadornov's gunshots, after inputting Peace Walker's nuclear launch codes and leaking the false data to NORAD. Hot Coldman is voiced by Mugihito in Japanese and by H. Richard Greene in English.


Vladimir Aleksandrovich Zadornov (ヴラジーミル・アレクサンドロヴィチ・ザドルノフ) is one of the main antagonists in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. The character initially disguised himself as Ramon Galvez Mena (ラモン・ガルベス・メナ), a professor at the University of Peace. He possesses a red bionic right hand with built-in lighter and also can be launched like a rocket. He and his student Paz Ortega Andrade visit the Militaires Sans Frontières' base in Colombia to recruit MSF's services. Galvez helps out the MSF as they slowly uncover the Peace Sentinels' true motives in Costa Rica. He later unmasked himself as a KGB intelligence operative when Coldman prepares the Peace Walker to attack from inside a US base in Nicaragua. The MSF and FSLN captures him and locks him up at Mother Base, but he breaks out on several occasions and forces Big Boss to recapture him. He is eventually killed by Big Boss in self-defense. Vladimir Zadornov is voiced by Hōchū Ōtsuka in Japanese and by Steven Blum in English.


Strangelove (ストレンジラブ) is a British AI expert hired to work in the Peace Walker project and the mother of Hal Emmerich. During her stint with NASA in the late 1950s, Strangelove met The Boss. She later met Huey while working in the Mercury program. Her experience with The Boss and subsequent work in ARPA inspires her to create Peace Walker's AI matrix with The Boss's personality years later during Peace Walker. At the end of the game, she joins the MSF in helping create Metal Gear ZEKE's AI matrix. Strangelove was not present in Ground Zeroes, having left Mother Base a week before the IAEA inspection notification arrived due to the AI department not coming up with anything as well as ZEKE being completed. A cassette tape in The Phantom Pain reveals that she contacted Amanda after the Sandinistas' victory in Nicaragua and asked permission to retrieve the Mammal Pod from the sunken remains of Peace Walker. She began using this as a basis for the Patriots' AI system, which she developed at Zero's request, and she eventually married Huey and had their son Hal. Despite this, Strangelove reveals that she never loved Huey, and only wanted someone to conceive a child that she would see as hers and The Boss's child. Even after her death – Strangelove couldn't let go of The Boss and always claimed to be forever in love with her idol. When Huey later attempted to use Hal as a test subject for Metal Gear Sahelanthropus, Strangelove intervened and the two began to argue. As a result, Strangelove was locked inside the Mammal Pod by Huey who left her to suffocate, the Mammal Pod is later recovered and used as evidence against Huey during his interrogation. Strangelove is voiced by Yumi Kikuchi in Japanese and by Vanessa Marshall in English.


Cécile Cosima Caminades (セシール・コジマ・カミナンデス Seshīru Kojima Kaminandesu) is a French ornithologist. In Peace Walker, she is caught while trying to record quetzal sounds near an Incan ruin where the Peace Walker Project's AI laboratory is located. Cécile also was influenced by the May 1968 events in France, similar to other Parisian women at the time.[161] The way her name is pronounced is a play on the phrase Kojima, kami nan desu (小島、神なんです?, "Kojima, he's definitely a god") .[162] She is also named after and visually based on Cécile Caminades, an employee from the Paris branch of Konami Digital Entertainment.[163] Cécile did not appear in Ground Zeroes, as she had been evacuated from Mother Base and returned to Paris, France in preparation for the then-upcoming IAEA inspection. Cécile Caminades is voiced by Yū Kobayashi in Japanese and Catherine Taber in English.


Paz Ortega Andrade (パス・オルテガ・アンドラーデ) is a student at the University of Peace. In Peace Walker, she is depicted in the game as an innocent schoolgirl. But in the game's true ending, Paz is revealed to be an agent of Cipher (Zero) (her real name is revealed to be Pacifica Ocean), who hijacks Metal Gear ZEKE and tries to launch its nuclear warhead at the US East Coast with the intention of framing the Militaires Sans Frontieres as being an extremist cult under Cipher's orders. Big Boss defeats her and she is thrown into the water from the force of ZEKE's explosion, although Big Boss suspected that there was a possibility that she survived.[164] Paz provides commentary about her deep-cover mission in a ten-part series of audio tapes called "Paz's Diary." In the tapes, Paz talks about life in Mother Base and her fears about a strong reprisal from Cipher if she blew her cover. The last tape is made just before she activates Zeke.

In Ground Zeroes, Paz is found alive drifting in the Caribbean before being captured by XOF and brought to Camp Omega. During her interrogation by Skull Face, she undergoes extreme torture, multiple rapes, and the surgical implanting of explosive devices in her abdomen and womb. After learning of her survival, Big Boss is sent to retrieve her and Chico from the camp, believing her to be instrumental in finding and stopping Cipher. Upon rescuing the two, however, he and Chico discover the surgical scars from one of the bombs inside the unconscious Paz, and are forced to remove it. While attempting to escape XOF's assault on Mother Base, Paz awakens and reveals the presence of the second bomb before throwing herself from the helicopter in an attempt to save the others from the subsequent explosion, which appears to kill her.

In The Phantom Pain, Venom Snake finds Paz alive and recovering on Mother Base, with Miller and Ocelot explaining that the second bomb was actually removed as well, though Paz was not aware of this when she jumped from the helicopter, and the explosion was actually caused by an enemy rocket launcher. Paz fell into the ocean, but managed to survive and was later brought back to Mother Base. However, the impact caused her to suffer amnesia due to dissociative identity disorder, forgetting everything about Cipher and believing herself to still be a student in 1974. However, when she removes a bomb from her stomach in front of him, Venom Snake realizes that this is just a hallucination brought on by guilt over not being able to save her, and finally comes to terms with her death.

Paz Ortega Andrade is voiced by Nana Mizuki in Japanese and by Tara Strong in English.[165]

Introduced in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance

Maverick Security Consulting, Inc.

A private military and security company, the PMC is Raiden's primary support team over the course of the game.


Boris Vyacheslavovich Popov (ボリス・ヴャチェスラヴォヴィチ・ポポフ Borisu Vyachesuravovichi Popofu, Борис Вячеславович Попов) is the president of Maverick and a former Russian Army soldier. Between the Big Shell incident and Liquid Ocelot's uprising, he helped Raiden rescue Sunny from the Patriots at Area 51, having once been friends with her grandfather, Sergei Gurlukovich. He later founded Maverick after the fall of the Patriots, taking in former members of Big Mama's Paradise Lost army and recruiting Raiden to their ranks. Boris is voiced by Takayuki Sugo in Japanese and by J.B. Blanc in English.


Kevin Washington (ケビン・ワシントン Kebin Washinton) is a military strategist who briefs Raiden on his missions and provides additional combat intelligence. Prior to his tenure with Maverick, he worked in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration at a NGO with ties to the United Nations, but after meeting Boris and seeing how ineffective the UN was at maintaining DDR, he left and joined Maverick instead. Kevin is voiced by Yuichi Nakamura in Japanese and by Phil LaMarr in English.


Courtney Collins (コートニー・コリンズ Kōtonī Korinzu) is Maverick's lead data analyst. She went to the same university as Kevin, who would later recommend Maverick to her following her graduation. Courtney is voiced by Miyuki Sawashiro in Japanese and by Kari Wahlgren in English.


Wilhelm Voigt (ヴィルヘルム・フォークト Viruherumu Fōkuto), known as "Doktor" (ドクトル Dokutoru) is a German cybernetics expert who helps construct Raiden's new cyborg body. He originally served as a walking-weapons researcher in East Germany, but was left jobless after the Berlin Wall fell. He was later hired by a prosthetics laboratory in Dortmund and rises to prominence thanks to his knowledge of robotics and engineering. He is brought on as an adviser to Maverick to provide information on cyborg soldiers, as well as to build Raiden a new body and train him in its use. Doktor is voiced by Mugihito in Japanese and by Jim Ward in English.

Desperado Enforcement LLC

The game's main antagonists, Desperado is a self-proclaimed PMC that actually conducts nefarious schemes. Many of its operatives are bionically enhanced.

Jetstream Sam

Samuel Rodrigues (サムエル・ホドリゲス Samueru Hodorigesu) is a master of a Brazilian fighting technique called the "New Shadow School", which had some derivations from a similar Japanese fighting style. Trained in swordsmanship by his father, who was killed by a former pupil under orders from the local drug cartel, Sam inherits his Muramasa sword and becomes a vigilante and mercenary before being forced into service to Desperado by Armstrong. Known by the callsigns "Jetstream" and "Minuano,"[166] Rodrigues throws his lot with Desperado for most of the game. Raiden's rivalry with Sam is a major driving force of the plot. Sam is eventually killed by Raiden in a duel, but gifts Raiden his sword, which is eventually used in the final battle with Armstrong. An additional chapter released as downloadable content details the backstory of how Sam joined Desperado. Sam is voiced by Hiroaki Hirata in Japanese and by Philip Anthony-Rodriguez in English.


Sundowner (サンダウナー Sandaunā) is Desperado's unofficial leader and part of the Winds of Destruction, a team of elite operatives. His name is derived from a wind condition that occurs in Southern California. Born into poverty in Alabama, he joined the military during his early adulthood. He participated in several conflicts before leaving the service to become a mercenary for various PMCs until the fall of SOP, at which point he became part of Desperado. He wears a series of explosive shields, and his main weapons are two high-frequency machetes that combine into a pincer known as "Bloodlust". He is killed by Raiden during his assault on World Marshall. Sundowner is voiced by Ken Nishida in Japanese and by Crispin Freeman in English.


Mistral (ミストラル Misutoraru) is the second member of the Winds of Destruction trio, named after the dry northern winds that blow from the Alps to the Mediterranean. Born in Algeria to French and Algerian parents, she was orphaned as a child during the Algerian Civil War, finding and butchering those responsible years later. She briefly serves in the French Foreign Legion before being recruited into Desperado by Armstrong. Her cybernetic body is capable of hosting multiple limbs taken off Dwarf Gekkos. Her main weapon is a long staff that also acts as a whip known as "L'Etranger". She is killed by Raiden during a mission in Abkhazia after being doused in liquid nitrogen. Mistral is voiced by Romi Park in Japanese and by Salli Saffioti in English.


Monsoon (モンスーン Monsūn) is the third member of the Winds of Destruction, named after the seasonal wind systems that occur in West Africa and Australasia. His most prominent ability is to magnetically dislocate his entire body to attack from a distance. He can also use smoke grenades for sudden attacks, and carries a pair of dual sais known as "Dystopia". His personality is that of a nihilistic, misanthropic sociopath, which is strongly implied to be the result of his being a survivor and victim of the Khmer Rouge's reign of terror.[167][168] He is killed by Raiden during his assault on World Marshall. Monsoon is voiced by Masashi Ebara in Japanese and by John Kassir in English.


Bladewolf (ブレードウルフ Burēdo Urufu), also known as the IF Prototype LQ-84i, is an unmanned AI weapon in Desperado's arsenal. When Raiden defeats the machine, Maverick rebuilds it as an ally. Nearly being destroyed during the battle with Armstrong, he later goes to live with Sunny at SOLIS. An additional chapter released as downloadable content details part of Bladewolf's history with Desperado prior to his first encounter with Raiden. Bladewolf is voiced by Yoshimasa Hosoya in Japanese and by Michael Beattie in English.


Khamsin (カムシン) is an unofficial fourth member of the Winds of Destruction (only appearing in the Bladewolf DLC package), named after a hot, dry, dusty south-north wind in North Africa and the Middle East. He was discharged from the Marines due to friction between him and his teammates, and is held in similarly low regard by Desperado. Bladewolf is tricked by Mistral into killing Khamsin, whom she believed to be becoming a problem. Khamsin is voiced by Rikiya Koyama in Japanese and by Benito Martinez in English.

Senator Armstrong

Steven Armstrong (スティーヴン・アームストロング Sutīvun Amusutorongu) is a Colorado senator and the primary backer of both Desperado Enforcement LLC and World Marshal Inc. He seeks to be elected as president of the United States in order to rebuild the country from within, purging those too weak or impoverished to contribute to society and replace it with cyborgs. He uses nanomachines to enhance his strength and change his skin to metal, reducing the effectiveness of attacks. He attempts to use Metal Gear EXCELSUS to assassinate the US president in Pakistan, but the weapon is destroyed by Raiden, who ultimately kills him. In the Jetstream DLC, Armstrong is revealed to be the one who cut off Sam's arm. Armstrong is voiced by Unsho Ishizuka in Japanese and by Alastair Duncan in English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid V

Venom Snake

Main article: Venom Snake

Punished "Venom" Snake (パニッシュド・ヴェノム・スネーク Panisshudo Venomu Sunēku), also referred to as Ahab (エイハブ Eihabu) and Big Boss's phantom (ビッグ・ボスのファントム Biggu Bosu no Fantomu), is the protagonist of Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain and leader of the mercenary unit "Diamond Dogs". He is the lead playable character in the game and may be outfitted with many different situational garbs. Snake is initially led to believe that he is Big Boss, but the ending reveals that he is actually a player-created avatar, whose true name, appearance and date of birth are determined at the start of the prologue. Snake is in fact the faceless medic seen at the end of Ground Zeroes, one of Big Boss's most loyal soldiers, but fell into a coma after taking a blast meant for Big Boss. During the coma, he was subconsciously brainwashed into believing and underwent facial reconstruction in order to serve as Big Boss's decoy. However, Snake is distinguished with his bionic left arm, the numerous facial scars and the shrapnel sticking out from the right side of his forehead. The player is given the option to use the avatar's natural face in place of Snake's after clearing Episode 46. Snake serves as Big Boss's decoy throughout The Phantom Pain and following the events where he's retroactively established to be Solid Snake's first enemy fought at the end of the original Metal Gear (contradicting prior statements in the series in which Big Boss is said to have survived the events of the first Metal Gear through cyborg implants). Venom Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and Kiefer Sutherland in the English version.[169]

Skull Face

Skull Face (スカルフェイス Sukaru Feisu) is the central antagonist of Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes and Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. The commander of the mysterious Special Forces XOF unit, he is distinguished by his heavily scarred face, hairless head, and his choice of tailored suits over combat fatigues. His identity and nationality are initially unknown, and he claims to have forgotten his native language, though he is heard to speak Hungarian in a cassette recording and is later revealed to have been born in Transylvania before it reverted to Romanian control. These early years were instrumental in forming his identity or lack thereof; unable to establish a consistent identity, Skull Face came to resent cultural imperialism and ultimately the ideology of Cipher. His injuries were sustained when a rapeseed oil factory his parents worked in was bombed on suspicion of manufacturing weapons, an incident he describes as an atrocity before admitting the suspicions were correct; he characterizes the incident as a case of the ends justifying the means. Following the fire, he was taken to the Soviet Union and subject to an early form of "parasite therapy" whereby parasitic organisms were introduced to his body to keep him alive, and was later infected with one of Code Talker's parasites that made it impossible for him to speak his mother tongue. He eventually became a spy and assassin apparently specializing in poisons, killing Joseph Stalin in revenge for his subjugation of Romania. Skull Face considers the fire to have burned the humanity out of him, and tortures his captives to the brink of death in order to see when their hope is extinguished, believing that he can discover the source of his own hope and regain his humanity.

Initially, Skull Face became an agent of XOF an organisation created by Zero to covertly help the Fox unit in mission providing Intel. Skull Face provided support to Big Boss in both his missions to Russia in 1964 but he grew resentful of the fame Big Boss had accumulated while Skull Face, a lowly information officer, would not be remembered due to Cipher keeping him in the shadows. By Ground Zeroes, he is a senior operative working on behalf of Cipher; he expresses dissatisfaction with Zero's leadership, and seeks information that will lead him to Zero. As the commander of XOF, he authorizes and participates in the torture and imprisonment of Paz and Chico, and later leads an assault against Big Boss's Mother Base, which results in the Militaires Sans Frontières' partial destruction. By The Phantom Pain, Skull Face has fallen out of favor with Cipher and has been exiled to Africa where he revives a project designed to weaponize a parasite as a form of ethnic cleansing as the parasite targeting and killing speakers of different languages. He uses this as a pretext to develop a strain of vocal cord parasite that targets English speakers, intending to unleash it against Cipher and start a new Cold War by giving easy-to-make nuclear weapons to minority groups. To do this, he activates the unfinished Metal Gear ST-84 "Sahelanthropus", piloted by Psycho Mantis. At the game's climax, Mantis betrays Skull Face, leaving him crushed under a broken girder while Venom Snake defeats ST-84. Afterward, Snake, Kazuhira Miller, and Dr. Emmerich find the incapacitated Skull Face. Skull Face begs Snake to kill him, but Snake only shoots him several times with his own gun—detaching Skull Face's right arm and left leg—before turning away and leaving him to bleed to death. As Snake and Miller leave the scene, however, Emmerich finishes Skull Face off with another gunshot.

Skull Face is voiced by Takaya Hashi in Japanese and by James Horan in English.


Main article: Quiet (Metal Gear)

Quiet (クワイエット Kuwaietto) is a sniper who first appears in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. She first appears in the prologue chapter as part of a team attempting to kill Big Boss when he is discovered by Cipher, but suffers severe third degree burns in the attempt and is only kept alive through parasite therapy that gives her the ability to photosynthesize light, breathe through her skin, cloak herself, and move with superhuman speed and strength. Later in the story, she is defeated by Venom Snake in open combat and is brought back to Mother Base where she eventually starts participating in missions with Venom. The relationship between the two develops from one of mild mistrust mixed with mutual respect to one that is not easily defined but has moments of vulnerability, playful friendship, even romantic tension and ultimately, sacrifice. She is infected with the English-language strain of vocal cord parasites as a means of assassinating Venom Snake, demanding her silence as a means of preventing symptoms from showing. Although Diamond Dogs are able to cure the infection, Quiet refuses the treatment owing to a latent desire for revenge. However, following the mutation of the parasite, she realizes that her silence alone is not enough to prevent symptoms from spreading, and she allows herself to be captured by Soviet forces in Afghanistan. Venom Snake rescues her, but in the process he is bitten by a snake and the two are lost in a sandstorm as Soviet forces hunt for them, prompting Quiet to speak English to direct a helicopter to their location, but in doing so awakens the parasite. She disappears after leaving a goodbye message to Venom Snake and vanishes in the desert in Afghanistan to prevent the infection from spreading.[170] Dutch model Stefanie Joosten provides the likeness, voice and motion capture for Quiet.[171]

Code Talker

Code Talker (コードトーカー Kōdo Tōkā) is a Navajo biologist who specializes in parasite research. Born in 1880, he has survived for over a century due to his research, in which he identified and injected himself with the same species of parasite that gave The End his powers and longevity. Code Talker was ordered by Skull Face to duplicate the vocal cord parasite for use in his plan under the threat of the extermination of his people. He was later rescued by the Diamond Dogs and brought back to Mother Base to aid in finding a way to prevent or cure the parasite. Code Talker is voiced by Osamu Saka in Japanese and by Jay Tavare in English.


D.D., short for Diamond Dog, is a trained wolf who assists Diamond Dogs in The Phantom Pain. Venom Snake finds him as an orphaned puppy and brings him back to the new Mother Base, where Ocelot trains him to support Snake on missions. As an adult, D.D. wears an eye patch similar to Venom Snake's.


The Parasite Unit (パラサイトユニット Parasaito Yunitto), also known as the Skulls (スカルズ Sukaruzu), are an elite force of super soldiers working for XOF. They move at high speeds and possess green eyes due to being purposefully infected by a strain of Code Talker's parasites, granting them enhanced abilities at the cost of their minds; these abilities included camouflage, corrosive gas projection and a thick metallic armor. They are encountered by Venom Snake repeatedly during The Phantom Pain, notably during his rescue of Kazuhira Miller and during the extraction of Code Talker.

Groups and organizations

Outer Heaven

Outer Heaven (アウターヘブン Autā Hebun) is initially a fictional nation-state that serves as the setting of the original Metal Gear, but later evolves into Big Boss's ideology for subsequent titles.

The original iteration that appeared in the original Metal Gear game is located 200 kilometers north of the fictional region of Garzburg, South Africa. A legendary mercenary financed the nation's establishment to attract disillusioned soldiers, with a massive fortress as its centerpiece. Its potential threat to world affairs is boosted with the deployment of the TX-55 Metal Gear, a bipedal tank capable of launching a nuclear strike from anywhere on the planet. In the game, FOXHOUND commander Big Boss ordered rookie agent Solid Snake to infiltrate the mercenary state and destroy Metal Gear. After Snake successfully defies expectations and destroys Metal Gear, Big Boss reveals himself as the nation's benefactor and confronts Snake but Big Boss is ultimately defeated with Outer Heaven destroyed as well.

The second Outer Heaven is in Metal Gear Solid when Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND takes over Shadow Moses Island with Liquid's hopes of threatening the rest of the world with Metal Gear REX but was foiled by Solid Snake. The third Outer Heaven is seen in Metal Gear Solid 2 as Solidus Snake's plan to destroy the Patriots by detonating a nuclear warhead on New York which would trigger an electromagnetic pulse so Solidus can permanently destroy the Patriots' AI systems.

Outer Heaven's origins are further given light when Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops revealed that the concept originated as Big Boss's response to "Army's Heaven" (アーミーズヘブン Āmīzu Hebun), Gene's proposed concept that would in fact victimize soldiers in pursuit of Gene's goals. Gene's defeat results in Big Boss being given data on Army's Heaven resources and personnel.

A new Outer Heaven appears in Metal Gear Solid 4 as Liquid Ocelot's mother company that runs four PMCs. After Solid Snake and Otacon use the FOXALIVE virus to destroy the Patriots' AI network, Ocelot believes Big Boss's dream is finally achieved.


"FOXHOUND" redirects here. For other uses, see Foxhound (disambiguation).
The emblem of FOXHOUND

High-Tech Special Forces Unit FOXHOUND (ハイテク特殊部隊フォックスハウンド Haiteku Tokushu Butai Fokkusuhaundo), alternatively spelled FOX-HOUND or FOX HOUND, is a US Army elite special forces unit that has appeared in numerous forms throughout the Metal Gear series.[24] FOXHOUND was originally established in 1990 according to the Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake user's manual to cope with local revolutions, regional complications, and global terrorist activities (Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater would later retcon the year FOXHOUND was established, stating in the ending timeline that FOXHOUND was established in 1971). This unit specializes in black ops, carrying out top-secret operations within "unauthorized" combat zones which are too politically sensitive to intervene in through conventional means. In the MSX2 versions of Metal Gear and Metal Gear 2, FOXHOUND members are often referred to as "FOX HOUNDERS", although this term fell into disuse in later versions.

In the original Metal Gear, FOXHOUND has Big Boss as the team's commanding officer while Solid Snake and Gray Fox serve as field operatives. However, Big Boss betrays the unit in the end of the game. In Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Roy Campbell went from the unit's executive officer to the new commanding officer while drill instructor Master Miller and military strategist George Kasler form part of Solid Snake's support crew in the game.

In Metal Gear Solid, the FOXHOUND unit turns rogue under Liquid Snake's leadership with five other members (Psycho Mantis, Sniper Wolf, Vulcan Raven, Decoy Octopus and Revolver Ocelot) involved in the terrorist activity but were defeated/killed by Solid Snake. By Metal Gear Solid 2, the unit is disbanded, however, Raiden believed to be in the service a new FOXHOUND under the command of a "Colonel" (an A.I. representation controlled by the Patriots).

Outside the Metal Gear series, FOXHOUND is mentioned in Snatcher as a military unit that JUNKER Chief Benson Cunningham previously served; and in Policenauts as Meryl's former unit (the character being the basis for Meryl Silverburgh in Metal Gear Solid, has a paint tattoo of the team's original logo). Outside of video games, the team has inspired a New York rock-jazz fusion band to take FOXHOUND as their name, as well as inspiring replica clothing company AbbyShot Clothiers to create the "Foxhound Coat", a replica of Liquid Snake's trench coat from Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes.[172]

The Patriots

The Patriots (愛国者達 Aikokushatachi), also referred to as the La-li-lu-le-lo (らりるれろ Rarirurero), are a secret cabal that controls the United States.[24] The group is initially believed to be led by The Wisemen's Committee (賢人会議 Kenjin Kaigi), an inner circle of 12 people.

In Metal Gear Solid 2, the Patriots begin a smear campaign against Solid Snake and frame Philanthropy for an oil tanker's destruction in New York. They initiate Arsenal Gear's construction and its AI GW in order to censor the flow of digital information, and manipulate the events of the story through trusted agent Revolver Ocelot and forced agent Olga Gurlukovich to ensure Solidus Snake's demise by Raiden. At the game's end, Philanthropy acquires a disk containing the Wisemen's Committee identities and learns that all 12 members have been dead for "about a hundred years".

Metal Gear Solid 4 revealed that the Patriots were created from Zero's paranoia in the form of four computer AIs: TJ, TR, AL and GW controlled by fifth proxy AI JD. The AIs originally were created to carry out Zero's own will due to his increasing age and his skepticism that human subordinates would be able to do so. But over time, the system evolved from simply maintaining economic and political systems into creating an entirely new world order based on war economies, something not even Zero himself envisioned. Fortunately, the Patriots' network is shut down when Naomi Hunter's and Sunny's FOXALIVE computer worm used GW as a conduit to access the others. The Patriots' demise is further ensured with Zero's death at Big Boss's hands.


Philanthropy (フィランソロピー Firansoropī) is a U.N. recognized anti-Metal Gear organization. Its primary members consist of Solid Snake, Hal "Otacon" Emmerich and Mei Ling. A large amount of the startup funds for the organization were provided by Nastasha Romanenko.

During Metal Gear Solid 2, Philanthropy is an NGO (non-government organization), which means that while the U.N. recognizes its existence, it has no official government backing. As Philanthropy is a semi-clandestine organization, Otacon must sometimes obtain equipment and information through less-than-legal methods; Snake mentions that on more than one occasion, Otacon has hacked classified networks to 'appropriate' experimental technology. In addition, it was also involved in activities comparable to Terrorism.[173]

The Philosophers

"The Philosophers" redirects here. For the person who studies general and fundamental problems, see Philosopher. For the 2013 film, see The Philosophers (film).

The Philosophers (賢者達 Kenjatachi) was an inner circle of 12 people (known as The Wisemen's Committee (賢人会議 Kenjin Kaigi)) which was formed at the end of World War I when the leaders of the United States, China and Bolshevik Russia entered a secret pact with a stated purpose of pooling money to rebuild countries affected by the war. The group's amassed amount totaled 100 billion dollars to fund war efforts and research; this sum became known as the Philosopher's Legacy. After the original members' deaths during the 1930s, their followers began fighting amongst themselves to inherit the "Philosophers' Legacy", a fund left by the original members.

In Metal Gear Solid 3, Naked Snake retrieves the Philosophers' Legacy after the defeat of Volgin and The Boss. The game's ending timeline establishes that the Patriots was formed by the Philosophers' American branch after accumulating the missing fund. However, Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops changes this by showing Ocelot, who is under orders to "end" the Philosophers, killing the DCI at the end and obtaining his former employer's documents containing the Philosophers' identities and the location of the organization's funds. The mysterious man invites Ocelot to form part of the Patriots, who agrees under the condition that Big Boss joins them too.


The FOX unit (which stands for "Force Operation X") is introduced in Metal Gear Solid 3 as the special forces unit founded by Zero with Naked Snake as its first agent. The FOX unit turns renegade in Portable Ops under the leadership of Gene, leading to Naked Snake and Roy Campbell to form their own team of specialists, which goes on to become the FOXHOUND unit. In Peace Walker and Ground Zeroes, Snake wears the FOX unit's shoulder sleeve insignia on his right side.


XOF is a covert strike force that appears in Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes and Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. Ground Zeroes revealed to be a division of Cipher that has since gone rogue. Under Skull Face's leadership, they carry out a successful assault on Big Boss's Militaires Sans Frontières, which results in MSF's destruction. The Phantom Pain reveals that XOF originally started as a support network for FOX, carrying out intelligence-gathering missions and running parallel operations intended to ensure FOX's success. Their insignia is a mirror of the FOX unit; FOX's insignia is a stylized yellow fox on a black background while XOF's is a black fox on a yellow background. XOF is shown to remove all of their identifying markings from both personnel and equipment before carrying out operations, implying that they carry out extremely sensitive black operations. Despite FOX being shut down, XOF continued in secret, carrying out ultra-sensitive and illegal operations on Cipher's behalf.

Militaires Sans Frontieres

Militaires Sans Frontieres (国境なき軍隊 Kokkyō Naki Guntai, translated as "Soldiers Without Borders") is Big Boss's mercenary group as Outer Heaven's precursor in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. Per The Boss's will, Big Boss conceptualized MSF as capable of providing combat support to any individual or country, regardless of other factors. Kaz Miller helps develop MSF into a private military contractor offering a wide range of services on their Mother Base (マザーベース Mazā Bēsu). Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes shows the MSF unit is all but gone when the mysterious XOF organization attacks Mother Base; many of the MSF personnel on assignment at the time of the attack return right away. They are disheartened by Big Boss's apparent death and later move on to work in other mercenary outfits. In trailers for Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, Venom Snake can be seen wearing an MSF shoulder sleeve insignia on his right side, although this was replaced in the released game with a custom emblem that players create for their own unit.

Militaires Sans Frontieres is a play on words on the humanitarian-aid non-governmental organization Médecins Sans Frontières, a group dedicated to assisting countries ravaged by war and epidemics that are in need of doctors and medical experts. The HD Edition version of Peace Walker displays an announcement before the title screen stating that the fictional MSF mercenary group is not in any way linked to the real MSF. Despite this, the group is never mentioned by name in Metal Gear Solid V and the unit's emblem was modified to omit it.[174] The group was renamed "Out Of Order" in the Japanese language novelizations of Peace Walker and The Phantom Pain authored by Hitori Nojima. The name "Out Of Order" appears in the subtitles for the Japanese version of The Phantom Pain, but is never spoken by the actual characters.[175] The MSF's logo is a skull stylized after Pangaea inside a yellow and black circle.


Cipher (サイファー Saifā) is an American covert intelligence agency first mentioned in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker and referenced throughout most of Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes and Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. They are a precursor to the Patriots formed by Zero based on his codename. In Peace Walker, Cipher has their agent Pacifica Ocean to oppose and frame MSF for a nuclear strike against the East Coast. Kazuhira Miller was also revealed to have been affiliated with Cipher as a neutral business partner, although it was also implied Miller quit upon learning about Cipher's plan to frame MSF.

Diamond Dogs

The Diamond Dogs (ダイアモンド・ドッグズ Daiamondo Dogguzu) is a splinter organization made from MSF's surviving remnants under Venom Snake's command in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.[176] The group is based out of a former offshore mining platform in the Seychelles, given to the group out of gratitude for their assistance in fighting off the coup of 1982.

The Diamond Dogs' logo is a likeness of a dog with a cut diamond in the background.


The characters from the Metal Gear series have been well received by gamers with Solid Snake and Raiden appearing in a Famitsu poll that listed the fifty best video game characters; while the former was at the top, the latter was 42nd.[177] Solid Snake has also appeared in multiple lists of best characters in gaming history,[178][179] while Raiden and Revolver Ocelot were found as characters who should have their own spin-off games.[180][181] While the variety of characters have been noted, publications often found some out of place as a result of their abilities and confusing changes occurying within them.[182][183] The character's have also been praised for their actions within fight scenes, resulting in appealing cutscenes.[183][184] The bosses have been praised not only for the requirements for defeating them, but also for the importance they have within the story. Various feature articles by video game publication have made articles regarding who is the boss character within the series, but results have varied.[185][186] During 2004, The Boss was awarded "Best New Character" by GameSpot for her role in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater.[187] In 2013, GamesRadar praised the character roles of Steven Armstrong, The Boss, Psycho Mantis and Revolver Ocelot/Liquid Ocelot, placing them in their list of 100 best villains in video games.[188]


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    Kaz: Because I didn't have a reason to be in Japan anymore.
    Naked Snake: Reason?
    Kaz: My mom had died three years earlier, so I didn't have to care for her anymore, so there was no more reason to hang around in Japan.
    Naked Snake: Yeah, but a man with your talents could have risen pretty high in the ranks, I imagine.
    Kaz: I don't know what they made of me. Could be it actually alienated me from the brass...and personally I could never get used to the idea of exclusive defense.
    Naked Snake: Meaning?
    Kaz: I can see how a country would go with the exclusive defense model used by the JSDF, and I've got nothing against my fellow soldiers who believe in it. On a tactical level, though, it just rubbed me the wrong way. To put it simply, I was itching for a real fight. (Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Konami, 2010)
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  48. Roy Campbell: Dr. Naomi Hunter. She is chief of FOXHOUND's medical staff and an expert in gene therapy. (Metal Gear Solid)
  49. Naomi Hunter: Yes. Frank Jaeger, the man who you destroyed, was my brother and my only family. // Solid Snake: Gray Fox? (Metal Gear Solid)
  50. Solid Snake: To kill me? Is that all you cared about? // Naomi Hunter: Yes. That's right. Two years. You were all I thought about for two long years... like some kind of twisted obsession... (Metal Gear Solid)
  51. Solid Snake: Naomi, Liquid died from Fox Die too. What about me? When am I gonna go? // Naomi Hunter: That's up to you. // Solid Snake: What do you mean? // Naomi Hunter: Everybody dies when their time's up... // Solid Snake: Yeah, so when's mine up? // Naomi Hunter: It's up to you how you use the time left to you. Live, Snake. That's all I can say to you. (Metal Gear Solid)
  52. Naomi Hunter was formally taken into custody after the incident's conclusion. Three weeks later, as she was undergoing debriefing in a certain facility, she escaped... I knew of only one person who could have breached the base's tight security and successfully led someone to freedom. (Metal Gear Solid 2)
  53. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Naomi: Vamp and I... We are the same. We're living corpses... Our bodies kept barely alive by nanomachines. / Snake: Then you... / Naomi: Cancer. I shouldn't even be alive right now. The nanomachines have kept it from progressing... But there's nothing more they can do. With the nanomachines gone... Time will unfreeze and begin to flow again.
  54. KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Roy Campbell: This is Mei Ling. She was assigned to us as our visual and data processing specialist. She designed your codec, as well as your Soliton radar system. Contact her if you have any questions about either of them.
  55. Metal Gear Solid: Integral – Perfect Guide. Archived from the original on August 24, 2007.
  56. 1 2 3 4 "Official Metal Gear Solid 2 Secrets page".
  57. 1 2 "New Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots details". Weekly Famitsu (1017): 111. June 13, 2008.
  58. Mei Ling: Ooh! How cuute! / Solid Snake: What? The yellow thing?" / Mei Ling: That's Pikachu. It's a Pokémon. They're popular all over the world, you know. And it may look cute, but be careful. It can store large amounts of electricity in those adorable little cheeks. It'll try to pepper you with electric shocks.
  59. Konami (1999). Metal Gear Solid: Integral (in Japanese). PlayStation.
  60. 1 2 Hideo Kojima. "MGS2 translated original game plan" (PDF). Retrieved November 28, 2006.
  61. Yoon, Andrew (July 17, 2008). "Metal Gear Online free and paid expansions available today". Joystiq. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  62. KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Psycho Mantis: The first person whose mind I dove into was my father's. I saw nothing but disgust and hatred for me in his heart. My mother died in childbirth... and he despised me for it... I thought my father was going to kill me. That's when my future disappeared. I lost my past as well. When I came to, the village was engulfed in flames...
  63. Liquid Snake: Perhaps there's a spy among us... Mantis is dead. We've also got to find out what killed Baker and [Decoy Octopus].
  64. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of The Patriots. Drebin: It wasn't her will that controlled the BBs. It was Psycho Mantis, half-assimilated into her soul, pulling the strings. Screaming Mantis was just another puppet.
  65. "Psycho Mantis is number 8". IGN.
  66. "Psycho Mantis". IGN.
  67. KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Naomi Hunter: It must be Sniper Wolf, FOX-HOUND's best shooter.
  68. KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Liquid Snake: Is that your opinion as a Kurd? // Sniper Wolf: They always put politics first.
  69. Solid Snake: Sniper's usually work in pairs, but this one's alone, huh? (Metal Gear Solid)
  70. Sniper Wolf: But then... he appeared. My hero... Saladin... he took me away from all that... // Solid Snake: Saladin? ...You mean Big Boss? (Metal Gear Solid)
  71. Sniper Wolf: Didn't you know that two-thirds of the world's greatest assassins are women? Do you want to die now? Or after your female friend? Which will it be?
  72. Wolf: Everyone's here now. Okay, hero, set me free. // Otacon: Goodbye... Snake, you said that love could bloom on a battlefield... But I couldn't save her. (Metal Gear Solid)
  73. Roy Campbell: Vulcan Raven, giant and shaman (Metal Gear Solid)
  74. Naomi Hunter: From there he joined those rent-a-war bastards at Outer Heaven inc. (Metal Gear Solid)
  75. Solid Snake: You were the one in the M1 tank? Must have been a tight fit for a big boy like you (Metal Gear Solid)
  76. 1 2 Vulcan Raven: You are a snake which was not created by Nature. You and the Boss... you are from another world... a world that I do not wish to know. Go and do battle with him. I will be watching from above. First, I'll give you a hint... The man who you saw die before your eyes... that was not the DARPA Chief. It was Decoy Octopus. A member of FOX-HOUND. He was a master of disguise. He copied his subjects down to the blood. So he drained the Chief's blood and took it into himself. But he wasn't able to deceive the FOXDIE. (Metal Gear Solid).
  77. 1 2 Revolver Ocelot: Nobody knows who I really am. Yes, the DARPA chief knew my identity, but he's been disposed of. (Metal Gear Solid)
  78. 1 2 Liquid Snake: The Pentagon only needed for you to come into contact with us. That's what killed the ArmsTech president and Decoy Octopus. (Metal Gear Solid)
  79. 1 2 Hideo Kojima (2002). Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (Playstation 2). New Zealand: Konami.
  80. Campbell: Of course. A nuclear weapons specialist has already been assigned to us. // Solid Snake: We need backup from a specialist. I'm just an amateur when it comes to nuclear weapons. // Roy Campbell: I know. That's why I've requested the assistance of a military analyst named Nastasha Romanenko. She'll be providing you backup by Codec. (Metal Gear Solid)
  81. 1 2 Metal Gear Solid game manual. New Zealand: Konami. 1998. p. 42.
  82. Jim Houseman: I see. Oh well that's okay... You two are an embarrassment from the 1970s. ...our country's dirty little secret. You can't be allowed to live. Well, the bombs will be dropping soon, and you two have a lot of catching up to do. Farewell. (Metal Gear Solid)
  83. Hideo Kojima (2002). Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Playstation 2. Konami.
  84. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid. Konami. Liquid Snake: There's a killer inside you... You don't have to deny it. We were created to be that way. / Solid Snake: Created? / Liquid Snake: Les enfants terribles... the terrible children. That's what the project was called. It started in 1970s. Their plan was to artificially create the most powerful soldier possible. The person that they chose as the model was the man known then as the greatest living soldier in the world...
  85. KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Revolver Ocelot: Yes. The inferior one was the winner after all. ...That's right. Until the very end, Liquid thought he was the inferior one.
  86. 1 2 Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solidus Snake: The eighties... the civil war. You were one of the best among the child soldiers that fought in that conflict. When you were barely ten years old, you became the leader of the small boys unit. [...] I was your godfather, I named you.
  87. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Colonel: You have two missions objectives. One: infiltrate the offshore decontamination facility "Big Shell" and safeguard the President and other hostages. And two: disarm the terrorists by any means necessary.
  88. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Raiden: Snake, it's my turn to protect you.
  89. Fletcher, JC (December 11, 2011). "Metal Gear Rising's story revised, now set post-MGS4". Joystiq. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
  90. 1 2 3 4 Kojima Productions. The Document of Metal Gear Solid 2. Konami. Level/area: Making of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty.
  91. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solid Snake: Daughter of Colonel Sergei Gurlukovich, ex-GRU and former Spetsnaz commander... She's the leader of Colonel Gurlukovich's private army that's been wandering around the Big Shell. Those men were gathered by Colonel Gurlukovich. Following her father's death, she inherited his command and now exercises full control.
  92. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Olga: I was sent to provide you support. / Raiden: Support? Who sent you? The Colonel? / Olga: No... the Patriots. [...]My child is... being held hostage by the Patriots.
  93. 1 2 3 4 "Yoji Shinkawa Interview: Segment 3". Konami. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  94. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Olga: Your nanomachines – they're transmitting your vital signs to the Patriots. If you die, my child dies. Do you understand? / Raiden: The child... / Solidus Snake: I see – so that's why you sold your troops out to me. So many dead, and they all died trusting you! Weren't they your comrades? / Olga: No, not just comrades! Family! I know I'm going to hell. But at least my child!!
  95. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Otacon: Sergei Gurlukovich. / Solid Snake: Gurlukovich! One of Ocelot's allies? / Otacon: Yeah...the GRU colonel. He's the one Ocelot was supposed to meet up with, after Shadow Moses... / Solid Snake: They're after Metal Gear...
  96. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Revolver Ocelot: Sergei! Looks like you were long overdue for retirement. / Sergei Gurlukovich: Traitorous dog...
  97. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Rosemary: Jack, I'm a part of this mission. / Raiden: Colonel, what the hell is going on? / Colonel: Raiden, meet the mission analyst. She'll be overseeing the data saving and support.
  98. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Rosemary: No, it's something else. That day at Federal Hall two years ago – it wasn't a coincidence. I was ordered to keep an eye on you... / Raiden: Keep an eye on me? / Rosemary: Yes – by the Patriots. / Raiden: You're a spy. [...] / Rosemary: Jack, I thought I was acting, because that was my job. But I did fall in love with you, that wasn't an act.
  99. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Raiden: Of course. This is where we first met... I remember now – Today is the day I met you. That's it. I think I found something to pass along to the future. He said all living things want their genes to live on. / Rosemary: Are you talking about the baby? / Raiden: Yeah. But genes aren't the only thing you pass on. There are too many things that aren't written into our DNA. It's up to us to teach that to our children.
  100. "Metal Gear Solid 4 – Hideo Kojima Interview" (in Japanese). 『2』で登場したローズも、今は戦闘ストレス小隊の心理カウンセラーをやっているという設定です。
  101. Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons Liberty. Solid Snake: During those two days, he survived by feeding on the blood of his family to quench his thirst. That's how he acquired a taste for blood. / Raiden: So that's why they call him Vamp... / Solid Snake: No, Vamp isn't for "vampire". It's because he's bisexual.
  102. Fun TV (2001). Making of The Hollywood Game (DVD). Europe: Konami.
  103. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Naomi Hunter: The nanomachines in his body cause his wounds to close and heal at an accelerated rate. Someone took the basic nanomachine technology I once researched and perfected it. In a sense, I'm responsible for Vamp.
  104. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Naomi: Now you can return to your true self. You can be at peace. / Vamp: I can... Die? / Naomi: Yes.
  105. Gifford, Kevin (February 18, 2009). "Metal Gear Online adds Raiden, Vamp". Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  106. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solid Snake: You mean Fortune? She's the Dead Cell leader. Her real name is Helena Dolph Jackson... known to her friends as Lady Luck. / Raiden: Lady Luck? / Solid Snake: Yeah. She got the name because bullets seem to veer away from her in battle. People have heard her say that her fortune in battle was payback for the lousy luck she's had in life...
  107. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Fortune: Vamp. Are you gone? No. No that bullet was meant for me... Why am I the only one that can't die? Alone again... Cheated out of death again... How long will you force me to live? How much longer dad?
  108. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Fortune: It's been a long wait, Solid Snake – the root of all my sorrows. / Solid Snake: What? / Fortune: Two years ago, you killed my father. That was the beginning of hell for us.
  109. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Revolver Ocelot: You were being shielded by the electromagnetic weapons technology that the Patriots developed. Your Dead Cell comrades loved your father and husband – we needed a pathetic wretch like you to keep them focused.
  110. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Fatman: Oh, you'll know soon enough. And I could care less of what they planned. My ambitions are much more simple. To be the most famous bomber of them all. / Raiden: Your nuts, nobody is gonna give a damn about you. / Fatman: Oh yes they will. I'll go down in history – as the man who beat Peter Stillman. That's the only reason I existed.
  111. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Emma: No! He left me... my mother – when we needed him the most! When my father died, all he could think about was himself! / Raiden: Emma, we can go over all that later. But first, we have to get out of here! / Emma: No! I hate water! It's hopeless! I can't swim!
  112. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solid Snake: Raiden! Emma's been stabbed! [...] Raiden! Get that disc over here as soon as possible. I'm afraid her time's running out...
  113. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Otacon: You don't hate me? / Emma Emmerich: Never... I never wanted to get in your way... I never wanted to hurt you... I thought with Arsenal... If I follow in your footsteps... I could be closer... I just wanted you to look at me... look at me... as a woman...
  114. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. President Johnson: My predecessor... George Sears. That was the name the public came to know him by. But I knew him by his codename, "Solidus Snake." He was the third Snake, preceded by Solid and Liquid... a survivor of the Les Enfants Terrible project. Neither Solid nor Liquid, he was a well-balanced masterpiece that the Patriots saw fit to entrust with the Presidency.
  115. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Raiden: So your the boss around here? / Solidus Snake: No, not just around here. I'm the boss to surpass Big Boss himself. Solid Snake. / Solid Snake: No! That is not Solid Snake! Solidus Snake: What a pleasant surprise – brother.
  116. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Colonel: The terrorists call themselves "Sons of Liberty." / Raiden: Sons of Liberty? / Colonel: The name of their leader is Solid Snake.
  117. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solidus Snake: All I want is to be remembered. By other people, by history. The Patriots are trying to protect their power, their own interests, by controlling the digital flow of information. I want my memory, my existence to remain. Unlike an intron of history, I will be remembered as an exon. That will be my legacy, my mark on history. But the Patriots would deny us even that, I will triumph over the Patriots, and liberate us all. And we will become the "Sons of Liberty"!
  118. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solidus Snake: I have other reasons for wanting you dead. The clues to the Patriots inside GW have been erased, but are other traces.
  119. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Big Boss: That body Liquid burned on the Volta... Wasn't mine. That was the body... Of a clone. Solidus. He was a perfect clone. Zero, and the proxy AIs that came after him, were convinced that Solidus was me.
  120. "The Top 7... Evil clones". GamesRadar. January 9, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  121. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: What about you, Major? What should I call you? / Zero: Hmm, let's see... I'll be... I'll be Tom. Call me Major Tom.
  122. 1 2 3 4 5 Yoon, Andrew (December 17, 2006). "Unlock all of MGS:PO's unique characters". Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  123. 1 2 Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: Zero created the Patriots to manage and control the American state. That control endured long after the Cold War ended. The organization became an empty shell, continuing to function through AIs.
  124. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: "Give birth to Big Boss." To realize this, I asked to serve as the surrogate mother... And was more than happy to carry you in my womb. I loved him. Nine months later, I gave birth to two Big Bosses... You, and Liquid. [...] Determined to oppose Zero and his plans, Big Boss broke away from the Patriots.
  125. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Boss: I'm taking it upon myself to send Zero... Back to nothing.
  126. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: That's what they were making you build?/ Sokolov: Yes. The Shagohod – "The Treading Behemoth" – a tank capable of launching nuclear IRBMs.
  127. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops. Konami. Naked Snake: Sokolov! You're alive! Of course! So you're the Ghost. You designed the Shagohod, so naturally you'd know about Granin's Metal Gear too... That's why! / Gene: Ah! So it was you who was feeding Snake information, Sokolov. Of all people, I never thought you would betray me. / Sokolov: ...Yes, you did rescue me from that prison camp in Russia. Thanks for you, I was reunited with my family... for a little while, at least. I will always be grateful to you for that... But launching Metal Gear into Russia – that I cannot condone. I simply could not bear to see my own creation turned against the Motherland.
  128. Jeremy Parish, "Col. Yevgeny Volgin," Electronic Gaming Monthly 225 (January 2008): 92.
  129. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Volgin: My body carries an electric charge of ten million volts. Let's see how you like this! Now, answer me!
  130. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Volgin: Who's afraid of a little thunder? / Naked Snake: Fried by a bolt of lightning... a fitting end.
  131. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: The first member of the support team will be in charge of monitoring your physical condition – acting a medic, so to speak – as well as recording your mission data. She's a member of FOX as well and she's here on the gunship with me.
  132. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Para-Medic: Hello, Snake. I'm Para-Medic. Nice to meet you. / Naked Snake: Para...Medic? / Para-Medic: As in a medic who comes in by parachute.
  133. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: And so, Zero secretly embarked on a new project: Les Enfants Terribles. Its goal was to create a clone of Big Boss, the ultimate soldier. The project was led by Dr. Clark, known at the time as Para-Medic.
  134. KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Konami. Naomi: It happened before I joined FOX-HOUND's medical staff. They were using a soldier for their gene therapy experiments. [...] It happened right after you retired. My predecessor, Dr. Clark, was in charge. [...] / Solid Snake: And where is he now? / Naomi: He was killed in an explosion in his lab two years ago. / Naomi: Apparently for their test subject, they decided to use the body of a soldier who was recovered after the fall of Zanzibar... / Solid Snake: And that was Gray Fox...
  135. "Metal Gear Solid 4 Afterthoughts with Ryan Payton". November 9, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  136. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of The Patriots. Big Mama: Ocelot tortured the DARPA Chief, Donald Anderson – also known as Sigint – to death... And made it look like an accident. With Para-Medic and Sigint dead, Zero was the only one left.
  137. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Signit: The Pain is said to possess the power to control his hornets at will. Watch out for insect-based attack, especially his so-called bullet bees.
  138. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. The Fear: That bolt is coated with the venom of the Brazilian Wandering Spider.
  139. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: The Fear is using something called stealth camouflage to conceal himself.
  140. Sigint: Sounds like the Cobra Unit's members' names came from the specific emotions they each carry into battle. // Naked Snake: Emotions? // Sigint: Yeah. For unbearable torment, The Pain. For true oblivion, The End. For infinite rage, The Fury. For absolute terror, The Fear. And for unsurpassed bliss, The Joy. (Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami, 2004)
  141. EVA: I heard that one of the Cobras is waiting for you in the jungle at the foot of the mountains. He's a legendary sniper called The End. // Naked Snake: Yeah, I've seen him before. That ridiculously old guy, right? // EVA: Don't underestimate him. He's known as the father of modern sniping. (Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater) Konami Computer Entertainment Japan, 2005
  142. Lewis, Ed. "The Snake Eater Interview". IGN. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  143. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. The Fury: I am The Fury! The flames of my rage will incinerate you! I came back from space. As I returned, I had one vision: the world set ablaze. And do you know what I saw there? Fury! A great and terrible fury at being alive. Now – you're going to feel the scorching of that terrible blackness!
  144. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: The Sorrow was a man with, well... special powers. He had ESP, which was the subject of extensive research in the Soviet Union at the time. He was especially gifted as a medium.
  145. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. The Boss: I was pregnant at the time. The Sorrow was the father. I gave birth on the field of battle.
  146. EVA: The Boss once again made her way into the Soviet Union. There, she found herself face to face with the Soviets' own agent... And who would she find awaiting her return to Russia? The one who'd turned her sleeper against her, who'd fed them lies all this time? It was her former comrade-in-arms, the father of her child. The man known as The Sorrow... Former lovers, forced to fight to the death. "One would live, and one would die," she told me. (Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker)
  147. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: Snake: So he was never there in the first place... he just couldn't let go of The Boss...
  148. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: Are you one of the Cobras? / The Sorrow: Sad... so sad... a host of sorrows. And you are one of them. I am The Sorrow.
  149. "Saving Private Raiden". Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  150. Part 5 of the Director's Commentary for Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater
  151. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Hal Emmerich: Sunny was taken by the Patriots right after she was born. She never even met her parents. She spent her entire childhood inside the net.
  152. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Solid Snake: Jack's gone? I used to work with the guy. He saved Sunny from the Patriots.
  153. Kojima Productions, Platinum Games. Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance. Konami. Raiden: After the dust settled, Dr. Emmerich adopted her, officially becoming her legal guardian. / Courtney: But how did she end up in Solis? What about school? […]So now she's designing launch vehicles and stuff, eh?
  154. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of The Patriots. Drebin: You've never heard of 'em? They're Beauty and the Beast. Together they're called the B&B Corps. They're a squad of enhanced female soldiers – belong to the PMCs. Any time there's a mess that needs cleaning up, they're on the scene leading the elites.
  155. Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of The Patriots. Drebin: The Patriots raised me to be a gun launderer. / Otacon: The Patriots? / Drebin: They kidnapped me... Forced me to fight. Yup. [...] In fact... I was under strict orders to back you guys from the start.
  156. "Screenshot from Kojima's Twitter".
  157. The Art of Metal Gear Solid V. Dark Horse Books. November 15, 2016. ISBN 978-1506701103.
  158. Hal Emmerich: The truth grandfather was a part of the Manhattan Project. He suffered with the guilt for the rest of his life. And my father...he was born on August 6, 1945.
    Solid Snake: The day of the Hiroshima bomb... God's got a sense of humor, all right. (Metal Gear Solid)
  159. Huey's Letter to Strangelove. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. Konami, 2010.
  160. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Hot Coldman: I know all about you. Tselinoyarsk? Ten years ago? / Big Boss: You were involved...? / Hot Coldman: The operation to eliminate the traitor? I planned the whole thing. / Big Boss: Shouldn't a suit like you be back at Langley? What the hell are you doing here? / Hot Coldman: ...It's what the CIA does best. Ensure people in the know keep their mouths shut, or else pack them off someplace where there's no one to listen.
  161. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010)
    Big Boss: You seem like a very... how do I put this... uninhibited woman. / Cécile Cosima Caminades: You think so? I am no different from other Parisian women. Not since May 1968.
  162. "Kojima Production Special Report 000" (MP3) (in Japanese).
  163. "待たせたな! ヨドバシカメラ横浜にあのスネーク潜入 – ITmedia Gamez" (in Japanese).
  164. Briefing Tapes: Chico: Love: The Mystery of Paz's actions
    Big Boss: Besides, we don't know for sure she's dead. She was ejected into the ocean. And she had scuba equipment with her.
  166. Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance Jetstream DLC, Kojima Productions/PlatinumGames Inc. (2013).
    Monsoon: In any case, Minuano should be close. // Steven Armstrong: Minuano... the cool Brazilian wind. // Monsoon: A.k.a. Jetstream Sam...
  167. Monsoon: Kill or be killed, Jack. Phnom Penh taught me that. Yes, you aren't the only one who grew up on the Killing Fields. War is a cruel parent, but an effective teacher. Its final lesson is carved deep into my psyche: That this world, and all its people, are diseased. (Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance)
  168. Kevin Washington: Sounds like Monsoon was a victim of the Khmer Rouge. // Raiden: Yeah. Pol Pot's regime. They killed nearly the entire intellectual class of Cambodia... All in an attempt to create a communist agrarian society. // Kevin: Some reports claim that they wiped out a third of the entire population. Just insane... Even without knowing exactly what happened to him there... You can start to see why he thinks the world is diseased. // Raiden: Yeah, I'm sure that's what gave him his whole survival-of-the-fittest worldview... Just one long series of traumatic events... // Kevin: Well, directly or otherwise, the Khmer Rouge messed up a whole lotta lives... But all of their victims didn't start thinking like Monsoon. People have to stop the cycle of violence somewhere... Stop the bad meme, I guess you could say. Course that's easy for me to say, having grown up in a nice, stable First World country... // Raiden: Nah, I get it. Growing up in bad circumstances... It's no excuse for the crimes you commit. // Kevin: Yeah... (Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance)
  169. Staff. "Konami's pre-E3 stream: Kiefer Sutherland Playing Snake in Metal Gear Solid 5". VG24/7. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  170. McWhertor, Michael (November 10, 2015). "How to get Quiet back in Metal Gear Solid 5: The Phantom Pain". Polygon. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  171. "ヒデラジE3スペシャル(前篇) 【通算第314回】 (13.06.12)" (in Japanese).
  172. "Liquid Snake's Foxhound Coat Replica", GameGrep, May 31, 2009
  173. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001)
    Raiden: What you do isn't grassroots activism. It's more like terrorism. // Solid Snake: I admit that... // Otacon: But our group, Philanthropy, received some information: A new Metal Gear prototype was being developed here and, terrorists were planning to raid the facility. The info came from a very reliable source.
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