List of Power Rangers Zeo episodes

Power Rangers Zeo
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes 50
Original network FOX (Fox Kids)
Original release April 20 (1996-04-20) – November 27, 1996 (1996-11-27)

Power Rangers Zeo is an American television series created by Haim Saban and the fourth season of the Power Rangers franchise, began airing April 20, 1996 on Fox Kids. The series follows a group of teenagers chosen by the wise sage Zordon to become "Power Rangers" in order to stop the forces of evil from taking over the planet Earth. Zeo comprises 50 episodes and concluded its initial airing November 27, 1996. Zeo uses footage and elements from the Super Sentai series Chōriki Sentai Ohranger and is the first series in Power Rangers that is part of the annual Ranger suit change to match the annual change of the Super Sentai series. Regular cast members during Zeo include Catherine Sutherland, Nakia Burrise, Steve Cardenas, Johnny Yong Bosch, Jason David Frank, David Yost, Paul Schrier, Jason Narvy, Richard Genelle, Gregg Bullock. Austin St. John later re-joins the cast and Yost leaves toward the end.

Zeo picks up directly after the previous series Mighty Morphin Power Rangers and Mighty Morphin Alien Rangers end with the explosion of the Command Center after the Rangers complete the Zeo Crystal. The Rangers are given their new Zeo powers to combat the Machine Empire who kick Rita Repulsa and Lord Zedd out of their palace on the moon and become the primary villains the Rangers must face. Meanwhile, while facing the Machine Empire, the Rangers must also discover the secret identity of an unknown Gold Ranger who also seems to have the power of the Zeo Crystal. Bulk (Schrier) and Skull (Narvy) continue on as police officers, until they get Lt. Stone (Bullock) dismissed and join him in founding a detective agency.


No. in
No. in
Title Directed by Written by Original air date
1561"A Zeo Beginning, Part I"Isaac FlorentineDouglas SloanApril 20, 1996 (1996-04-20)
The teens can hardly believe what they've seen-the Command Center, for years their sanctuary from the devious Rita Repulsa and Lord Zedd, lies in ruins before them, the fate of their friends Alpha 5 and their mentor Zordon uncertain. It looks like this is truly the end of the Rangers. But the end is always a new beginning. Meanwhile, Zedd and Rita's celebration comes to a screeching halt when the Machine Empire arrives, intent on conquering Earth. Fleeing for their lives, Zedd and Rita are forced to move in with Master Vile in the M51 Galaxy.
1572"A Zeo Beginning, Part II"Isaac FlorentineDouglas SloanApril 23, 1996 (1996-04-23)
Zordon tells the Rangers that they no longer need fear the menace of Zedd and Rita-even they have fled before the terrifying power of the Ranger's new foe: The Machine Empire has arrived, and is intent on making the planet Earth their next conquest. Meanwhile, Rito and Goldar have lost their memories, and are running loose on the streets of Angel Grove. They soon find Bulk and Skull, and in exchange for shelter, Rito and Goldar agree to become their butlers.
1583"The Shooting Star"Vickie BronaughJackie MarchandApril 24, 1996 (1996-04-24)
Tanya's new boyfriend Shawn has to pass his exams, or else he won't be captain of the baseball team anymore, but she's shocked when she finds out that he plans to cheat! Meanwhile, Mondo plans to sabotage the new zords Billy and Alpha are constructing, so that his new monster-machine, the Staroid, can demolish the city.
1594"Target Rangers"Vickie BronaughStewart St. JohnApril 25, 1996 (1996-04-25)
Rocky's computer science project is challenging, but not half as challenging as his beautiful lab partner, Jennifer. While Rocky is trying to figure out a way to ask the intimidating computer whiz to the dance, Mondo and Machina plan on stealing the project for use in their latest diabolical creation, a ballistic baddie called Silo.
1605"For Cryin' Out Loud"Robert RadlerAl WinchellApril 27, 1996 (1996-04-27)
As a school project, Tommy and Kat must pretend to be married. And to make the exercise even more realistic, Kat brings along Joey, whom she's offered to baby-sit for the duration of the experiment. Joey's crying is driving the teens nuts, but when King Mondo sends Boohoo the Clown to amplify the baby's wail, the effects are devastating. If the Rangers can't get the child to stop crying, he'll lay waste to Angel Grove!
1616"Rangers in the Outfield"Robert RadlerBrett D. BornApril 29, 1996 (1996-04-29)
When Tanya exhibits a natural talent for pitching, it makes Shawn kind of jealous. And when she strikes Shawn out, he gets downright hostile. Shawn decides to get in a little batting practice, and Rocky and Adam join him. This plays right into Prince Sprocket's plans: his fiendish People Pitcher sucks Rocky in, and it's up to Tommy to get him out before it's too late!
1627"Every Dog Has His Day"Robert RadlerMark HoffmeierApril 30, 1996 (1996-04-30)
Katherine trains a dog, Smokey, to help the fire department locate trouble. However, when Smokey's nose sniffs out Mondo's latest scheme, Katherine's the one who finds trouble: she has to single-handedly fend off the Machine King's minions-without her Zeonizer!
1638"The Puppet Blaster"Isaac FlorentineStewart St. JohnMay 1, 1996 (1996-05-01)
Popular Angel Grove children's show host Captain Pete and his friendly robot known as Puppetman are targeted by the Machine Empire. They convert the bot into the Puppet Blaster monster, and use him to brainwash the kids into going on a riot, not to mention acting as human shields when the Zeo Rangers attempt to put a stop to the misdeeds. Meanwhile, Bulk and Skull are forced to watch Lt. Stone's nephew for the day, a brat who doesn't need brainwashing to make their life a living nightmare!
1649"Invasion of the Ranger Snatchers"Isaac FlorentineGilles WheelerMay 2, 1996 (1996-05-02)
Rocky is star-struck when he, Katherine, and Tanya become extras in a sci-fi film shooting in Angel Grove. The movie-making bug also bites Prince Sprocket, but he decides that what he really wants to do is direct, the end of the Rangers that is!
16510"Graduation Blues"Isaac FlorentineMark LittonMay 4, 1996 (1996-05-04)
Billy finds out that because of all his extracurricular extra credit, he's graduating from Angel Grove High early. There's just one problem-Billy has no idea what to do with the rest of his life. It seems like that question is answered for him when Cestro of the Alien Rangers crash-lands on Earth to seek his help-he wants Billy to come to Aquitar with him!
16611"A Few Bad Seeds"Vickie BronaughRichard GoodmanMay 6, 1996 (1996-05-06)
Rocky's botany class project gets a little out of hand-the wacky weed eats metal, and grows like-well-a weed. King Mondo sees the potential in the seedling, and turns it into two plant cousins, Yukon and the Pollenator.
16712"Instrument of Destruction"Vickie BronaughBuzz Alden &
Charlotte Fullerton
May 7, 1996 (1996-05-07)
The guidance counselor wants Adam and Skull to broaden their studies, so they find themselves in music class, with Skull against his will.
16813"Mean Screen"Vickie BronaughRon Milbauer &
Terri Hughes
May 8, 1996 (1996-05-08)
In Angel Grove High's new computer lab, Adam and Tanya are getting a guided tour of cyberspace from resident computer whiz Raymond, when strange things begin to happen all over town. It seems King Mondo's latest machine-monster, Mean Screen, has crafted the ultimate computer virus, and it's messing up every piece of electronic equipment in Angel Grove-including the Zords!
16914"Mr. Billy's Wild Ride"Douglas SloanAl WinchellMay 11, 1996 (1996-05-11)
At long last, Billy is returning from Aquitar, where the Aquitians have found a peaceful solution to their problems. Unfortunately, King Mondo is out to make Billy's life much less peaceful, by throwing his spaceship way off course.
17015"There's No Business Like Snow Business, Part I"Douglas SloanDouglas SloanMay 13, 1996 (1996-05-13)
Tommy is depressed when he receives a letter from Kimberly, saying that she met someone in Florida and is breaking up with him, so he goes with Kat and Billy to take some much-needed rest and relaxation on a snowboarding weekend, where he meets snowboarding champion Heather, who develops a crush on him. King Mondo, however, can neither rest nor relax until he has conquered the Earth. To that end, he creates the Robocupid, a fiendish machine who makes the humans of Angel Grove fall madly in love with machines and electronics!
17116"There's No Business Like Snow Business, Part II"Douglas SloanDouglas SloanMay 14, 1996 (1996-05-14)
The teens continue their snowboarding weekend, and Tommy and Heather grow closer, but they are called away again. While they are chillin' in the mountains, things are heating up in Angel Grove. Mondo's Defoliator monster is stepping up the greenhouse effect in Angel Grove.
17217"There's No Business Like Snow Business, Part III"Douglas SloanDouglas SloanMay 15, 1996 (1996-05-15)
Defoiliator really heats things up for the teens, including a depressed Tommy. But, this guy appears to be undefeatable. Heather has grown impatient with Tommy's sudden disappearances, but Kat persuades her to give him another chance, and arranges a meal for them at the Angel Grove Youth Centre. Sadly, Tommy is called away when the monster attacks the town, and despite Tommy's promise to return as soon as he can, Heather walks out of his life for good. But maybe it isn't such a loss- it turns out Kat has feelings for Tommy- and he may just feel the same.
17318"Inner Spirit"Robert RadlerMark Hoffmeier &
Mart Litton
May 16, 1996 (1996-05-16)
Tommy finds himself having a recurring dream about True of Heart, the man who guided him on his quest for his piece of the Zeo Crystal. When Tommy meets Sam Trueheart, a Native American artist who looks just like the old mystic, he's even more confused. There's no time to ponder this mystery, however, because another, more pressing mystery needs to be solved: who or what is sucking all the energy out of Angel Grove? And where is all that energy going?
17419"Challenges"Robert RadlerMart LittonMay 18, 1996 (1996-05-18)
Tommy sees a young man in the desert who could be his double, but before Tommy can find out who the young man is, Sam Trueheart appears, and tells Tommy that another quest lies before him, and only the end of that quest can reveal the identity of the young man. Meanwhile, Ernie's new boxing ring sparks an interest in pugilism in Prince Sprocket. Not being the athletic type, Sprocket creates his own Great Metallic Hope: Punch-A-Bunch! Punch-A-Bunch goes toe-to-toe with Adam, capturing the budding-boxer and forcing Tommy to face the monster in the ring to save his teammate. It all works out, as Tommy finds the solution to his spiritual unrest when he meets a man who claims to be his brother!
17520"Found and Lost"Robert RadlerMart Litton &
Stewart St. John
May 20, 1996 (1996-05-20)
The identity of the young man in Tommy's quest is revealed, and Tommy himself can scarcely believe it. Meanwhile, Mondo has his own plans for the mysterious stranger-plans that will be carried out by his latest creation, Mace Face!
17621"Brother, Can You Spare an Arrowhead?"Terence H. WinklessMart LittonSeptember 9, 1996 (1996-09-09)
Tommy must find a way to rescue his brother from a cave of evil spirits while the other Rangers battle the Mace Face monster.
17722"Trust in Me"Terence H. WinklessAl WinchellSeptember 10, 1996 (1996-09-10)
Rocky tries to befriend a blind martial artist, but her mistrust keeps him at arms' length. All of the Rangers learn an important lesson about trust when King Mondo sends down the Defector monster to trick them.
17823"It Came from Angel Grove"Robert RadlerJoseph KuhrSeptember 11, 1996 (1996-09-11)
Adam finds himself in a fearsome situation when the other Rangers are transformed into classic monster-movie characters.
17924"Bulk Fiction"Terence H. WinklessJackie MarchandSeptember 12, 1996 (1996-09-12)
Bulk gets a crush on the Police Captain's daughter, and asks the teen's advice on how to impress her. Meanwhile, the Rangers must face Prince Sprocket's newest toy, the Googleheimer monster.
18025"Song Sung Yellow"Robert RadlerBuzz Alden &
Charlotte Fullerton
September 13, 1996 (1996-09-13)
Tanya is offered a chance at a singing career, but it looks like the Machine Empire might "wreck" her chances. Tommy, in the Red Battlezord, squares off against the Wrecking Ball monster.
18126"Game of Honor"Robert RadlerBrett D. BornSeptember 16, 1996 (1996-09-16)
Adam and Shawn are both training hard for a Kung Fu tournament. But Shawn has a secret weapon.
18227"The Power of Gold"Robert RadlerAl WinchellSeptember 17, 1996 (1996-09-17)
King Mondo's plan to conquer the Rangers with the Wolfbane monster is interrupted by the appearance of a mysterious stranger--who also seems to wield the power of the Zeo Crystal.
18328"A Small Problem"Vickie BronaughMark HoffmeierSeptember 19, 1996 (1996-09-19)
The Rangers must find a way to help their friends when Prince Sprocket shrinks Tommy and Katherine and places them in a terrarium with a hungry spider.
18429"A Season to Remember"Robert RadlerJackie MarchandNovember 27, 1996 (1996-11-27)
A spell is cast on the teens that causes them to be intolerable toward other cultures during the holiday season.
18530"Oily to Bed, Oily to Rise"Robert RadlerGilles WheelerSeptember 20, 1996 (1996-09-20)
Katherine competes in a surfing competition, but faces danger when the Leaky Faucet monster puts toxic Cog oil in all the water in Angel Grove.
18631"Rock-a-Bye Power Rangers"Vickie BronaughTony Oliver &
Barbara A. Oliver
September 23, 1996 (1996-09-23)
After two weeks of constant Cog attacks by the Machine Empire, the Zeo Rangers are run ragged, exhausted by both their superhero duties and those of their normal life. Having gotten them to a weakened, sleep-deprived state, King Mondo sends down the Somnibot monster, whose lullaby spell-singing manages to exploit this Achilles heel. Can the Gold Ranger wake them in time? Meanwhile, Bulk & Skull are entrusted to guard a safe containing a valuable item for one whole day, unaware that a cat burglar has his eye on it.
18732"Do I Know You?"Vickie BronaughAl WinchellSeptember 27, 1996 (1996-09-27)
The mystery of the Gold Ranger's true identity intensifies when Borax, a member of the bounty hunter race known as the Vorax, arrives on Earth targeting the Ranger's new ally with savage intent. King Mondo sees great promise in an alliance with the Vorax, and offers to help him defeat and ensnare the Gold Ranger. Meanwhile, Bulk & Skull are hired to find a woman's dog, who went missing following a recent landing of Pyramidas.
18833"Revelations of Gold"Vickie BronaughShuki Levy &
Shell Danielson
October 3, 1996 (1996-10-03)
The extraterrestrial bounty hunters attack the Gold Ranger, and he must seek refuge on Earth, asking the Rangers for help. Lord Zedd and Rita Repulsa secretly return to the Moon to reclaim their evil empire, while tracking down Goldar and Rito.
18934"A Golden Homecoming"Vickie BronaughDouglas SloanOctober 4, 1996 (1996-10-04)
The Machine Empire tries to stop Tommy from bringing a new recipient for the Golden powers to the Power Chamber. The Rangers must use the Super Zeozords to battle King Mondo's new ultra-armored machine monsters.
19035"Mondo's Last Stand"Robert RadlerMark LittonOctober 9, 1996 (1996-10-09)
As the Zeo Teens quickly warm up to their new teammate, Rocky finds himself feeling left out and rejected by them. When King Mondo comes to Earth to retrieve a massively powerful sword, so he can destroy our heroes personally, Rocky faces the giant Machine Empire ruler alone in an attempt to prove himself. He learns a hard lesson in teamwork and paying the price for his own jealousy towards Jason. Meanwhile, Bulk & Skull are hired to track down the original Burble Baby Food label baby. They suspect it might be Jason, but Ernie foils them when he reveals that he was the original Burble Baby Food label baby. Also, Goldar & Rito are reunited with Rita & Zedd on the moon.
19136"Bomber in the Summer"Robert RadlerStewart St. JohnOctober 11, 1996 (1996-10-11)
Ernie's plans to open a new Beach Club are spoiled by a group of tough teens, while Rita and Lord Zedd conspire to overthrow the Machine Empire. Goldar and Rito launch Louie Kaboom from Earth, but accidentally loses the remote and earns their fury.
19237"Scent of a Weasel"Douglas SloanBrett D. BornOctober 23, 1996 (1996-10-23)
The gang participates in a charity fashion show, where Skull plays bodyguard to a supermodel. Not to be upstaged, Queen Machina sends Stenchy, a Skunk monster, to raise a big stink. Zedd and Rita attempt to try and regain control of Louie Kaboom.
19338"The Lore of Auric"Douglas SloanJackie MarchandOctober 25, 1996 (1996-10-25)
Aisha sends a package for Tanya that includes a key and a map of the island on which Tanya's parents disappeared. Desperate to find them, she entrusts the key to Jason while she goes to the island. Louie Kaboom takes an interest in the key upon discovering that it will unleash an enormous being. Frustrated when Auric won't do his bidding, Louie tosses the key away; Prince Sprocket eagerly snatches it up. He then tricks Auric into thinking that the Rangers are evil so that he will fight them. To the Rangers' dismay, Auric won't listen to them when they try to reason with him until Billy saves the day by recovering the key. Zedd and Rita's attempt use a super magnet to return Louie Kaboom to their control, but are humiliated by Rito's efforts.
19439"The Ranger Who Came in from the Gold"Douglas SloanMark HoffmeierOctober 31, 1996 (1996-10-31)
Katherine and Tanya are working on a ballet based on Midas; Jason and Adam are dancing in it against their will. Bulk and Skull are in need of a job so they bet the girls that they can get all the necessary props for the play. They go to find an assortment of gold props and get more than they can handle when Skull finds a golden dog statue that turns things to gold! When the Rangers realize that it's a trap, they go to battle, and Jason gets turned into gold! Meanwhile, Louie Kaboom has wrestled control of the Machine Empire and imprisons Queen Machina and Prince Sprocket. Zedd and Rita's attempt to take back their evil empire runs into a temporary snag when they must deal with an unexpected flat tire on their mobile base.
19540"The Joke's on Blue"Isaac FlorentineJim Suave &
Colleen White
November 5, 1996 (1996-11-05)
There's a new student at Angel Grove High as well as two detectives that intend to replace Bulk and Skull. Practical jokes run rampant and it seems that no one is safe, so Bulk and Skull and their competition are hired to find the culprits. It's Tanya and Katherine who discover who's behind it and are surprised at what they find. They later use the info to expose the rival detectives as the pranksters with the help of the novelty shop owner. Meanwhile on the Moon, Zedd and Rita exiles Rito and Goldar for their failures to recapture Louie Kaboom until they find something that could help them. Prince Sprocket is less than thrilled when his brother, Prince Gasket, and his wife Archerina arrive. After Machina tells them of their plight, Gasket and Archerina hatch a plan to get rid of Louie Kaboom by making him fall in love with Archerina and making him do her bidding. Goldar and Rito witness the whole exchange and attempt to tell Zedd and Rita, only to learn they have already known about it.
19641"Where In The World is Zeo Ranger 5?"Isaac FlorentineStewart St. JohnNovember 6, 1996 (1996-11-06)
The teens are stunned when Tommy mysteriously disappears. When their search for the missing Ranger proves fruitless, they must battle the noxious Cruel Chrome monster without him. Meanwhile, Gasket plans to use Tommy against the other rangers. Goldar and Rito must fix the engine of the mobile base, but Rito unknowingly sends it for a ride with Zedd and Rita inside.
19742"King for a Day, Part I"Isaac Florentine &
Koichi Sakamoto
Al WinchellNovember 7, 1996 (1996-11-07)
The Rangers are alarmed when Bulk and Skull recount their run-in with Zeo Ranger 5, especially since they have yet to find him. Tommy has been brain-washed into thinking he's the King of the Machine Empire and that the Rangers are evil. Jason and Katherine go to where Bulk and Skull claim to have seen him; Jason gets sucked into another dimension where he must face Tommy who is more than willing to destroy him. While watching the fight on the T.V., Goldar and Rito inform Zedd and Rita of their findings.
19843"King for a Day, Part II"Isaac Florentine &
Koichi Sakamoto
Al WinchellNovember 8, 1996 (1996-11-08)

Two Rangers have disappeared and none at the Command Center know how to find them. They can only watch in horror as Tommy tries to destroy his best friend. Bulk and Skull get sucked into that very dimension too and make an ally of a fellow prisoner named Tritor who has a plan to help them escape. While amused at first by the fight, Rita and Zedd realize the horrifying truth that if something isn't done, the Machine Empire will be victorious. Despite their desire to personally destroy the Rangers, they aid the Rangers in getting what they need, but is it too late?

This is the final episode to feature David Yost as Billy.
19944"A Brief Mystery of Time"Robert RadlerBuzz Alden &
Charlotte Fullerton
November 11, 1996 (1996-11-11)
Tommy keeps reliving the same day over and over again, but no one else notices anything weird, making him feel like he's going crazy. Upon visiting the Power Chamber, they discover something very distressing. They immediately go to fix the problem and find Protectron determined to stop them. Things quickly worsen when the Cogs, Prince Gasket, and Archerina enter the fray. Will the Rangers be able to stop this catastrophe?
20045"A Mystery to Me"Robert RadlerJackie MarchandNovember 14, 1996 (1996-11-14)
The Rangers are invited to a "Whodunit Charity Party" in which they role play to discover where Detective Stone went. Archerina uses the opportunity to trap all the Rangers except Katherine, making it seem like they are disappearing for real! Archerina's jealousy of Katherine overcomes her to the point that she wants to personally destroy her. Katherine must face her enemies all alone when neither she nor Zordon can contact the other Rangers.
20146"Another Song and Dance"Robert RadlerBrett D. BornNovember 15, 1996 (1996-11-15)
Tommy has to perform a musical number for class, but he's afraid he's a little off-key. With Tanya's help, and plenty of practice, Tommy hits all the right notes. But after Machina's spell, things aren't going so well for our budding Enrico Caruso. It's a terrible thing--they can't talk; they must sing, even when they don't want to do so!
20247"Rangers of Two Worlds, Part I"Larry LittonMark LittonNovember 20, 1996 (1996-11-20)
Billy's regenerator has a disturbing side effect and turns him into an old man. Rita tries to change Katherine into a monster, but gets her purse instead. Impursanator proves to be the strongest monster the Rangers face until King Mondo sends her away, enraging Rita in process.
20348"Rangers of Two Worlds, Part II"Larry LittonMark LittonNovember 21, 1996 (1996-11-21)
Billy becomes trapped in the Zeo Megazord while still aging as Mondo and Rita's monsters take control! To even up the score, the Alien Rangers travel to Earth and help defeat the monsters.
20449"Hawaii Zeo"Vickie BronaughAl WinchellNovember 22, 1996 (1996-11-22)
Tommy asks Kat out on a date when Ernie puts on a luau at the Beach Club. Gasket and Archerina send Cogs to spoil the party. Meanwhile, Jason's powers as the Gold Ranger start to weaken. After failing to defeat the Rangers, King Mondo returns and forces Gasket and Archerina to flee.
20550"Good as Gold"Vickie BronaughDouglas SloanNovember 23, 1996 (1996-11-23)
Jason, after fighting King Mondo's allies, finds out to his horror, that he's losing his powers as well as his strength. Pursued by Rita, Lord Zedd, and the Machine Empire who are all greedy for his powers, he finds himself helpless against them. But when Zedd and Rita get into a fight with Mondo, he is able to make a narrow escape, and he teleports to Angel Grove and collapses at the juice bar. The Rangers take Jason to the command center and Zordon tells them that Jason will lose his Powers and life if the Gold Ranger's Powers are not transferred back to the Treys, which can only happen when the Earth, Aquitar and Triforia are aligned just so. Alpha 5 gives the Rangers a map with which they find the place for the power transfer. King Mondo furiously orders Cogs to prevent it. As the Rangers get to the place for the transfer, they are attacked by Cogs. They fight them, and ship into action as Rocky comes just in time as the Gold Ranger's powers transfer back to the Treys. Trey helps, but when King Mondo arrives super-sized with allies, the Rangers are forced to grow to giant size too by Trey's magical powers. Meanwhile, Zedd and Rita decide to try to trick King Mondo or set him up. They go to the scene, watch the fray from a safe distance, and have plans for both enemies no matter who wins. In the end, the rangers win, but King Mondo's allies and he are not destroyed. Instead, they retreat, to Zedd and Rita's delight. On the Moon, King Mondo quickly confronts them for not assisting him against the Rangers. Zedd and Rita pretend they have given up and offers a gift to the Machine Empire as a peace offering. They quickly leave in their base, which Prince Sprocket opens the present and there's an explosion. While driving away laughing, Zedd proudly proclaims "We're back" and King Mondo swears revenge against him and Rita. In the final scene, you see Jason leaving with his girlfriend, and then Tommy holds Kat's hand as they walk along together, and they begin dating.


    External links

    This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/13/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.