Le Journal de Montréal
The April 26, 2012, front page of Le Journal de Montréal
4545, rue Frontenac|
267,168 Sundays in 2010
Le Journal de Montréal is a daily tabloid newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is the largest-circulating newspaper in Quebec, and the highest-circulating French-language daily newspaper in North America. Established by Pierre Péladeau in 1964, it is owned by Quebecor Media, and is hence a sister publication of TVA flagship CFTM-DT. It is also Canada's largest tabloid newspaper. Its head office is located on 4545 Frontenac Street in Montreal.
Le Journal de Montréal covers mostly local and provincial news, as well as sports, arts and justice. It is famous for its sensationalism news, and its populist Quebec-nationalist perspective editorials. It is the only Montreal newspaper that prints on Sundays, ever since La Presse and The Gazette dropped the Sunday editions most recently.
In 2004, it attained 320,658 Saturday-edition copies sold, exceeding its nearest competitor, La Presse, by 40,000 copies.
Taking advantage of a labor dispute in La Presse, the leading daily newspaper in Montreal at the time, businessman Pierre Péladeau launched new tabloid newspaper. The first issue was launched on newsstands June 15, 1964. Although Péladeau's newspaper would evolve for several years, the first edition was compiled in a single weekend.
Over the years, the newspaper gained a substantial share of increasingly important market, sending a significant amount of copies to the American state of Florida. Florida is a popular destination for the many Quebecers, who reside there for the winter each year.
In the wake of its expansion, the paper enlisted the services of several renowned journalists who previously had worked for competitors, including Jacques Beauchamp and André Rufiange. But one of the key journalists of this tabloid was Gérard Cellier, a French immigrant who landed in Quebec in 1956. When launching the Le Journal de Montréal, Pierre Peladeau could rely on Cellier's services to carry out the destiny of the tabloid. Appointed Director in 1964, Cellier remained in office until 1985, eventually becoming director of information and production. For 21 years he was largely responsible for the success of this newspaper, and in many respects, was one of the spearheads of the Quebecor empire. He died of cancer in 1997.
The Courrier du cœur was maintained by the Réjeanne Desrameaux, a prominent personality in the arts in Quebec. Then, following the death of Desrameaux, Solange Harvey took over the column, known as 'Le courrier de Solange' for 25 years. She was hired by Jacques Beauchamp in 1976.
Le Journal de Montréal earned a reputation as a sports and news item oriented newspaper until the early 2000s. Inspired by the tabloids of Britain, it has gradually specialized in investigating reports and infiltrations. The space allocated to news items has decreased significantly and opinion pages have appeared.
Le Journal de Montréal has a more populist tone than that of its main competitors. It is also distinguished by its investigative journalism. In 2003, one of its journalists, Brigitte McCann, infiltrated the Raëlians, over the course of nine months, before publishing a series of reports and eventually a book. Following a series of investigations into the Hells Angels motorcycle gang, reporter Michel Auger became the victim of an attempted assassination by individuals associated with the outlaw motorcycle gang.
In September 2005, the newspaper underwent a major graphical overhaul to make it appear more modern. This change was accompanied by the addition of several new columnists, including journalist and television host Richard Martineau, former Quebec government ministers Yves Séguin and Joseph Facal, former federal government Minister Sheila Copps, former hockey player Guy Lafleur and the ex-hacker Mafiaboy.
On January 24, 2009, Quebecor Media locked out 243 of its unionized staff, who are members of the Confédération des Syndicats Nationaux. At the heart of the dispute, was the increased convergence between media outlets in the group, job cuts in the classified advertising and accounting departments, and the lengthening of the workweek. Three days after the conflict began, a strike mandate was passed by the affected employees. The locked out workers published their own, competing newspaper, called Rue Frontenac, which was published on paper weekly and more often online. Le Journal de Montréal continued to publish with the use of strikebreakers, managers, and wire services. After 25 months on strike, 64% of unionized employees agreed to a settlement proposal submitted by an arbitrator to the case.
- "Daily Newspaper Circulation Statement for the 12 Month Period Ended December 2011". Toronto: Canadian Circulations Audit Board. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- "The Great JOURNAL DE MONTRÉAL Adventure". Le Journal de Montréal. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- See, for instance: Don Macpherson (2008-01-17). "Le Journal discovers that fearmongering sells newspapers". The Gazette. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Daniel Groulx, Vue d'ensemble des médias québécois, in L'annuaire du Québec 2006, Fides, Montreal, 2005, p. 422.
- Quebecor Inc., Journal de Montréal, historique
- Riga, Andy (December 4, 2010). "Protesters march in solidarity with Journal de Montréal workers". Montreal Gazette.
- La Presse Canadienne Vote de grève à 99 pour cent au Journal de Montréal, après le lock-out
- Baillargeon, Stéphane (27 February 2011). "L'offre patronale est acceptée à 64 % au Journal de Montréal: La rédaction perd plus de la moitié de ses effectifs". Le Devoir.