|First appearance||Lassie Come-Home|
|Created by||Eric Knight|
Lassie is a fictional character created by Eric Knight, she is a female Rough Collie dog, and is featured in a short story that was later expanded to a full-length novel called Lassie Come-Home. Knight's portrayal of Lassie bears some features in common with another fictional female collie of the same name, and is featured in the British writer Elizabeth Gaskell's 1859 short story called "The Half Brothers." In "The Half Brothers", Lassie is loved only by her young master and guides the adults back to where two boys are lost in a snowstorm.
Published in 1940, Knight's novel was filmed by MGM in 1943, as Lassie Come Home with a dog named Pal playing Lassie. Pal then appeared with the stage name "Lassie" in six other MGM feature films through 1951. Pal's owner and trainer Rudd Weatherwax then acquired the Lassie name and trademark from MGM and appeared with Pal (as "Lassie") at rodeos, fairs, and similar events across America in the early 1950s. In 1954, the long-running, Emmy winning television series Lassie debuted, and, over the next 19 years, a succession of Pal's descendants appeared on the series. The "Lassie" character has appeared in radio, television, film, toys, comic books, animated series, juvenile novels, and other media. Pal's descendants continue to play Lassie today.
Elizabeth Gaskell short story
An early depiction of Lassie is found in British writer Elizabeth Gaskell's 1859 short story "The Half-brothers". In the story, Lassie is described as a female collie with "intelligent, apprehensive eyes" who rescues two half-brothers who are lost and dying in the snow. When the younger brother can no longer carry on, elder brother Gregory, Lassie's master, ties a handkerchief around Lassie's neck and sends her home. Lassie arrives home, and leads the search party to the boys. When they arrive Gregory is dead, but his younger half-brother is saved. Thus, Gaskell apparently originated the character Lassie, and at the same time defined the "Lassie saves the day" storyline that is the essence of subsequent Lassie tales.
World War I incident
According to writer Nigel Clarke in the "Shipwreck Guide to Dorset and South Devon", the original Lassie who inspired so many films and television episodes was a rough-haired crossbreed who saved the life of a sailor during World War I.
Half collie, Lassie was owned by the landlord of the Pilot Boat, a pub in the port of Lyme Regis. On New Year's Day in 1915 the Royal Navy battleship "HMS Formidable" was torpedoed by a German submarine off Start Point in South Devon, with the loss of more than 500 men. In a storm that followed the accident, a life raft containing bodies was blown along the coast to Lyme Regis. In helping to deal with the crisis, the local pub in Lyme Regis, called the Pilot Boat, offered its cellar as a mortuary.
When the bodies had been laid out on the stone floor, Lassie, a crossbred collie owned by the pub owner, found her way down amongst the bodies, and she began to lick the face of one of the victims, Able Seaman John Cowan. She stayed beside him for more than half an hour, nuzzling him and keeping him warm with her fur. To everyone's astonishment, Cowan eventually stirred. He was taken to hospital and went on to make a full recovery. He visited Lassie again when he returned to thank all who saved his life.
The sinking of the ship was a severe blow to Britain during these early years of the war. When the officers heard the story of Lassie and what she did to rescue Cowan, they told it again and again to any reporter who would listen as it was inspirational and heart-warming. Hollywood got hold of the story, and so a star was born.
Eric Knight short story and novel
The fictional character of Lassie was created by English American author Eric Knight in Lassie Come-Home, first published as a short story in The Saturday Evening Post in 1938 and later as a full-length novel in 1940. Set in the Depression-era England, the novel depicts the lengthy journey a rough collie makes to be reunited with her young Yorkshire master after his family is forced to sell her for money.
Movies and television
In 1943, the novel was adapted into a feature film, Lassie Come Home, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) that starred Roddy McDowall and Elizabeth Taylor. The movie was a hit and enjoyed favorable critical response. MGM followed this with several additional films, including a sequel entitled Son of Lassie (1945), starring Peter Lawford and June Lockhart, and Courage of Lassie with Elizabeth Taylor. A radio series, Lassie Radio Show, was also created, airing until 1949.
Between 1954–1973, the television series, Lassie was broadcast, with Lassie initially residing on a farm with a young male master. In the eleventh season, it changed to U.S. Forest Service rangers as her companions, then the collie was on her own for a season before ending the series with Lassie residing at a ranch for orphaned children. The long-running series was the recipient of two Emmy Awards before it was canceled in 1973. A second series followed in the 1980s. In 1997, Canadian production company Cinar Inc. produced a new Lassie television series for the Animal Planet network in the U.S. and YTV in Canada. It ran until 1999.
Lassie continues to make personal appearances as well as marketing a line of pet food and a current pet care TV show, Lassie's Pet Vet on PBS stations in the United States. Lassie is one of only three animals (and one of very few fictional characters, such as Mickey Mouse, Kermit the Frog, and Bugs Bunny) to be awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame—the others being silent-film stars Rin Tin Tin and Strongheart. In 2005, the show business journal Variety named Lassie one of the "100 Icons of the Century"—the only animal star on the list.
List of films
|1943||Lassie Come Home||Lassie||Principal role played by Pal|
|1945||Son of Lassie|
|1946||Courage of Lassie||Bill|
|1948||Hills of Home||Lassie|
|1949||The Sun Comes Up|
|1950||Challenge to Lassie|
|1951||The Painted Hills||Shep|
|1963||Lassie's Great Adventure||Lassie||Principal role; a compilation of television episodes|
|1978||The Magic of Lassie||Principal role played by Boy|
|1994||Lassie||Principal role played by Howard|
|2005||Lassie||Principal role played by Mason, a USA farm Bred Collie
Action role played by DR Dakota, a USA farm Bred Collie
Box office performance
|Title||Year||Worldwide Gross||Rotten Tomatoes|
|Lassie Come Home||1943||$4,517,000||94%|
|Son of Lassie||1945||TBA||TBA|
|Courage of Lassie||1946||$4,100,000|
|Hills of Home||1948||$2,312,000|
|The Sun Comes Up||1949||$2,044,000|
|Challenge to Lassie||1949||$1,155,000|
|The Magic of Lassie||1978||TBA|
|Total gross/average rating||$30,550,537||91.3%|
|1947–1948||Lassie Show||Lassie||Principal role; ABC series|
|1948–1950||Lassie Show||Lassie||Principal role; NBC series|
|1968||The Adventures of Neeka||Principal role; TV film; a compilation of television episodes|
|1970||Peace is Our Profession||Principal role; TV film; a compilation of TV episodes|
|1970||Well of Love||Principal role; TV film, a compilation of TV episodes|
|1972||Sound of Joy||Principal role; TV film; a compilation of TV episodes|
|1972||Lassie and the Spirit of Thunder Mountain||Principal role; animated TV film|
|1972||Lassie's Rescue Rangers||Principal role; animated series|
|1989–1991||The New Lassie||Principal role; first-run syndication|
|1995||Space Ghost Coast to Coast||Guest appearance (1 episode)|
|2001||Whose Line Is It Anyway?||Cameo appearance|
|1996||Famous Dog Lassie||Principal role; animated series|
|2007||Lassie's Pet Vet|
|1997||The Simpsons||Laddie||Cameo appearance; animated series; 1 episode; "The Canine Mutiny"|
|2014||The New Adventures of Lassie||Lassie Parker||Principal role; animated series|
- Lassie Come-Home
- Lassie: The Prize
- Forest Ranger Handbook
- Lassie: A Boy's Best Friend & Buried Treasure
- Lassie: Party Nightmare & Water Watchdog
- Lassie: Skateboard Stunt & Danger Zone
- Lassie and the Lost Little Sheep
- Lassie's Forest Adventure
- Lassie: Rescue in the Storm
- Lassie and the Mystery of Blackberry Bog
- Lassie and the Secret of the Summer
- Lassie: Forbidden Valley
- Lassie: Treasure Hunter by Charles S. Strong
- Lassie: the Wild Mountain Trail
- Lassie and the Mystery of Bristlecone Pine
- Lassie and the Secret of the Smelter's Cave
- Lassie: Lost in the Snow
- Lassie: Trouble at Panter's Lake
Big Little Books
- Lassie: Adventure in Alaska
- Lassie and the Shabby Sheik
- Lassie: Old One Eye
- The Adventures of Lassie
- Lassie and Her Day in the Sun
- Lassie and Her Friends
- Lassie and the Big Clean-Up Day
- Lassie and the Daring Rescue
- Lassie and the Lost Explorer
- Lassie Shows the Way
- Lassie: The Great Escape
- Hooray for Lassie!
- Lassie and the Cub Scout
- Lassie and the Deer Mystery
- Lassie and the Firefighters
- Lassie and the Kittens
- Lassie Finds a Friend
- Lassie's Brave Adventure
- Lassie: The Busy Morning
- Lassie: The Sandbar Rescue
- Lassie's Long Trip
- Lassie to the Rescue
- Lassie: Hayloft Hideout
- Lassie Under the Big Top
- Lassie: Treasure at Eagle Mountain
- Lassie: Danger at Echo Cliffs
The New Lassie
- The Puppy Problem
- Digging Up Danger
- The Big Blowup
- Water Watchdog
- Skateboard Dare
- Dangerous Party
- Bessy, a Belgian comic strip inspired by the success of "Lassie" and which also featured a collie.
- John English
- Rin Tin Tin
- Elizabeth Gaskell (1889). "The Half Brothers". Lizzie Leigh and Other Tales. London: Smith, Elder, & Co., 482-492.
- "Lassie: The Perfect Dog Sets High Bar for Real Pups". NPR. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
- Variety Staff (January 1, 1943). "Lassie Come Home". Variety.
- Philip Potempa (August 11, 2006). "Latest Lassie busy promoting new film". Northwest Indiana Times.
- Variety Staff (October 16, 2005). "100 Icons of the Century: Lassie". Variety. Retrieved 13 September 2011.