Lansing, Michigan

"Lansing" redirects here. For other uses, see Lansing (disambiguation).
Lansing, Michigan
City, state capital
City of Lansing


Nickname(s): Capital City, L-Town, "The Heart of Michigan"

Location in Ingham County, Michigan[lower-alpha 2]
Lansing, Michigan

Location in the United States

Coordinates: 42°44′1″N 84°32′48″W / 42.73361°N 84.54667°W / 42.73361; -84.54667Coordinates: 42°44′1″N 84°32′48″W / 42.73361°N 84.54667°W / 42.73361; -84.54667
Country  United States
State  Michigan
Counties Ingham, Clinton, Eaton
Settled 1835
Incorporation 1859
  Type Strong Mayor-Council
  Mayor Virg Bernero (D)
  City 36.68 sq mi (95.00 km2)
  Land 36.05 sq mi (93.37 km2)
  Water 0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)
  Urban 158.2 sq mi (354.4 km2)
  Metro 1,714.6 sq mi (4,440.8 km2)
Elevation 860 ft (262 m)
Population (2010)[2]
  City 114,297
  Estimate (2014[3]) 114,620
  Density 3,170.5/sq mi (1,224.1/km2)
  Urban 313,532
  Metro 464,036
  CSA 534,684
Demonym(s) Lansingite
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48901-48980[4]
Area code(s) 517
FIPS code 26-46000[5]
GNIS feature ID 1625035[6]

Lansing /ˈlænsɪŋ/ is the capital of the US state of Michigan. It is located mostly in Ingham County, although portions of the city extend west into Eaton County and north into Clinton County. The 2010 Census placed the city's population at 114,297,[7] making it the fifth largest city in Michigan. The population of its Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) was 464,036, while the even larger Combined Statistical Area (CSA) population, which includes Shiawassee County, was 534,684. It was named the new state capital of Michigan in 1847, ten years after its admittance as a state.

The Lansing Metropolitan Area, colloquially referred to as "Mid-Michigan", is an important center for educational, cultural, governmental, commercial, and industrial functions. The area is home to two medical schools, one veterinary school, two nursing schools, two law schools—including Western Michigan University and Michigan State University—a Big Ten Conference university (Michigan State), the Michigan State Capitol, the state Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, a federal court, the Library of Michigan and Historical Center, and headquarters of four national insurance companies.

Lansing is the only U.S. state capital (among the 47 located in counties) that is not also a county seat. The seat of government of Ingham County is Mason,[8] but the county maintains some offices in Lansing.[9]


The first recorded person of European descent to spot the area that is now Lansing was explorer Hugh Heward in 1790 while canoeing the Grand River.[10] The land that was to become Lansing was surveyed as "Township 4 North Range 2 West" in February 1827 in what was then dense forest. It was the last of the county's townships to be surveyed, and the land was not offered for sale until October 1830.[11] There would be no roads to this area for decades to come.

Grand River overlooking Lansing River Trail Bridge

In the winter of 1835 and early 1836, two brothers from New York plotted the area now known as REO Town just south of downtown Lansing and named it "Biddle City". All of this land lay in a floodplain and was underwater during the majority of the year. Regardless, the brothers went back to Lansing, New York, to sell plots for the town that did not exist. They told the residents of the New York town that this new "city" had an area of 65 blocks, contained a church and also a public and academic square. A group of 16 men bought plots in the nonexistent city and upon reaching the area later that year found they had been scammed. Many in the group too disappointed to stay ended up settling around what is now metropolitan Lansing. Those who stayed quickly renamed the area "Lansing Township" in honor of their home village in New York.[12]

The settlement of fewer than 20 people would remain dormant until the winter of 1847 when the state constitution required that the capital be moved from Detroit to a more central and safer location in the interior of the state; many were concerned about Detroit's proximity to British-controlled Canada, which had captured Detroit in the War of 1812. The United States had recaptured the city in 1813, but these events led to the dire need to have the center of government relocated away from hostile British territory. There was also concern with Detroit's strong influence over Michigan politics, being the largest city in the state as well as the capital city.[12]

During the multi-day session to determine a new location for the state capital, many cities, including Ann Arbor, Marshall, and Jackson, lobbied hard to win this designation.[13] Unable to publicly reach a consensus because of constant political wrangling, the Michigan House of Representatives privately chose the Township of Lansing out of frustration. When announced, many present openly laughed that such an insignificant settlement was now the capital city of Michigan. Two months later, Governor William L. Greenly signed into law the act of the legislature officially making Lansing Township the state capital.[12]

An 1847 plat map of "the town of Michigan," prior to the selection of "Lansing" as the capital's name the following year. (The map is oriented with north to the right.)

With the announcement that Lansing Township had been made the capital, the small village quickly transformed into the seat of state government. The legislature gave the settlement the temporary name of the "Town of Michigan". In April 1848, the legislature then gave the settlement the name of "Lansing".[14] Within months after it became the capital city, individual settlements began to develop along three key points along the Grand River in the township:[12]

In 1859, the settlement having grown to nearly 3,000 and encompassing about 7 square miles (18 km2) in area was incorporated as a city. The boundaries of the original city were Douglas Avenue to the north, Wood and Regent streets to the east, Mount Hope Avenue to the south, and Jenison Avenue to the west. These boundaries would remain unchanged until 1916. Lansing began to grow steadily over the next two decades with the completion of the railroads through the city, a plank road, and the completion of the current capitol building in 1878.

Most of what is known as Lansing today is the direct result of the city becoming an industrial powerhouse which began with the founding of Olds Motor Vehicle Company in August 1897. The company went through many changes, including a buyout, between its founding to 1905 when founder Ransom E. Olds started his new REO Motor Car Company, which would last in Lansing for another 70 years. Olds would be joined by the less successful Clarkmobile around 1903.[16] Over the next decades, the city would see itself transformed into a major American industrial center for the manufacturing of automobiles and parts, among other industries. The city continued to grow in area too. By 1956, the city had grown to 15 square miles (39 km2), and doubled in size over the next decade to its current size of roughly 33 square miles (85 km2).[17]

Today, the city's economy is now diversified among government service, healthcare, manufacturing, insurance, banking, and education.

Notable events

Elephant incident

On September 26, 1963, a 12-year-old, 3,000-pound female dancing elephant named Rajje (alternately reported as Raji and Little Rajjee, among other variations) rebelled against her trainer during a performance in a shopping-center circus near what was then Logan Street and Holmes Road in Lansing, and escaped into the streets, aggravated by the frenzied pursuit of nearly 4,000 local residents. The incident ended with the shooting of the elephant by Lansing police.[18][19] Provoked by the growing crowd, Rajje's rampage took her through the men's wear, sporting goods and gift departments of a local Arlan's discount store before leading police on a two-mile chase in which she knocked down and injured a 67-year-old man, tried to move a car, and caused thousands of dollars in damage before being subdued.

Life Magazine quoted Rajje's trainer, William Pratt, as shouting at the scene, "Damn these people [...] They wouldn't leave her alone."[18]

The incident was widely reported, including a photospread in Life.[18] While the Lansing State Journal coverage stressed the danger of the incident,[20] the Detroit Free Press noted that witnesses cried out "Murderers! Murderers!" as police fired eight shots.[21]

Author Nelson Algren cites the injustice and sad end of the pursuit of "Raji, the Pixie-Eared Elephant" in continuity with the ambush of Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow in his introduction to a 1968 biography of the outlaws.[22] Then teenage Lansing residents who had goaded the elephant on recalled the incident with sober regret in a local newspaper retrospective in 2011.[20]


Lansing in 1890
Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2015115,056[23]0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]
Michigan Supreme Court at the Hall of Justice, opened in 2002


Lansing is the centerpiece of a region of Michigan known as Mid-Michigan or Central Michigan.

The North Lansing dam of the Grand River. The Lansing River Trail and Ottawa Street Power Station are visible behind.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.68 square miles (95.00 km2), of which 36.05 square miles (93.37 km2) is land and 0.63 square miles (1.63 km2) is water.[1] This figure includes two 425 Agreements with Alaiedon Township and Meridian Township, and the four 425 Agreements with Delta Township since 2000.

Since the 2010 Census, the city has entered into two additional 425 Agreements. The first agreement consisted of the temporary transfer of 1,888.2 acres of Lansing Capital Region International Airport to the city from DeWitt Township in 2011.[38] The second agreement consisted of the temporary transfer of 41 acres (17 ha) in Alaiedon Township for the expansion of the headquarters of Jackson National Life Insurance Company in 2013 bringing the area either fully or conditionally under control of the city to 39.69 square miles (102.80 km2).[38]

Under Michigan law, 425 Agreements are only temporary land sharing agreements, and do not count as official annexations. The Census Bureau, however, for statistical purposes does count these as annexations. Not counting the temporary 425 Agreements, Lansing administers 34.1 square miles (88 km2) total.

Lansing is located in the south-central part of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, where the Grand River meets the Red Cedar River. The city occupies most of what had formerly been part of Lansing Charter Township. It has also annexed adjacent tracts of land in Delta Charter Township and Windsor Township in Eaton County to the west, Delhi Charter Township in Ingham County to the south, and in DeWitt Charter Township in Clinton County to the north. The city also controls three non-contiguous tracts of land through 425 Agreements (conditional land transfer agreements) with Meridian Charter Township, Delta Charter Township, and Alaiedon Township in Ingham County to the southeast.

Ottawa Street Power Station

Lansing elevations range between 890 feet (271 m) above sea level on the far south side of Lansing along Northrup Street near the Cedar Street intersection, to 833 feet (254 m) to 805.5 feet (246 m) above sea level along the Grand River.

The Grand River, the largest river in Michigan, flows through downtown Lansing, and the Red Cedar River, a tributary of the Grand, flows through the campus of Michigan State University to its confluence with the Grand in Lansing. Sycamore Creek, a tributary of the Red Cedar, flows northward through the southeastern part of the city.[39] There are two lakes in the area, Park Lake and Lake Lansing, both northeast of the city. Lake Lansing is approximately 500 acres (2.0 km2) in size and is a summer favorite for swimmers, boaters, and fishermen. Michigan State University Sailing Club and the Lansing Sailing Club are located on Lake Lansing, where sailing regattas are hosted throughout the summer.

The City of Lansing operates a total of 3.55 square miles (9.2 km2) of parkland, of which 2.80 square miles (7.3 km2) is parkland, 0.43 square miles (1.1 km2) are golflands, and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) are cemetery lands.[40] However, this figure includes the Waverly Hills Golf Course and adjacent Michigan Avenue Park, whose 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) are located within neighboring Lansing Township, but operated by the City of Lansing, and does not include the 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) of the combined Hawk Island County Park and adjacent Soldan Dog Park operated by Ingham County within the city of Lansing.[41] All together then, 3.55 square miles (9.2 km2) of the city (or approximately 10%) is publicly administered open space.


Lansing has a Midwestern humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb/Dfa) that is influenced by the Great Lakes, and is part of USDA Hardiness zone 5b.[42] Winters are cold with moderate to heavy snowfall, while summers are very warm and humid. The monthly daily average temperature in July is 71.5 °F (21.9 °C), while the same figure for January is 23.4 °F (−4.8 °C); the annual mean is 48.21 °F (9.01 °C). On average, temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32.2 °C) on 8.8 days of the year and drop to or below 0 °F (−17.8 °C) on 10−11 nights.[43] Precipitation is generally greatest during summer but still frequent and significant in winter. Snowfall, which normally occurs from November to April, averages 51.1 inches (130 cm) per season, significantly less than areas to the west such as Grand Rapids as Lansing is relatively immune to lake-effect snows; seasonal snowfall has historically ranged from 16.6 in (42 cm) in 1863−64 to 97.2 in (247 cm) in 1880−81. The highest and lowest officially recorded temperatures were 103 °F (39 °C) on July 6, 2012,[43] and −37 °F (−38 °C) on February 2, 1868,[44] with the last −20 °F (−29 °C) or colder reading occurred on February 27, 1994; the record low maximum is −4 °F (−20 °C) on January 22, 1883, while, conversely, the record high minimum is 78 °F (26 °C) on August 1, 2006 and July 18, 1942.[43] Freezing temperatures in June are exceedingly rare and have not occurred in July or August since the 19th century; on average, they arrive on October 4 and depart on May 7, allowing a growing season of 149 days. The average window for measurable snow (≥0.1 in or 0.25 cm) is November 4 thru April 6.


Boji Tower, Lansing's tallest building, located downtown

The city's downtown is dominated by state government buildings, especially the State Capitol; but downtown has also experienced recent growth in new restaurants, retail stores and residential developments. Downtown Lansing has a historic city market that is one of the oldest continuously operating farmers' markets in the United States.[47] Upriver and north of downtown is historic Old Town Lansing with many architecturally significant buildings dating to the mid-19th century.[48] Directly south of downtown on the other side of I-496 along Washington Avenue lies "REO Town", the birthplace of the automobile in the United States, is where Ransom Eli Olds built factories along Washington Avenue. Ransom Eli Olds' home, which once overlooked the factories along Washington Avenue, was displaced by I-496.

Lansing is generally divided into four sections: Eastside, Westside, Northwestside, and the Southside. Each section contains a diverse array of neighborhoods. The Eastside, located east of the Grand River and north of the Red Cedar River, is the most ethnically diverse side of Lansing, with foreign-born citizens making up more of its population than any other side in the city.[49] The Eastside's commercial districts are located mainly along Michigan Avenue, and to a lesser extent along Kalamazoo Street. It is anchored by Frandor Shopping Center on the very eastern edge of the eastside.

The Westside, roughly located north, west, and south of the Grand River as it curves through the city, is sometimes regarded the city's most socio-economically diverse section. This side also contains Lansing's downtown area, though this neighborhood is often included as an area all its own. Outside downtown, this side is largely a collection of residential neighborhoods and is served by only one other commercial area along Saginaw Street. However, it also includes a small part of the Old Town Commercial Association.

The Northwestside, generally located north of the Grand River, with the city limits defining its north and western borders, is physically the smallest side of the city. This part of the city includes moderate-density residential areas and some green areas. North of Grand River Avenue, the main street of the side, lie warehouses and light industrial areas served by a major rail line that runs through Lansing. The most notable landmark of this side is Lansing's airport: Capital Region International Airport.

The Southside, usually described as the neighborhoods located south of the Grand and Red Cedar rivers and the I-496 freeway, is physically the largest and most populous side of the city. The area is largely residential in nature (south of Mount Hope Road near the northern edge), and is served by numerous commercial strips along Cedar Street, Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, Pennsylvania Avenue, and Waverly Road, which run north/south. The large Edgewood District is located in the southernmost part of the Southside and is sometimes referred to as South Lansing. Though it is the largest area of the city by both physical size and population, it has often been regarded by Southside citizens as Lansing's most overlooked and forgotten area, as most of Lansing's attention in recent decades has been put into the revitalization of the city's historic core located mostly on small parts of both the East and Westsides.

The middle of the Southside—South-Central Lansing—contains the Old Everett Area. This location once contained the Everett School District and was annexed into the city in 1948.[50]

Genesee Neighborhood



Michigan's State Capitol in Lansing

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 114,297 people, 48,450 households, and 26,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,174.9 per square mile (1,226.3/km2). There were 54,181 housing units at an average density of 1,505.0 per square mile (581.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.2% White (55.5% Non-Hispanic White), 23.7% African American, 0.8% Native American, 3.7% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.3% from other races, and 6.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.5% of the population. Foreign-born residents made up 8.3% of the population.

The median age in the city was 32.2 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.8% were from 45 to 64; and 9.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.[2]

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 119,128 people, 49,505 households, and 28,366 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,399.0 per square mile (1,312.3/km²). There were 53,159 housing units at an average density of 1,516.8/sq mi (585.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 65.28% White (61.4% non-Hispanic White), 21.91% African American, 0.80% Native American, 2.83% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.54% from other races, and 4.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.0% of the population. The city's foreign-born population stood at 5.9%.

As of 2000, the city's population rose by 32,293 (27%) to 151,421 during the day due to the influx of workers.[55]

There were 49,505 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,833, and the median income for a family was $41,283. Males had a median income of $32,648 versus $27,051 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,924. About 13.2% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Immigration and refugee resettlement

The Brookings Institution has ranked Greater Lansing among the top 10 "medium-sized metropolitan areas" in the United States for refugee resettlement, with 5,369 refugees resettled from 1983 to 2004.[56] St. Vincent Catholic Charities and Lutheran Social Services handle the adult and unaccompanied minor resettlement processes, respectively, while other organizations, such as the Refugee Development Center, focus on providing educational and social support services to refugees in the Lansing area.[57] Nearby Michigan State University provides a source of volunteers for many of these programs.[58][59]

As of 2005, the Lansing area has about 2,000 Arab Americans, mostly second generation Christian Lebanese Americans as well as some Palestinian Americans.[60]


Lansing City Hall & Lansing Police Department Central Precinct

Lansing is administered under a mayor-council government, more specifically a "strong mayor" setup in which the mayor holds most of the city's administrative powers, such as appointment of department heads and drafting and administering a city budget, though the council must approve his/her actions. The mayor is elected at-large every four years. The city clerk is also elected every four years. The city council consists of eight members, and includes four members elected from the city's four wards, as well as four "at-large" members elected citywide.


The city largely supports the Democratic Party. It has not had a Republican mayor in office for more than a decade, and the last two mayoral elections have hosted only Democratic candidates.

State and federal representation

Lansing currently lies mostly within the boundaries of Michigan's 8th congressional district, which has been represented by Republican congressman Mike Bishop since 2015. The small portion of the city that extends into Eaton County is located in Michigan's 7th congressional district, which has been represented by Republican congressman Tim Walberg since 2011. The small portion of the city that extends into Clinton County is located in Michigan's 4th congressional district, which has been represented by Republican congressman John Moolenaar since 2015.

At the state level, most of Lansing is located in the 23rd district of the Michigan Senate, which has been represented by Democratic state senator Curtis Hertel Jr. since 2015. The small portions of the city that extend into Eaton County and Clinton County is located in the 24th district of the Michigan Senate, are currently represented by Republican state senator Rick Jones. The city lies in the 67th, 68th, 71st, and 93rd districts of the Michigan State House of Representatives, represented by state representatives Tom Cochran (D-67), Andy Schor (D-68), Tom Barrett (R-71), and Tom Leonard (R-93).

Though Lansing is not a designated county seat, some county offices are located in downtown Lansing, including a branch office of the county clerk, the county personnel office, and some courtrooms.


The Otto E. Eckert power plant along the Grand River, operated by the Lansing Board of Water and Light
Top City Employers
Source: Lansing Area Economic Partners[61]
1 State of Michigan 14,249
2 Michigan State University 11,100
3 Sparrow Health System 10,858
4 General Motors 5,153
5 Liberty National Life 5,000
6 Auto-Owners Insurance 3,700
7 Meijer 3,500
8 Lansing Community College 3,144
9 Peckham 2,510
10 McLaren–Greater Lansing Hospital 2,400
11 Lansing School District 2,130
12 Community Mental Health Authority 1,400
13 Dart Container 1,400
14 Jackson National Life 1,300
15 Demmer Corporation 1,110

Labor force distribution in Lansing by category:

  Trade, transportation, utilities
  Professional and business services
  Education and health services
  Leisure and hospitality
  Other services

The Lansing metropolitan area's major industries are government, education, insurance, healthcare, and automobile manufacturing. Being the state capital, many state government workers reside in the area.

Michigan State University, Thomas M. Cooley Law School, and Lansing Community College are significant employers in the region.

General Motors has offices and a hi-tech manufacturing facility in Lansing and several manufacturing facilities immediately outside the city, as well, in nearby Lansing and Delta townships. The Lansing area is headquarters to four major national insurance companies: Auto-Owners Insurance Company, Jackson National Life, the Accident Fund, and Michigan Millers Insurance Company. Other insurers based in Lansing include Farm Bureau Insurance of Michigan.

Locally owned and operated convenience store chain Quality Dairy is a significant presence in the Lansing market.

The recent decline of the auto industry in the region has increased the region's awareness of the importance of a strategy to foster the high-technology sector.

Early availability of high-speed Internet in 1996, as well as the MSU, Cooley Law School, and Lansing Community College student body population, fostered an intellectual environment for information technology companies to incubate. Lansing has a number of technology companies in the fields of information technology and biotechnology.


Sparrow Hospital is a 740-bed hospital affiliated with Michigan State University and its College of Human Medicine and College of Osteopathic Medicine. In February 2009 it was announced that Sparrow and MSU formalized their partnership to increase research and faculty recruitment.[62] Sparrow Hospital is the Regional Center for pediatrics, cancer care, including radiation therapy, trauma care, neurological care, high-risk obstetrics and neonatal intensive care. The Sparrow Tower was finished January 2008 and includes but is not limited to: a dedicated pediatric emergency room (the only one in the region), the largest adult emergency room in the region, state-of-the-art operating rooms, a rooftop helipad, oncology center, heart and vascular center and orthopedic department. In addition, 4,500 deliveries are performed at Sparrow Hospital annually, rehabilitation, and emergency treatment is more than any other hospital in mid-Michigan. The Sparrow Health System Laboratory performs over 3 million tests per year, at various laboratory sites, which include four remote testing facilities and thirteen patient service centers. Sparrow Hospital is certified as a Level I Trauma Center by the American College of Surgeons.[63] In May 2009 Sparrow announced that it now has its own helicopter service based at its downtown Lansing hospital's new $2.5 million helipad.[64] The addition is expected to increase helicopter patient transport to the hospital from four a month to 400 a year.

McLaren–Greater Lansing Hospital is also a university affiliated teaching hospital. Ingham enjoys a special affiliation in radiation oncology with the University of Michigan and Michigan State University; McLaren–Greater Lansing is part of the Great Lakes Cancer Institute (GLCI). McLaren received five-star ratings for: Coronary bypass surgery; Cardiac interventions; Treatment of heart attacks; Total knee replacement; Total hip replacement; Back and neck surgery; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease care; Community-Acquired pneumonia care.[65]

Urban renewal and downtown redevelopment

Several urban renewal projects by private developers are adding higher end apartments and condominiums to the Lansing market. The Arbaugh, a former department store across from Cooley Law School, was converted into apartments in 2005. Motor Wheel Lofts, a former industrial site, was converted into loft-style living spaces in mid-2006.[66] A combination retail and residential complex immediately south of Cooley Law School Stadium (formerly Oldsmobile Park) called "The Stadium District", was completed in 2007.[67] The Stadium District was redeveloped using a grant from the Michigan State Housing Development Authority through the Cool Cities Initiative.[68][69]

In May 2006 the historically significant Mutual Building located on Capitol Avenue was purchased by The Christman Company to be renovated back to its original grandeur and used as the company's headquarters.[70] Additional downtown developments include the renovation of the historic Hollister Building and the expansion of the former Abrams Aerial Building. As of August 2008, an 18-story condominium high-rise called Capitol Club Tower was in the design phase with the adjacent parking structure having been approved by city council and purchased by the developer. The city market, in existence since 1909, was approved to be sold for a multi-building mixed-use development called MarketPlace, right next to the current market on the adjacent riverfront. The MarketPlace project was redeveloped along with BallPark North, another mixed-use development that will be immediately north of Oldsmobile Stadium. The new city market is just north of the Lansing Center, across the river from where the Accident Fund Insurance Company renovated the former (art deco) Ottawa Street Powerplant into their new headquarters. In addition to the renovation, Accident Fund Insurance Company built a modern addition to the north of the historic portion that is connected by an atrium for more office space, as well as a parking structure. In 2009, the restaurant Troppo began construction on a new 2-story building that will have an open air patio on the roof facing the Capitol building.[71] Developer Eyde Co. announced plans on April 6, 2010, to renovate the historical and prominent Knapp's building in downtown Lansing for first floor retail, office space and apartments/condos on the top floor (5th) in a $22–24 million project.[34]

National defense

Emergent Biosolutions is a global specialty biopharmaceutical company with a focus on national defense headquartered in Maryland.[72] Emergent was founded on September 5, 1998.[73] Emergent operates a subsidiary known as Emergent BioDefense Operations Lansing LLC that is headquartered in Lansing.[74] The Lansing facility is a 12-acre research and manufacturing campus. Between 1998 and 2002, the company partnered with the federal government to provide anthrax vaccine to the military and first responders.[73] The campus contains a large-scale manufacturing facility known as “Building 55."[72]

In August 2016, the FDA gave the company approval to manufacture Emergent’s anthrax vaccine, known as BioThrax, at Building 55.[72] A spore-forming bacterium causes anthrax infections. Infections mostly affect animals, but when they affect humans, medical personnel often have trouble treating it and it can be fatal. Emergent develops the anthrax vaccine and provides it to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.[75] Providing the vaccine is a component of the federal government’s anti-terrorism strategy, and more specifically, a vehicle for protecting first responders.[75]

The company supports several local, national and worldwide non-profit organizations. Locally in Lansing, Emergent is a sponsor of Habitat for Humanity.[76]

Top employers and companies headquartered in Lansing

Other major companies headquartered in Lansing include Accident Fund,, Biggby Coffee, Elderly Instruments, Fraser Trebilcock, Go Solutions Group, Inc., ICS Marketing Support Services, Lake Trust Credit Union, Liquid Web, and Quality Dairy Company.


J.W. Sexton High School,
Westside Lansing
Everett High School,
Southside Lansing

Michigan State University, a member of the Big Ten Conference, is known as "the pioneer land grant college", located in neighboring East Lansing. MSU has the largest land campus in the United States and is home to several nationally and internationally recognized academic and research oriented programs. Michigan State offers over 200 programs of study and is home to fourteen different degree-granting schools and colleges including three medical schools, a law school, and numerous PhD programs. It is the only university in the nation with three medical schools. MSU is consistently one of the top three programs in the United States for study abroad programs. The MSU College of Education is also consistently rated as the top education program in the nation. Michigan State University is the oldest agricultural college in the United States. The MSU School of Criminal Justice is the oldest continuous degree granting criminal justice program in the nation.[77] In 2008, the Department of Energy announced MSU won the contest for a $550 million Facility for Rare Isotope Beams that will attract top researchers from around the world to conduct experiments in nuclear science, astrophysics and applications of isotopes to other fields.[78]

The Thomas M. Cooley Law School is the largest law school in the nation and is located in downtown Lansing. Cooley is fully accredited by the American Bar Association. A majority of Cooley students are from out-of-state.

Lansing Community College offers more than 500 areas of study to over 18,000 students at its main facilities in Lansing, and another 5,000 students at twenty-nine extension centers and a site in Otsu, Japan. LCC's new, state-of-the-art University Center enables students to take courses with the goal of eventually earning an undergraduate or graduate degree from other Michigan institutions. The University Center stands on the former site of "Old Central", Lansing's first public high school, which was established in 1875 as Lansing High School. (In the 1920s it was renamed as Central High School, and in 1957 became the first building on the LCC campus.)[79]

Other institutions of higher education include Western Michigan University (branch campus in Delta Township), Davenport University in Downtown Lansing, Central Michigan University (branch campus), and Great Lakes Christian College (campus in Delta Township).

Eastern High School,
Eastside Lansing


Public schools
Private schools

Cultural celebrations


Each year in August, the Michigan Pride festival includes a LGBT pride parade from Riverfront Park to the capitol.

The Capital City African American Cultural Association hosts an African American Parade and Heritage Festival every year for over a decade. The chair of the CCAACA is the Rev. Dr. Michael C. Murphy, who was pastor of St. Stephen's Community Church and is currently the pastor of Peoples Congregational, United Church of Christ, Washington D.C. He is a former State Representative for the 68th House District in Michigan, former President of the Lansing City Council, and a long-time community leader. The parade highlights African American culture, its influence in Michigan, and recognizes prominent African American individuals in the community and their contributions to Lansing as the grand marshal of each parade. The festival immediately following the parade consists of live entertainment, soul food and lots of fun for adults and children. It is held every year on the first Saturday in August and begins at 11:00 a.m. in downtown Lansing, Michigan. The festival is held at Ferris Park in downtown Lansing. In 2009 they celebrated 10 years.

The annual Silver Bells in the City Electric Light Parade proceeds through the streets of downtown Lansing every November, the Friday before Thanksgiving. It is followed by the lighting of Michigan's official Christmas tree in front of the State Capitol and a firework show (weather permitting) over the State Capitol.[86]


The Lansing Symphony Orchestra has been entertaining generations of Lansing-area residents since 1929. The current music director is Timothy Muffett.

The Lansing JazzFest and the Old Town BluesFest host leading musicians, and are two of the larger music festivals held each year in the state.

Old Town's Festival of the Moon and Sun is a two-day festival of food and live music.[87]

Old Town Oktoberfest is a two-day event drawing hundreds to the Old Town neighborhood for live polka music, authentic German food and world-renowned German-style beer.[88]

It was announced in May 2007 that the city would host "Blues on the Square", a series of summertime blues concerts featuring national acts Thursday nights along Washington Square in downtown Lansing. In 2008 the event regularly drew crowds over 500.[89]

The Common Ground Festival[90] is a musical event held over a week every July at the Adado Riverfront Park in downtown Lansing pulling in crowds over 90,000 for the week. It began in 2000 and replaced the Michigan Festival that was held in nearby East Lansing. It has wide range of musical acts. In 2008 acts included Staind, Drowning Pool, Sammy Hagar, The Hard Lessons, Snoop Dogg, REO Speedwagon, Kellie Pickler, Seether and Trace Adkins.

Every year City Pulse names the "Top Original Act" in the Top of the Town Awards. The 2010 winner was Eastside neighborhood native indie rock band Loune.[91] The 2011 winner was pop punk act Frank and Earnest.[92]

Points of interest

Farmers' markets

Farmers' market in Lansing

Lansing has several farmers' markets throughout the city in the summer months. These markets include the Allen Street Farmer's Market[93] on the city's eastside, the Westside Farmers' Market, the Old Town Farmer's Market, the South Lansing Farmer's Market,[94] and the year-round historic Lansing City Market[47] located near downtown. The Lansing City Market has built a brand new $1.6 million facility on the riverfront in downtown Lansing where it will continue its year round operations providing specialty items in addition to regular groceries from over 30 vendors.


The Library of Michigan and Historical Center is a highly regarded state library and research center. The library is one of the top five genealogical research facilities in the United States. The Capital Area District Library has 13 branches within Ingham County, some of these include: The Main library downtown, the Foster Library on the east side, and the South Lansing Library on the south side.

The Lansing Art Gallery, founded in 1965, is Lansing's oldest art gallery and a non-profit membership organization. Showcasing the works of Michigan artists, the gallery is committed to providing cultural enhancement opportunities for Michigan residents. The museum is open to the public with free admission.


Lansing is home to a number of small, specialized museums:


Potter Park Zoo

Main article: Potter Park Zoo

The historic Potter Park Zoo, located along the Red Cedar River in Lansing, has more than 500 animals and numerous programs and events for children and families. With annual attendance increasing every year since 2006 (167,000 in 2009, compared to 137,236 in 2008 and 110,167 in 2006) there are $667,100 in capital improvements planned for 2009 including a giant walk-in aviary and a new female tiger. In 2009 the zoo began a $1.4 million renovation to its rhinoceros exhibit. This is in addition to $1.3 million spent on capital improvements in 2008.[105][106]

Other area destinations

In October 2009 the Wharton Center for Performing Arts completed a 24,000 square feet (2,230 m2), $18.5 million expansion and renovation,[107] having already spent over $1.3 million in 2008.[108] Many Broadway shows come to The Wharton Center before traveling to theaters in larger places such as Chicago.[109] The Kresge Art Museum,[110] the MSU Museum,[111] and the Abrams Planetarium[112] are highly acclaimed cultural destinations located on the campus of Michigan State University in East Lansing. In June 2007 MSU announced the plans to build a new art museum after a $26 million gift from Eli and Edythe Broad.[113] Internationally known Pritzker Prize winning architect Zaha Hadid of London won the design competition for the East Lansing museum that was completed in November 2012.


Newspapers and magazines


Cable slots listed reflect the Comcast cable system in Lansing.

WILX maintains WSYM's News programming. Both affiliates broadcast their newscasts at the News 10 studios in Lansing. Often the same reporters are used on both broadcasts.


Lansing's radio dial has quite a few stations. Note: If the station has no city listed before the format, it is licensed to Lansing.

Radio stations from Ann Arbor, Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, Saginaw, and Flint can also be heard in the Lansing area.


Club Sport League Venue Years of Existence
Lansing Lugnuts Baseball Midwest League (Class-A) Cooley Law School Stadium 1996–present
Lansing Capitals Basketball Independent Basketball Association Aim High Sports
Lansing Sting Basketball American Basketball Association Aim High Sports
Michigan State Spartans College athletics Big Ten Conference Various Stadiums
Lansing Community College College athletics Michigan Community College Athletic Association Aim High Sports
Lansing Derby Vixens Roller derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association Lansing Center
Capital City Stealth Football Great Lakes Football League Hope Sports Complex 2010–present
Lansing United[125] Soccer National Premier Soccer League Archer Stadium, DeMartin Stadium
Lansing Hot Rods Indoor Lacrosse Continental Indoor Lacrosse League Lansing SoccerZone 2013-present

The Lansing Lugnuts are a Class A Midwest League, Minor League Baseball team, currently affiliated with the Toronto Blue Jays. The team plays its home games at Cooley Law School Stadium, which was built at a cost of $12.7 million and opened in 1996 in downtown Lansing. It was partially renovated in 2006. Cooley Law School Stadium has a seating capacity of 11,215 fans, and was built to accommodate additional expansion. The team has won two Midwest League championships, their first in 1997 and their second in 2003. Previously known as Oldsmobile Park, the facility was renamed Thomas M. Cooley Law School Stadium in April 2010, in reference to the park's new sponsor.[126]

The Summit at the Capital Centre is a hockey arena and convention center located in the suburb of Dimondale that hosts youth and high school hockey.

The Lansing Capitals began play in the International Basketball League in 2006 but eventually disband for a few seasons. The team recently resumed playing in the newly formed Independent Basketball Association in 2011.

Michigan State University, located in East Lansing, is the largest university in the State of Michigan. MSU sponsors both men's and women's sports, usually competing as a member of the Big Ten Conference. The Spartans have won National Titles in Men's Basketball, Football, Men's Boxing, Men's Cross Country, Men's Gymnastics, Men's Ice Hockey, Men's Soccer, and Men's Wrestling.

On November 27, 2011, MSU beat Northwestern in their Big Ten Football finale to secure the top Big Ten record at 7-1 in conference play, and qualified to play in the first ever Big Ten Football Championship Game which was held December 3, 2011, at Lucas Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana against the Wisconsin Badgers.[127]

Lansing Community College also sponsors many sports, competing as members of the Michigan Community College Athletic Association. The Stars have won NJCAA titles in the following sports: Women's Softball, Men's Basketball, Women's Basketball, Men's Cross Country, Women's Cross Country, Women's Marathon and Men's Marathon.

The Lansing area is also known for its many golf courses, with two courses owned by Michigan State University, four municipal courses, and many additional public and private courses in the area. Walnut Hills Country Club in nearby East Lansing formerly hosted the LPGA's Oldsmobile Classic from 1992 to 2000. The Michigan PGA recently relocated from the Detroit area to Bath, Michigan, which is on the northern edge of Lansing.

The Capital City Stealth, Lansing's Semi-pro Football team was founded in 2010. The Stealth have posted winning seasons in every year of their existence. They play in the Great Lakes Football League which is nationally known as one of the top leagues in the country. The Stealth appeared in the USFA AA National Championship game for 3 straight seasons from 2012-2014 and won the USFA AA National Championship in 2014 over the Pioneer Valley Knights (New England Football League) by the score of 22-13.[128] The team is made up of Lansing area athletes who play for the love of the game - none of the Stealth coaches or players are paid.[129]

In the 1980s and 1990s Lansing was a major player in semi-pro football. The Lansing Crusaders won MFL/MCFL championships in 1982, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, and 1990. The team finished second in 1984, 1986, and 1991.

Other past sports teams include:



Scheduled commercial airline service is offered from Capital Region International Airport (formerly known as Capital City Airport).[130] Delta Air Lines maintains routes to Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, and Atlanta. United Airlines maintains routes to Chicago O'Hare. Allegiant Air flies to Orlando, Florida. Sun Country Airlines offers non-stop flights to Washington, D.C. and Minneapolis/St. Paul,[131] Apple Vacations provides seasonal flights to Cancún, Mexico; Puerto Vallarta, Mexico; and Punta Cana, Dominican Republic.[132] UPS has a freight hub at Capital Region International Airport making up part of the 42 million pounds of annual cargo moving through the airport.[133] In 2008 the airport received a port of entry designation – known as Port Lansing – and now has a permanent customs facility, thus changing its name to reflect the port of entry status.[134] The same year a 500-foot (150 m) extension to the largest of the three runways – now 8,506-foot (2,593 m) – was completed to allow for larger aircraft to use the airport.[135]

Major highways


Main article: Michigan Services

Public transportation



Water supply, power and steam are municipally owned utilities which are provided by Lansing Board of Water & Light. In 2008 the Lansing BWL constructed Michigan's largest solar array towards the goal of increasing renewable energy in the energy grid.[139]

Natural gas is provided by Consumers Energy.

Notable people

International relations

Sister cities

Lansing has six sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: [142]

Lansing was a sister city of Kubyashi District in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The agreement began in 1992 and ended in practice when a change to the political structure of Saint Petersburg cancelled the district. The relations were officially severed by Lansing in 2013 as a protest of the laws against LGBT rights in Russia.[144]

"Friendship cities"

Lansing also has four "friendship cities":[145]


  1. The city also extends into Eaton County along its southwest side. There are also two small non-contiguous tracts located in Ingham County. These sections are not highlighted on the map displayed as they are part of a 425 Agreement, meaning they do not officially count towards Lansing's area.
  2. The city also extends into Eaton County along its southwest side. There are also two small non-contiguous tracts located in Ingham County. These sections are not highlighted on the map displayed as they are part of a 425 Agreement, meaning they do not officially count towards Lansing's area.
  3. Official records for Lansing were kept in East Lansing from April 1863 to April 1948, Capital Region Int'l from May 1948 to July 1954, East Lansing again from August 1954 to April 1959, and again at Capital Region Int'l since May 1959. For more information, see ThreadEx.


  1. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
  4. "Lansing Zip Codes, Area Code, County and more".
  5. 1 2 3 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Michigan's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting - 2010 Census - Newsroom - U.S. Census Bureau". Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  8. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  9. "Telephone Directory". Ingham County. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
  10. John Hesse is our river guardian, Brian McKenna, Lansing City Pulse, December 19, 2001
  11. Justin L. Kestenbaum (1981) Out of a Wilderness, An Illustrated History of Greater Lansing, Woodland Hills, CA: Windsor Publications, p.10-11.
  12. 1 2 3 4 "Lansing and Its Yesterdays", published by the State Journal Company, Published January 1, 1930
  13. Samuel W. Durant (1880) History of Ingham and Eaton Counties, Michigan, Philadelphia: D.W. Ensign, p.72–73.
  14. Birt Darling (1950) City in the Forest: The Story of Lansing, New York: Stratford House, p.19.
  15. 1 2 3 "Lansing History". City of Lansing, Michigan. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  16. Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877–1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.25.
  17. "Forestry Division – History". City of Lansing, Michigan. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  18. 1 2 3 news report in LIFE magazine "Death for a Dancing Elephant", Life Magazine, 11 October 1963. p. 34B. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  19. entry for Little Rajee at King Amusements at Elephant Database. "Little Rajee at King Amusements", Elephant Database, 27 October 2011. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  20. 1 2 Schneider, John. "Regret lingers after death of elephant in '63", Lansing State Journal, 28 October 2011. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  21. Meyer, Zlati. "This week in Michigan history: Runaway elephant is shot and killed in Lansing", Detroit Free Press, 22 September 2012. Retrieved on 25 June 2013.
  22. Fortune, Jan I. et al (1968). The true story of Bonnie & Clyde, p. xiii. Signet Books, New York. ISBN 0451058844.
  23. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  24. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  25. "History of Fraser Trebilcock". 2014.
  26. Blumer, Stephen P. (c. 1989). "U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2375, p. 335–344". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-03-31.
  27. MacLean, James; Craig A. Whitford (2003). Lansing: City On The Grand, 1836–1939. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 111–112. ISBN 0-7385-3152-9.
  28. "History". Retrieved 2016-02-16. Quality Dairy Company was founded in March 1936 by Gregory J. Martin and Harvey Mack. The first store was located at 1406 South Washington Avenue. At the time, milk was most commonly obtained by home delivery. The original company mission included providing bottled milk on a cash and carry basis from small neighborhood milk stores. The price of milk at the time was seven cents a quart.
  29. Howell, Brandon (August 5, 2013). "Lansing-based Quality Dairy rolls out new customer rewards program". Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  33. 1 2
  34. Dewey, Caitlin. "10 Great Cities for Young Adults". Retrieved 2012-01-24.
  37. 1 2 "Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Annexation Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  38. The National Map, accessed 2015-09-23
  39. "Park Facilities Inventory, Lansing Parks and Recreation Department". Lansing Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  40. "Ingham County Parks". Ingham County. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  41. "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture. External link in |website= (help);
  42. 1 2 3 4 "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  43. "Monthly Averages for Lansing, MI". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  44. "Station Name: MI LANSING CAPITAL CITY AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-30.
  45. "WMO Climate Normals for LANSING/CAPITAL CITY AP, MI 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-30.
  46. 1 2 "Fresh, Local, Unique". Lansing City Market. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  47. "Home - Old Town Commercial Association".
  48. "Allen Neighborhood Center - Serving the Eastside of Lansing, MI".
  49. "About Us - Old Everett Neighborhood Association".
  50. Hughes, Ivy and Holly Makimaa. Eastside Lansing Visiting Guide,, January 23, 2008, retrieved 2010-Aug-02
  51. Old Everett,
  52. Westside Neighborhood Association,
  53. "Lansing, Michigan".
  54. Singer, Audrey; Wilson, Jill (September 2006). "From 'There' to 'Here': Refugee Resettlement in Metropolitan America" (PDF). Metropolitan Policy Program: 11. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  55. International Services Team (2011). "International Guide to Greater Lansing". American Red Cross. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  56. Campbell, Kyle (2 October 2011). "Seeking refuge". The State News. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  57. Campbell, Kyle (17 November 2011). "Students help refugee center". The State News. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  58. Hassoun, Rosina J. Arab Americans in Michigan (Discovering the Peoples of Michigan). MSU Press, October 24, 2005. ISBN 1609170466, 9781609170462. p. PT21 of Google Books. "However, there are other, smaller Arab-American communities in other cities in Michigan.[...]"
  59. Lansing Area Economic Partners': LARGEST DETROIT EMPLOYERS (August 2013 ). Retrieved on January 12, 2014.
  60. "MSU, Sparrow formalize partnership", The State News, Jacob Carpenter, February 23, 2009
  61. "Trauma Programs", American College of Surgeons
  62. "About Us", Ingham Regional Medical Center
  63. "H.Inc.".
  64. "Stadium District".
  65. "Cool Cities – Stadium District". Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
  66. "Creating a District". Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-11.
  67. "Mutual Building Renovation Shines in Downtown Lansing". 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  68. "Two-Story Troppo Restaurant Expansion Underway in Downtown Lansing". Capital Gains.
  69. 1 2 3 "Emergent BioSolutions Receives FDA Approval for Large-Scale Manufacturing of BioThrax in Building 55". Yahoo Finance. Yahoo Inc. 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  70. 1 2 "History". Emergent BioSolutions. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  71. "Emergent BioDefense Operations Lansing LLC: Private Company Information - Businessweek". Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  72. 1 2 Berkeley Jr., Lovelace (2016-06-21). "Emergent BioSolutions moves closer to facility approval for anthrax vaccine". CNBC. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  73. "Responsibility | Emergent". Emergent BioSolutions. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  74. "Message from the Director" Archived July 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University
  75. "Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Updates", Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, Office of Nuclear Physics
  76. "Lansing High School". Michigan Historical Center; Department of History, Arts and Libraries. 2006-08-31. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  77. Lansing School District
  78. "Home". Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  79. Ingham ISD. "Ingham ISD".
  80. "Lansing Christian School".
  81. "Home - New Covenant Christian School". New Covenant Christian School.
  82. Our Savior Lutheran School
  83. "Silver Bells in the City". Silver Bells in the City.
  84. "Festival of the Sun & Moon :: Home".
  85. "Old Town Oktoberfest - OTCA".
  86. "Lansing warms up to the blues with summer series", CityPulse, Eric Gallippo, June 20, 2007
  87. "Home Page » Common Ground Music Festival". Common Ground Music Festival.
  88. Pulse, City S. "Top of the Town Awards- City Pulse". Best Music. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
  89. Pulse, City (2011-03-02). "Top of the town awards". Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  90. "Market Alert: Free pumpkins for smoke-free homes!".
  91. "South Lansing Farmers Market". Facebook.
  92. Impression 5 Science Center,
  93. Michigan Historical Museum, Lansing Archived June 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  94. Cooley Gardens
  95. Turner-Dodge House
  96. "Lansing Civic Players Web". Lansing Civic Players Web.
  98. "peppermint creek theatre company". peppermint creek theatre company.
  100. The Creole Gallery Archived April 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  101. Rook, Christine. Potter Park scene bursts with birds, Lansing State Journal,, June 15, 2010, retrieved 2010-June-23
  102. Wharton Center opens newly expanded, renovated facility,, October 8, 2009
  103. Capital Campaign,
  104. Chrissie Dickinson. "Theater Loop - Chicago Tribune".
  105. "Kresge Art Museum - Home".
  107. "Abrams Planetarium".
  108. Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum
  109. "City Pulse".
  110. "The New Citizens Press - TNCP - Lansing Michigan News > Home".
  111. "Lansing Area Capital Gains". Capital Gains.
  112. Capital Area Women's Lifestyle Magazine Archived March 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  113. The Greater Lansing Business Monthly
  114. "Greater Lansing Woman | Lansing State Journal". 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  115. The Hub
  116. "MIRS News - Michigan Information & Research Service".
  117. Gongwer News Service
  118. Vene T. Yates. "The Michigan Bulletin_Homepage".
  119. "脱毛ラボ銀座店の評判、口コミ". Archived from the original on 2011-02-02.
  120. "Lansing United Soccer". Lansing United.
  121. Domsic, Melissa. Lugnuts ballpark soon will be Cooley Law School Stadium, Lansing State Journal,, February 22, 2010, retrieved February 22, 2010
  122. Name of author, "Spartans top Northwestern, earn outright Legends title", The Lansing State Journal, November 27, 2011
  123. "2014-NBW-Games". Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  124. "Capital City Stealth - Lansing, Michigan's Minor League / Semi-Pro Football Team.". Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  125. "Fly Lansing. Close. Convenient. Committed.".
  126. Sun Country Airlines. Flight Schedule,, retrieved 2011-Jan-01
  127. Apple Vacations. Lansing, MI Flight Schedule,, Retrieved July 6, 2012
  128. Capital Region International Airport is Equipped to Meet the Demand for Air Freight Service Archived March 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  129. "Lansing Capital City Airport Attracts New Business As International Port of Entry". Capital Gains.
  130. Dewitt Road Opens Friday Following Expansion Of Main Runway At Capital Region International Airport
  131. "CATA News & Info - About CATA - CATA – Capital Area Transportation Authority".
  132. Wednesday, September 10, 2008 (2008-09-10). "Southside Lansing Businessman Starts Green Taxi Cab Company". Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  133. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2014-11-10.
  134. Brad Garmon (2008-12-17). "Top 10 of Green". Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  135. Recker, Rachel (2009-01-09). "Gran Torino actress Ahney Her returns to Michigan for opening night". The Grand Rapids Press. Retrieved 2009-01-11.
  136. Gwizdz, Bob "The Frazz of Lansing with Jef Mallett, cartooning genius", Capital Gains (January 16, 2008)
  137. 1 2 3 "Lansing, Michigan". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  138. "Sister Cities, Public Relations". Guadalajara municipal government. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  139. Howell, Brandon (14 August 2013). "Lansing Regional Sister Cities Commission: There are no ties with St. Petersburg, Russia to sever". MLive. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  140. Archived February 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lansing, Michigan.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/25/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.