Languages of Bangladesh

Languages of Bangladesh
Official languages Bengali
National languages Bengali
Regional languages

Chittagonian, Chakma

rangpuri language
Minority languages

38 Minority languages

Arakanese, Assamese, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Chakma, Hajong, Tangchangya, Oraon Sadri, Khasi, Koda, Mundari, Pnar, Santali, War-Jaintia, Kurukh, Sauria Paharia, A'Tong, Chak, Chin, Asho, Bawm, Falam, Haka, Khumi, Koch, Garo, Megam, Meitei Manipuri, Mizo, Mru, Pangkhua, Kok Borok, Riang, Tippera and Usoi
Main immigrant languages Bihari  Burmese  Rohingya
Main foreign languages English  Arabic
Sign languages Bengali Sign language
Common keyboard layouts
Bengali National Keyboard

The official and de facto national language of Bangladesh is Bangla. It serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bangla or Bangla dialects as their native language.

English in Bangladesh, though having no official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education.[1][2] Arabic is also used widely as an integral part of religious instruction in daily life. The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages.

Aryan languages

Bangla is spoken by more than 98% of the country's inhabitants. There are also some Eastern Indic language varieties, which are variously classified either as dialects of Bangla or separate but closely related languages. They can be thought of forming a dialect continuum.

Bengali-Assamese languages

Non Bengali-Assamese languages

Non-Aryan languages

The indigenous languages of the region are members of the Austroasiatic, Dravidian and Tibeto-Burman families. Most of these languages are spoken in mountainous areas.

Afro-Asiatic languages

Austroasiatic languages

While the more widely spoken and better-known Austroasiatic languages are spoken in Southeast Asia (e.g. Khmer and Vietnamese), smaller languages of that family are spoken by indigenous communities of northern and eastern Bangladesh.

Dravidian languages

Two Dravidian languages are spoken by indigenous communities of western Bangladesh.

Germanic languages

Tibeto-Burman languages

The mountainous areas along the northern and eastern edges of the country are inhabited primarily by speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages. Indigenous Tibeto-Burman-speaking communities are found through the northern, eastern, and especially the southeastern parts of Bangladesh.


Further reading

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/31/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.