|Industry||Toys and video games|
|Fate||Closed by Acclaim Entertainment|
New York, New York |
Lyndhurst, New Jersey
|Jack Friedman (Founder)|
Toys: Battery Operated Water Guns, Wrestling Superstars, Thundercats, Bionic Six, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, E.T., Gremlins |
Video games: Back to the Future series, Spider-Man series, WWF wrestling games
LJN Toys, Ltd.:|
Acclaim Entertainment (1990-1995)
LJN Entertainment, Inc.:
Acclaim Entertainment (2000)
LJN Toys, Ltd. was an American toy company and video game publisher in operation from 1970 to 1995. It manufactured toy lines and released battery operated water guns and video games based on licensed properties from movies, television shows, and celebrities. It was headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, and later in Lyndhurst, New Jersey. LJN introduced the Entertech line of battery operated water guns in 1986.
LJN Toys Ltd. was founded in 1970 by Jack Friedman, who later founded other toy companies, notably THQ and Jakks Pacific.
The name LJN came from reversing the initials of Norman J. Lewis, whose toy company (Norman J. Lewis Associates) had employed Friedman as a sales representative in the 1960s. Lewis himself initially backed LJN financially but later sold his interest to a Chinese investor.
In 1985, MCA Inc., which had been actively acquiring companies in the mid-1980s, acquired LJN for $66 or $67 million in an effort to retain more profits from the merchandising of its film properties.
LJN began publishing video games for the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1987. Although this was LJN's first foray into the video game business, it was not for MCA who had previously started MCA Video Games, as a joint venture with Atari, Inc., to create coin-operated and home games and computer software based on various MCA properties.
In 1988, LJN acquired Italian toy company Al'es from the Fassi family.
In 1989, MCA decided to sell LJN after years of losses since 1987 when fallout surrounding toy guns made by LJN's Entertech division plunged MCA's profits 79.5% in the second quarter of that year. MCA finally agreed to sell to Acclaim Entertainment in March 1990 for cash and Acclaim common stock for 30 to 50 percent.
During the time the company was owned by Acclaim Entertainment, LJN continued with the same licensing direction. Acclaim eliminated LJN's toy division and reorganized it exclusively as a video game publisher.
Spanning a number of video game console generations, LJN published games outsourced to external developers. Although many of LJN's titles (particularly the pre-Acclaim ones) do not disclose the developer, there is no video game that has been developed in-house by LJN. Most of LJN's games are based on a preexisting brand such as movies.
During the 8-bit gaming era, Nintendo initiated a form of quality control based on limiting the number of titles to appear on its console, the Nintendo Entertainment System. The company required each licensee company to limit the number of NES titles it published per year. As a result, companies like Acclaim created divisions such as LJN to produce more products than Nintendo would have otherwise allowed. Konami also utilized such workarounds with its division Ultra. Even after Nintendo dropped this rule in the early 1990s, Acclaim continued operating LJN, which published several titles for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System and Game Boy. Although Acclaim distributed the video games, they were self-published and marketed by LJN.
LJN, along with the Flying Edge and Arena Entertainment labels (the latter two labels had published Acclaim's games to Sega's consoles), were folded into Acclaim in 1995.
In 2000, LJN made a return in name only when Acclaim used the brand to publish the Dreamcast port of Spirit of Speed 1937.
LJN produced toys and video games in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s.
- 255 Computer Command Cars
- Nightmare on Elm Street (1985)
- Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (1978)
- Baby Blinkins (1985)
- Back to the Future Part II (1990)
- Baseball Talk (1989)
- Bionic Six (1987 - 1989)
- Boy George
- Brooke Shields
- Dune (1985)
- E.T. (1982)
- Entertech (1985 - 1990)
- Gremlins (1984)
- Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984)
- Magnum, P.I.
- Michael Jackson
- Road Stars
- Roll 'n Rocker
- Rough Riders
- Switch Force
- The Terminator (1985)
- Thundercats (1985 - 1989)
- Tigersharks (1987)
- Tiny Dinos
- Video Art (1987)
- V Alien Visitor
- Voltron (1985)
- Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988 - 1989)
- Wrestling Superstars (1984 - 1989)
- Jaws (November 1987)
- The Karate Kid (November 1987)
- Gotcha! The Sport! (November 1987)
- Town & Country Surf Designs: Wood & Water Rage (February 1988)
- Major League Baseball (NES version) (April 1988)
- Friday the 13th (February 1989)
- NFL (September 1989)
- Back to the Future (September 1989)
- Who Framed Roger Rabbit (September 1989)
- A Nightmare on Elm Street (October 1989)
- The Uncanny X-Men (December 1989)
- Pictionary (NES version) (July 1990)
- The Amazing Spider-Man (July 1990)
- Back to the Future Part II & III (September 1990)
- The Punisher (Game Boy and NES versions) (November 1990)
- WWF WrestleMania Challenge (NES version) (November 1990)
- T2: The Arcade Game (Game Boy and SNES versions) (1991)
- Terminator 2: Judgment Day (Game Boy, NES and SNES versions) (1991)
- Roger Clemens' MVP Baseball (Game Boy, NES and SNES versions) (1991)
- WWF Superstars (Game Boy version) (April 1991)
- Beetlejuice (Game Boy and NES versions) (May 1991)
- Bill & Ted's Excellent Video Game Adventure (Game Boy and NES versions) (August 1991)
- Wolverine (October 1991)
- Spider-Man and the X-Men in Arcade's Revenge (Game Boy and SNES versions) (1992)
- WWF Super WrestleMania (SNES version) (February 1992)
- Town & Country II: Thrilla's Surfari (March 1992)
- The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (August 1992)
- WWF Superstars 2 (Game Boy version) (August 1992)
- WWF WrestleMania: Steel Cage Challenge (Game Boy version) (September 1992)
- Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six (NES version) (October 1992)
- NBA All-Star Challenge (Game Boy and SNES versions) (December 1992)
- Alien 3 (Game Boy, NES and SNES versions) (January 1993)
- WWF Royal Rumble (SNES version) (June 1993)
- The Amazing Spider-Man 3: Invasion of the Spider-Slayers (July 1993)
- The Incredible Crash Dummies (Game Boy, NES and SNES versions) (November 1993)
- NFL Quarterback Club (Game Boy and SNES versions) (November 1993)
- WWF King of the Ring (Game Boy and NES versions) (November 1993)
- True Lies (Game Boy and SNES versions) (1994)
- Wolverine: Adamantium Rage (SNES version) (1994)
- Spider-Man and Venom: Maximum Carnage (Sega Genesis and SNES versions) (September 1994)
- WWF RAW (Game Boy and SNES versions) (December 1994)
- Spider-Man: The Animated Series (SNES version) (1995)
- Warlock (SNES version) (August 1995)
- Spider-Man and Venom: Separation Anxiety (SNES version) (November 1995)
- World War III (unreleased)
- Spirit of Speed 1937 (Sega Dreamcast and PC versions) (July 2000)
- ↑ Johnson, Doris McNeely. "Children's Toys and Books: Choosing the Best for All Ages from Infancy to Adolescence". Scribner, 1982. Unknown page. Retrieved from Google Books on July 8, 2010. ISBN 0-684-17767-6, ISBN 978-0-684-17767-0. "LJN Toys, Inc. 200 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10010."
- ↑ Tang, Sheng (唐盛). 美欧中贸易年鉴:美欧卷 ("Yearbook of Europe and United States-China Trade, Europe and United States). Volume 1995-1996. Shanghai Jiaotong University Press, 1995. 146. Retrieved from Google Books on July 8, 2010. ISBN 7-313-01608-5, ISBN 978-7-313-01608-9. "LJN TOYS, LTD. LJN %Jl$-R£^| 1200 Wall St., W., Lyndhurst, NJ"
- ↑ Video of Alan Amrons' battery operated LJN Entertech water gun Inventions
- ↑ Nelson, Valerie (May 6, 2010). "Jack Friedman dies at 70; toy maker". L.A. Times. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- 1 2 "JAKKS Pacific, Inc. -- Company History".
- 1 2 3 "COMPANY NEWS; MCA Taking Loss In Sale of Toy Unit". The New York Times. January 23, 1990.
- ↑ Fabrikant, Geraldine (February 9, 1987). "MCA TURNS HAND TO ACQUISITIONS". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- 1 2 SHIVER Jr, JUBE (January 23, 1990). "MCA to Sell LJN Toys Unit After Losses". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- ↑ "BRIEFS". The New York Times. May 11, 1983.
- ↑ "BRIEFLY". The Los Angeles Times. April 1, 1987.
- ↑ "After 3 Deaths, Realistic Toys Are Under Fire". The New York Times. June 16, 1988.
- ↑ "MCA Agrees to Sell Ailing Toy Unit". The Los Angeles Times. March 13, 1990.
- ↑ "MCA to Gain Acclaim Stock in LJN Deal". Daily News of Los Angeles. March 13, 1990.
- 1 2 "Video Game Rebirth". Video Game Rebirth. Retrieved December 24, 2006.
- 1 2 "Acclaim Entertainment Inc. Company History". Funding Universe.
- 1 2 "LJN Ltd Company Information". GameFaqs. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- ↑ "WWF Royal (1993) Box Art.". LJN. 1993. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
- ↑ "Battle of the Fun Factories". Time. December 16, 1985. Retrieved March 3, 2010.