|Regions with significant populations|
|Beirut (Greater Beirut), Tripoli|
|Arabic, French, English, Italian|
|Christian: Mostly Roman Catholic; a few converts to Maronite Christianity and Islam|
|Related ethnic groups|
In 64 B.C., the Roman general Pompey added both Lebanon and Syria to the Roman Republic. During and before this time, Phoenicians and Romans exchanged knowledge, habits, and customs. Indeed, the veterans of two Roman legions were established in the city of "Berytus" (actual Beirut): the fifth Macedonian and the third Gallic. The city quickly became Romanized, with the descendants of those legionaries from the Italian peninsula.
In more recent times the Italians came to Lebanon in small groups during the World War I and World War II, trying to escape the wars at that time in Europe. Some of the first Italians who choose Lebanon as a place to settle and find a refuge were Italian soldiers from the Italo-Turkish War in 1911 to 1912. Also most of the Italians chose to settle in Beirut, because of its European style of life. Only a few Italians left Lebanon for France after independence.
Lebanon opened a legation in 1946, which was transformed into an embassy in 1955. Both countries signed a Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Navigation in 1949. Both countries are members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
Italy and Lebanon are linked by an ancient friendship, which finds its roots in their common Mediterranean heritage, their antique civilizations and thousands of years of common history, intense trade relations and deep cultural and human exchanges. In the 16th century, the special relationship between Emir Fakhreddine and the Medicis family of Tuscany was instrumental in forging modern Lebanon as we know it today, which is a unique mixture of Western and Arabic cultures. Lebanon also left important traces in Italy’s history: in 1584 the Maronite College was founded in Rome, fostering contacts between clergymen, researchers and young students, which today is being continued under the framework of Inter-University cooperation. This excellent level of bilateral relations between Italy and Lebanon is reinforced today by the common views of the two countries on a number of Middle East issues, and by the growing awareness that in a globalized world the two shores of the Mediterranean sea share the same destiny.
Italian community in Lebanon
The Italian community in Lebanon is very small (about 4,300 people) and it is mostly assimilated into the Lebanese Catholic community.
The intermarriage in the Italian community is very high and most of the younger members are half Italian on the paternal side. In mixed Latin-Maronite or other mixed-rite marriages, the children are raised in the father's rite, and along with bearing the father's surname, identify with the father's ethnic group. Therefore, the children of Italian fathers and Lebanese mothers are counted as Italian, and those of Lebanese fathers and Italian mothers as Lebanese. There are some Italian families who returned to Italy after World War II together with their Lebanese born children.
Language and religion
Only a small percentage of all remaining Italian Lebanese speak some Italian, while the majority of them speak Arabic as a first language and French and/or English as second language, and are mainly Roman Catholics. Their main organizations are the former Associazione Nazionale Pro Italiani del Libano (ANPIL) and the Istituto Italiano di Cultura di Beirut (IICB)
The Italian Lebanese of the current generations are assimilated to Lebanese society, and most of them speak only Arabic and French and English (only a few young Italian Lebanese know some basic words in Italian). In religion, most of the young generation are Roman Catholics, while only a few young people practise Islam, mainly because of marriage although some are descendants of Italian converts.
Famous Italian Lebanese
- Andrea Paoli, representing Lebanon in Taekwondo at the 2012 Olympic Games held in London
- Philippe Paoli, a Lebanese footballer
- Antonella Lualdi, international actress
- Gad Lerner, journalist
- Bruno Carmeni, judoka
- Luca Turin, biophysicist and expert in the art of perfume and fragrance
- Natashia Hovey, actress (born in Beirut, her mother is Italian Lebanese)
- Paul Mazzolini, musician known as Gazebo
See also List of Lebanese people in Italy
- Italian Levantine
- Italian Empire
- Imperial Italy
- Italy–Lebanon relations
- Italian diaspora
- Roman Lebanon
- Roman Berytus: a colony of legionaries
- Italian Embassy in Beirut
- Rapporti italo-libanesi: Vinifest 2011 (in Italian)
- IIC of Beirut
- Consorti, A. Vicende dell’italianità in Levante, 1815-1915 in: Rivista Coloniale, anno XV.
- Corm, Georges. Il Libano contemporaneo, storia e società. Jaca Book. Milano, 2006
- Favero, Luigi e Tassello, Graziano. Cent'anni di emigrazione italiana (1876-1976). Cser. Roma, 1978.
- Miller, William. The Latin Orient. Bibliobazaar LLC. London, 2009 ISBN 1-110-86390-X.
- Ossian De negri, Teofilo. Storia di Genova: Mediterraneo, Europa, Atlantico. Giunti Editore. Firenze, 2003. ISBN EAN: 9788809029323
- Touma, Toufic. Paysans et institutions féodales chez les Druses et les Maronites du Liban du XVIIe siècle à 1914. Publications de l'Université Libanaise. Beyrouth, 1971.