Iraqi Kurdistan parliamentary election, 1992

Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election, 1992
Iraqi Kurdistan
May 19, 1992

Total of 105 seats of the Kurdistan National Assembly
53 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Leader Massoud Barzani Jalal Talebani
Seats won 51 49
Seat change Increase51 Increase49
Popular vote 437,879 423,833
Percentage 45.3% 43.8%

Map showing areas where the PUK won a majority in green and were the KDP won a majority in Yellow

Prime Minister before election


Elected Prime Minister

Fuad Masum

On May 19, 1992, elections were held to the Kurdistan National Assembly, the parliament of the Kurdish Autonomous Region in Iraq. At the time, the National Assembly had 105 seats, of which 5 were reserved for the Assyrian community. Parties had to achieve more than 7% of the vote to be elected. There were 178 polling stations around the region.[1]

The election resulted in a narrow victory for the Kurdish Democratic Party, which won 51 seats, its main rival, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan's Alliance won 49 seats. However, due to fraud allegations KDP gave up one seat to the PUK so that each would have 50 seats, they proceeded to form a unity government which lasted until May 1994, when the Kurdish Civil War broke out.

On June 4, 1992 KDP Secretary General Jawhar Namiq Salim was elected Speaker of the Kurdistan National Assembly and prominent PUK member Fuad Masum was elected Prime Minister of Kurdistan.


Electoral Alliance Votes Seats Leaders
Total count Percent
Kurdistan Democratic Party 437,879 45.3% 51 Masoud Barzani
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan1 423,833 43.8% 49 Jalal Talabani
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan 49,108 5.1% 0 Uthman Abd-Aziz
Kurdistan Socialist Party 24,882 2.6% 0 Mahmoud Othman
Iraqi Communist Party 21,123 2.2% 0 Aziz Muhammad
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party 9,903 1.0% 0
Independent Democrats 501 0
Valid votes cast 967,229 99.9%
Invalid votes 4,724 0.1%
Total votes cast 971,953 100% 100 Source
1The PUK's list included the Struggle Party and the Kurdistan Toilers' Party, which won 4 seats.

Assyrian Parties Votes Seats Leaders
Total count Percent
Assyrian Democratic Movement 6,543 54% 4 Yonadam Kanna
Kurdistan Christian Unitiy 2,757 23% 1 Sarkis Aghajan
Khaldu-Ashur Communist Party 2,134 18% -
Democratic Christians 537 5% -

Governorate Breakdown

Dahuk Governorate

Party Total votes Percentage
Kurdistan Democratic Party168,683 85.46%
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan15,184 7.69%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party6,051 3.07%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan3,874 1.96%
Kurdistan Socialist Party1,983 1.01%
Iraqi Communist Party1,546 0.78%
Other 49 0.03%
Total 197,370 100%

Note: Dahuk included the Aqrah and Shekhan Districts which were officially part of Ninawa.

Erbil Governorate

Party Total votes Percentage
Kurdistan Democratic Party152,143 45.58%
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan148,352 44.44%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan11,092 3.32%
Iraqi Communist Party11,047 3.31%
Kurdistan Socialist Party8,883 2.66%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party2,101 0.63%
Other 184 0.15%
Total333,802 100%

Note: The Makhmour district was at this time still under control of the Iraqi government, no elections were held there.

As Sulaymaniya Governorate

Party Total votes
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan207,168 59.54%
Kurdistan Democratic Party92,449 26.57%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan29,334 8.43%
Kurdistan Socialist Party11,978 3.44%
Iraqi Communist Party5,693 1.64%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party1,118 0.32%
Other 213 0.06%
Total347,953 100%

Diyala Governorate

Party Total votes Percentage
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan53,129 60.28%
Kurdistan Democratic Party24,604 27.92%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan4,808 5.46%
Iraqi Communist Party2,837 3.22%
Kurdistan Socialist Party2,038 2.31%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party663 0.75%
Other 55 0.62%
Total88,134 100%

Only two areas in the Diyala Governorate were under Kurdish control: Darbandikhan and Khanaqin.


  1. Iraqi Kurdistan Political Development and Emergent Democracy By Gareth R V Stansfield, Inc NetLibrary. page 129.

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