Homeless dumping

Homeless dumping or patient dumping is the practice of hospitals or emergency services releasing homeless patients on the streets instead of placing them with a homeless shelter or retaining them, especially when they may require expensive medical care with minimal government reimbursement from Medicaid or Medicare.[1][2] Many homeless people who have mental health problems can no longer find a place in a psychiatric hospital since the trend towards mental health deinstitutionalization from the 1960s onwards.[3][4]


The term "patient dumping" was first mentioned in the New York Times in articles published in the late 1870s describing the practice of private New York hospitals transporting poor and sickly patients by horse drawn ambulance to Bellevue Hospital, the city's preeminent public facility.[5] The jarring ride and lack of stabilized care typically resulted in death of the patient and outrage of the public. Notwithstanding the passage of city ordinances prohibiting the practice it continued.[5]

"Patient dumping" resurfaced in the 1980s, nationwide, with private hospitals refusing to examine or treat the poor and uninsured in the emergency departments (ED) and transferring them to public hospitals for further care and treatment.[6][7] This refusal of care resulted in patient deaths and public outcry culminating with the passage of a federal anti-patient dumping law in 1986 known as the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act.


See also


  1. "Dumped On Skid Row". 60 Minutes. May 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
  2. "L.A. charges hospital in dumping of homeless". MSNBC. November 16, 2006. Retrieved 2007-05-21.
  3. Scherl DJ, Macht LB (September 1979). "Deinstitutionalization in the absence of consensus". Hosp Community Psychiatry. 30 (9): 599–604. doi:10.1176/ps.30.9.599. PMID 223959.
  4. Rochefort DA (Spring 1984). "Origins of the "Third psychiatric revolution": the Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963". J Health Polit Policy Law. 9 (1): 1–30. doi:10.1215/03616878-9-1-1. PMID 6736594.
  5. 1 2 Abel, Emily (May 2011). "Patient Dumping in New York City, 1877–1917". American Journal Public Health. 101 (5). doi:10.2105/AJPH.2010.300005.
  6. Schiff, Robert L.; Ansell, David A.; Schlosser, James E.; Idris, Ahamed H.; Morrison, Ann; Whitman, Steven (1986-02-27). "Transfers to a Public Hospital". New England Journal of Medicine. 314 (9): 552–557. doi:10.1056/NEJM198602273140905. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 3945293.
  7. History and Health Policy in the United States: Putting the Past Back in. 2006. p. 280. ISBN 9780813538389.
  8. Police probe alleged L.A. homeless dumping: Hospital van reportedly spotted dropping off paraplegic man on Skid Row, MSNBC via Associated Press, February 9, 2007
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