Hippopotamus creutzburgi

Hippopotamus creutzburgi
Temporal range: Pleistocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Hippopotamidae
Subfamily: Hippopotaminae
Genus: Hippopotamus
Species: H. creutzburgi
Binomial name
Hippopotamus creutzburgi
Boekschoten & Sondaar, 1966[1]
  • Hippopotamus creutzburgi creutzburgi
  • Hippopotamus creutzburgi parvus[2]

Hippopotamus creutzburgi is an extinct species of hippopotamus from the island of Crete. Hippopopotamus colonized Crete probably 800,000 years ago and lived there during the Middle Pleistocene.[3] Bones of H. creutzburgi were found by Dorothea Bate on the Katharo plateau, in eastern Crete, in the 1920s.[4] A similar insular dwarf species, the Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus (Hippopotamus minor) lived on the island of Cyprus until the Holocene. It was at least 20% smaller than either subspecies of Cretan hippo.[5]

See also


  1. Boekschoten, G.J. & Sondaar, P.Y. (1966): The Pleistocene of the Katharo basin (Crete) and its Hippopotamus. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 36: 17-44.
  2. Kuss, S.E., (1975): Hippopotamus creutzburgi parvus n. ssp., ein pleistozänes Zwergflusspferd von der Insel Kreta. Ber. Naturf. Ges. Freiburg i. Br. 65:5-23
  3. van der Geer A., Lyras G., de Vos J., Dermitzakis M., (2010): Evolution of Island Mammals: adaptation and Extinction of Placental Mammals on Islands. Oxford: Wiley
  4. Evans, Arthur: The Early Nilotic, Libyan and Egyptian Relations with Minoan Crete in The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland Vol. 55, Jul. - Dec., 1925 (Jul. - Dec., 1925), pp. 199-228
  5. Alexandra van der Geer; George Lyras; John de Vos; Michael Dermitzakis (2011). Evolution of Island Mammals: Adaptation and Extinction of Placental Mammals on Islands. p. 48.

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