Hemiboreal means halfway between the temperate and subarctic (or boreal) zones. The term is most frequently used in the context of ecosystems.


A hemiboreal forest has some characteristics of a boreal forest, and also shares features with temperate-zone forests to the south. Coniferous trees predominate in the hemiboreal zone, but a significant number of deciduous species, such as oaks, maples, ash trees, birches, beeches, hazels, and hornbeams, also occur.


The term sometimes denotes the form of climate characteristic of the zone of hemiboreal forestsspecifically, the climates designated Dfb, Dwb and Dsb in the Köppen climate classification scheme. On occasion, it is applied to all areas that have cold winters and long, warm (but not hot) summersincluding areas that are semiarid and arid based on average annual precipitation.


Examples of locations with hemiboreal climates or ecosystems include:


  1. Chytry, Milan, et al. "Diversity of Forest Vegetation Across a Strong Gradient of Climatic Continentality: Western Sayan Mountains, South Siberia." Plant Ecology (2007).

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