Head tube

A bicycle head tube with a partially installed bicycle headset; the locknut has yet to be fitted onto the fork steer tube.

The head tube is the part of a cycle's tubular frame within which the front fork steer tube is mounted.[1] On a motorcycle, the "head tube" is normally called the steering head. On bicycles the manufacturer's brand located on the head tube is known as a head badge.


The head tube holds the bearings which allow the front fork steer tube to pivot freely.

Caster angle

The steering axis angle, also called caster angle, is the angle that the head tube and hence the steering axis makes with the horizontal or vertical, depending on convention. The steering axis is the axis about which the steering mechanism (fork, handlebars, front wheel, etc.) pivots.

Head tube diameters

Head tubes can use one of several size standards

The head tube of a bicycle is sometimes designated by the fork steerer column it accepts. This can lead to confusion, since head tube inside diameters are dependent on the headset standard. For example, frames that take one inch (25.4 mm) steerer columns can have three different inside diameters for threaded and threadless headsets (not including integrated-type headsets). The wide variety of integrated and non-standard, proprietary headsets that some frame manufacturers have created (and abandoned in some cases) makes listing all current and past head tube dimensions problematic. The following table includes the most common sizes; nominal head tube diameters are assuming a 0.1-0.2 mm interference fit, which is what most head tube reaming cutters are designed to bore. Adequate press fits are typically between 0.1 and 0.25 mm of interference.

Steerer column nominal OD Headset standard Head tube nominal ID
1"/25.4 mm 1" JIS 28.8 mm
1" ISO 30.0 mm
1" BMX/OPC 32.5 mm
118"/28.6 mm 118" standard, threaded and threadless 33.8 mm
IS 118" integrated 45×36 41.1 mm
Campagnolo "Hiddenset" 45×45 41.9 mm
Zero Stack/ Internal 43.9 mm
114"/31.75 mm 114" standard 36.8 mm
1.5"/ 38.1 mm 1.5" standard 49.6 mm

Standard motorcycle head tubes and headsets are sized for a one inch (25.4 mm) diameter fork steerer tube.


See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/14/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.