April 1, 1925|
New York City, New York, United States
November 10, 2014 89) (aged|
Townshend, Vermont, United States
|Notable awards||Two Emmy Awards for dramatic writing|
|Spouse||Barbara Powers (2 children)|
Ernest Kinoy (April 1, 1925 – November 10, 2014) was an American writer, screenwriter and playwright.
Kinoy was born in New York City on April 1, 1925; his parents, Albert and Sarah Kinoy (formerly Forstadt), were both high-school teachers. His older brother Arthur Kinoy later became a leading constitutional lawyer. Kinoy attended the Ethical Culture Fieldston School and later Columbia University, although his studies were interrupted by military service during World War II. During his army service with the 106th Infantry Division, Kinoy was made a prisoner of war, and was interned at the Stalag IX-B camp but, as a Jewish POW, was subsequently sent to the slave labour camp at Berga.
Following his return from the war and graduation from Columbia, he joined NBC as a staff writer in 1948.
Radio, television and screen career
NBC years (1948–1960)
During his time at NBC, Kinoy wrote scripts for many of the major NBC radio and television dramas of the 1950s, including the television anthology series Studio One and Playhouse 90. His television play Walk Down the Hill, based on his experiences as a prisoner of war, aired in 1957 as an episode of Studio One. He wrote the script for the short-lived series The Marriage, which was an adaptation of a previous Kinoy-scripted radio show of the same name. The series, although well-received, was cancelled when the stars Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy chose to pursue their stage careers. He was also a writer for The Imogene Coca Show, which ran for one season following the conclusion of her run on Your Show of Shows in 1954.
Kinoy was a contributor of original stories, such as "The Martian Death March", to the science fiction radio series Dimension X and X Minus One, as well as adapting stories by writers such as Ray Bradbury, Isaac Asimov and Philip K. Dick for the two series. Along with George Lefferts, Kinoy was a primary scriptwriter for the radio program Rocky Fortune, which starred Frank Sinatra and ran weekly on NBC from October 1953 through March 1954. He contributed both original stories and adaptations, including an adaptation of Shirley Jackson's The Lottery, to the anthology program NBC Presents: Short Story. As an NBC staff writer, he also wrote scripts for many of the station's programmes, including Radio City Playhouse, The Eternal Light, The Big Story and NBC University Theatre.
1960s television work
His script for the "Blacklist" episode of The Defenders, which guest-starred Jack Klugman as an actor unable to work in his profession due to being on the Hollywood blacklist, won Kinoy his first Emmy Award in the Outstanding Writing Achievement in Drama - Original category in 1964.
He served as President of the Writers Guild of America, East from 1969 to 1971.
Kinoy wrote the screenplays for two films starring Sidney Poitier: Brother John which was released in 1971 and the 1972 western film Buck and the Preacher, starring Poitier and Harry Belafonte. Leadbelly, based on the life of the blues musician Lead Belly and written by Kinoy was released in 1976.
Kinoy, along with William Blinn, won an Emmy in 1977 for their script for the second episode of the miniseries Roots. Kinoy received another Emmy nomination as the head writer of the sequel to the series, Roots: The Next Generations, in 1979.
The 1981 television movie Skokie, a drama based on the real life NSPA Controversy of Skokie, Illinois won Kinoy a Writers Guild of America Award, as well as a fifth Emmy nomination in the category Outstanding Writing in a Limited Series or Special. He wrote the script for the 1986 HBO movie Murrow, based on the life of Edward R. Murrow, and the teleplay for the television adaptation of the Gore Vidal novel Lincoln.
Plays and musicals
In 1962, Kinoy wrote the play Something About a Soldier, which was based on the 1957 novel by Mark Harris. Starring Ken Kercheval, Tony Roberts and Sal Mineo, the play had a short run at the Ambassador Theatre on Broadway in January of that year.
Kinoy was married to Barbara Powers, a doctor of psychotherapy, psychiatric social worker and an authority on the treatment of eating disorders, from 1948 until her death in 2007. They had two children. On November 10, 2014, Kinoy died of pneumonia. He was 89.
- Daniel E. Slotnik (14 November 2014). "Ernest Kinoy, a Writer of TV's 'Roots,' Dies at 89". New York Times. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- Ernest Kinoy. Ernest Kinoy - Archive Interview Part 1 of 10 (video). Archive of American Television.
- Elliott B. Gertel (2005-08-03). "Jewish moral voices on 'Naked City' – Part III". Jewish Post & Opinion.
- Roger Cohen (2005-02-27). "The Lost Soldiers Of Stalag IX-B". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-22.
- Shandler, Jeffrey. While America Watches: Televising the Holocaust. pp. 51–55. ISBN 0-19-511935-5.
- J.B. Bird. "KINOY, ERNEST". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
- Shandler, Jeffrey. While America Watches: Televising the Holocaust. Oxford University Press. pp. 67–72. ISBN 0-19-511935-5.
- "The Digital Deli Too Golden Age Radio Catalog - The Marriage". Digital Deli Too. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- John Dunning (1998). On The Air. Oxford University Press. p. 729. ISBN 0-19-507678-8.
- Rocky Fortune, Old Time Radio From Internet Archive. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- Jim Widner. "NBC's Short Story". Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 2009-09-17.
- "Ernest Kinoy Papers, 1948-1987". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
- "Ernest Kinoy, 'Roots' Writer and Former WGA East President, Dies at 89". Variety. November 13, 2014.
- "Overview for Victory at Entebbe (1976)". TCM Movie Database. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- Richard Zoglin (2005-06-21). "Tackling a TV News Legend". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- Chernobyl: The Final Warning From imbd.com. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- "Ernest Kinoy Theater Credits". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- Something About a Soldier Synopsis from ibdb.com. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- "Deaths - Kinoy, Barbara Powers". New York Times. 2007-03-16. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- Ernest Kinoy at the Internet Movie Database
- Ernest Kinoy - Archive of American Television Interview - 10 part video interview with Kinoy conducted by the Archive of American Television
- Ernest Kinoy Dead:'Golden Rainbow' and 'Roots' Writer Dies In Vermont