Enfield Lock

Enfield Lock
Enfield Lock
 Enfield Lock shown within Greater London
Population 16,469 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ365985
London borough Enfield
Ceremonial county Greater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post town ENFIELD
Postcode district EN3
Dialling code 01992 / 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK ParliamentEnfield North
London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
List of places

Coordinates: 51°40′07″N 0°01′34″W / 51.6686°N 0.026°W / 51.6686; -0.026

Enfield Lock is an area in the London Borough of Enfield, north London. It is approximately located east of the Hertford Road between Turkey Street and the Holmesdale Tunnel overpass, and extends to the River Lee Navigation, including the Enfield Island Village.[2] The locality gains its name from the lock on the River Lee Navigation. Today's Enfield Lock was rebuilt in 1922.[3] The area forms part of the Lee Valley Park and the Enfield Lock Conservation Area.[4] On its eastern boundary Enfield Lock has marshland formerly used as a testing site between the Royal Small Arms Factory and the Gunpowder Mills. To the south is Brimsdown, the north Waltham Cross and to the west Bullsmoor and Freezywater. Enfield Lock forms part of the London boundary.


Enfield Lock is recorded thus in 1710, earlier as Norhtlok (1355), The Locke (1657), i.e. 'the (northern) lock or river barrier (near Enfield)', from Middle English lok.[5]


Government Row former Royal Small Arms Factory RSAF workers' cottages (August 1997)
Royal Small Arms Factory

The area was first developed from about 1812 when a government-owned rifle factory, which was later known as the Royal Small Arms Factory (RSAF), Enfield, was built. The factory was built towards the end of the Napoleonic War on the instructions of the Board of Ordnance on marshland at Enfield Lock on the banks of both the River Lea and the River Lee Navigation. The RSAF was closed in the late 1980s, shortly after privatisation, and the majority of the former site has now been redeveloped into a large housing development: Enfield Island Village. The original machine shop frontage and the older part of the rear structure has been retained and was converted into workshops and retail units by the Enfield Enterprise Agency. Until the construction of the M25 in the 1980s, and the later building of the A1055, the area was much like a village with only a small population and consisting of only a few roads in the locality. Roads such as Ordnance Road, Salisbury Road and Medcalf Road are still populated by families who have lived in the Enfield Lock area for several generations.

2011 riots

After rioting had spread from neighbouring Tottenham on 8 August 2011, the Sony DADC/PIAS distribution centre on the Innova Business Park was looted and destroyed by fire.[6] The Home Secretary, Theresa May, was shown the destroyed distribution centre by chief police officers and firefighters on 12 August 2011.[7] In September 2012, the Prime Minister, David Cameron, opened the rebuilt warehouse.[8]

River Lee Navigation above Enfield Lock. The River Lea proper can be seen in the background


The Enfield Lock ward, which also covers Enfield Island Village, is 54% white (38% British, 15% Other, 1% Irish) as of the 2011 census. 23% of the population is black (15% African, 8% Caribbean, 4% Other).[9]

Transport and locale

Nearest places

Nearest railway stations


The local MP (for Enfield North) is Joan Ryan Labour, who ousted the previous Conservative MP, Nick de Bois, in the general election of 7 May 2015. Nick de Bois had previously beaten Joan Ryan, who had served as the Enfield North MP between 1997 and 2010.



Section 18 of the London LOOP, a long distance footpath, can be accessed at Enfield Lock railway station. The path connects with the Lea Valley Walk above Enfield Lock at Ordnance Road.

Angling is allowed on the River Lee Navigation upstream and downstream of Enfield Lock. Information from the River Lea Anglers Club.[10]

National Cycle Route 1 follows the River Lea towpath to Gunpowder Park.

Gunpowder Park, which lies to the east of Enfield Lock, is a large open space consisting mostly of marshland and lakes. The land is owned and managed by the Lee Valley Regional Park and is open to the public.[11]


  1. "Enfield Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  2. http://www.enfield.gov.uk/362/Enfield%20Lock.pdf Local Government Boundaries map
  3. Enfield Lock - a history Retrieved 26 August 2010
  4. Enfield Lock Conservation Area Retrieved 20 November 2013
  5. Mills. A. D. Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names (2001) p76 ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 21 October 2008
  6. News report
  7. News report Retrieved 14 August 2011
  8. Sony Innova Way Retrieved 25 September 2012
  9. .http://www.ukcensusdata.com/enfield-lock-e05000199
  10. River Lea Anglers Club Retrieved 2 December 2014
  11. Lee Valley Park-Gunpowder Park Retrieved 3 August 2015

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