Energy policy of Turkey
The energy policy of Turkey refers to the national policy of Turkey regarding its energy resources and consumption
Turkey will likely see the fastest medium to long-term growth in energy demand among the International Energy Agency member countries. The primary aim of the government is to realize its own energy security by diversifying supply, and increasing energy efficiency. In particular the government aims at meeting the forecasted rapid increase in demand for electricity by renewable electricity generation (for example by guaranteeing the price of solar electricity) and by building nuclear and more coal-fired power plants.
Environmentalists claim "the environmental impacts of coal power plants are inadequately assessed, while Turkey's viable, clean alternatives to coal are neither being analysed or discussed seriously by senior policy- and decision-makers."
Even in cities where natural gas is available the government supports poor households with free coal.
There is an Energy Efficiency Law.
Turkey's greenhouse gas inventory is incomplete. The energy policy aim of reducing imports (e.g. of gas) conflicts with the climate change policy aim of reducing emission of greenhouse gases as some local resources (e.g. lignite) emit a lot of CO2. In particular considering an emissions trading scheme "any carbon pricing instrument shall be structured in a way that shall not be considered as a barrier for utilization of domestic fossil fuel based sources for electricity generation until decreasing the share of export fuel to a reasonable level, to be determined by policy makers."
- "IEA 2009 review".
- "Turkey's Energy Strategy".
- "Ministry of Energy".
- "Foreign investors in line for Turkey's massive coal projects".
- "Coal's Not Cool: Energy & Turkey's Reputation, Summer 2015". Turkish Policy Quarterly. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "Protest against coal power at Sirnak (Turkish)".
- "Community power is ending the age of coal in Turkey".
- "Turkey – Market Readiness Proposal – (03.05.13)" (PDF).