Ebonyi State

Nickname(s): Salt of the Nation
Igbo: Mbà ùmẹ́ ànị̀

Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083
Country  Nigeria
Date created 1 October 1996
Capital Abakaliki
David Nweze Umahi (PDP)
  Total 5,533 km2 (2,136 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd of 36
  Estimate (2005) 1,739,136
  Rank 34 of 36
Demonym(s) Ebonyian
  Year 2007
  Total $2.73 billion[1]
  Per capita $1,232[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-EB

Ebonyi is a state in south-east Nigeria. It is inhabited and populated primarily by the Igbo.[2] Its capital and largest city is Abakaliki. Other major townships include Unwana, Afikpo, Onueke, Edda etc. It was one of the six states created in 1996 by the then federal military government. The state of Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State. It is home to four Higher institutions of learning: Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki (EBSU); Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo (FUNAI); Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana; and Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu.[3]


There are ten primary dialects spoken in Ebonyi State: Afikpo, Edda, Mgbo, Izzi, Ezza, Ikwo, Kukele, Legbo, Mbembe, Okposi, Uburu and Oring. These dialects are all subgroups of the Igbo language and are commonly spoken throughout south eastern Nigeria.


In 1999, [Sam Ominyi Egwu) was elected as the first governor of the state under the People's Democratic Party (PDP). He was succeeded by [Martin Elechi] who was elected in 2007 and successfully ran for re-election in 2011, under the same PDP. Gov Martin Elechi was succeeded by the current Governor, Dave Umahi, who was elected in the March 2015 election.

Natural Resources

Ebonyi is primarily an agricultural region. It is a leading producer of rice, yam, potatoes, maize, beans, and cassava in Nigeria.[4] Rice and yams are predominantly cultivated in Edda, a region within the state.[4] Ebonyi has several solid mineral resources, including lead, crude oil, and natural gas, but few large-scale commercial mining|mines. The state government has, however, given several incentives to investors in the agro-allied sector to encourage production. Ebonyi is called "the salt of the nation" for its huge salt deposit at the Okposi and Uburu Salt Lakes.[4]

Local Government Areas

Ebonyi State consists of thirteen (13) Local Government Areas. They are:

See also


External links

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