Democratic Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party

For other uses, see Ba'ath Party (disambiguation).
Arab Democratic Socialist Ba'ath Party
حزب البعث الديمقراطي العربي الاشتراكي
Parti Baath arabe socialiste démocratique
Leader Ibrahim Makhous
Spokesperson Mahmoud Jadid
Founded 13 November 1970 (13 November 1970)
Split from Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party of Syria
Headquarters Paris, France
Ideology Neo-Ba'athism,
Democratic socialism
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation National Democratic Rally
National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change
Colors Black, Red, White and Green (Pan-Arab colors)
People's Council
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Democratic Council
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The Arab Democratic Socialist Ba'ath Party (Arabic: حزب البعث الديمقراطي العربي الاشتراكي Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Dimuqratiy Al-'Arabi al-Ishtiraki; French: Parti Baath arabe socialiste démocratique) is a neo-Ba'athist political party founded in 1970 and led by Ibrahim Makhous, a former Syrian foreign minister. It is a remnant of Salah Jadid's left-wing faction of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region. The party is based in Paris, France and joined the National Democratic Rally coalition in 1981.[1]


Unlike historic Ba'athism which advocates Ba'athist political control of the state, the Arab Democratic Socialist Ba'ath Party supports democratic pluralism. The party advocates the implementation of the laws enshrining freedom of speech, assembly, and equality of opportunities that, although included in the constitution, are not enforced. The party also supports the concept of class struggle.[1]

Syrian Civil War

The Arab Democratic Socialist Ba'ath Party joined the National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change following the beginning of the Syrian Civil War, and has advocated dialogue with the government to ensure a handover of power whilst rejecting both external military intervention and the arming of the opposition. The party also supported Kofi Annan's peace plan.[1] The party also has representation in the Syrian Democratic Council (the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces)[2] as part of the Assembly for Democracy and the Left in Syria.


  1. 1 2 3 "The Democratic Socialist Arab Baath Party". Carnegie Middle East Center. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
  2. "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria creates political wing". Ekurd Daily. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
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