Corazzieri official seal
Kingdom of Italy|
|Role||Honor guard of the President of the Italian Republic|
|Garrison/HQ||Barrack "Alessandro Negri di Sanfront" - Rome|
VIRTUS IN PERICULIS FIRMIOR|
Courage becomes stronger in danger
|Colonel-in-Chief||President of the Italian Republic|
The Cuirassiers' Regiment (Reggimento Corazzieri, previously Comando Carabinieri Guardie del Presidente della Repubblica) is an Italian elite military unit and the honor guard of the President of the Italian Republic. Their motto "Virtus in periculis firmior" means Courage becomes stronger in danger.
Members of the unit, which is a specialized company of the Carabinieri, are distinguished by their uniforms and height (the minimum height for admission is 190 cm, or 6 feet 2.8 inches).
The unit's history dates back to the late 14th century, when the Red Count used a lifeguard of archers. In the 16th century, Emmanuel Philibert re-organized the Savoiard army, creating a personal guard unit of mounted archers (Guardia D'Onore), which fought brilliantly in the Battle of St. Quentin (1557). This guard saved Charles Emmanuel I during the siege of Mons (1590). Charles Emmanuel created a company of cuirassiers (Compagnia Corazzieri del Duca), and this unit was enlarged by his successors until 1854, when the Carabinieri received the role of guards of the King during the campaigns. On 7 February 1868, for the wedding of Prince Umberto to Margherita of Savoy, a mounted honor guard of 80 Carabinieri was formed, called the Squadrone Carabinieri Guardie del Re. The new unit was formally recognized as Carabinieri Guardie del Re on 7 January 1870, when it was entrusted with the safety of the king.
After the end of the Kingdom of Italy, and the proclamation of the Republic, the unit was re-founded in 1946, and organized as a cavalry squadron.
In February 2006, the Corazzieri took part in the flag-raising ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin.
- ↑ "I Corazzieri". www.quirinale.it. January 14, 2015.
- (Italian) History of the Carabinieri