Command (military formation)
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A command in military terminology is an organisational unit for which the individual in military command is responsible. A commander is normally specifically appointed to the role in order to provide a legal framework for the authority bestowed. Naval and military officers have legal authority by virtue of their officer's commission, but the specific responsibilities and privileges of command are derived from the publication of appointment.
The US Department of Defense defines command as follows:
(DOD) 1. The authority that a commander in the armed forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel.
(DOD) 2. An order given by a commander; that is, the will of the commander expressed for the purpose of bringing about a particular action.
(DOD) 3. A unit or units, an organization, or an area under the command of one individual. Also called CMD. See also area command; combatant command; combatant command (command authority).
- United States Department of Defense, Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms,