For the American herb, see Osmorhiza.
For other uses, see Cicely (disambiguation).
Flowers of Myrrhis odorata at the Giardino Botanico Alpino Chanousia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Myrrhis
Species: M. odorata
Binomial name
Myrrhis odorata
(L.) Scop.

Cicely /ˈsɪsəli/ or sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata)[2] is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the celery family Apiaceae. It is one of two accepted species in the genus Myrrhis.[1][3]


The genus name Myrrhis derives from the Greek word myrrhis [μυρρίς], an aromatic oil from Asia with a characteristic smell. The Latin species name odorata means scented. [4][5]


Illustration of Myrrhis odorata

Myrrhis odorata is a tall herbaceous perennial plant growing to 2 m [6 ft 6 in] tall, depending on circumstances. The leaves are fern-like, 2-4-pinnate, finely divided, feathery, up to 50 cm long, with whitish patches near the rachis. The plant is softly hairy and smells strongly of aniseed when crushed. The flowers are creamy-white, about 2–4 mm across, produced in large umbels. The flowering period extends from May to June. [6] The fruits are slender, 15–25 mm long and 3–4 mm broad. [7][8]

Distribution and habitat

Myrrhis odorata is native to mountains of southern and central Europe, from the Pyrenees to the Caucasus. It has been introduced and naturalized elsewhere in cultivated areas, woodland margins, roadside verges, river banks and grassland. [4][9] [10]

Cultivation and uses

In fertile soils it grows readily from seed, and may be increased by division in spring or autumn. [11]

Its leaves are sometimes used as a herb, either raw or cooked, with a rather strong taste reminiscent of anise. The roots and seeds also are edible. Additionally, it has a history of use as a medicinal herb.[4]

Like its relatives anise, fennel, and caraway, it can also be used to flavour akvavit. [12] Its essential oils are dominated by anethole.[13]


  1. 1 2 "The Plant List, Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop.".
  2.  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cicely". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 353.
  3. Biolib
  4. 1 2 3 M. Grieve A Modern Herbal
  5. Germot Katzers Spice Pages
  6. Plants for a future
  7. Stace, C.A. (2010). New flora of the British isles (Third ed.). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. p. 450. ISBN 9780521707725.
  8. Flora of Northern Ireland
  9. Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora
  10. Linnnaeus
  11. Royal Horticultural Society
  12. The Gourmet Food & Cooking Resource
  13. Wild Flower Finder
Wikispecies has information related to: Myrrhis
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Myrrhis odorata.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/2/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.