For other places with the same name, see Cheltenham (disambiguation).
Town, Non-metropolitan district and borough

Cheltenham from Leckhampton Hill

Coat of arms
Motto: Salubritas et Eruditio ("Health and Education")

Cheltenham within Gloucestershire
Coordinates: 51°53′N 002°04′W / 51.883°N 2.067°W / 51.883; -2.067Coordinates: 51°53′N 002°04′W / 51.883°N 2.067°W / 51.883; -2.067
Country United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South West England
Ceremonial County Gloucestershire
Borough Cheltenham
  Governing Body Cheltenham Borough Council
  Leadership Leader & Cabinet
  Executive Liberal Democrat
  MPs Alex Chalk
  Borough 18.00 sq mi (46.61 km2)
Area rank Ranked 275th
Population (mid-2014 est.)
  Borough 116,495
  Rank Ranked 191st
  Density 6,000/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Postcode GL50, GL51, GL52, GL53, GL54
Area code(s) 01242
OS grid reference SO945225

Cheltenham /ˈɛltnəm/, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a regency spa town and borough which is located on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England. With a motto of Salubritas et Eruditio meaning 'health and education', Cheltenham has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs in 1716 and has a high number of internationally renowned and historic schools.

The town hosts several festivals of culture, often featuring nationally and internationally famous contributors and attendees. The list of festivals includes: the Cheltenham Literature Festival, the Cheltenham Jazz Festival, the Cheltenham Science Festival, the Cheltenham Music Festival and the Cheltenham Food & Drink Festival.[1][2] As the home of the flagship race of British steeplechase horse racing, the Gold Cup is the main event of the Cheltenham Festival, held every March.


Cheltenham in 1933

Cheltenham stands on the small River Chelt, which rises nearby at Dowdeswell and runs through the town on its way to the Severn.[3] It was first recorded in 803, as Celtan hom; the meaning has not been resolved with certainty, but latest scholarship concludes that the first element preserves a pre-British noun cilta, 'steep hill', here referring to the Cotswold scarp; the second element may mean 'settlement' or 'water-meadow'.[4] As a royal manor, it features in the earliest pages of the Gloucestershire section of Domesday Book[5] where it is named Chintenha[m]. The town was awarded a market charter in 1226.

Though little remains of its pre-spa history, Cheltenham has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs there in 1716. Captain Henry Skillicorne (1678–1763), is credited with being the first entrepreneur to recognise the opportunity to exploit the mineral springs.[6] The retired "master mariner" became co-owner of the property containing Cheltenham's first mineral spring upon his 1732[7] marriage to Elizabeth Mason.[8] Her father, William Mason, had done little in his lifetime to promote the healing properties of the mineral water apart from limited advertising and building a small enclosure over the spring.[6] Skillicorne's wide travels as a merchant had prepared him to see the potential lying dormant on this inherited property. After moving to Cheltenham in 1738, he immediately began improvements intended to attract visitors to his spa. He built a pump to regulate the flow of water and erected an elaborate well-house complete with a ballroom and upstairs billiard room to entertain his customers. The beginnings of Cheltenham's famous tree-lined promenades and gardens surrounding its spas were first designed by Captain Skillicorne with the help of "wealthy and traveled" friends who understood the value of relaxing avenues. The beautiful walks and gardens were naturally adorned with sweeping vistas of the countryside. Soon the gentry and nobility from across the county were enticed to come and investigate the beneficial waters of Cheltenham's market town spa.[8]

The visit of George III with the queen and royal princesses in 1788 set a stamp of fashion on the spa.[9] The spa waters can still be sampled at the Pittville Pump Room, built for this purpose and completed in 1830;[10] it is a centrepiece of Pittville, a planned extension of Cheltenham to the north, undertaken by Joseph Pitt, who laid the first stone 4 May 1825.[11]

Cheltenham's success as a spa town is reflected in the railway station, which is still called Cheltenham Spa, and spa facilities in other towns that were inspired by or named after it.[12]

Alice Liddell and Lewis Carroll were regular visitors to a house in Cudnall Street, Charlton Kings – a suburb of Cheltenham. This house was owned by Alice Liddell's grandparents, and still contains the mirror, or looking glass, that was purportedly the inspiration for Lewis Carroll's novel Through the Looking-Glass, published in 1871.[13]

Horse racing began in Cheltenham in 1815, and became a major national attraction after the establishment of the Festival in 1902.[14] Whilst the volume of tourists visiting the spa has declined, the racecourse attracts tens of thousands of visitors to each day of the festival each year,[15] with such large numbers of visitors having a significant impact on the town.

In the Second World War, the United States Army Service of Supply,[16] European Theatre of Operations established its primary headquarters at Cheltenham under the direction of Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee,[17] with the flats of the Cheltenham Racecourse[18] becoming a giant storage depot for countless trucks, jeeps, tanks and artillery pieces. Most of this materiel was reshipped to the continent for and after the D-Day invasion. Lee and his primary staff had offices and took residence at Thirlestaine Hall in Cheltenham.[19]

On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the borough of Cheltenham was merged with Charlton Kings urban district to form the non-metropolitan district of Cheltenham. Four parishes—Swindon Village, Up Hatherley, Leckhampton and Prestbury—were added to the borough of Cheltenham from the borough of Tewkesbury in 1991.[20]

The first British jet aircraft prototype, the Gloster E.28/39, was manufactured in Cheltenham. Manufacturing started in Hucclecote near Gloucester, but was later moved to Regent Motors in Cheltenham High Street (now the Regent Arcade), considered a location safer from bombing during the Second World War.



'The Doughnut', the headquarters of GCHQ

'The Doughnut', the head office of the British Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is located in Cheltenham.


Cheltenham is on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the South-West region of England. The small River Chelt flows under and through the town.

Areas of Cheltenham

The districts of Cheltenham include: Arle, Benhall, Charlton Kings, Cleevemount, Fairview, Fiddler's Green, Hesters Way, Lansdown Leckhampton, Lynworth, Montpellier, Oakley, Pittville, Prestbury, the Reddings, Rowanfield, St Luke's, St Mark's, St Paul's, St Peter's, Springbank, Springfields, Swindon Village, Tivoli, Up Hatherley, Whaddon and Wyman's Brook.

Lansdown Crescent

Lansdown Crescent is a Regency period terrace, designed by John Buonarotti Papworth for R.W. and C. Jearrad and constructed in the 1830s. The terrace is convex, and opposite the north-eastern part stands Lansdown Court, an Italianate villa possibly designed by Papworth but more probably by the Jearrads and built about 1830.

Charlton Park

Charlton Park is a former 72-acre (29 ha) historic park with mansion house,[21] about a mile south-east of the town centre. From 1935 the parkland gradually became a private residential area, the main housing development taking place between 1976 and 1983. The original mansion house dated from the 13th century; alterations throughout the centuries transformed it from a medieval, timber-framed hall-house into an 18th-century brick-faced mansion in the classical style. In the 1780s the estate was emparked for deer and had magnificent Dutch-style water gardens. After 1935 the old house became part of Charlton Park Convent, and since 1987 has been part of St Edward's School.


As with the rest of the British Isles, Cheltenham experiences a maritime climate. In comparison to many other areas in Britain, Cheltenham has warm summers and mild winters. The town held the British maximum temperature record from 1990 to 2003—temperatures reached 37.1 °C (98.8 °F).[22] The absolute minimum is −20.1 °C (−4.2 °F), set during December 1981. During a typical year, 145.6 days will report at least 1 mm of precipitation, and some 42.2 nights will record air frost.

Climate data for Cheltenham 1981–2010, 65 m asl
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.6
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.6 74.9 107.6 154.2 184.9 183.0 199.2 186.6 137.2 107.1 64.3 48.9 1,503.5
Source: Met Office[23]


Cavendish House department store on the Promenade.

Cheltenham has light industry, including food processing, aerospace, electronics and tourism businesses. The Government's electronic surveillance operation Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), renowned for its "doughnut-shape" building, is in Cheltenham. Vertex Data Science, GE-Aviation, Chelsea Building Society, Endsleigh Insurance, Archant, Nelson Thornes, UCAS (Universities & Colleges Admissions Service), Kohler Mira, Barnett Waddingham LLP, Zürich Financial Services and Spirax-Sarco Engineering all have sites in and around Cheltenham.

SuperGroup plc, owner of the Superdry label, have their headquarters in Cheltenham.

Kraft Foods' UK headquarters was in the St. George's House in Cheltenham,[24] but closed in 2011 following Kraft's purchase of Cadbury's.[25]

Cheltenham is a regional shopping centre, home to department stores, the oldest being Cavendish House, from 1823,[26] and centres including the Regent Arcade and the Beechwood Shopping Centre. It is well-known locally for its nightlife, with a wide range of pubs, wine bars, clubs and restaurants. It has a Michelin two-star restaurant, Le Champignon Sauvage.

In 2006, a house valuation web site rated Cheltenham the most desirable property location in Britain.[27]

In 2014, The Daily Telegraph newspaper named Cheltenham as the best place in the United Kingdom to raise a family.[28]

Employment and salary

The unemployment rate in Cheltenham was 2.7%[29] in 2010 compared to the UK national unemployment level of 7.9%.[30] The average GVA per head in Cheltenham was £21,947.27 in 2011[29] compared to the national average of £26,200.[31]

In 2012, The Guardian found that, at the end of 2011, 41 multi-millionaires lived in Cheltenham, which was the fourth-highest rate in the UK of multi-millionaires per 100,000 people at 35.44.[32]


Cheltenham's Municipal Offices, an example of Regency architecture.
The mechanical clock in the Regent Shopping Arcade, designed by Kit Williams. The distance from the duck to the fish is 14 metres.

The town is famous for its Regency architecture and is said to be "the most complete regency town in England".[33] Many of the buildings are listed, including the Cheltenham Synagogue, judged by Nikolaus Pevsner to be one of the architecturally "best" non-Anglican ecclesiastical buildings in Britain.[34] Cheltenham Town Hall was built in 1902 to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.


The Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum, also called The Wilson, hosts a programme of art exhibitions running throughout the year.

Cheltenham features several sculptural artworks of note, including:


Cheltenham hosts the annual Cheltenham Music Festival, Cheltenham Jazz Festival and the Ukulele Festival of Great Britain.

In 2010, Cheltenham was named the UK's fifth "most musical" City by PRS for Music.[37]


The Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum has a notable collection of decorative arts from the era of the Arts and Crafts Movement. The Holst Birthplace Museum contains personal belongings of the composer of The Planets, including his piano. It also includes a working Victorian kitchen and laundry, Regency drawing room and an Edwardian nursery.

The Cheltenham Civic Society has been responsible for erecting commemorative plaques in the town since 1982: blue plaques to celebrate well-known people and green plaques to celebrate significant places and events.


Every year, Cheltenham Festivals organises music, jazz, literature and science festivals in the town, attracting names with national and international reputations in each field. Events take place at venues including the town hall, the Everyman Theatre, the Playhouse Theatre and the Pittville Pump Room.

Several other cultural festivals, including the Cheltenham Design Festival, Cheltenham Folk Festival, Cheltenham Poetry Festival and Cheltenham Comedy Festival are separately organised but also attract international performers and speakers. A more local event, the Cheltenham Festival of the Performing Arts (formerly Cheltenham Competitive Festival) is a collection of more than 300 performance competitions that is the oldest of Cheltenham's arts festivals, having been started in 1926.

Greenbelt, a Christian arts and music festival, and Wychwood Festival, a family-friendly folk and world music festival, were held at Cheltenham Racecourse.[38] The town also hosts the multi-venue Walk the line festival.

Two sporting events are also routinely described as the "Cheltenham Festival" or ""the Festival": the Cheltenham Cricket Festival, which features Gloucestershire County Cricket Club, and National Hunt racing's Cheltenham Festival.

Film and television

Cheltenham has played host to and featured in a number of film and TV series:[39][40]

The Thistle Golden Valley Hotel was used by the ITV soap opera Crossroads for outdoor location filming from 1982 to 1985.[41]


Cheltenham has four theatres: the Everyman, the Playhouse, the Bacon and the Parabola Arts Centre.



According to 2010 estimates from the Office for National Statistics, Cheltenham's population is 115,300, ranked 186th out of 326 English districts based on population, with a population density of 6,410 people per square mile (2,473/km2), placing it 72 out of 326 English districts based on population density. Inhabitants of Cheltenham are known as "Cheltonians".


According to 2011 estimates,[42] the ethnic breakdown of the population of Cheltenham is as follows:

White, British: 87.533%
White Irish: 0.966%
White, other: 3.775%
Mixed: 1.493%
Asian or Asian British: 3.161%
Black or Black British: 1.054%
Chinese: 1.054%
Other: 0.966%


In 2013, Cheltenham was named one of the safest towns for university students to live in the UK by the Complete University Guide.[43]


The oldest school in Cheltenham is Pate's Grammar School (founded in 1574).[44] Cheltenham College (founded in 1841) was the first of the public schools of the Victorian period.[45] The school was the setting in 1968 for the classic Lindsay Anderson film if.....[46] It also hosts the annual Cheltenham Cricket Festival, first staged in 1872, and the oldest cricket festival in the world.[47]

The most famous school in the town, according to The Good Schools Guide, is Cheltenham Ladies' College (founded in 1853).[48][49] Dean Close School was founded in 1886 in memory of the Reverend Francis Close (1797–1882), a former rector of Cheltenham.[50] The town also includes several campuses of the University of Gloucestershire, two other public and six other state secondary schools, plus institutions of further education.

Sport and leisure

Cheltenham Racecourse, in the nearby village of Prestbury, is the home of National Hunt, or jumps, racing in the UK. Meetings are hosted from October to April. The highlight of the season is the Cheltenham Gold Cup, which is normally held in the middle of March, during the Cheltenham Festival.

The local football teams are Cheltenham Town F.C. who play in the Football League Two, Bishop's Cleeve who play in the Southern League South & West Division, Cheltenham Saracens F.C. in the Hellenic League Premier and Cheltenham Civil Service F.C. who play in the local Gloucester Northern Senior League, and Falcons AFC who play in the Cheltenham 1st and 3rd Division.

Amateur rugby union clubs include Cheltenham R.F.C., Cheltenham Saracens RFC, Cheltenham North R.F.C., Old Patesians R.F.C., Smiths Rugby and Cheltenham Civil Service R.F.C.

In rugby league university side Gloucestershire All Golds were admitted into the semi-professional Championship 1. The Cheltenham Rugby Festival is a rugby league nines event held in May.

The town has one golf course, Lilley Brook, in Charlton Kings.

Cheltenham has one of the largest croquet clubs in the country, and is home to the headquarters of the national body of the sport, the Croquet Association. The East Glos tennis, squash and women's hockey club, which was founded in 1885, is also located in the town.

Sandford Parks Lido is one of the largest outdoor pools in England. There is a 50 m (164 ft) main pool, a children's pool and paddling pool, set in landscaped gardens.

Cheltenham Festival

Main article: Cheltenham Festival

Cheltenham Festival is a significant National Hunt racing meeting,[51] and has race prize money second only to the Grand National. It is an event where many of the best British and Irish trained horses race against each other, the extent of which is relatively rare during the rest of the season.

The festival takes place annually in March at Cheltenham Racecourse. The meeting is often very popular with Irish visitors,[52] mostly because of that nation's affinity with horse racing, but also because it usually coincides with St. Patrick's Day, a national holiday in celebration of the patron saint of Ireland.

Large amounts of money are bet during festival week, with hundreds of millions of pounds being gambled over the four days.[53] Cheltenham is often noted for its atmosphere, most notably the "Cheltenham roar", which refers to the enormous amount of noise that the crowd generates as the starter raises the tape for the first race of the festival.



Cheltenham Spa railway station is located on the Bristol-Birmingham main line, with services to Gloucester, Bristol, Swindon, London Paddington, Cardiff Central, Bridgend, Maesteg, Plymouth and the South West, Birmingham, Derby, the North West, the North East and Scotland.

The Cheltenham Spa Express, once known as the "Cheltenham Flyer", is a named passenger train connecting Cheltenham with London.

The restored station at Cheltenham Racecourse is the southern terminus of the Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway heritage railway. The Honeybourne Line is being extended to Broadway.


Cheltenham is adjacent to the M5 motorway (between Bristol and Birmingham) and its junction with the A417 to Swindon, and the A40 runs from across the M5 through the town towards Oxford and London.

National Express operate a number of coach services from Cheltenham including route 444 to London and route 222 to Heathrow and Gatwick airports.


Cheltenham was a terminus of the Gloucester and Cheltenham Tramroad.


The first parish church is Cheltenham Minster, St Mary's, which is the only surviving medieval building in the town. As a result of expansion of the population, absorption of surrounding villages, and the efforts of both evangelical and Anglo-Catholic missions, the town has a large number of other parish churches, including Trinity Church and All Saints', Pittville, where the composer Gustav Holst's father was the organist.

St Gregory's Roman Catholic church is an example of the work of the architect Charles Hansom.[54] The Gothic Revival building was built 1854–57, the porch was added in 1859, the tower and spire were completed in 1861 and the nave was extended to join the tower in 1877.[54] The church's s stained glass is by Hardman & Co.[54]

Bell ringing

The town has two notable rings of bells hung for change ringing. One is at St. Christopher's (Warden Hill), the lightest ring of church bells in the world.[55] The bells of St. Mark's[56] are the product of John Taylor's Bell Foundry, they were cast in 1885 and 2007 and have undergone a major refurbishment. The other is a ring of 12 bells dating mainly from the 19th century hung in St. Mary's Church. These were the venue in 2008 for the eliminators of the National 12 Bell Striking contest, in which teams of campanologists from around the world compete to win the Taylor Trophy. The towers in the locality of Cheltenham belong to the Cheltenham branch of the Gloucester & Bristol Diocesan Association of Church Bell Ringers.

Twin towns

Cheltenham is twinned with Annecy, France;[57] Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, USA; Göttingen, Germany; Sochi, Russia; and Weihai, China.[58][59][60]

Notable people

See also


  1. "Welcome to Garden Events". 17 June 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  2. "Jazz, Science, Music & Literature". Cheltenham Festivals. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  3. "Chedgrave – Cheltenham | A Topographical Dictionary of England (pp. 562–569)". 22 June 2003. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  4. R Coates, English Place-Name Society Journal 16 (1983-4)
  5. John Morris (ed.), Domesday Book, 15 Gloucestershire (1982) p162 ISBN 0850333210
  6. 1 2 Goding, John (1863). Norman's History of Cheltenham. London: Longman. pp. 124–25.
  7. at Long Ashton, Somerset on 4 January; note in family bible
  8. 1 2 Hembry, Phyllis May (1900). The English Spa, 1560–1815: A Social History. Madison, New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0838633919.
  9. Lewis 1848.
  10. Archived 15 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. Lewis, 1848.
  12. For example, the Cheltenham Baths at Ossett#Spa, see History of Ossett Spa Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. "Cheltenham Tourist Information Guide".
  14. "History of Cheltenham Racing and The Festival". Cheltenham Festival Horse Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  15. "Sports News – Sporting Chronicle: Cheltenham Festival Attendance Figures 2005". Sporting Chronicle. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  16. United States Army Services of Supply
  17. John C. H. Lee
  18. "Cheltenham Racecourse".
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-04.
  20. "The Gloucestershire (District Boundaries) Order 1991". 4 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  21. David Hanks. "A History of Charlton Park". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  22. "Hot spell August 1990". Met Office. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  23. "Cheltenham 1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  24. "Update on progress made since Kraft Foods acquired Cadbury Archived 4 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Kraft Foods. 31 January 2011. 1/8. Retrieved on 6 February 2011. "Kraft Foods UK St. George's House, Bayshill Road, Cheltenham, Glos GL50 3AE"
  25. Petre, Jonathan (29 May 2011). "Be quizzed by MPs? Not the best use of my personal time, says American behind Cadbury's takeover". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
  26. "Page title goes here". Archives Hub. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  27. Thompson, Jonathan (1 October 2006). "The best place to live in Britain". The Independent. London. The Independent cites property valuation web site's Archived 24 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine. survey which ranked Cheltenham No. 1 out of 1,833 locations.
  28. "Britain's top 20 places to raise a family". London. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014.
  29. 1 2 "Cheltenham economic profile – The Cheltenham economy – Cheltenham Borough Council". Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  30. "Labour Market Statistics , December 2010". 15 December 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  31. "Average salary falls 3pc in face of high inflation". The Daily Telegraph. London. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  32. John Burn-Murdoch (13 September 2012). "UK multi-millionaires mapped: where do the wealthy live?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  33. AA Illustrated Guide to Britain (1997), ISBN 0-393-31643-2
  34. The Buildings of England, Nikolaus Pevsner, Penguin Books, 1951, p. 37
  37. Smith, Richard (13 March 2010). "Bristol named Britain's most musical city". Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  38. Greenbelt moved away in 2014 due to redevelopment at the Racecourse; there is no commitment to return."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 2014-04-02. and emails to supporters, March 2014)
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Cotswold Filming Locations used for Cinema & TV". 30 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  40. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  41. Geake, Simon. "Crossroads". Archived from the original on 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016. After the in-story destruction of the motel by fire, the revamped motel was filmed from 1982 at The Golden Valley Hotel in Cheltenham; from 1985 filming moved to the Penns Hall Hotel (now Ramada Jarvis Birmingham) in Sutton Coldfield, the changed appearance explained as being due to rebuilding.
  42. Simon Rogers (19 May 2011). "Ethnic breakdown of England and Wales mapped". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  43. "Cheltenham ranked one of safest student towns in UK". Gloucestershire Echo.
  44. A Concise Description of the Endowed Grammar Schools in England and Wales. Baldwin, Cradock and Joy. 1818. p. 446.
  45. "Cheltenham Education: Cheltenham College". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  46. "BFI Screenonline: Anderson, Lindsay (1923–1994) Biography". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  47. "Cheltenham Events – Festivals: Cheltenham Cricket Festival". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  48. . Cheltenham Ladies' College – Welcome Archived 9 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  49. The Good Schools Guide 2008. Lucas Publications. January 2008. ISBN 0-9552821-2-8.
  50. "Cheltenham Education: Dean Close School". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  51. "Going is good for Cheltenham". BBC Sport. 17 March 1998. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
  52. "Cheltenham festival gets underway this afternoon". The Belfast Telegraph. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
  53. "Cheltenham Festival 2015 in numbers: £150million in bets, 10,745 bottles of champagne and 250 chefs". Gloucestershire Echo.
  54. 1 2 3 Verey, David (1970). Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean. The Buildings of England. 2. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 128.
  55. "St. Christopher's Church". 13 July 2001. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  56. "Welcome to St Marks Bellringers Website". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  57. "British towns twinned with French towns [via]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  58. "Cheltenham Twinning Association". 22 October 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  59. "Information on other Cheltenhams around the world – Other Cheltenhams – Cheltenham Borough Council". 20 November 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  60. "Cheltenham Twinning – Cheltenham, PA". Retrieved 5 February 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cheltenham.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Cheltenham.
Following the Cotswold Way
Chipping Campden
16 km (10 mi) (10 miles) to
Leckhampton, from White's Barn
13.5 km (8 mi) (8 miles) to
Winchcombe, from White's Barn
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/21/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.