Carbonate minerals

Calcite crystals from the Sweetwater Mine, Viburnum Trend District, Reynolds County, Missouri - 6.2 × 6 × 3.3 cm

Carbonate minerals are those minerals containing the carbonate ion: CO32−.

Carbonate divisions

Anhydrous carbonates

Rhodochrosite, Sweet Home Mine, Alma, Colorado - 5.2 × 4.2 × 2.3 cm
Smithsonite, Silver Bill Mine, Dragoon Mts, Cochise County, Arizona - 4.8 × 4.1 × 2.4 cm

Anhydrous carbonates with compound formulas

Dolomite with calcite and chalcopyrite from the Picher Field, Tri-State district, Cherokee County, Kansas; 12.0 × 9.7 × 4.3 cm

Carbonates with hydroxyl or halogen

Azurite and malachite, Beaver Dam Mts, Washington County, Utah - 5.1 × 3.9 × 2.4 cm

Hydrated carbonates

The carbonate class in both the Dana and the Strunz classification systems include the nitrates.[1][2]

Nickel–Strunz Classification -05- Carbonates

Hanksite, Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl, one of the few minerals that is considered a carbonate and a sulfate

IMA-CNMNC proposes a new hierarchical scheme (Mills et al., 2009).[3] This list uses the Classification of Nickel–Strunz (, 10 ed, pending publication).[2]

Class: carbonates

Class: nitrates


  • Hurlbut, Cornelius S.; Klein, Cornelis, 1985, Manual of Mineralogy, 20th ed., ISBN 0-471-80580-7
  • Ernest H. Nickel; Monte C. Nichols (March 2009). "IMA-CNMNC List of Mineral Names" (PDF). IMA-CNMNC. 
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