Cape Province

For the biogeographic area, see Cape Provinces. For the floristic province, see Cape floristic region. For the marine biogeographic region of Australia, see Cape Province (IMCRA region).
Province of the Cape of Good Hope
Provinsie van die Kaap die Goeie Hoop

  1991 6,125,335[1]
  Origin Cape Colony
  Created 31 May 1910
  Abolished 27 April 1994
  Succeeded by Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, North West
Status Province of South Africa

Cape Provincial Council

  HQ Cape Town
  Type Districts

The Province of the Cape of Good Hope[2] (Afrikaans: Provinsie van die Kaap die Goeie Hoop), commonly referred to as the Cape Province (Afrikaans: Kaapprovinsie), was a province in the Union of South Africa and subsequently the Republic of South Africa. It encompassed the old Cape Colony, and had Cape Town as its capital. Following the end of the Apartheid era, the Cape Province was split up to form the new Eastern Cape, Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces.

The Union of South Africa: From Cape Colony to Cape Province

When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, the original Cape Colony was renamed the Cape Province.

It was by far the largest of South Africa's four provinces, as it contained regions it had previously annexed, such as British Bechuanaland (not to be confused with the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana), Griqualand East (the area around Kokstad) and Griqualand West (area around Kimberley). As a result, it encompassed two-thirds of South Africa's territory, and covered an area similar in size to the U.S. state of Texas.

At the time of the formation of the Union of South Africa, the entire region now called South Africa was only four provinces: Transvaal (South African Republic), Natal (Natalia Republic), Orange Free State and the Cape Province.

The Cape Franchise

Before union, the Cape Colony had traditionally implemented a system of non-racial franchise, whereby qualifications for suffrage were applied equally to all males, regardless of race. During the union negotiations, the Cape Prime Minister, John X. Merriman fought unsuccessfully to extend this multi-racial franchise system to the rest of South Africa. This failed, as it was strongly opposed by the other constituent states which were determined to entrench white rule. After union, the Cape Province was permitted to keep a restricted version of its multi-racial qualified franchise, and thus became the only province where coloureds (mixed-race people) and Black Africans could vote.[3][4]

Over the following years, successive acts were passed to erode this colour-blind voters roll. In 1931, the restricting franchise qualifications were removed for white voters, but kept for Black and Coloured voters.[5] In 1956, the Apartheid government removed all remaining suffrage rights for "non-whites". The government had to appoint many extra senators in parliament to force through this change. [6]

Partitioning under Apartheid

During the apartheid era the country was chopped up into a number of additional pieces which were known as the four TBVC States and the six Non-Independent Homelands. These were created by the apartheid government in order to enforce its policy of racial segregation.

Griqualand East was transferred to Natal Province after the Transkei was declared independent, since it was cut off from the rest of the province. The Transkei (1976) and Ciskei (1981) regions were declared independent of South Africa, after they were formerly part of the Cape Province. (They were re-incorporated into South Africa in 1994, both part of the new Eastern Cape province).

Post Apartheid history

After the first fully democratic elections in 1994, these "bantustans" were reunited with the rest of the country, which was then divided into what are now the current nine provinces of South Africa.

The Cape Province was broken up into three smaller provinces: the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape. Parts of it were also absorbed into the North West. Walvis Bay, a territory of the original Cape Colony, was ceded to Namibia.

Districts in 1991

Districts of the province and population at the 1991 census.[1]

Administrators of the Cape Province (1910–1994)

Term Incumbent Notes
31 May 1910 to December 1925Nicolaas Frederik de WaalFrom 2 January 1911, Sir Frederic de Waal
January 1926 to August 1929Adriaan Paulus Johannes Fourie
September 1929 to September 1939Johannes Hendrik Conradie
September 1939 to September 1942François Allen Joubert
2 October 1942 to 31 December 1945Gideon Brand van Zyl
1 January 1946 to 1 July 1946Philippus Arnoldus Myburgh
23 July 1946 to 22 July 1951Johan Carinus
1 August 1951 to 27 March 1958Philippus Jacobus Olivier
12 May 1958 to 28 April 1960Josias Hendrik Otto du Plessis
28 April 1960 to 31 May 1970Johannes Nicholas MalanActing to 1 June 1960
1 June 1970 to May 1975Andries Heydenrich Vosloo
June 1975 to June 1979Lourens Albertus Petrus Anderson Munnik
June 1979 to July 1989Eugene "Gene" van der Merwe Louw
July 1989 to May 1994Jacobus "Kobus" Meiring

See also


  1. 1 2 "Census > 1991 > RSA > Variable Description > Person file > District code". Statistics South Africa - Nesstar WebView. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  2. South Africa Act, 1909 §6 (Wikisource)
  6. Christoph Marx: Oxwagon Sentinel: Radical Afrikaner Nationalism and the History of the Ossewabrandwag. LIT Verlag Münster, 2009. p.61.
  7. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 478.
  8. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 205.
  9. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 200.
  10. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 182.

External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cape Colony and the 1922 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cape Province.

Coordinates: 31°00′S 22°00′E / 31.000°S 22.000°E / -31.000; 22.000

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/17/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.