C. D. Howe Institute

Motto Essential Policy Intelligence
Formation 1958
Type Public policy think tank
Headquarters 67 Yonge Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Key people
William B.P. Robson[1]
President & Chief Executive Officer
Website www.cdhowe.org

The C.D. Howe Institute (French: Institut C.D. Howe) is a nonprofit policy research organization[2] in the Trader's Bank Building, at 67 Yonge Street Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

The Institute publishes research that is national in scope and hosts events across Canada on a wide variety of issues in economic and social policy. As a non-profit, politically independent organization, its official mandate is to improve the standard of living for Canadians through sound public policy solutions.[3]

The Institute has won five Doug Purvis Prizes, which are awarded annually by the nonpartisan Canadian Economics Association[4] to the authors of highly significant Canadian economic policy,[5] and one Donner Prize (runner-up three times), which are awarded annually by the Donner Canadian Foundation for the Best Public Policy Book by a Canadian.[6]


The C.D. Howe Institute’s origins go back to Montreal in 1958 when a group of prominent business and labour leaders organized the Private Planning Association of Canada (PPAC) to research and promote educational activities on issues related to public economic policy. In 1973, the PPAC’s assets and activities became part of the C.D. Howe Memorial Foundation, created in 1961 to memorialize the late Right Honourable Clarence Decatur Howe. The new organization operated as the C.D. Howe Research Institute until 1982, when the Memorial Foundation chose to focus directly on memorializing C.D. Howe; the Institute then adopted its current name: the C.D. Howe Institute.[7]

The Institute's research has been cited by Liberal,[8] New Democrat[9] and Conservative[10] members of parliament. The media has described the Institute as a centrist, [11] conservative,[12][13][14] non-partisan,[15][16][17][18]think tank. It has a history of publishing research on both sides of the ideological spectrum, provided it is supported with empirical evidence.[19] It has been described as having a "deep intellectual grounding to its public-policy approach."[20]

The institute derives the majority of its funding from membership fees paid by corporations as well as individuals in the business, professional and academic fields.[21]

The Institute has had considerable impact on Canadian public policy. Institute policy work has laid the intellectual groundwork in such areas as these:


The C.D. Howe Institute's national offices at 67 Yonge Street, Toronto.
The C.D. Howe Institute’s groundbreaking study of immigration policy reform entitled “Toward Improving Canada’s Skilled Immigration Policy: An Evaluation Approach,” by Charles M. Beach, Alan G. Green and Christopher Worswick won the 2012 Doug Purvis Memorial Prize.

The Institute publishes over 50 research reports per year.[24]

Major areas of policy research are:

Current policy topics are:

Peer review process

Every major policy study receives thorough peer review, which includes the participation of academics and outside, independent experts. The Institute’s peer review process helps ensure the quality, integrity and objectivity of the Institute’s research. The Institute will not publish any major study that, in its view, fails to meet the standards of the external review process. The Institute requires that its authors publicly disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest of which they are aware.[37]


Over 100 economists and academics contribute to the research program. Notable researchers (past and present) include:

Recent research


The Institute hosts public policy roundtables and conferences featuring prominent Canadian and International policymakers, business leaders and public servants. The Institute holds over 80 events per year.[24]

Past speakers include political leaders (including two current or former Prime Ministers), policy makers, business leaders and senior diplomats.[38]


  1. "William B.P. Robson. President and Chief Executive Officer". Cdhowe.org. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
  2. "C.D. Howe Institute". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  3. "About the C.D. Howe Institute". cdhowe.org. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
  4. "About CEA". Canadian Economics Association. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  5. "Past Winners". The Donner Prize.
  6. "The Donner Prize". Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  7. "History". C.D. Howe Institute.
  8. "41st PARLIAMENT, 2nd SESSION". Parliament of Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  9. "41st PARLIAMENT, 1st SESSION". Parliament of Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  10. "41st PARLIAMENT, 1st SESSION". Parliament of Canada. Government of Canada.
  11. Craig, Sean. "'No Netflix tax', but the future of Cancon is up for debate, says heritage minister Melanie Joly". Financial Post. Financial Post. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  12. Thunert, Martin (Feb 28, 2003). "Conservative Think Tanks in the United States and Canada". In Schultze, Rainer-Olaf; Sturm, Roland; Eberle, Dagmar. Conservative Parties and Right-Wing Politics in North America: Reaping the Benefits of an Ideological Victory?. Springer-Verlag. p. 235. ISBN 3810038121.
  13. Raj, Althia (February 24, 2014). "Bill Morneau, Chair Of C.D. Howe Institute, Steps Down After Partisan Speech To Liberals". The Huffington Post Canada. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  14. Stafford, Brent (April 1997). "Think tanks in the news". NewsWatch Canada. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  15. "Temporary Foreign Worker Program linked to joblessness: report". CBC. CBC. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  16. Elliot, Howard. The Hamilton Spectator. The Hamilton Spectator http://www.thespec.com/opinion-story/4768117-the-spectator-s-view-evidence-ideology-and-alcohol-sales/. Retrieved 26 January 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. Keller, James. "Foreign worker debate continues in B.C.". Global News. Canadian Press. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  18. Dehass, Josh. "Ever heard of these big student tax breaks?". Maclean's. Maclean's. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  19. Gerson, Jen. "Your think-tank lineup card: Who are these groups that hold so much sway over policy?". National Post. National Post. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  20. Parkinson, David. "Steep learning curve ahead for Morneau". Globe and Mail. Globe and Mail. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  21. "C.D. Howe Institute". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  22. "C.D. Howe Institute Commentary - 2007 Tax Competitiveness Report" (PDF). The C.D. Howe Institute. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  23. "Policy Impact". C.D. Howe Institute. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  24. 1 2 "C.D. Howe Institute 2013 Annual Report" (PDF). www.cdhowe.org. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  25. http://www.cdhowe.org/fiscal-policy. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/monetary-policy. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. http://www.cdhowe.org/social-policy. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. http://www.cdhowe.org/governance. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/trade-and-international-policy. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. http://www.cdhowe.org/economic-growth-innovation. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  31. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/energy-infrastructure. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/healthcare-reform. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/human-capital-competitiveness. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  34. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/strengthening-canadas-charities. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  35. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/financial-services. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  36. http://www.cdhowe.org/policy-research/pensions-2. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  38. "Past Speakers and Events". www.cdhowe.org. C.D. Howe Institute. Retrieved 28 August 2014.

External links

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