Cover of the first light novel
|Genre||Black comedy, Crime, Fantasy|
|Written by||Ryōgo Narita|
|Illustrated by||Katsumi Enami|
ASCII Media Works (2008–)
|Original run||February 10, 2003 – present|
|Baccano! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad|
|Written by||Ryōgo Narita|
|Illustrated by||Ginyū Shijin|
|Magazine||Dengeki Comic Gao!|
|Original run||December 27, 2006 – February 27, 2008|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Takahiro Omori|
|Produced by||Shuko Yokoyama|
|Written by||Noboru Takagi|
|Music by||Makoto Yoshimori|
|Original run||July 26, 2007 – November 1, 2007|
|Written by||Shinta Fujimoto|
|Published by||Square Enix|
|Original run||October 16, 2015 – present|
Baccano! (Japanese: バッカーノ! Hepburn: Bakkāno!, Italian for "turmoil", Italian pronunciation: [bakˈkaːno]) is a Japanese light novel series written by Ryohgo Narita and illustrated by Katsumi Enami. The series, often told from multiple points of view, is mostly set within a fictional United States during various time periods, most notably the Prohibition era. It focuses on various people, including alchemists, thieves, thugs, Mafiosi and Camorristi, who are unconnected to one another. After an immortality elixir is recreated in 1930 Manhattan, the characters begin to cross paths, setting off events that spiral further and further out of control.
The first novel was released in February 2003 under ASCII Media Works' (formerly MediaWorks) Dengeki Bunko imprint, and as of March 2013, twenty novels have been released. The novels were adapted into a sixteen episode anime television series directed by Takahiro Omori and produced by Brain's Base and Aniplex. The first thirteen episodes were aired on WOWOW from July 26, 2007, to November 1, 2007; the final three were released direct-to-DVD. The series was also adapted into a two-volume manga, an adventure video game for the Nintendo DS and two drama CDs. An additional novel was released with the first drama CD and two gaiden novels were released in parts with the DVDs of the anime adaption.
Funimation has dubbed the anime episodes in English, and has licensed them for release in the United States and Canada. The series was also licensed by Manga Entertainment for English releases in the United Kingdom, and by Madman Entertainment for releases in Australia and New Zealand. The entire English-dubbed series was streamed through Hulu during October 2009 and English-subtitled episodes continue to be streamed. Funimation streams English-subtitled and English-dubbed episodes through their website. The series has also aired in the Philippines, Hong Kong and Southeast Asia on Animax Asia. On January 25, 2016, it was announced that the streaming and DVD home distribution rights for the North American distributor of the anime, Funimation, would expire, which occurred on February 8, 2016.
The light novels of the series have been well received by readers and have also been awarded. The first light novel, The Rolling Bootlegs, was awarded the Gold Prize of the ninth Dengeki Novel Prize, held by ASCII Media Works in 2002, after reaching third place. The anime adaptation of the series has been popular in Japan and the United States, and has also received significant praise for its plot, characters, strong dubbing, animation and musical score.
Aboard the ship Advenna Avis in 1711, a group of alchemists summon a demon in the hopes of gaining eternal life. The demon gives them an elixir of immortality and the method of ending their existence, by "devouring" one another, and grants the summoner Maiza Avaro the formula of the elixir. Maiza and most of the alchemists decide that no one else must become immortal; only Szilard Quates opposes. That night, the alchemists begin to disappear, devoured by Szilard. Realizing the threat posed by staying together, they scatter across the globe.
In New York City during November 1930, Szilard succeeds in recreating the elixir, only to have it stolen by young thug Dallas Genoard. The elixir continually moves around the city because of Dallas, with the three mafiosi Gandor brothers, the two idiotic thieves Isaac Dian and Miria Harvent, and Maiza's protege Firo Prochainezo and their Camorra family, the Martillo, all passing it around. Szilard makes Dallas an incomplete immortal (meaning he still ages) to retrieve the elixir. However, all other parties accidentally consume the elixir, mistaking it for alcohol, at a party for Firo. Firo falls in love with Szilard's immortal homunculus Ennis, who betrays Szilard by telling Firo how to devour Szilard, which he does. The Gandor then cement Dallas to a barrel at the bottom of the Hudson River to punish him for killing Gandor members.
In late 1931, the Gandor fight the Runorata family for control of the same area after a new drug surfaces. In an attempt to resolve the situation, Luck Gandor asks his adoptive brother Claire Stanfield, a psychopathic assassin, to travel to New York. Claire agrees to and boards the transcontinental train the Flying Pussyfoot, on which he works as a conductor. The train is hijacked by the Russo and Lemure gangs, who are trying to kidnap a senator's family, and a battle ensues between the two gangs. Meanwhile, Jacuzzi Splot, Nice Holystone and their gang attempt to protect the passengers and fight the hijackers, while Claire assumes the identity of the Rail Tracer, a monster that eats train passengers, and slaughters much of the Russo and the Lemure, only to successfully propose to one of the Lemure, Chane Laforet, who is a daughter of immortals. A serial stowaway and newspaper field agent flees Claire and ends up helping in the rescue of the hostages. The last remaining members of the Lemure are eventually defeated by Jacuzzi's gang, while sadistic murderer Ladd Russo is incarcerated and loses his arm to Claire. At the same time, Ennis writes to Isaac and Miria, inviting them to Manhattan. The duo boards the same train and meets Jacuzzi, and unwittingly sway immortal Czeslaw Meyer from enacting malevolent acts by abandoning selling a series of homemade bombs meant for Runoratas to counter the Gandors.
The train arrives in New Year 1932 with the survivors going their separate ways: Jacuzzi and Nice escape custody and go into hiding after their base of operations in Chicago was taken over by the Russo family; information gatherer Rachel returns to the Daily Days mostly unscathed; Isaac and Miria introduce Czes to the Martillo family and is subsequently adopted by Firo and Ennis, who later marry, as the latter's brother; and Claire begins his mission to exterminate the enemies of his adoptive brothers, implying his intentions to find Chane and marry her after the job is done.
Later that year Dallas' sister Eve searches for Dallas, putting her at odds with Luck. These stories involved the Daily Days News Information company and the Runorattas' drug plot with Begg, a drug addicted immortal alchemist acquaintance of Maiza's encroaching Gandor turf through his miracle drugs, testing it on innocent bystanders including a young man named Roy Maddock. Eventually Eve is caught up in the turf war involving drugs with the Runoratta family and Gandors, the ramifications of the turf war affecting two lovers: Gandor speakeasy waitress Edith and her boyfriend, revealed to be Roy. The climax of the conflict results in Luck secretly telling Eve where Dallas is to spare her from bloodshed, and with Claire's help, the turf war ends with bittersweet results for Edith and Roy now associated with the Gandors until they finish the debt they compiled in the story albeit in happier terms.
Eventually, Dallas is pulled out of the river, but shortly after, he is abducted by the Larvae, a group working for Huey Laforet. Meanwhile, Jacuzzi's operations begin to encroach on Gandor and Martillo turf. Representatives (Ronnie Schiatto, Ennis and Tick Jefferson) from both groups converge on Eve's home, where his gang is staying along with Isaac and Miria. At the same time, the Larvae arrive to enlist Jacuzzi's help; they have kidnapped Dallas to prove that immortality is possible, and attempt to convince Jacuzzi into join them. Elsewhere in 1933 New York, Mist Wall, the largest branch office of the military equipment researcher and developer Nebula, is bombed as according to Huey's plans with the help of Lamia, another faction of homunculus made by him.
The next year in 1934 at Alcatraz Island, Ladd befriends Firo, who was framed for a public bombing, and Isaac, who was finally caught for his thefts, and they meet Chane's immortal father Huey, who was charged with treason and conspiracy years ago with affiliation to the Lemures among other terrorist acts. Meanwhile, Christopher Shouldered, Huey's homunculus, and Graham Specter, Ladd's loyal follower, cause an all out war in Chicago through various battles enacted by the Lamia and Russo family. Afterwards, Jacuzzi and his gang return to Chicago while Ladd attempts to kill Huey and fails thanks to the efforts of Isaac and Firo; however, the scuffle resulted in Huey's eye taken with the help of Lamia operative Sham, a homunculus who can take over one's consciousness by contact through his body in the form of water. The homunculus group Lamia (associated with Larvae, the group previously encountered by the cast) cause trouble for the Russo family while this happens. Several of the Lamia join their forces and others split for other purposes, particularly Christopher joining with the Russo family to protect their heir named Ricardo Russo along with Lamia member Sickle and Graham Spector. Isaac is eventually released from Alcatraz along with Firo. Placido Russo, Ricardo's grandfather and Ladd's uncle, is eventually turned immortal and consumed by Nebula scientist Renee for his failure in stopping the rampage of Chicago, resulting in Ricardo inheriting the crime family.
The remainder of the plot focuses of an even older faction of Immortals led by Huey's mentor and former lover, Renee Paramedes Branvillier detailed their relationship with the 1711 immortals from the 1700s till the later 1930s and how the corporation Nebula involves themselves against the other crime families by allying themselves with Senator Beriam, who has a grudge against the immortals and wishes to rid the world of them. One particular immortal named Melvi targets Firo in 1935 by endangering Ennis in order to extract the memories of Szilard Quaites by eating Firo, unaware that his bodyguard is Claire Stanfield, resulting in his defeat. Later, Renee continues to pursue Huey by attempting to reclaim Chane for a purpose which put her at odds with Claire who intends to marry their daughter. As of this writing, the conflict appears to remain unresolved.
In 2001, Maiza and a few immortals appear in a rural European town to apprehend a fellow alchemist and immortal Elmer C. Albatross, who had been masquerading as a demon and was imprisoned by the locals. They uncover an age old conspiracy detailing the origins of water homunculi from the 1930s (Sham and Leeza Laforet, sister of Chane) and also putting a stop the experiments on the people that had been ongoing in the town as they remained unaware of Szilard Quaite's demise for almost the remaining century, his descendant Bild Quaites later encounters the immortals and reveals the horrific secrets of the village. Phil and Felt Nebil, homunculi resulting from Szilard's experiments are subsequently freed from the village and allowed to wander the earth, ending up in New York after the ordeal.
In 2002, a cult named SAMPLE launches a heist to replicate the Flying Pussyfoot incident via a twin cruise ship named Exit and Entrance only to be thwarted by Claire Stanfield and Chane Laforet's descendants, Claudia and Charon Walken with Jaccuzi Splot and Nice Holystone's descendant, Bobby Splot along with his gang with unwitting aide from another faction called Mask Makers led by Huey's descendant Luchino B. Campanella. It is eventually revealed that Czes's tormentor Fermet is in fact the mastermind and overall villain of the series after Szilard Quates.
Ryohgo Narita wanted to write a story set during the Prohibition and chose a light novel as the medium because not many of them had that setting. He believed that this choice would better attract the interest of the ASCII Media Works judges. After Narita saw The Untouchables, he spent about ten days working with inspirations and created Baccano! "out of [his] useless calculations." While writing the first novel The Rolling Bootlegs, he consulted many books while writing and mixed fictional elements with historical situations to create a unique plot flow. The story he originally planned was about an ancient magician who was revived during the Prohibition and began to terrorize New York City. A group of mafiosi then violently oppose the magician. However, the story became very different from the original concept. Narita never wrote a detailed outline for the novel and is relieved by that fact because it allowed the characters to "move on their own." The original stages of the series included more supernatural elements. Maiza Avaro was a hypnotist; Ennis was a succubus; Szilard was a magician. In addition, every member of the Camorra, except for Firo, did not survive. Despite the great differences between the characters' initial concepts and the result, Narita is "glad" that these ideas were not used in the finished novel.
Narita did not begin work on a second novel during the six months after the publication of The Rolling Bootlegs because his chief editor asked him to write nothing until after he graduated from university. After his graduation, he was offered to publish his next book in August, and he submitted his manuscripts in late April, a bit behind original deadlines. He had written over 400 pages, making the price over ¥700, which is a high price for a novel written by a newcomer. This worried Narita because it was unlikely anyone would buy the novel. As a result, he and his chief editor decided that the novel would be released in two parts. However, Narita was still anxious about publishing such a long novel. To motivate himself to write more, he would often refer back to the dialogue he had written for Ladd Russo. As with the first novel, the plot changed because of the characters' "movements", most notably Claire Stanfield. Narita noted that all of the Lemure and Russo, with the exception of a character named Neider, were originally planned to die, but Claire's presence in the novel left that concept "in ruins". In addition, Chane Laforet, who was not well liked by the author, was also supposed to die, but as time passed, Narita became attached to her and changed her fate.
While creating the anime series, art director Ito Satoshi and other staff members scouted Manhattan and surrounding neighborhoods to accurately portray the area. They visited the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood, Chinatown, Little Italy, Grand Central Terminal and various locations in Brooklyn and along the East River, many of which provide the backdrop for the events in Baccano!. The staff also visited the Steamtown National Historic Site to create accurate steam locomotives.
Tyler Walker, the ADR director of the English dub of the series, held auditions for six days, during which about 140 people came for the eighteen main roles. Walker states that this is probably the longest casting process Funimation has held. He comments that because there are a lot of characters and most of them are older men, a character type he does not work with often, choosing voice actors and familiarizing them with their characters was difficult. He asked many directors and actors for recommendations and mainly aimed to cast newcomers, as he felt Baccano! provided him a chance to discover newer talent. Walker wished to find actors who could provide the dialect and accents of the various time periods and locations, especially when casting for the characters with heavy European accents.
To prepare to write the script, Walker watched various movies featuring gangsters. He attempted to take what he could from The Untouchables, especially Robert De Niro's portrayal of Al Capone. Walker watched movies created and set in the 1930s, including but not limited to The Public Enemy, Little Caesar, Once Upon a Time in America, Miller's Crossing and various movies starring James Cagney, because he believed they would give him a truer feel on how people of the era sounded and talked. He wanted to capture the lingo and rhythm. Because Baccano! is a "stylized gangster flick" and because of the nature of anime, he made the dialogue more flowery and lingo-ridden than it would have been in reality.
The Baccano! light novels are written by Ryohgo Narita and illustrated by Katsumi Enami. Originally, Narita entered the first novel into ASCII Media Works' ninth Dengeki Novel Prize in 2002 and the novel won the Gold Prize, placing third. The first novel was released in February 2003 under ASCII Media Works' Dengeki Bunko imprint, and as of March 3, 2013, twenty novels have been released. In addition, one novel accompanied the first drama CD, released on March 31, 2006, and two gaiden novels were released in parts with DVDs of the anime adaption, released from October 24, 2007 to May 28, 2008.
Daewon C.I. licensed the Korean-language release of the series in South Korea and releases the novels under their NT Novels imprint. A Chinese-language release in Taiwan and Hong Kong is published by the Taiwan branch of Kadokawa Media under their Fantastic Novels imprint.
It was announced at the 2015 Anime Expo that Yen Press will start publishing the Baccano! novels in English in 2016. The English edition of the first volume, The Rolling Bootlegs, was published in May 2016.
The series has been adapted into two drama CDs. The first, titled 1931 Local Chapter ・ Express Chapter (鈍行編・特急編 Donkōhen ・ Tokkyūhen) The Grand Punk Railroad, was released March 31, 2006 by MediaWorks. Named after the second and third light novels, the CD retells the events occurring aboard the Flying Pussyfoot train.
The second CD, Firo Prochainezo witnesses the 53rd death of Pietro Gonzalez (フィーロ・プロシェンツォ、ピエトロ・ゴンザレスの五十三回目の死を目撃す Firo Puroshentso, Pietoro Gonzaresu no gojūsankaime no shi o mokugeki su), was released by Movic on October 24, 2007. It follows Firo and Luck as they chase two men to a small village in Mexico and attempt to retrieve money stolen from the Martillo and Gandor families.
A 16-episode anime series directed by Takahiro Omori and produced by Brain's Base, Aniplex and Movic was adapted from the light novels. The episodes describe the events spanning from 1930 to 1932 in a non-linear fashion, including the recreation of the immortality elixir, the hijacking of the Flying Pussyfoot, Eve's hunt for her brother and the gang war between the Gandor and the Runorata. The first thirteen episodes aired in Japan from July 26, 2007 to November 1, 2007 on WOWOW, a Japanese pay-per-view station, and the final three were released direct-to-DVD. The series made its North American television debut when it started airing on the Funimation Channel September 6, 2010.
Eight DVD compilations were released by Aniplex, each containing two episodes, with the first released on October 24, 2007 and the eighth on May 28, 2008. A Blu-ray Baccano! limited edition boxset was released on January 26, 2011 by Aniplex. On July 21, 2008, Funimation announced that it has licensed Baccano! for a North American release. Four DVD compilations were released, with the first on January 27, 2009 and the fourth on June 16, 2009. A complete DVD collection boxset was released December 29, 2009, and re-released on December 28, 2010 as part of a lower-priced Viridian Collection. A limited edition Blu-ray boxset was released May 17, 2011. The entire English-dubbed series was streamed through Hulu during October 2009 and English-subtitled episodes continue to be streamed, and Funimation streamed subtitled and dubbed episodes through their website. In Australia and New Zealand, the series is licensed by Madman Entertainment, who released the series over four DVDs between June 24, 2009 and October 21, 2009. A boxset was released on March 17, 2010. Baccano! is licensed in the United Kingdom by Manga Entertainment and was released as a complete boxset on October 11, 2010. The series is aired in the Philippines, Hong Kong, India, Pakistan and Southeast Asia on Animax Asia.
It was announced on January 25, 2016, that Funimation's DVD home distribution and streaming rights for the anime would expire on February 8, 2016 and the series will be transferred to Aniplex of America.
The series' original soundtrack was released as Spiral Melodies on October 24, 2007 by Aniplex. Two singles, "Gun's & Roses" by Paradise Lunch and "Calling" by Kaori Oda, were released on August 22, 2007. "Gun's and Roses" contained the opening theme, a vocal version of the opening, two songs and karaoke versions of the three tracks. The "Calling" single included the ending theme, another track and the karaoke versions of the two.
A manga adaption titled Baccano! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad was written by Narita and illustrated by Ginyū Shijin. It was published in MediaWorks' Dengeki Comic Gao! magazine from December 27, 2006 to February 27, 2008 and was collected in two volumes released July 27, 2007 and April 26, 2008. The chapters center around the hijacking of the Flying Pussyfoot train. The Chinese-language release is published by the Taiwan branch of Kadokawa Media.
A second adaptation, written by Shinta Fujimoto and published in Square Enix's Young Gangan magazine, began publication on October 16, 2015. The series is licensed by Yen Press, who publishes the chapters simultaneously with Japan.
- Volume list
|No.||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN||English release date||English ISBN|
|1||February 10, 2016||ISBN 978-4-7575-4876-3||—||—|
|2||August 10, 2016||ISBN 978-4-7575-5072-8||—||—|
- Chapter not yet in tankōbon format
- "Party! Party! Party!"
- "Day 2"
On February 28, 2008, MediaWorks released an adventure game, simply titled Baccano!, for the Nintendo DS. Based on the two Grand Punk Railroad light novels, the game recounts the events aboard the Flying Pussyfoot train from multiple perspectives. The player's goal is to help the passengers arrive safely in New York City by selecting the correct choices. The game can conclude with one of about fifty scenarios, depending on the player's decisions.
On February 20, 2009, ASCII Media Works released an art book titled Katsumi Enami Artbook Baccano! (エナミカツミ画集バッカーノ! Enami Katsumi Gashū Baccano!). The book not only featured illustrations drawn by Enami, but also included a story titled Boy Czeslaw, Fellows of the Forest (of Buildings) (チェスワフぼうやと、(ビルの)森の仲間達 Chesuwafu Bōya to, (Biru no) Mori no Nakamatachi).
While reviewing the first light novel, Gabriella Ekens from Anime News Network said "The prose in Baccano! is extremely punchy, moving quickly by focusing heavily on dialogue and action." She also praised it by saying "blast moment to moment." Nevertheless, she found its gore as a con to enjoying it.
The anime adaptation of Baccano! has received critical acclaim. Several critics from various websites have praised the series for its plot, characters, animation, musical score and its voice acting, especially the English dubbed version. For example, THEM Anime Reviews gave the entire series a score of 5 out of 5 stars, with reviewer Bradley Meek stating that the show was "a joy to watch" and despite the fact that "the series ends on an epilogue that feels a bit flat", it left him with "the best possible feeling: a mixture of contentment and a hunger to see more". He also praised the series for its animation which looked "great throughout, especially for a TV series" before summarizing the series as a "beautiful, confounding mess of chaos and delight".
Baccano! has received significant praise from Anime News Network reviewers. Theron Martin described the anime as "sometimes humorous, occasionally brutal, and nearly always fun". He claimed that the anime's "complex plotting and voluminous casting, combined with strong dubbing, animation, and musical score, make this a must-see series for fans of American mobster stories," and concluding that "this could be one of the year's best series." In his review, Carl Kimlinger claimed Baccano! to be "one of the best, and certainly the most cleverly written series in recent years" and described it as "lethally fun" before giving the series an 'A' rating for both the subbed and dubbed versions.
Davey C. Jones of Active Anime praised the anime, stating that, "Like Pulp Fiction changed the way we saw movies, Baccano will be the story that will change the way we see anime," concluding that "this all over the map anime is one unique and crazy ride from start to its never ending finale" and that "Baccano offers something truly unique in anime."
Daryl Surat and Mike Toole of Anime World Order Podcast consider Baccano! to be their "pick for best series of 2007 (or 2009 depending on how you want to count it)." Bryce Coulter of Mania Entertainment gave the complete series a 'B' rating, stating that it is "a drastic and welcome departure from your typical anime formula and that's what makes it so intriguing," and concluding that it has a "little bit of comedy, drama, action, and romance all swirled up into one giant ruckus of fun!"
- 1 2 "Funimation's Baccano! License to Expire in February". Anime News Network. January 26, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
- ↑ Narita, Ryohgo (February 2003). "Afterword". The Rolling Bootlegs (in Japanese). illus. Enami, Katsumi. Dengeki Bunko. pp. 312–315. ISBN 978-4-8402-2278-5.
- ↑ Narita, Ryohgo (September 2003). "Afterword". 1931 Local Chapter The Grand Punk Railroad (in Japanese). illus. Enami, Katsumi. Dengeki Bunko. pp. 330–333. ISBN 978-4-8402-2459-8.
- ↑ Narita, Ryohgo (August 2003). "Afterword". 1931 Express Chapter The Grand Punk Railroad (in Japanese). illus. Enami, Katsumi. Dengeki Bunko. pp. 226–269. ISBN 978-4-8402-2436-9.
- ↑ "Official Baccano! site - ニューヨークは広かった･･････ロケハンレポート (New York is Wide……Location Scouting Report)". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- ↑ "Official Baccano! site - ニューヨークは広かった･･････ロケハンレポート その2 (New York is Wide……Location Scouting Report 2)". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- 1 2 Anime Today Talks Baccano! With FUNimation ADR Director Tyler Walker (.mov) (Podcast). The Right Stuf International. December 5, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
- ↑ 第9回 電撃ゲーム3大賞 (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- ↑ "バッカーノ!―The Rolling Bootlegs (電撃文庫): 成田 良悟: 本" (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- ↑ "ASCII MediaWorks' release Calendar: June and July 2011" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on June 27, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- ↑ "バッカーノ!1931 臨時急行編―Another Junk Railroad (電撃文庫): 成田 良悟: 本". Amazon.com. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- ↑ "Official Baccano! site - Release Book". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- ↑ "『バッカーノ！ 1931-Winter - The Time of The Oasis』" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
- 1 2 "｢バッカーノ! 1931 鈍行編・特急編 The Grand Punk Railroad ｣ドラマCD" (in Japanese). MediaWorks. Archived from the original on May 10, 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- 1 2 "ドラマCD バッカーノ! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad 鈍行編・特急編". suruga-ya.jp (in Japanese). Archived from the original on October 23, 2009. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
- 1 2 "Official Baccano! site - Release DVD". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved October 14, 2009.
- ↑ "바카노! 1 The Rolling Bootlegs" (in Korean). Daewon C.I. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- ↑ "BACCANO! 大騷動!The Rolling Bootlegs 成田良悟" (in Chinese). Kadokawa Media. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- ↑ http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2015/07/05-1/yen-press-announces-new-manga-and-light-novel-plans-at-anime-expo
- ↑ "Official Baccano! site - Media CD". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ↑ "Official Baccano! site - Staff&Cast". baccano.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- ↑ "FUNimation Raises a 'Ruckus'". ICv2.com. July 21, 2008. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
- 1 2 3 Beveridge, Chris (July 21, 2008). "FUNimation Acquires Baccano". Mania Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- ↑ "Funimation Channel Schedule: Mon 6 Sep 2010-Sun 12 Sep 2010". Funimation. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- ↑ "Official Japanese Baccano! site —Blu-ray Disc Box" (in Japanese). baccano.jp. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- ↑ "Baccano! Volume 4". Amazon.com.
- ↑ "Baccano! Volume 1". Amazon.com.
- ↑ "Baccano! The Complete Series Box Set". Amazon.com. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- ↑ "Baccano! DVD Complete Series (Hyb) - Viridian Collection". The Right Stuf International. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- ↑ "Aniplex of America Brewing Up Baccano! Blu-ray Disc Box; On tap For Release on May 17, 2011". Anime News Network. March 29, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- ↑ Rojas, Justin (October 1, 2009). "Baccano Hits Hulu!". Funimation. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- ↑ Rojas, Justin (August 10, 2009). "More Streaming Madness!!". Funimation. Archived from the original on August 13, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- ↑ Rojas, Justin (February 24, 2010). "New Streaming Videos". Funimation. Archived from the original on 26 February 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano! Vol. 1". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano! Vol. 4". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano! Collection". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- ↑ "Durarara!!, Vampire Knight, Eden of the East, More Licensed in U.K". Anime News Network. May 29, 2010. Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano! The Complete Collection". Manga Entertainment. Archived from the original on 27 September 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano!". Animax Asia. Archived from the original on February 26, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano! 大騷動!" (in Chinese). Animax Asia. Archived from the original on March 9, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- ↑ "Baccano! Original Soundtrack Spiral Melodies" (in Japanese). Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ↑ "Paradise Lunch Gun's & Roses" (in Japanese). Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Archived from the original on July 3, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ↑ "織田 かおり (Oda Kaori) Calling" (in Japanese). Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Archived from the original on August 26, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- 1 2 3 "バッカーノ! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad(1)" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
- 1 2 "Inukami, Honoka, Baccano 1931 Manga to End in Japan". Anime News Network. January 25, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
- ↑ "最新雑誌情報 【2006年12月発売】 (Latest Magazine Information December 2006 Releases)" (in Japanese). MediaWorks. Archived from the original on December 30, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
- 1 2 "バッカーノ! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad(2)" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
- ↑ "BACCANO!大騷動! 1931 The Grand Punk Railroad 01" (in Chinese). Kadokawa Media. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
- ↑ "Ryohgo Narita's Baccano! Light Novels Inspire New Manga This Year". Anime News Network. August 9, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2015.
- 1 2 "Yen Press to Publish Baccano!, Jun Mochizuki's Memoir of Vanitas Manga Simultaneously With Japan". Anime News Network. December 3, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- ↑ =バッカーノ！ 1巻 [Baccano! Volume 1]. Square Enix (in Japanese). Retrieved June 5, 2016.
- ↑ =バッカーノ！ 2巻 [Baccano! Volume 2]. Square Enix (in Japanese). Retrieved August 27, 2016.
- ↑ "ニンテンドーDSソフト DS電撃文庫ADV｢バッカーノ!｣" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ↑ "Introduction イントロダクション" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ↑ "System ゲームシステム" (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- ↑ エナミカツミ画集 バッカーノ! [Baccano! Katsumi Enami Artbook] (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
- ↑ エナミカツミ画集 『バッカｰノ!』 (in Japanese). ASCII Media Works. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- ↑ Ekkens, Gabriella (June 2, 2016). "Baccano! Novel 1 - The Rolling Bootlegs". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
- ↑ Meek, Bradley (December 22, 2009). "Baccano!". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
- ↑ Theron Martin (January 30, 2009). "Review: Baccano! + Artbox: DVD 1". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- ↑ Kimlinger, Carl. "Baccano! Blu-Ray Disc Box Limited Edition - Review". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- ↑ Davey C. Jones (February 21, 2009). "BACCANO! VOL. 1". Active Anime. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- ↑ Davey C. Jones (June 14, 2009). "BACCANO! VOL. 4 (ADVANCE REVIEW)". Active Anime. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- ↑ Daryl Surat & Mike Toole. "Review: Baccano!". Anime World Order Podcast. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- ↑ Bryce Coulter (March 19, 2010). "Baccano! Complete Series". Mania Entertainment. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
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