B.C. (comic strip)


B.C. Logo
Author(s) Johnny Hart (1958–2007)
Mason Mastroianni (2007–present)
Website Creators.com: B.C.
Current status / schedule Running
Launch date February 17, 1958
Syndicate(s) Creators Syndicate
Genre(s) Gag-a-day, Humor

B.C. is a daily American comic strip created by cartoonist Johnny Hart. Set in prehistoric times, it features a group of cavemen and anthropomorphic animals from various geologic eras. B.C. made its newspaper debut on February 17, 1958, and was among the longest-running strips still written and drawn by its original creator when Hart died at his drawing board in Nineveh, New York, on April 7, 2007.[1][2]

Now, the strip is produced by Hart's grandsons Mason Mastroianni (head writer and cartoonist) and Mick Mastroianni (writer for both B.C. and Hart's other creation, The Wizard of Id), and Hart's daughter Perri (letterer and colorist). The Mastroianni Brothers also created an original strip, The Dogs of C Kennel, in 2009. It is syndicated by Creators Syndicate.

Cast of characters

Character inspiration

Hart was inspired to draw cavemen (and many other creatures) through the chance suggestion of one of his coworkers at General Electric, and took to the idea "because they are a combination of simplicity and the origin of ideas." The name for the strip "may have been suggested by my wife, Bobby," Johnny recalls.[3] Hart was born and lived his entire life in Broome County, New York, and freely donated the use of his characters to the county parks, public transit lines, many community organizations and local sports teams including the logos for Binghamton, New York's minor league hockey teams (see Hometown).

Hart describes the title character as similar to himself, playing the "patsy." The other major characters — Peter, Wiley, Clumsy Carp, Curls, and Thor — were patterned after friends and co-workers. The animal characters include dinosaurs, ants and an anteater, clams, a snake, a turtle and bird duo, and an apteryx (presented in the strip as being the sole surviving specimen, and hence self-aware of its being doomed to extinction).

Human characters

Animals and other non-human characters

There are also several odd inanimate characters, including a talking Daisy and his/her friend, a talking Rock.

Seldom-used or one-shot human characters

Although the strip seldom expands its human cast outside of the established group of characters, there are a few exceptions. It can be assumed that there are other groups or tribes of humans for Wiley's sports teams to compete against, for example, but these are never actually seen. There have been a few exceptions to this, however, with a few additional human characters seen from time to time, even if only once.


The characters live, for the most part, in caves, in what appears to be a barren, mountainous desert by an unidentified sea. Background detail is often limited to a simple horizon line broken up by the occasional silhouettes of a stray volcano or cloud. "Retail stores", "shop counters", and "businesses" are symbolized by a single boulder, labeled (for instance): "Wheel Repair", "Advice Column", "Psychiatrist", etc. The February 5, 2012, strip gives a nearby location of N 53° 24' 17" W 6° 12' 3", which is in present-day Dublin, Ireland.

Originally, the strip was set firmly in prehistoric times, with the characters clearly living in an era untouched by modernity. Typical plotlines, for example, include B.C.'s friend, Thor (inventor of the wheel and the comb), trying to discover a use for the wheel. Thor was also seen making calendars out of stone every December. Other characters attempt to harness fire or to discover an unexplored territory, like Peter trying to find the "new world" by crossing the ocean on a raft. Animals, like the dinosaur, think such thoughts as, "There's one consolation to becoming extinct—I'll go down in history as the first one to go down in history." Grog arrived in early 1966,[6] emerging from a miniature glacier which melted to reveal what Wiley called "Prehistoric man!"

B.C., like Hart's Wizard of Id, is a period burlesque with a deliberately broad, unliteral time frame. As time went on the strip began to mine humor from having the characters make explicit references to modern-day current events, inventions, and celebrities. Increasingly familiar visual devices, like the makeshift "telephone" built into a tree trunk, also started to blur the comic's supposed prehistoric setting and make it rife with intentional anachronisms. One of the comic's early out-of-context jokes, from June 22, 1967, was this one:

Peter: "I used to think sun revolved around the earth."
B.C.: "What does it revolve around?"
Peter: "The United States!"

Another early example: Near Christmas time, the apteryx, dressed as Santa Claus, modified his usual spiel: "Hi there, I'm an Apterclaus, a wingless toymonger with batteries not included!" The Washington Post columnist and comics critic Gene Weingarten suggested[7] that B.C. is actually set not in the past but in a dystopic, post-apocalyptic future.

Format and style

B.C. follows a gag-a-day format, featuring (mostly) unrelated jokes from day to day, plus a color Sunday page. Occasionally it will run an extended sequence on a given theme over a week or two. It also follows the convention of Sunday strips with a short, setup/payoff joke in the first two panels, followed by an extended gag. The principal cast is small and varied, with each character imbued with a developed personality. "The art style, like that of Charles Schulz's Peanuts, masks sophisticated minimalism with a casually scratchy veneer," according to comics historian Don Markstein.[8]

Dry humor, prose, verse, slapstick, irony, shameless puns and wordplay, and comedic devices such as Wiley's Dictionary (where common words are defined humorously with a twist, see Daffynition) make for some of the mix of material in B.C. Example: "Rock (verb): To cause something or someone to swing or sway, principally by hitting them with it!"from an early 1967 strip. Or: "Cantaloupe (noun): What the father of the bride asks after seeing the wedding estimate!"

There are running gags relating to the main cast and to a variety of secondary, continuing characters. One such periodic recurring gag has Peter communicating with an unseen pen-pal on the other side of the ocean, writing a message on a slab of rock that he floats off into the horizon. It is invariably returned the same way, with a sarcastic reply written on the reverse side. These segments use silent or "pantomime" panels (indicating that time has elapsed; night falls and dawn rises) between the set-up and the delayed punch linetypical of Hart's idiosyncratic use of "timing" in B.C.

Religious aspect

Late in the run of the strip, and following a renewal of Hart's religious faith in 1984, B.C. increasingly incorporated religious, social, and political commentary, continuing until Hart's death in 2007. References to Christianity, anachronistic given the strip's supposed setting and the implications of its title, would become increasingly frequent during Hart's later years. In interviews, Hart referred to his strip as a "ministry" intended to mix religious themes with secular humor.[9] Though other strips such as The Family Circus and Peanuts have included Christian themes, B.C. strips were pulled from comics pages on several occasions due to editorial perception of religious favoritism or overt proselytizing. Easter strips in 1996 and 2001, for example, prompted editorial reaction from a handful of U.S. newspapers, chiefly the Los Angeles Times and written and oral responses from Jewish and Muslim groups. The American Jewish Committee termed the Easter 2001 strip, which depicted the last words of Jesus Christ and a menorah transforming into a cross, "religiously offensive" and "shameful."[10] A 2003 strip depicting a character using an outhouse with a crescent symbol on the front, slamming the door shut, and declaring, "Is it just me, or does it stink in here?" was interpreted by some as carrying an anti-Islam message. Hart responded to the controversy, saying "This comic was in no way intended to be a message against Islam — subliminal or otherwise.... It would be contradictory to my own faith as a Christian to insult other people’s beliefs."[11][12] The Los Angeles Times consequently relegated strips which its editorial staff deemed objectionable to the religion pages, instead of the regular comics pages.[13]

Examples of religious themed strips

B.C. strip from August 18, 2006, illustrating Hart's sense of humor as well as incorporation of religious themes and anachronistic references.
B.C. strip from April 15, 2001, which prompted complaints from some Jewish groups.

Other controversy

The B.C. daily strip from December 7, 2006 attracted criticism for defining infamy as "a word seldom used after Toyota sales topped 2 million." The day was the 65th anniversary of the Japanese military's attack on Pearl Harbor, and the punchline of the strip refers to Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Infamy Speech" which requested from Congress a declaration of war against Japan. The day's strip was pulled from at least one newspaper, the San Antonio Express-News. The paper's managing editor said the comic was "a regressive and insensitive statement about one of the worst days in American history."

On July 21, 2009, the strip presented a gag that involved the supposed suggestion of animal abuse. John Hart Studios received many angry responses from readers and issued an apology on their website.[14]

B.C. in other media


Influences from B.C. are found throughout Johnny Hart's home of Broome County, New York. A PGA Tour event, the B.C. Open, took place every summer in Endicott, New York through 2005 (the final scheduled B.C. Open in 2006 was disrupted by flooding, prompting a change of venue to the Turning Stone Resort & Casino in central New York state). Each year Johnny would bring in a group of cartoonists to play in the Pro-Am. Jim Davis, Mike Peters, Mort Walker, Paul Szep, Dik Browne, John Cullen Murphy, Dean Young, Stan Drake, Brant Parker, Lynn Johnston, and entertainer Tom Smothers would put on a free show for the community, drawing and signing autographs for golf and cartooning fans.

The Broome County parks department[15] features Gronk the dinosaur as their mascot, and Thor riding a wheel graces every Broome County Transit bus. In the past, Hart has also left his mark on the logos of the Broome Dusters and B.C. Icemen hockey teams.


Collections and reprints

(All titles are by Johnny Hart; published by Fawcett Gold Medal unless otherwise noted.)

  • Hey! B.C. (1959)
  • Back to B.C. (1961)
  • B.C. Strikes Back (1962)
  • Hurray for B.C. (1963)
  • The Sunday Best of B.C. (1964) G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • What's New, B.C.? (1968)
  • B.C. Big Wheel! (1969)
  • B.C. Is Alive and Well (1969)
  • Take a Bow, B.C. (1970)
  • B.C. on the Rocks (1971)
  • B.C. Right On (1973)
  • B.C. Cave In (1973)
  • B.C. One More Time (1973)
  • B.C. Dip in Road (1974)
  • B.C. It's a Funny World (1974)
  • B.C. Life is a Seventy-Five Cent Paperback (1975) This book was retitled every time the price went up: 75¢, 95¢, $1.25, $1.75, and $1.95 in the U.S.; and 50p and 60p in Great Britain.
  • B.C. Truckin' On Down (1975)
  • B.C. Great Zot I'm Beautiful (1977)
  • B.C. Color Me Sunday (1977)
  • B.C. The Second and Third Letters of the Alphabet Revisited (1977)
  • B.C. Loneliness Is Rotting on a Bookrack (1978)
  • B.C. Where the Hell Is Heck? (1978)
  • B.C. The Sun Comes Up, the Sun Goes Down (1979)
  • I, B.C. (1980)
  • B.C. A Special Christmas (1981) Firefly Books
  • B.C. No Two Sexes Are Alike (1981)
  • B.C. A Clam for Your Thoughts (1981)
  • B.C. But Theriously, Folkth... (1982)
  • B.C. Star Light, Star Bright, First... (1982)
  • B.C. Out One Ear and In the Other (1983)
  • B.C. I Don't Wanta Hear About It (1984)
  • B.C. Life Goes On (1984)
  • B.C. A Rag and a Bone and a Yank of Hair (1985)
  • B.C. Lover's Leap (1985)
  • B.C. Why Me? (1986)
  • Here Comes B.C. (1987) Budget Books
  • B.C. Rides Again (1988) Andrews McMeel
  • Return of B.C. Rides Again (1989) Andrews McMeel
  • B.C. (1990) Andrews McMeel
  • Johnny Hart's GrowingGold with B.C.: A 50 Year Celebration (2007) Checker Books
  • I Did It His Way: A Collection of Classic B.C. Religious Comic Strips (2009) Thomas Nelson

On September 21, 2015, Go Comics began reprinting B.C. under the title "Back to B.C.".


  1. Binghamton Press April 7, 2007
  2. Fellow cartoonists pay tribute to Johnny Hart-Creators Syndicate
  3. The Johnny Hart Interview
  4. The Anteater Mascot, UCI Library
  5. John Hart Studios.com
  6. Take a Bow, B.C. published in 1970, containing cartoons from 1965 and 1966
  7. Chatological Humor, The Washington Post, July 2004
  8. B.C. at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on August 27, 2015.
  9. The Plain Truth – At the Hart of B.C.
  10. Easter Comic Strip Creates An Uproar, Christian Century, May 2, 2001
  11. Gene Weingarten (November 21, 2003). "Cartoon Raises a Stink; Some See Slur Against Islam in a 'B.C.' Outhouse Strip". The Washington Post. pp. C1+.
  12. Wondermark » Archive » The Comic Strip Doctor: B.C.
  13. Johnny Hart: Not Caving In, Today's Christian, March/April 1997
  14. "We apologize.". John Hart Studios. July 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  15. Broome County Parks and Recreation
  16. NCS-Best Humor Strip
  17. Comic Awards
  18. National Cartoonists Society
  19. First Thanksgiving
  20. B.C. ACTION Commercial
  21. Adamson Awards
  22. Elzie Segar Award
  23. Golden Sheaf
  24. Christmas Special

External links

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