International Astronomy Olympiad

The International Astronomy Olympiad (IAO) is an internationally recognized annual astronomy scientific-educating event for high school students (14–18 years old), which includes an intellectual competition between these students. It is one of the International Science Olympiads.

The Eurasian Astronomical Society founded the IAO in 1996.

Competing rounds

The competing part of IAO consists of three rounds: a theoretical, an observational, and a practical. Problems of the theoretical round involve classical problems in branches of astronomy, astrophysics, space and planetary physics, and maybe hypothetical situations. The observational round involves recognizing stars, constellations, estimating star magnitude and angular distance, working with telescopes or other observational technique. The practical round consists of problems based on data results of observations, solutions propose analysis of these data. The chairman is Michael Gavrilov.


The style of the problems of IAO is aimed at developing the imagination, creativity and independent thinking. They stimulate the students to recognize the problem independently, to choose a model, to make necessary suppositions, estimations, to conduct multiway calculations or logic operations. The rounds are not tests of speed or memory or knowledge of formal facts and data, and all basic data and formal facts are provided to the students. The ways of solutions are of the first priority in evaluations of the participants' solutions, while the correct formal final answer (formula or numerical value) does not play the determining role in the evaluation. Participants should have a possibility to exhibit the analytical capacities, and not just to do all procedures by hard rules. Also the jury board does not demand from participants to follow the way of solution that is written by the author or composer of the problem.

The International Astronomy Olympiad is carried out in the spirit of friendship and tolerance, where the competition is a stimulus for showing the participants' capabilities but contacts, exchange of ideas and collaboration between students, teachers and scientists from various countries have a primary importance. The competition at the IAO is not the only part of the programme.


The students for IAO are selected during National Olympiads and Camps of the participating states.

Traditionally the teams of Armenia, Brazil,Islamic Republic Of Iran, Bulgaria, China, Estonia, India, Indonesia, Italy, Korea, Lithuania, Moscow Land, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Serbia, and Thailand take part in the IAO. Crimea, Ukraine and Belarus take part not regularly. Croatia, Czech Republic and Kazakhstan joined the competition at last years. A few countries plan to join IAO in the nearest future.

Moscow Land and Crimea send teams apart from Russia and Ukraine. As organizers of the oldest open astronomical olympiads and competitions (since the 1940s), and due to their historical service in the formation and development of IAO they are considered at IAO as independent states with all rights and duties.

List of IAOs

Nr. Year Dates Time Zone Town Country or
I 1996 November 1–9 UT+3 Nizhnij Arkhyz Russia Russia 4 1
II 1997 October 21–28 UT+4 / UT+3 Nizhnij Arkhyz Russia Russia 4 -
III 1998 October 20–27 UT+4 / UT+3 Nizhnij Arkhyz Russia Russia 5 1
IV 1999 September 25 - October 2 UT+3 Nauchnyj Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea 7 2
V 2000 October 20–27 UT+4 Nizhnij Arkhyz Russia Russia 8 -
VI 2001 September 26 - October 3 UT+3 Nauchnyj Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea 7 2
VII 2002 October 22–29 UT+4 / UT+3 Nizhnij Arkhyz Russia Russia 11 -
VIII 2003 October 2–8 UT+2 Stockholm Sweden Sweden 13 2
IX 2004 October 1–9 UT+3 Simeiz Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea 18 -
X 2005 October 25 - November 2 UT+8 Beijing China China 15 2
XI 2006 November 10–19 UT+5:30 Bombay India India 16 3
XII 2007 September 29 - October 7 UT+3 Simeiz Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea 23 1
XIII 2008 October 13–21 UT+2 Trieste Italy Italy 19 1
XIV 2009 November 8–16 UT+8 Hangzhou China China 17 1
XV 2010 October 16–24 UT+3 Sudak Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea 19 -
XVI 2011 September 22–30 UT+6 Alma-Ata Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 19 2
XVII 2012 October 16–24 UT+9 Gwangju South Korea Korea 20 2
XVIII 2013 September 6–14 UT+3 Vilnius Lithuania Lithuania 20 -
XIX 2014 October 12–21 UT+6 Bishkek - Cholpon-Ata Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 17 -
XX 2015 October 15–23 UT+3 Kazan Russia Russia 13 -
XXI 2016 October 5–13 UT+3 Smolyan - Pamporovo Bulgaria Bulgaria 16 -

Asian-Pacific Astronomy Olympiad

The Asian-Pacific Astronomy Olympiad (APAO) is a regional annual astronomy event for high school students from Asian countries. It provides a program for teams of students that did not qualify for the International Astronomy Olympiad (IAO) and the APAO follows the IAO on the calendar. The APAO was founded April 25, 2005 by IAO chairman.[1]

Teams of Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kirgizia, Korea, Nepal, Pakistan, Asian part of Russia, Singapore and Thailand took part in the APAOs.

List of APAOs

Nr. Year Dates Time Zone Town Country Participating
I 2005 December 4–11 UT+8 Irkutsk Russia Russia 5 -
I 2006 December 4–11 UT+10 Vladivostok Russia Russia 6 -
III 2007 November 21–29 UT+8 Xiamen China China 4 -
IV 2008 November 16–23 UT+6 Bishkek Kyrgyzstan Kirgizia 6 -
V 2009 October 7–14 UT+9 Damyang South Korea Korea 9 -
VI 2010 November 24 - December 5 UT+7 / UT+9 Tolikara Indonesia Indonesia 8 1
VII 2011 November 7–15 UT+5 Aktyubinsk Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 6 -
VIII 2012 November 26 - December 4 UT+6 Cox's Bazar Bangladesh Bangladesh 6 -
IX 2013 November 23 - December 2 UT+8 Tomohon Indonesia Indonesia 6 -
X 2014 November 24 - December 2 UT+8 Irkutsk, Listvyanka Russia Russia 5 -
XI 2015 November 13–22 UT+6 Dhaka Bangladesh Bangladesh 4 -
XII 2016 November 17–25 UT+9 Goheung South Korea Korea 7 -

See also

Other International Olympiads related to Astronomy:


  1. Gavrilov, Michael G. "Founding of the Asian-Pacific Astronomy Olympiad". Euro-Asian Academic Society. Retrieved 2011-02-27.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/20/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.