Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

Archdiocese of New York
Archidioecesis Neo-Eboracensis

The coat of arms of the Archdiocese of New York
Country United States
Territory New York City (Bronx, Manhattan, Staten Island), Counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester, New York
Ecclesiastical province New York
Metropolitan New York City, New York
Area 12,212 km2 (4,715 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
2,634,624 (45%)
Parishes 296[1]
Denomination Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 8 April 1808
(As Diocese of New York)
19 July 1850
(As Archdiocese of New York)
Cathedral St. Patrick's Cathedral
Patron saint St. Patrick
Secular priests 932
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Timothy Michael Cardinal Dolan
Auxiliary Bishops
Vicar General Gregory Mustaciuolo
Emeritus Bishops
St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York is a Latin Catholic archdiocese in New York State. It encompasses the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island in New York City and the Counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester in New York. The Archdiocese of New York is the second-largest diocese in the United States, encompassing 296 parishes that serve around 2.8 million Catholics in addition to hundreds of Catholic schools, hospitals and charities.[2][3] The Archdiocese also operates the well-known St. Joseph's Seminary, commonly referred to as Dunwoodie. The Archdiocese of New York is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of New York which includes the suffragan dioceses of Albany, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Ogdensburg, Rochester, Rockville Centre and Syracuse.

The Latin name of the archdiocese is Archidioecesis Neo-Eboracensis (Eboracum being the Roman name of York, England), and the corporate name is Archdiocese of New York.

It publishes a bi-weekly newspaper, Catholic New York, the largest of its kind in the United States.[4]


The ordinary of the Archdiocese of New York is an archbishop whose cathedra is The Cathedral of St. Patrick (commonly St. Patrick's Cathedral) in Manhattan, New York. The Archbishop of New York is also the metropolitan of the larger Ecclesiastical Province of New York, which consists of the eight dioceses that comprise the State of New York with the exception of a small portion (Fishers Island) that belongs to the Province of Hartford. As such, the metropolitan archbishop possesses certain limited authority over the suffragan sees of the province (see ecclesiastical province).

R. Luke Concanen became the first Bishop of the (then) Diocese of New York in 1808. The current Archbishop of New York is Timothy Michael Cardinal Dolan.


Initially, the territory that now makes up the Archdiocese of New York was part of the Prefecture Apostolic of United States of America which was established on November 26, 1784. On November 6, 1789, the Prefecture was elevated to a diocese and the present territory of the Archdiocese of New York fell under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Baltimore, headed by the first American bishop, John Carroll.[5]

At the time, there was a dearth of priests to minister to the large territory. The first Roman Catholic Church in New York City was St. Peter's on Barclay Street. The land was purchased from Trinity Church with community donations and a gift of 1,000 pieces of silver from King Charles III of Spain. The church was built in the federal style. Among its regular worshippers were Saint Elizabeth Seton and Venerable Pierre Toussaint.[6]

On April 8, 1808, the Holy See raised Baltimore to the status of an Archdiocese. At the same time, the dioceses of Philadelphia, Boston, Bardstown (now Louisville, KY) and New York were created. At the time of its establishment, the Diocese of New York covered all of the State of New York, as well as the northeastern New Jersey counties of Sussex, Bergen, Morris, Essex, Somerset, Middlesex, and Monmouth.[7]

Since the first appointed bishop could not set sail from Italy due to the Napoleonic blockade, a Jesuit priest, Anthony Kohlmann, was appointed administrator. He was instrumental in organizing the diocese and preparing for the Cathedral of St. Patrick to be built on Mulberry Street. Among the difficulties faced by Catholics at the time was anti-Catholic bigotry in general and in the New York school system. A strong Nativist movement sought to keep Catholics out of the country and to prevent those already present from advancing.[5]

On April 23, 1847 territory was taken from the Diocese to form the Dioceses of Albany and Buffalo.[8][9][10][11] The Diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese on July 19, 1850. On July 29, 1853 territory was again taken from the Diocese, this time to form the Diocese of Newark and the Diocese of Brooklyn.[12][13][14] The Bahamas were made a part of the Archdiocese of New York, establishing the first permanent Catholic presence, on July 25, 1885 due to their proximity to New York's busy port. Churches and schools were constructed and administered until The Bahamas' eventual dissociation to form the Prefecture Apostolic of Bahama (now the Archdiocese of Nassau) on March 21, 1929. By 1932, The Bahamas were no longer under the spiritual jurisdiction of New York.[15]

Archdiocesan demographics

As of 2014 the Catholic population of the Archdiocese is 2,634,624. These Catholics were served by 932 archdiocesan priests and 913 priests of religious orders. Also laboring in the diocese were 359 permanent deacons, 1,493 religious brothers, and 3,153 nuns.[16]

For comparison, in 1929, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was 1,273,291 persons. There were 1,314 clergy ministering in the archdiocese and 444 churches. There were also 170,348 children in Catholic educational and welfare institutions.[17]

In 1959, there were 7,913 nuns and sisters ministering in the Archdiocese, representing 103 different religious orders.

Anniversaries of significance to the archdiocese

Bishops and Prelates

Diocesan bishops

The following is a list of the Roman Catholic bishops and archbishops of New York who have served as the diocesan bishop of New York (and their tenures of service):

Bishops of the Diocese of New York (1808–July 19, 1850):

  1. R. Luke Concanen, O.P. † (1808–1810)
  2. John Connolly, O.P. † (1814–1825)
  3. John Dubois, S.S. † (1826–1842)

Archbishops of the Archdiocese of New York:

  1. John Joseph Hughes † (1842–1864) (Coadjutor Bishop in 1837, Bishop in 1842, Archbishop in 1850)
  2. John Cardinal McCloskey † (1864–1885)
  3. Michael Augustine Corrigan † (1885–1902)
  4. John Murphy Cardinal Farley † (1902–1918)
  5. Patrick Joseph Cardinal Hayes † (1919–1938)
  6. Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman † (1939–1967)
  7. Terence James Cardinal Cooke † (1968–1983)
  8. John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor † (1984–2000)
  9. Edward Michael Cardinal Egan † (2000–2009)
  10. Timothy Michael Cardinal Dolan (2009–present)

† = deceased

Auxiliary bishops


Bishops Emeriti

Former; currently living
Former; Deceased

† = deceased

Other bishops who once were priests in the Archdiocese of New York



† = deceased



Religious orders


The following cemeteries are under the auspices of Calvary & Allied Cemeteries, Inc.:

Many parishes have their own cemeteries, or their own sections in private cemeteries. An incomplete list of those cemeteries follows:

Catholic charitable organizations

Saints, blesseds, and venerables of New York

Shrines of New York

Province of New York

See: List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States, Ecclesiastical province of New York

See also


  1. Newman, Andy. "New York Archdiocese Will Close 7 More Churches", The New York Times, May 8, 2015
  2. "New York's Catholic Church". New York State Catholic Conference.
  3. West, Melanie (May 8, 2015). "Archdiocese of New York Announces Parish Merger Decisions". Wall Street Journal.
  4. "Catholic New York". Archdiocese of New York.
  5. 1 2 "Catholic Encyclopeida: Archdiocese of New York". New Advent.
  6. Pronechen, Joseph (September 2, 2011). "9/11's Church: St. Peter Catholic Church Has Witnessed Pivotal Points of U.S. History". newspaper. National Catholic Register.
  7. "History of the Archdiocese of New York". Archives of the Archdiocese of New York.
  8. "History". Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany.
  9. "Diocese of Albany". Catholic Hierarchy.
  10. "Buffalo". New Advent.
  11. "Diocese of Buffalo". Catholic Hierarchy.
  12. "Archdiocese of Newark". Catholic Hierarchy.
  13. "Archdiocesan History". Archdiocese of Newark.
  14. "Diocese of Brooklyn". Catholic Hierarchy.
  15. "Catholics in the Bahamas: A Brief History". Archives of the Archdiocese of New York.
  16. "New York (Archdiocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". Retrieved 2015-11-23.
  17. "TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE CHURCHGOER; Cardinal Hayes to Sail for Rome Next Month for Ad Limina Visit to the Pope. MINISTERS END VACATIONS Dr. Straton to Resume Work Tomorrow--Bishop Manning DueHome About Sept. 17.". The New York Times. 1929-09-07. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
  18. Wakin, Daniel (June 12, 2002). "Past Advisor to Cardinal O'Connor Resigns After Admitting to Affairs". New York Times.
  19. Bishop Edward Dennis Head, Catholic-Hierarchy, 21 August 2013, Cheney, D.M., Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  20. Bishop Head dies, Diocese of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY: Diocese of Buffalo, 2014, Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  21. Most Rev. Edward D. Head, Diocese of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY: Diocese of Buffalo, 2014, Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  22. Bishop Edward Head dies, remembered as kind and considerate leader, WBFO 88.7: Buffalo's NPR News Station, Buffalo, NY, 30 March 2005, Buckley, E., Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  23. Bishop Edward Head dies, served as leader of Catholic diocese for 22 years, WBFO 88.7: Buffalo's NPR News Station, Buffalo, NY, 29 March 2005, Scott, M., Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  24. 1 2 See: List of the Catholic bishops of the United States#American bishops serving outside the United States.

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