All-Ireland Senior Football Championship

All-Ireland Senior Football Championship
Current season or competition:
2016 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship

Irish Comórtas Shinsear Peile na hÉireann
Founded 1887
Region Republic of Ireland Ireland (31 teams)
United States United States (1 team)
England England (1 team) (GAA)
Trophy Sam Maguire Cup
No. of teams 33
Title holders Dublin (26th title)
Most titles Kerry (37 titles)
TV partner(s)

RTÉ, Sky Sports, BBC Northern Ireland,
Setanta Sports, Premier Sports,

Official website

The All-Ireland Senior Football Championship (SFC), the premier competition in Gaelic football, is an annual series of games played in Ireland and organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA). The All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final is played on the third or fourth Sunday in September at Croke Park in Dublin, with the winning team receiving the Sam Maguire.

Contested by the top inter-county football teams in Ireland, the tournament has taken place every year since 1887except in 1888, when the competition was not played due to a tour of the United States by would-be competitors.


The first Championship to be held featured club teams who represented their respective counties after their county championship. The 21 a-side final was between Commercials of Limerick and Young Irelands of Louth. The final was played in Beech Hill, Clonskeagh (not Bird Avenue) on 29 April 1888 with Commercials winning by 1–4 to 0–3. Unlike later All-Ireland competitions, there were no provincial championships, and the result was an open draw.

The second Championship was unfinished owing to the American Invasion Tour. The 1888 provincial championships had been completed (Tipperary, Kilkenny and Monaghan winning them; no Connacht teams entered) but after the Invasion tour returned, the All-Ireland semi-final and final were not played. English team London reached the final four times in the early years of the competition (1900–1903).

In 1892, inter-county teams were introduced to the All-Ireland Championship. Congress granted permission for the winning club to use players from other clubs in the county, thus the inter-county teams came into being. The rules of hurling and football were also altered: goals were made equal to five points, and teams were reduced from 21 to 17 a-side.

The 1903 Championship brought Kerry's first All-Ireland title. They went on to become the most successful football team in the history of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship.[2]

The first half of the twentieth century brought the rise of several teams who won two or more All-Ireland titles in that period, such as Kildare, Mayo, Cavan, Wexford and Roscommon. In the 1990s, a significant sea change took place, as the All-Ireland was claimed by an Ulster team in four consecutive years (1991–1994). Since then Ulster has produced more All-Ireland winning teams than any other province.[3]

The All-Ireland Qualifiers were introduced in 2001. Later that year, the 2001 final brought victory for Galway who became the first football team to win an All-Ireland by springing through "the back door." In 2013, Hawk-Eye was introduced for Championship matches at Croke Park.[4] It was first used to confirm that Offaly substitute Peter Cunningham's attempted point had gone wide 10 minutes into the second half of a game against Kildare.[5] 2013 also brought the first Friday night game in the history of the Championship - a first round qualifier between Carlow and Laois.[6]


Team Colours Most recent success
All-Ireland Provincial
Antrim Saffron and white 1951
Armagh Orange and white 2002 2008
Carlow Red, green and gold 1944
Cavan Royal blue and white 1952 1997
Clare Saffron and Blue 1992
Cork Red and white 2010 2012
Derry Red and white 1993 1998
Donegal Gold and green 2012 2014
Down Red and black 1994 1994
Dublin Sky blue and navy 2016 2016
Fermanagh Green and white
Galway Maroon and white 2001 2016
Kerry Green and gold 2014 2016
Kildare White 1928 2000
Laois Blue and white 2003
Leitrim Green and gold 1994
London Green and white
Limerick Green and white 1896 1896
Longford Royal blue and gold 1968
Louth Red and white 1957 1957
Mayo Green and red 1951 2015
Meath Green and gold 1999 2010
Monaghan White and blue 2015
New York Red, white and blue
Offaly White, green and gold 1982 1997
Roscommon Primrose and blue 1944 2010
Sligo Black and white 2007
Tipperary Blue and gold 1920 1935
Tyrone White and Red 2008 2016
Waterford White and blue 1898
Westmeath Maroon and white 2004
Wexford Purple and gold 1918 1945
Wicklow Blue and gold


Current format

Main article: GAA county

The county is a geographical region in Ireland, and each of the thirty-two counties in Ireland organises its own GAA affairs through a County Board. The county teams play in their respective Provincial Championships in Connacht (which also includes teams from London and New York), Leinster, Munster, and Ulster. Kilkenny is currently unique among the 32 Irish county associations in not participating in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship. The Provincial Championships operate through a knock-out cup competition format. They take place during the months of May, June and July. The winners of each of the four Provincial Championships earn a place in the All-Ireland Quarter-Finals, which take place in the month of August.

Each match is played as a single leg. If a match is drawn there is a replay. If that match ends in a draw a period of extra time is played, however, if both sides are still level at the end of extra time another replay will take place.

The twenty-nine teams that fail to win their respective Provincial Championships receive a second opportunity to reach the All-Ireland Series via the All Ireland Qualifiers (also known as the 'back door'). The qualifiers series takes place in the months of June and July and operates as follows:

Fans of Sligo (in black) are visible in the crowd among supporters of Cork, Meath and Tyrone. The introduction of the All-Ireland Qualifiers in 2001 has provided weaker counties with opportunities to play big games at Croke Park.

Proposed new format for 2018

The Ard Stiúrthoir of the GAA has proposed that the eight teams who currently contest the four knock-out quarter-finals should compete in two groups of four teams. The group winners and runners-up would progress to the two knock-out semi-finals.[8]

Historic format

For the first All-Ireland championship in 1887, the competition was played on an open draw knockout basis. From 1888, the provincial system was introduced, whereby the counties in each of Ireland's four provinces would play each other on a knockout basis to find provincial champions. These four champions would meet in the All-Ireland semi-finals. The structure outlined above was adopted in 2001 to allow more games to be played, but still retain provincial championships and the knockout structure, resulting in every game continuing to be a meaningful fixture, with no dead-rubber league format matches being played out.

All-Ireland winners and finalists

Croke Park kitted out in the green and red of Mayo fans at the 2004 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final.

Over the four Sundays of September, All-Ireland Finals in men's football, ladies' football, hurling and camogie take place at Croke Park, the national stadium of the GAA. Two grades are played on each final day, the senior team and the minor team (consisting of younger players, under the age of 18, who have participated in that year's All-Ireland Minor Football Championship). Guests who attend these events include the President of Ireland, the Taoiseach and other important dignitaries. The football final is considered the pinnacle event of this period.

The final game of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship takes place on the third Sunday of September. The men's decider regularly attracts crowds of over 80,000. The winning team captain receives the Sam Maguire Cup. The current champions are Dublin.


Dublin Thurles Limerick Killarney
Croke Park Semple Stadium Gaelic Grounds Fitzgerald Stadium
53°21′38.70″N 6°15′4.80″W / 53.3607500°N 6.2513333°W / 53.3607500; -6.2513333 52°40′55.91″N 7°49′30.40″W / 52.6821972°N 7.8251111°W / 52.6821972; -7.8251111 52°40′12.50″N 8°39′15.10″W / 52.6701389°N 8.6541944°W / 52.6701389; -8.6541944 52°3′58.75″N 9°30′28.56″W / 52.0663194°N 9.5079333°W / 52.0663194; -9.5079333
Capacity: 82,300 Capacity: 53,500 Capacity: 49,866 Capacity: 43,180
Castlebar Clones
MacHale Park St Tiernach's Park
53°51′13.92″N 9°17′3.93″W / 53.8538667°N 9.2844250°W / 53.8538667; -9.2844250 54°11′8.04″N 7°13′57.86″W / 54.1855667°N 7.2327389°W / 54.1855667; -7.2327389
Capacity: 42,000 Capacity: 36,000
Galway Cork Belfast Cavan
53°15′47.92″N 9°5′2.98″W / 53.2633111°N 9.0841611°W / 53.2633111; -9.0841611 51°53′59.10″N 8°26′6.15″W / 51.8997500°N 8.4350417°W / 51.8997500; -8.4350417 54°34′23.90″N 5°59′2.35″W / 54.5733056°N 5.9839861°W / 54.5733056; -5.9839861 53°58′54.54″N 7°21′33.38″W / 53.9818167°N 7.3592722°W / 53.9818167; -7.3592722
Pearse Stadium Páirc Uí Chaoimh Casement Park Breffni Park
Capacity: 33,000 Capacity: 32,550 Capacity: 32,500 Capacity: 32,000

Records and statistics

Although Wexford were the first county to win four consecutive All-Ireland Senior Football Finals (1915–18), historically Kerry have been the most successful football team in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship. As of 2015, Kerry have won the competition on 37 occasions, winning in four consecutive years twice (1929–1932 and 1978–1981) and for three consecutive years twice as well (1939–1941 and 1984–1986). Galway were the first team from the western province of Connacht to win an All-Ireland title, doing so in 1925. The 1933 final brought victory for Cavan, who became the first team from the northern province of Ulster to win an All-Ireland title.

Two teams have won the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship as part of a double with that year's All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, namely Cork (1890 and 1990) and Tipperary (1895 and 1900). The championship has never been won by a team from outside Ireland, though London have played in five finals.

Dublin are the reigning champions, having defeated Mayo in the 2016 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final.

See also



    1. "From Sam Maguire to Dr Maguire – St Eunan's and Naomh Conaill do battle in County Final". Donegal Daily. 4 November 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2012. A huge crowd is expected at MacCumhaill Park at a time when gaelic games in the county have never had a higher profile. Nothing beats being there, as the GAA slogan goes, but for the neutrals who can't be in Ballybofey, the game is live on TG4 from throw-in at 4pm.
    2. "GAA Roll of Honour".
    3. Moran, Seán (26 May 2013). "Donegal hoping to avoid being fifth All-Ireland champions in 20 years to fall at first hurdle in Ulster: Uneasy lies the head that wears the northern crown". The Irish Times. Irish Times Trust. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
    4. "GAA hopes Hawk-Eye will eliminate contentious points". RTÉ Sport. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
    5. "Hawkeye makes successful debut". Hogan Stand. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
    6. "Qualifiers include first ever Friday night game". RTÉ Sport. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013. Carlow will play Laois on 28 June in Dr Cullen Park, the first time a Championship game will take place on a Friday night.
    7. GAA
    8. "GAA propose to scrap All-Ireland SFC quarter-finals and introduce group stage". Hogan Stand. Retrieved 14 August 2016.

    External links

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