Alternative Tagalog names include Hilot (/hee-lot/), which literally means massage in Tagalog and Manggagamot (/mang-gâ-gâ-môt/) (trans. - "person who heals").
Manggagawa (/mang-gâ-gâ-wâ/)(trans. - "person who makes")—a term found in both the Tagalog and Bisaya languages—is also used, particularly in regions in the Visayas (although this term has other connotations not found in the word albularyo).
Arbularyo, another variation of the word albularyo, is a misspelling often brought about by mispronunciation and is technically incorrect.
"Albularyo" or what we call a witch doctor they usually call the spirit of the dead and tries to remove them form the face of the earth they also use herbal medicine as well example "gayuma".
During the pre-Hispanic period, the function of an albularyo was fulfilled by the Babaylan, a shamanic spiritual leader of the community.
At the beginning of the Spanish Era in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, the suppression of the Babaylans and native Filipino animist beliefs gave rise to the albularyo. By exchanging the native pagan prayers and spells with Catholic oraciones and prayers, the albularyo was able to syncretise the ancient mode of healing with the new religion.
As time progressed, the albularyo became a more prominent figure in most rural areas in the Philippines. Lacking access to scientific medical practices, rural Filipinos trusted the albularyos to rid them of common (and sometimes believed to be supernatural) sicknesses and diseases.
However, the albularyo's role was slowly shadowed with the rise of modern medical facilities. Urbanization gave the masses access to more scientific treatments, exchanging the chants and herbs of the albularyos with the newer technologies offered by the medical field.
Still, albularyos flourish in many rural areas in the Philippines where medical facilities are still expensive and sometimes inaccessible.
An Albularyo's Toolkit
Most albularyos use herbs, alum, coconut oil, and other substances in their healing practices. In many cases, albularyos will also employ various prayers, chants and "supernatural" cures—especially for cases involving supernatural causes.
- Hilot, the Filipino massage therapist
- Kulam, or Filipino witchcraft
- Pagtatawas, or Filipino ritual for the diagnosis of illnesses
- Folk medicine