Ain al-Fijah

Ain al-Fijah
عين الفيجة
Ain al-Fijah
Coordinates: 33°36′50″N 36°10′48″E / 33.614°N 36.18°E / 33.614; 36.18
Country  Syria
Governorate Rif Dimashq Governorate
District Qudsaya District
Nahiyah Ain al-Fijah
Population (2004 census)[1]
  Total 3,806
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Ain al-Fijah (Arabic: عين الفيجة, also spelled Ayn al-Fijeh and Ein Al Fejeh) is a small town in southern Syria, administratively part of the Rif Dimashq Governorate, located 25 kilometers southwest of Damascus. Nearby localities include Deir Muqaran to the west, al-Zabadani to the northwest, Basimah to the southeast and Qudsaya to the south. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 3,806 in the 2004 census.[1] The town is also the administrative centre of—though not the largest town in—the Ain al-Fijah nahiyah ("subdistrict"), which is made up of six localities with a combined population of 19,584.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[2]


The town was built around the Ain al-Fijah springs, the source of the Barada River which supplies Damascus with freshwater. In the 1st century CE, the Romans constructed a temple at Ain al-Fijah.[3] In 1907 the Ottoman authorities installed the first clean water pipe was installed at the springs.[4] In 1924 Syrian businessmen Lutfi al-Haffar and Abd al-Wahab al-Qanawati founded the Ain al-Fijah Company, which would use water from spring for irrigation purposes.[5] Throughout the early 20th-century, the company was one of the most profitable and innovative in Damascus.[6]


  1. 1 2 3 General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (Arabic)
  2. Smith, 1841, p. 147.
  3. Ain al-Fijah Description. Archnet Digital Library.
  4. Doumani, 2007, p. 125.
  5. Moubayed, 2006, p. 235.
  6. Moubayed, 2006, pp. 450-451.


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