Adams County, Mississippi

Adams County, Mississippi

The Adams County Courthouse at 201 South Wall Street in Natchez was built in 1821 and enlarged in 1925.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Adams County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Named for John Adams
Seat Natchez
Largest city Natchez
  Total 488 sq mi (1,264 km2)
  Land 462 sq mi (1,197 km2)
  Water 25 sq mi (65 km2), 5.2%
  (2010) 32,297
  Density 70/sq mi (27/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Stone wall provides protection to Natchez, Mississippi from the Mississippi River.
A portion of the historic Natchez City Cemetery in Adams County

Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,297.[1] The county seat is Natchez.[2] The county is the first to have been organized in the former Mississippi Territory. It is named for the second U.S. President, John Adams, who held that office when the county was organized in 1799.

Adams County is part of the Natchez, MSLA Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Adams County was created on April 2, 1799, from part of Pickering Territorial County. The county was organized eighteen years before Mississippi became a state. Four Mississippi governors have come from Adams County: David Holmes, George Poindexter, John A. Quitman, and Gerard Brandon.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 462 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (5.2%) is water.[3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201531,254[4]−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Adams County[9]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,297 people residing in the county. 53.5% were Black or African American, 42.7% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 6.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 34,340 people, 13,677 households, and 9,409 families residing in the county. The population density was 75 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 15,175 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 46.04% White, 52.76% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,677 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 21.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,234, and the median income for a family was $29,591. Males had a median income of $30,260 versus $20,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,778. About 22.90% of families and 25.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.80% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over.


Alcorn State University, a historically black college that was designated as a land-grant institution, has its School of Business and School of Nursing at Natchez. The School of Business offers Masters of Business Administration degree and some undergraduate classes at the School of Business, Natchez campus. Adjacent to the Natchez campus of Alcorn State University is Copiah-Lincoln Community College.


Adams County Correctional Center, a private prison operated by the Corrections Corporation of America on behalf of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, is in an unincorporated area in the county.[11]



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

See also


  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  4. "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  9. Based on 2000 census data
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "Adams County Correctional Center." Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved on June 28, 2016. "20 Hobo Fork Road, Natchez, MS 39120"


External links

Coordinates: 31°29′N 91°21′W / 31.48°N 91.35°W / 31.48; -91.35

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