4D film

Diagram of a 4D theater

4D film or 4-D film is a marketing term for an entertainment presentation system combining a 3D film with physical effects that occur in the theatre in synchronization with the film. Effects simulated in a 4D film may include rain, wind, strobe lights, and vibration. Seats in 4D venues may vibrate or move a few inches during the presentations. Other common chair effects include air jets, water sprays, and leg and back ticklers. Hall effects may include smoke, rain, lightning, air bubbles, and smell.

Because physical effects can be expensive to install, 4D films are most often presented in custom-built theatres at special venues such as theme parks and amusement parks. However, some movie theatres have the ability to present 4D versions of wide-release 3D films. The films Journey to the Center of the Earth (2008) and Avatar (2009) are among the films that have received a 4D treatment in certain theatres.[1]

There is no consistent standard for using the term "4D" when describing the presentation of a film. 4D films have also occasionally been marketed as 5D, 6D, 7D, 8D, 9D, 11D, 15D and so on in order to emphasize the variety or uniqueness of their theatre effects. This is scientifically different from actual fourth dimensional space. Notable formats for providing different aspects of a "fourth dimension" to films include Human 4D, Sensurround, Smell-O-Vision and 4DX. As of June 2015, about 530 screens worldwide have installed the technology.[2]

Selected filmography

Title Year Release venue/ Country Notes
The Scent of Mystery 1960 Specially outfitted general-release theaters Smell-O-Vision
The Sensorium 1984 Six Flags Power Plant, Baltimore, MD The first 4D film
Captain EO 1986 Epcot, Disneyland, Disneyland Paris and Tokyo Disneyland Closed in the mid-late 1990s. Reopened in 2010 as a tribute to the late Michael Jackson, who stars in the film. Only open in Epcot as of late July 2015.
Muppet*Vision 3D 1991 Disney's Hollywood Studios and Disney California Adventure Park Directed by Jim Henson
Honey, I Shrunk the Audience 1994 Epcot, Disneyland, Disneyland Paris and Tokyo Disneyland Sponsored by Kodak. Closed in all locations in May 2010.
ExtraTERRORestrial Alien Encounter 1995 Magic Kingdom, Bay Lake, FL
Terminator 2 3D: Battle Across Time 1996 Universal Studios Florida, and Universal Studios Japan Directed by James Cameron
It's Tough to Be a Bug! 1998 Disney's Animal Kingdom and Disney California Adventure Park Based on the Pixar film A Bug's Life; animated portion produced by Rhythm and Hues Studios
Pirates 4D 1999 Busch Gardens Tampa Bay, Noah's Ark Waterpark, Thorpe Park in the UK, Enchanted Kingdom in the Philippines, Sentosa Singapore and Phantasialand ((-The Amazing Adventures of Spider-man))II 1999 II ((Islands of Adventure)) ((Universal Studios Japan)) II Water,smoke,strobe,and vibration.
PandaDroom 2002 The Efteling, Netherlands Same film released in other parks without 4D effects
Mickey's PhilharMagic 2003 Magic Kingdom, Hong Kong Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland In collaboration with Walt Disney Feature Animation
SpongeBob SquarePants 4-D 2002, 2006 Six Flags over Texas, Moody Gardens, Shedd Aquarium, Adventure Dome, Six Flags Great Adventure, Movie Park Germany, Adventure Aquarium, Kings Dominion, (formerly at Paramount Parks), Indianapolis Zoo, Carowinds, Camden Aquarium (Camden, NJ), Nickelodeon Suites Resort in Orlando, Florida, Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo and other locations
Haunted Lighthouse, (aka R.L. Stine's Haunted Lighthouse 4-D) 2003 Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo
Shrek 4-D 2003 Universal Studios Florida, Warner Bros. Movie World, Universal Studios Hollywood, Universal Studios Japan, and Universal Studios Singapore Released in an anaglyph version as Shrek 3-D on DVD
Borg Invasion 2004 Star Trek: The Experience, at Las Vegas Hilton, USA Closed in 2008, to be reopened in Neonopolis, Las Vegas
Fly Me to the Moon 2008 Six Flags over Texas
Journey to the Center of the Earth 4-D Adventure 2008 Vibrant 5D, Raipur (Installed by Modern 5D, India) Stone Mountain Park, Dollywood, Warner Bros. Movie World
Pokémon 4-D: Pikachu's Ocean Adventure 2008 Comcast IMAX 3D Theater in Avon, Massachusetts, as well as in Japan Produced by Shogakukan Production Co., Ltd. Distributed by Sarai Inc[3]
Avatar in 4-D 2009 South Korea, Hong Kong
London Eye 4D Experience 2009 London Eye
Beyond All Boundaries 2009 WWII Museum New Orleans Produced by Tom Hanks
ENERGIA The Spirit of the Earth 2009 Cité de l'énergie, Shawinigan (Quebec) Spectators are seated on a revolving platform. Features wind, snow, smoke, rain, vibration and lighting effects.
Marvel Super Heroes 4D 2010 Madame Tussauds London
Rabid Rider 2010 Cincinnati Zoo
Star Tours—The Adventures Continue 2011 Disneyland, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Tokyo Disneyland, & Disneyland Paris (Coming in 2017) Replaced/Replacing Star Tours in all locations. Will be updated in late 2015 to add an adventure themed to Star Wars: The Force Awakens[4]
Shalem 2011? Jerusalem Time Elevator, Jerusalem A 3000-year-old guide to Jerusalem's history at the Jerusalem Time Elevator, Jerusalem.[5] It includes moving and tilting seats on a moving stage, air conditioning and smell enhancements, along with a 'light and sound' show highlighting real artifacts. A similar system, 'The Time Mine', has been installed at the Timna Valley park near Eilat, and another at the main hall of the Herzl Museum in Jerusalem.
Spy Kids: All the Time in the World 2011 United States, India, Canada and UK Smell was achieved by using scratch and sniff cards
Transformers: The Ride 2011 Universal Studios Singapore, Universal Studios Hollywood, Universal Studios Florida
Despicable Me: Minion Mayhem 2012 Universal Studios Florida and Universal Studios Hollywood 14-minute simulator ride, starring Gru, Margo, Edith, Agnes and the Minions; setting is 1 year after the events of the original film in 2010.
Tallgrass Prairie: Tides of Time 2012 Flint Hills Discovery Center, Manhattan, Kansas Features wind, snow, smoke, and lightning effects [6]
Prometheus 2012 Cinepolis Galerias Guadalajara, Mexico
Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs 2012 Shedd Aquarium, Warner Bros. Movie World, North Carolina Zoo, San Diego Zoo and Alton Towers 14 minute condensed version of the film.
Iron Man 3 2013 Korona World Theatre Nagoya, Japan,[7] Seoul, South Korea Labeled as 4DX featuring strobe lights, tilting seats, blowing wind and fog, and odor effects.
Rio 2014 San Diego Zoo, Kentucky Kingdom 12 minute condensed version of the film.
Temple Run 7D 2014 India 9 minute ride to various Indian temples like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, Rameshwaram & Dwarka produced by Modern Techno Projects Private Ltd..
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice 2016 Seoul, Korea and New York City, New York Labeled as 4DX including fog, wind, motion, rain, lightning, vibrations and scents.
The Jungle Book 2016 Taguig City, Philippines Labeled as 4DX including fog, wind, motion, rain, lightning, vibrations and scents.
Mass Effect: New Earth 4D 2016 California's Great America 4 1/2 minute film, 60 foot screen with 4K resolution, live performers, wind, water, leg pokers, neck ticklers, 80-channel surround sound
LEGO Nexo Knights 4D: The Book of Creativity[8] 2016 Legoland parks and Legoland Discovery Centre parks worldwide 12 1/2 minute 4D film of LEGO Nexo Knights Produced by Alexander Lentjes[9] for M2Film and Merlin Entertainments


  1. Han Sunhee (February 5, 2010). "'Avatar' goes 4D in Korea". Variety. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
  2. Alex Ritman (June 21, 2015). "Will 4D Ever Catch on?". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved June 21, 2015.
  3. "Big Movie Zone -- Pikachu's Ocean Adventure". Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  4. Glover, Erin. "Star Wars Enhancements, New Experiences Coming Soon to Walt Disney World and Disneyland Resorts". Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  5. Jerusalem Time Elevator Tickets GoJerusalem.com
  6. http://www.flinthillsdiscovery.org/exhibits
  7. Marah Eakin (18 April 2013), Iron Man 3 getting sniff-worthy 4D screenings in Japan, Onion Inc., retrieved 28 February 2014
  8. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt5861080
  9. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2640400

External links

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