1646 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1646.
- March 24 – The King's Men petition Parliament for three and a half years' back pay; this is despite the London theatres officially remaining closed through the middle 1640s. No details of their activities in these years survive.
- May 5 – Martin Llewellyn's drama The King Found at Southwell is performed at Oxford; it is the last stage piece presented in the city before its surrender to Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War, June 22–24.
- September 6 – The Biblioteca Palafoxiana is established in Puebla, Mexico, through the donation of books by Bishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, perhaps the earliest public library in the American colonies.
- Henry Burkhead's closet drama Cola's Fury, or Lirenda's Misery, based on the Irish Rebellion of 1641 ("Lirenda" is an anagram), is published in Kilkenny (dated 1645). Burkhead presents the historical persons involved under pseudonyms: among others, the Earl of Ormonde is "Osiris," and Sir John Borlase is "Berosus".
- John Lilburne is placed in the Tower of London for denouncing his former commander the Earl of Manchester as a traitor.
- Jacqueline Pascal is converted to Jansenism by her brother, Blaise Pascal.
- Anonymous (John Lilburne?) – London's Liberty in Chains Discovered
- Anonymous (John Lilburne?) – Vox Plebis, or the People's Outcry
- Sir Thomas Browne Pseudodoxia Epidemica or Vulgar Errors
- Thomas Fuller – Andronicus or the Unfortunate Politician
- Sir John Suckling – An Account of Religion by Reason published
- Vida y hechos de Estebanillo González
- Baltasar Gracián – El discreto
- Diego Saavedra Fajardo – Corona gótica, castellana y austríaca
- Pierre Corneille – Théodore
- Jean de Rotrou
- Le Veritable Saint Genest
- James Shirley – The Triumph of Beauty (masque)
- Sir John Suckling – Fragmenta Aurea, collected plays, including The Sad One (unfinished)
- Richard Crashaw – Steps to the Temple
- Martin Lluelyn – Men-Miracles
- John Milton – Poems of Mr. John Milton, Both English and Latin, compos'd at several times (dated 1645, published early 1646)
- Francis Quarles – The Shepherds' Oracle
- James Shirley – Poems
- Henry Vaughan – Poems, with the Tenth Satire of Juvenal Englished
- March 19 – Michael Kongehl, German poet (died 1710)
- July 1 – Gottfried Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (died 1716)
- July 20 – Eusèbe Renaudot, French theologian and orientalist (died 1720)
- Probable year of birth – John Mason, English poet, cleric and hymnist (died 1694)
- August 19 – Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian (born c. 1583)
- September 17 – Erycius Puteanus, Netherlandish philologist and encyclopedist (born 1574)
- October 23 – David Wedderburn, Scottish educationist and schoolbook author (born 1580)
- December 23 – François Maynard, French poet (born c. 1582)